Wudang Mountains

Last updated
Ancient Building Complex in the Wudang Mountains
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Wudangshan pic 2.jpg
Location Hubei, China
Criteria Cultural: i, ii, vi
Reference 705
Inscription1994 (18th Session)
Coordinates 32°24′03″N111°00′14″E / 32.400833°N 111.003889°E / 32.400833; 111.003889 Coordinates: 32°24′03″N111°00′14″E / 32.400833°N 111.003889°E / 32.400833; 111.003889
China edcp relief location map.jpg
Red pog.svg
Location of Wudang Mountains in China
Wudang Mountains
Wudang shan (Chinese characters).svg
"Wudang Mountains" in Simplified (top) and Traditional (bottom) Chinese

At the first national martial arts tournament organized by the Central Guoshu Institute in 1928, participants were separated into practitioners of Shaolin and Wudang styles. Styles considered to belong to the latter group—called Wudangquan—are those with a strong element of Taoist neidan exercises. Typical examples of Wudangquan are Taijiquan, Xingyiquan and Baguazhang. According to legend, Taijiquan was created by the Taoist hermit sage Zhang Sanfeng, who lived in the Wudang mountains. [8]

Wudangquan has been partly reformed to fit the PRC sport and health promotion program. The third biannual Traditional Wushu Festival was held in the Wudang Mountains from October 28 to November 2, 2008. [9]

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Neijia</span> Chinese internal martial arts

Neijia is a term in Chinese martial arts, grouping those styles that practice neijing, usually translated as internal martial arts, occupied with spiritual, mental or qi-related aspects, as opposed to an "external" approach focused on physiological aspects. The distinction dates to the 17th century, but its modern application is due to publications by Sun Lutang, dating to the period of 1915 to 1928. Neijing is developed by using neigong, or "internal exercises", as opposed to "external exercises".

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Zhang Sanfeng</span>

Zhang Sanfeng refers to a legendary Chinese Taoist who many believe invented T'ai chi ch'üan. However, other sources point to early versions of Tai Chi predating Sanfeng. He was purported to have achieved immortality.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Mount Qingcheng</span> Mountain in Sichuan, China

Mount Qingcheng is a mountain in Dujiangyan, Chengdu, Sichuan, China.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Shiyan</span> Prefecture-level city in Hubei, Peoples Republic of China

Shiyan is a prefecture-level city in northwestern Hubei, China, bordering Henan to the northeast, Chongqing to the southwest, and Shaanxi to the north and west. At the 2020 census, its population was 3,209,004 of whom 1,033,407 lived in the built-up area made of 2 urban districts of Maojian and Zhangwan on 1,193 square kilometres as Yunyang is not conurbated. In 2007, the city was named China's top ten livable cities by Chinese Cities Brand Value Report, which was released at 2007 Beijing Summit of China Cities Forum.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Nanyan Temple</span> Taoist temple in Hubei, China

The Nanyan Temple is a temple in Wudang Mountains, Danjiangkou, Hubei, China. It is known as the place where Emperor Zhen Wu found Taoism and flew to heaven. The whole structure - hall-pillars, beams, arches, gates and windows - is created out of rock.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Huaquan</span>

Huaquan is a style of Long Fist Kung Fu (Changquan) which is believed to have originated in the Former Song Dynasty around the Hua Shan area of Shaanxi Province.

The Jiuyang Zhenjing, also known as the Nine Yang Manual, is a fictional martial arts manual in Jin Yong's Condor Trilogy. It was first introduced briefly at the end of the second novel The Return of the Condor Heroes. It plays a significant role in the third novel The Heaven Sword and Dragon Saber after Zhang Wuji discovers it and masters the skills in the book.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Styles of Chinese martial arts</span> Overview of the fighting styles

There are hundreds of different styles of Chinese martial arts, each with their own sets of techniques and ideas. The various movements in kung fu, most of which are imitations of the fighting styles of animals, are initiated from one to five basic foot positions: normal upright posture and the four stances called dragon, frog, horse riding, and snake. The concept of martial arts styles appeared from around the Ming dynasty (1368–1644). Before the Ming period, martial skills were commonly differentiated mainly by their lineage. There are common themes among these styles which allow them to be grouped according to generalized "families", "fractions", "class", or "schools" of martial art styles. There are styles that mimic movements from animals, or otherwise refer or allude to animals or mythical beings such as dragons, and others that gather inspiration from various Chinese philosophies or mythologies. Some deeply internal styles tend to focus strongly on practice relating to harnessing of qi energy, while some more-conspicuously external styles tend more to display skills and abilities in competition or exhibition.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Danjiangkou</span> County-level city in Hubei, Peoples Republic of China

Danjiangkou is a county-level city in northwestern Hubei, China, bordering Henan province to the northeast. The city spans an area of 3,121 square kilometers, and has a population of approximately 478,000 as of 2017.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Mount Longhu</span> Mountain in Jiangxi, China

Mount Longhu is located in Yingtan, Jiangxi, China. It is famous for being one of the birthplaces of Taoism, with many Taoist temples built upon the mountainside. It is particularly important to the Zhengyi Dao as the Shangqing Temple and the Mansion of the Taoist Master are located here. It is known as one of the Four Sacred Mountains of Taoism.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Xuanwu (god)</span> Taoist water deity, tutelary deity of Ming Empire

Xuanwu or Xuandi, also known as Zhenwu or Zhenwudadi, is a powerful deity in Chinese religion, one of the higher-ranking deities in Taoism. He is revered as a powerful god, able to control the elements and capable of great magic. He is identified as the god of the north Heidi (黑帝, lit.'Black Emperor' and is particularly revered by martial artists. He is the patron god of Hebei, Henan, Manchuria and Mongolia. As some Han Chinese migrated into the south from Hebei and Henan during the Tang-Song era, Xuanwu is also widely revered in the Guangdong, Guangxi and Fujian provinces, as well as among the overseas diaspora.

The Wudang Sect, sometimes also referred to as the Wu-tang Sect or Wu-Tang Clan, is a fictional martial arts sect mentioned in several works of wuxia fiction. It is commonly featured as one of the leading orthodox sects in the wulin. It is named after the place it is based, the Wudang Mountains.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Chen Wangting</span>

Chen Wangting (1580–1660), courtesy name Zouting (奏廷), was a Ming dynasty officer who founded Chen-style t'ai chi ch'uan, one of the five major styles of the popular Chinese martial art. Sometimes called Chen Wang Ting, he devised the Chen family-style of t'ai chi ch'uan in his home of Chenjiagou, Wenxian county, Henan province after he retired there following the fall of the Ming dynasty.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tang Hao</span>

Tang Hao or Tang Fan Sheng (1887–1959) was a Chinese lawyer and expert on chinese martial arts.

<i>Kung Fu Cult Master</i> 1993 Hong Kong film

Kung Fu Cult Master is a 1993 Hong Kong wuxia film adapted from Louis Cha's novel The Heaven Sword and Dragon Saber. Directed by Wong Jing, it featured fight choreography by Sammo Hung, and starred Jet Li, Sharla Cheung, Chingmy Yau and Gigi Lai in the lead roles.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Wudang quan</span> Group of Chinese martial arts

Wudang quan is a class of Chinese martial arts. In contemporary China, Chinese martial arts styles are generally classified into two major groups: Wudang (Wutang), named after the Wudang Mountains; and Shaolin, named after the Shaolin Monastery. Whereas Shaolin includes many martial art styles, Wudangquan includes only a few arts that use the focused mind to control the body. This typically encompasses taijiquan, xingyiquan and baguazhang, but must also include Baji chuan and Wudang Sword. Although the name Wudang simply distinguishes the skills, theories and applications of the internal arts from those of the Shaolin styles, it misleadingly suggests these arts originated at the Wudang Mountains. The name Wudang comes from a popular Chinese legend that incorrectly purports the genesis of taijiquan and Wudang Sword by an immortal, Taoist hermit named Zhang Sanfeng who lived in the monasteries of Wudang Mountain.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Taoist schools</span>

Taoism is a religion with many schools or denominations, of which none occupies a position of orthodoxy. Taoist branches usually build their identity around a set of scriptures, that are manuals of ritual practices. Scriptures are considered "breathwork", that is "configurations of energy" (qi), embodiments of "celestial patterns" (tianwen), or "revelations of structures" (li).

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Taoism:

The Temple of the Five Immortals or Five Immortals Temple is a Taoist temple located in Shiyan's Zhangwan District in China's Hubei Province. The temple is situated on the Heavenly Horse peak of White Horse Mountain in the Wudang Mountains. The Wudang Mountains are home to a famous complex of Taoist temples and monasteries and are associated with the Lord of the North, Xuantian Shangdi. The Temple of the Five Immortals is one of the very few temples in the Wudang mountain range which is still maintained by real Taoist monks who dedicate their lives to cultivate the great Tao.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Alex Mieza</span> Alex Mieza - Wudang Taoist Official Lineage Holder

Alex Mieza, Taoist name Zi Xiao is an international master of traditional Chinese martial arts, Qigong and Internal Alchemy. Mieza represents Sanfeng Pai school of Wudang Taoism, China.

References

  1. 1 2 "武當集團" [Wudang Group]. www.wudanglife.com (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 7 January 2015.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. "Ancient Building Complex in the Wudang Mountains". whc.unesco.org.
  3. 1 2 3 Road Atlas of Hubei (湖北省公路里程地图册; Hubei Sheng Gonglu Licheng Dituce), published by 中国地图出版社 SinoMaps Press , 2007, ISBN   978-7-5031-4380-9. Page 11 (Shiyan City), and the map of the Wudangshan world heritage area, within the back cover.
  4. 1 2 Atlas of World Heritage: China. Long River Press. 1 January 2005. pp. 99–100. ISBN   978-1-59265-060-6 . Retrieved 9 August 2012.
  5. 1 2 Wang, Fang (May 11, 2004). "Pilgrimage to Wudang". Beijing Today. Retrieved 2008-04-19.
  6. Huadong, Guo (2013). Atlas of Remote Sensing for World Heritage: China. Springer. p. 126. ISBN   978-3-642-32823-7.
  7. "China's world heritage sites over-exploited". China Daily. December 22, 2006. Retrieved 2008-04-19.
  8. Henning, Stanley (1994). "Ignorance, Legend and Taijiquan". Journal of the Chen Style Taijiquan Research Association of Hawaii. 2 (3). Archived from the original on 2010-01-01. Retrieved 2013-11-13.
  9. 李. Every year in the autumn a new festival is organized as part of the yearly festival calendar., 鹏翔 (April 18, 2008). "第三届世界传统武术节将在湖北十堰举行". 新华社稿件. Archived from the original on 2011-07-21. Retrieved 2008-04-19.

Bibliography