Approaching Worksop Town Lock
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|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Postcode district||S80, S81|
Worksop ( // WURK-sop) is a market town in Nottinghamshire in the East Midlands of England and the administrative centre of the Bassetlaw district. It is located 19 miles (31 km) east-south-east of Sheffield, close to Nottinghamshire's borders with South Yorkshire and Derbyshire, on the River Ryton and not far from the northern edge of Sherwood Forest. It is known as the "Gateway to The Dukeries", because of its proximity to former Ducal estates such as Clumber House, Thoresby Hall, Welbeck Abbey and Worksop Manor, as well as estates such as Rufford Abbey and Hodsock Priory.
Worksop's current population (2011 Census) is 41,820and it is twinned with the German town Garbsen.
Worksop was part of what was called Bernetseatte (burnt lands) in Anglo-Saxon times.The name Worksop is likely of Anglo Saxon origin, deriving from a personal name 'We(o)rc' plus the Anglo-Saxon placename element 'hop' (valley). The first element is interesting because while the masculine name Weorc is unrecorded, the feminine name Werca (Verca) is found in Bede's Life of St Cuthbert. There are a number of other place names recorded that contain this same personal name element.
In the Domesday Book of 1086 Worksop appears as 'Werchesope'. Thorotonstates that the Doomesday Book records that before the Norman conquest Werchesope (Worksop) had belonged to Elsi son of Caschin who had "two manors in Werchesope, which paid to the geld as three car". After the conquest, Worksop became part of the extensive lands granted to Roger de Busli. At this time the land "had one car. in demesne, and twenty-two sochm. on twelve bovats of this land, and twenty-four villains, and eight bord. having twenty-two car. and eight acres of meadow, pasture wood two leu. long, three quar. broad." This was valued at 3l in Edward the Confessor's time and 7l in the Doomesday Book. De Busli administered this estate from his headquarters in Tickhill.
The manor then passed to William de Lovetot, who established a castle and endowed the Augustinian priory c 1103. After William's death the manor was passed to his eldest son, Richard de Lovetot, who was visited by King Stephen, at Worksop, in 1161.In 1258, a surviving inspeximus charter confirms Matilda de Lovetot's grant of the manor of Worksop to William de Furnival (her son).
A skirmish occurred in the area during the Wars of the Roses on 16 December 1460, commonly known as the Battle of Worksop.
In 1530, Worksop was visited by Cardinal Wolsey, who was on his way to Cawood, in Yorkshire. "Then my lord [Wolsey] intending the next day to remove from thence [Newstead Abbey] there resorted to him the Earl of Shrewsbury's keeper, and gentlemen, sent from him, to desire my lord, in their maister's behalf, to hunt in a parke of their maister's, called Worsoppe Parke." (Cavendish's Life of Wolsey)
A surviving (Cotton) manuscript written by Henry VIII nominated Worksop as one of three places in Nottinghamshire (along with Welbeck and Thurgarton) to become "Byshopprykys to be new made". However, nothing was to come of this (White 1875) and the priory later became a victim of the Dissolution of the Monasteries - being closed in 1539, with its Prior and 15 monks pensioned off. All the Priory buildings, except the nave and west towers of the church, were demolished at this time and the stone reused elsewhere.
In 1540, John Leland noted that Worksop castle had all but disappeared saying it was: "clene down and scant knowen wher it was". Leland noted that at that time Worksop was "a praty market of 2 streates and metely well buildid."
In the Hearth tax records of 1674, Worksop is said to have had 176 households, which made it the fourth largest settlement in Nottinghamshire after Nottingham (967 households), Newark (339) and Mansfield (318). At this time the population is estimated to have been around 748 people.
By 1743 there were 358 families in Worksop, with a population of around 1,500. This had risen by 1801 to 3,391 and by the end of the 19th century had reached 16,455.
During the 18th and 19th centuries Worksop benefitted from the building of the Chesterfield Canal, which passed through the town in 1777, and the subsequent construction of the Manchester, Sheffield and Lincolnshire Railway in 1849. This led to growth which was further boosted by the discovery of coal seams beneath the town.
Doncaster Sheffield Airport (formerly RAF Finningley) is approximately 15 miles (24 km) from Worksop, offering regular flights to other European countries. Due to its military past, Doncaster Sheffield Airport| has a long 2,580 metres (8,460 ft) runway, and so is capable of landing wide body jets such as Boeing 747s, and has plans of extending its destinations to include the US. The popular discount airline easyjet, commenced flying to many European destinations in March 2010, but withdrew by the end of the year citing commercial factors as a reason. The Hungarian airline WizzAir continues to serve several Eastern-European cities, and Thomson Holidays regularly runs charter services from there as part of their package holiday business.
Worksop is connected to the UK Inland Waterways network by the Chesterfield Canal. Although the canal was built to export coal, limestone, and lead from Derbyshire, iron from Chesterfield, and corn, deals, timber, groceries and general merchandise into Derbyshire, today it is used for leisure purposes.
Worksop lies on the Sheffield-Lincoln line, and the Robin Hood line. With Northern services running between Sheffield, Lincoln, and Leeds calling at the station, and East Midlands Railway services from Nottingham via Mansfield terminating at the station.
Worksop lies on the A57 and A60 with links to the A1 and M1.
Stagecoach East Midlands operate internal services within the town, and services running out of the town toward Doncaster, Chesterfield, and Nottingham.
Worksop is served by Bassetlaw District General Hospital, part of the Doncaster and Bassetlaw NHS Foundation Trust. Bassetlaw Hospital treats ~33,000 people each year, as well as ~38,000 emergencies. Bassetlaw Hospital is one of the University of Sheffield Teaching hospitals Medical School.
Mental Health services in Worksop are provided by Nottinghamshire Healthcare NHS Trust who provide both in-patient and community services. Wards run by Nottinghamshire Healthcare provide training for medical students at the University of Nottingham.
John Harrison's survey of Worksop for the Earl of Arundel reveals that at this time most people earned their living from the land. a tenant farmer Henry Cole farmed 200 acres of arable land, grazing his sheep on "Manton sheepwalk". This survey also described a corn-grinding water mill (Bracebridge mill) and Manor Mill situated near to Castle Hill. There was also a kiln and a malthouse.
One unusual crop associated with Worksop is liquorice. This was originally grown in the Priory gardens for medicinal purposes, but continued until around 1750. William Camden records in Britannia that the town was famous for growing liquorice. John Speed noted: "In the west, near Worksop, groweth plenty of Liquorice, very delicious and good". White says the liquorice gardens were "principally situated on the eastern margin of the park, near the present 'Slack Walk'." He notes that the last plant was dug up about "fifty years ago" and that this last garden had been planted by "the person after whom the 'Brompton stock' is named". A pub in Worksop is now named after this former industry.
Additionally, much of the area being heavily forested, timber was always an important industry - supplying railway sleepers to the North Midland Railway, timber for the construction of railway carriages and packing cases for the Sheffield cutlery industry. The town also became notable for the manufacture of Worksop Windsor Chairs. Timber firms in the town included Benjamin Garside's woodyard and Godley and Goulding, situated between Eastgate and the railway.
The malting trade began in Retford but gradually moved to Worksop where it became an important trade even though it never employed many people. In 1852 Clinton malt kilns were built.
Worksop has a strong tradition of brewing including being the site of the historic Worksop & Retford Brewery. This Brewery had previously been known as Garside and Alderson and Prior Well Brewery.
The brewing tradition is continued by a number of local independent breweries in and around the town, including Welbeck Abbey Brewery.
At the start of the 19th century, Worksop had a largely agricultural economy with malting, corn milling and timber-working being principal industries. However, the discovery of coal meant that by 1900 the majority of the workforce was employed in coal mining, which provided thousands of jobs - both directly and indirectly - in and around Worksop for most of the 19th and 20th centuries.
The first coal mine was Shireoaks Colliery, which by 1861 employed over 200 men which rose to 600 men by 1871. Steetley Colliery started producing coal in 1876 and in Worksop a mine was developed on land to the South East, owned by Henry Pelham-Clinton, 7th Duke of Newcastle. This mine was fully operational in around 1907, with three shafts, and was named Manton Colliery.
The closure in the 1990s of the pits, compounding the earlier decline of the timber trade and other local industry, resulted in high unemployment in parts of the Worksop area, as well as other social problems.
In John Harrison's survey of Worksop for the Earl of Arundel, a dye house and a tenter green (where lengths of cloth were stretched out to dry) indicates a small cloth industry was present in Worksop. Late attempts during the Industrial Revolution to introduce textile manufacturing saw two mills constructed - one at Bridge Place and the other somewhere near Mansfield Road. Both enterprises failed and closed within three years. They were converted to milling corn.
The local economy in Worksop is dominated by service industries, manufacturing and distribution. Unemployment levels in the area are now lower than the national average, owing to large number of distribution and local manufacturing companies, including Premier Foods, Wilko, RDS Transport, Pandrol UK Ltd and Laing O'Rourke.
Major employers in the area include Premier Foods, Greencore, Wilko, RDS Transport (the Flying Fridge), B&Q, MAKE polymers,OCG Cacao, part of Cargill, Pandrol, GCHQ and the NHS (Doncaster and Bassetlaw NHS Trust and Nottinghamshire Healthcare NHS Trust).
Worksop has three churches which are all on the National Heritage List for England.
Officially titled the Priory Church of Saint Mary and Saint Cuthbert, is the Anglican parish church usually known as Worksop Priory. It was an Augustinian Priory founded in 1103. The church has a nave and detached gatehouse. Monks at the priory made the Tickhill Psalter, an illuminated manuscripts of the medieval period, now held in New York Public Library. After the dissolution of the Monasteries the east end of the church fell into disrepair, but the townspeople were granted the nave as a parish church. The eastern parts of the building have been restored in several phases, the most recent being in the 1970s when the architect Lawrence King rebuilt the crossing.
St. Anne's Church is an Anglican parish church and is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II listed building. The church was built in 1911 by the Lancaster architects Austin and Paley. The church has an historic pipe organ originally built by Gray and Davison in 1852 for Clapham Congregational Church.
St. John's Church is a Parish church built between 1867 and 1868 by architect Robert Clarke.
Mr Straw's House, the family home of the Straw family, was inherited by the Straw brothers, William and Walter when their parents died in the 1930s. The house remained unaltered until the National Trust acquired it in the 1990s and opened it to the public.Clumber Park, south of Worksop is a country park, also owned by the National Trust, and is open to the public.
There is also Worksop Priory a historical church near the town centre.
Worksop Town Hall was originally established as a corn exchange, designed by Isaac Charles Gilbert, which opened in 1851.
Nottinghamshire is a county in the East Midlands region of England, bordering South Yorkshire to the north-west, Lincolnshire to the east, Leicestershire to the south, and Derbyshire to the west. The traditional county town is Nottingham, though the county council is based at County Hall in West Bridgford in the borough of Rushcliffe, at a site facing Nottingham over the River Trent.
Retford, also known as East Retford, is a market town in Nottinghamshire, and one of the oldest market towns in England having been granted its first charter in 1105. It lies on the River Idle and the Chesterfield Canal passes through its centre. Retford is 26 miles (42 km) east of Sheffield, 23 miles (37 km) west of Lincoln and 31 miles (50 km) north-east of Nottingham. The population at the 2011 census was 22,013.
Ollerton is a town in Nottinghamshire, England, on the edge of Sherwood Forest in the area known as the Dukeries. It forms part of the civil parish of Ollerton and Boughton and is in Newark and Sherwood District. The population of this civil parish at the 2011 census was 9,840.
Nottingham Shire is a county that is situated in the East Midlands of England. The county has history within Palaeolithic period, dating anywhere between 500,000 and 10,000 b.c.e., as well as early Anglo-Saxon communities, dating to 600 c.e. Furthermore, the county has significance in the political aspects of English history, particularly within intercommunal fighting, and its economics is historically centered around coal and textiles.
Clumber Park is a country park in The Dukeries near Worksop in Nottinghamshire, England. The estate, which was the seat of the Pelham-Clintons, Dukes of Newcastle, was purchased by the National Trust in 1946. It is listed Grade I on the Register of Historic Parks and Gardens.
Harworth is a town in the Bassetlaw District in the county of Nottinghamshire, East Midlands of England. It is approximately 8 miles (13 km) north of Worksop. Together with the neighbouring mining town of Bircotes, it forms the civil parish of Harworth Bircotes. The population of the civil parish was measured at 7,948 in the 2011 Census. The settlements are part of the modern district of Bassetlaw, which combined the district of Worksop and the district of Retford.
The Dukeries is an area of the county of Nottinghamshire so called because it contained four ducal seats. It is south of Worksop, which has been called its "gateway". The area was included within the ancient Sherwood Forest. The ducal seats were:
William de Lovetot, Lord of Hallamshire, possibly descended from the Norman Baron Ricardus Surdus, was an Anglo-Norman Baron from Huntingdonshire, often credited as the founder of Sheffield, England.
Worksop Priory is a Church of England parish church and former priory in the town of Worksop, Nottinghamshire, part of the Diocese of Southwell and Nottingham and under the episcopal care of the Bishop of Beverley.
Gerard de Furnival (c.1175–1219) was a Norman knight and Lord of Hallamshire and Worksop. De Furnival's father was also called Gerard de Furnival, and had fought with Richard I at the Siege of Acre.
Tuxford is a historic market town and a civil parish in the Bassetlaw district of Nottinghamshire, England. At the 2001 census, it had a population of 2,516, increasing to 2,649 at the 2011 census.
Worksop Manor is a Grade I listed 18th-century country house in Bassetlaw, Nottinghamshire. It stands in one of the four contiguous estates in the Dukeries area of Nottinghamshire. Traditionally, the Lord of the Manor of Worksop may assist a British monarch at his or her coronation by providing a glove and putting it on the monarch's right hand and supporting his or her right arm. Worksop Manor was the seat of the ancient Lords of Worksop.
Bassetlaw District General Hospital is a National Health Service hospital in Worksop, Nottinghamshire. It is managed by the Doncaster and Bassetlaw Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust.
Carlton in Lindrick is a village and civil parish about 3 miles (5 km) north of Worksop in Nottinghamshire, England. The 2011 Census recorded a parish population of 5,623, including nearby Wallingwells.
Shireoaks Hall is a grade II* listed 17th-century country house in the hamlet of Shireoaks, 2+1⁄4 miles (3.6 km) north-west of Worksop, Nottinghamshire, UK.
Hodsock is a settlement and civil parish about 4 miles from Worksop, in the Bassetlaw district, in the county of Nottinghamshire, England. The parish includes the village of Langold and the country house Hodsock Priory. In 2011 the parish had a population of 2,472. The parish is surrounded by the settlements of Babworth, Barnby Moor, Blyth, Carlton in Lindrick, Costhorpe, Firbeck, Letwell, Maltby, Styrrup with Oldcotes and Torworth.
Styrrup with Oldcotes is a civil parish in the Bassetlaw district, within the county of Nottinghamshire, England. The overall area had a population of 684 at the 2011 census. The parish lies in the north of the county. It is 138 miles north west of London, 31 miles north of the city of Nottingham, and 15 miles east of the city of Sheffield. The parish rests alongside the county border with South Yorkshire.
Norton and Cuckney is a civil parish in the Bassetlaw district, within the county of Nottinghamshire, England. The overall area had a population of 351 at the 2011 census. The parish lies in the north west of the county, and south west within the district. The parish lies close to the county border with Derbyshire. It is 125 miles north west of London, 20 miles north of the city of Nottingham, and 5 miles north of the market town of Mansfield. The area is bordering Sherwood Forest and has associations with mining interests and the Welbeck Estate.
Clumber and Hardwick is a civil parish in the Bassetlaw district, in the county of Nottinghamshire, England. The parish includes the settlement of Hardwick Village and Clumber Park, a country park. In 2011 the parish had a population of 198. The parish lies in the north west of the county, and south west within the district. It is 125 miles north west of London, 22 miles north of the city of Nottingham, and 3½ miles south east of the market town of Worksop.The parish touches Babworth, Carburton, Elkesley, Perlethorpe cum Budby and Welbeck. The parish was formed on 1 April 1994. The area is within Sherwood Forest and has close historical associations with the Dukes of Newcastle, being part of a wider region known as The Dukeries. There are 26 listed buildings in Clumber and Hardwick.
Scofton is a hamlet in the Bassetlaw district of northern Nottinghamshire, England. It is 130 miles (210 km) north west of London, 25 miles (40 km) north of the county town and city of Nottingham, and 3 miles (4.8 km) east of the nearest town Worksop. Having a shared modern history with nearby Osberton Hall, it is sometimes referred to as Scofton-with-Osberton. Other close neighbours are Bilby and Rayton which also have historical associations.
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