Wycombe (UK Parliament constituency)

Last updated

Wycombe
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Wycombe2007Constituency.svg
Boundary of Wycombe in Buckinghamshire
EnglandBuckinghamshire.svg
Location of Buckinghamshire within England
County Buckinghamshire
Electorate 76,046 (2018) [1]
Major settlements High Wycombe
Current constituency
Created 1885
Member of Parliament Steve Baker (Conservative)
Number of membersOne
1295–1885
Number of membersTwo until 1868,
then one
Type of constituency County constituency
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency South East England

Wycombe /ˈwɪkəm/ is a constituency [n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Steve Baker, a Conservative. [n 2]

Contents

Constituency profile

The constituency shares similar borders with Wycombe local government district, although it covers a slightly smaller area. The main town within the constituency, High Wycombe contains many working/middle class voters and a sizeable ethnic minority population that totals around one quarter of the town's population, with some census output areas of town home to over 50% ethnic minorities, and a number of wards harbouring a considerable Labour vote. The surrounding villages, which account for just under half of the electorate, are some of the most wealthy areas in the country, with extremely low unemployment, high incomes and favour the Conservatives. Workless claimants totalled 3.0% of the population in November 2012, lower than the national average of 3.8%. [2]

History

The Parliamentary Borough of Chipping Wycombe had continuously returned two MPs to the House of Commons since the Model Parliament of 1295. This was reduced to 1 MP by the Representation of the People Act 1867 and the Borough was abolished altogether by the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885. It was transformed into a large county division, formally named the Southern or Wycombe Division of Buckinghamshire. It was one of three divisions formed from the undivided three-member Parliamentary County of Buckinghamshire, the other two being the Mid or Aylesbury Division and the Northern or Buckingham Division. As well as the abolished Borough, it absorbed the abolished Parliamentary Borough of Great Marlow and included the towns of Beaconsfield and Slough.

Boundaries and boundary changes

1885–1918: The Municipal Borough of Chepping Wycombe, the Sessional Divisions of Burnham and Stoke, and parts of the first and second Sessional Divisions of Desborough. [3]

1918–1945: The Municipal Borough of Chepping Wycombe, the Urban Districts of Eton, Marlow, and Slough, the Rural Districts of Eton and Hambleden, and part of the Rural District of Wycombe. [4]

Beaconsfield was transferred to Aylesbury.  Gained Eton which had been part of the abolished Parliamentary Borough of New Windsor in Berkshire.

1945–1950: The Municipal Borough of Chepping Wycombe, the Urban District of Marlow, and the Rural District of Wycombe. [4]

The House of Commons (Redistribution of Seats) Act 1944 set up Boundaries Commissions to carry out periodic reviews of the distribution of parliamentary constituencies. It also authorised an initial review to subdivide abnormally large constituencies in time for the 1945 election. [5] This was implemented by the Redistribution of Seats Order 1945 under which Buckinghamshire was allocated an additional seat. As a consequence, the new County Constituency of Eton and Slough was formed from the Wycombe constituency, comprising the Municipal Borough of Slough and the Urban and Rural Districts of Eton. In compensation, the parts of the (revised) Rural District of Wycombe in the Aylesbury Division, including Hughenden and Princes Risborough, were transferred to Wycombe.

1950–1974: The Municipal Borough of High Wycombe, the Urban District of Marlow, and the Rural District of Wycombe. [4]

No changes to boundaries.

1974–1983: The Municipal Borough of High Wycombe, the Urban District of Marlow, and in the Rural District of Wycombe the parishes of Chepping Wycombe, Fawley, Fingest and Lane End, Great Marlow, Hambleden, Hughenden, Little Marlow, Medmenham, Turville, and West Wycombe Rural. [6]

Northern parts of the Rural District of Wycombe, including Princes Risborough, but excluding Hughenden, transferred back to Aylesbury.  Wooburn included in the new County Constituency of Beaconsfield.

1983–1997: The District of Wycombe wards of Booker and Castlefield, Bowerdean and Daws Hill, Cressex and Frogmoor, Downley, Great Marlow, Green Hill and Totteridge, Hambleden Valley, Hughenden Valley, Keep Hill and Hicks Farm, Kingshill, Lane End and Piddington, Little Marlow, Marlow Bottom, Marlow North, Marlow South, Marsh and Micklefield, Oakridge and Tinkers Wood, and West Wycombe and Sands. [7]

Areas to the east of High Wycombe (former parish of Chepping Wycombe) transferred to Beaconsfield.  Hazlemere transferred to Chesham and Amersham.

1997–2010: The District of Wycombe wards of Booker and Castlefield, Bowerdean and Daws Hill, Cressex and Frogmoor, Downley, Great Marlow, Green Hill and Totteridge, Hambleden Valley, Hughenden Valley, Keep Hill and Hicks Farm, Kingshill, Lane End and Piddington, Marlow Bottom, Marlow North, Marlow South, Marsh and Micklefield, Oakridge and Tinkers Wood, and West Wycombe and Sands. [8]

Minor changes.

2010–present: The District of Wycombe wards of Abbey, Booker and Cressex, Bowerdean, Chiltern Rise, Disraeli, Downley and Plomer Hill, Greater Marlow, Hambleden Valley, Hazlemere North, Hazlemere South, Micklefield, Oakridge and Castlefield, Ryemead, Sands, Terriers and Amersham Hill, Totteridge, and Tylers Green and Loudwater. [9]

Hazlemere transferred back from Chesham and Amersham.  Marlow transferred to Beaconsfield and Hughenden to Aylesbury.

Changes proposed by the Boundary Commission

The Boundary Commission for England submitted their final proposals in respect of the Sixth Periodic Review of Westminster Constituencies (the 2018 review) in September 2018 which would reduce the total number of MPs from 650 to 600. Although the proposals were immediately laid before Parliament they were not brought forward by the Government for approval. Accordingly, they will not come into effect for the 2019 election due to take place on 12 December 2019, which will be contested using the constituency boundaries in place since 2010.

The Commission proposed transferring in the south-western parts of the Aylesbury constituency, including Stokenchurch. [10]

Members of Parliament

MPs 1295–1640

YearFirst memberSecond member
1295 Stephen Ayott Thomas le Tayleur
1298 Adam de Guldeford Roger Allitarius
1300 John le Pistor
1306 Peter le Cotiler John le Bake
1307 Andrew Batyn
1307 Roger de Sandwell
1308 Edmond de Haveringdoun
1312 Thomas Gerveys Matthew le Fuller
1312 Robert Paer William le Cassiere
1318 Robert Smith William le Fote
1322 Richard le Haslere Bennet le Cassiere
1325 John le Tayleur John de Sandwell
1326 Roger Sandwell Matthew le Fuller
1327 Richard atte Walle John atte Donne
1328 John atte Donne Henry de Mussenden
1330 John le Harriere Richard Perre
1332 Matthew le Fuller Richard Tottering
1333 Jordan de Wycombe Richard Bennet
1335 John Ayot Richard Perkyn
1336 John le Harriere Thomas Gerveys
1336 John Ayot Richard Abyndon
1337 John le Clerk John Pool
1338 Stephen Ayot John le Taverner
1338 Thomas Gerveys Jordan de Preston
1341 Robert Stenstoole Robert Harleyford
1346 Ralph Barber
1347 John Martyn Robert Cattingham
1348 Walter atte Leech William Cassiere
1355 Thomas Gerveys Ralph Harleyford
1357 Robert Harleyford
1357 John Mepertshale
1360 Robert le Weeler
1360 Richard Spigurnell
1362 William Frere
1365 Thomas Cornwaile Richard Barbour
1368 William atte Dene
1369 Thomas Gerveys
1371No other?
1372 John Bledlowe
1373 Thomas Ballard
1377 Richard Sandwell
1378 Richard Jordaine
1379 Richard Sandwell
1381 Thomas Ravell Walter Frere
1382 William Kele William atte Dene
1383 Stephen Watford John Petymin
1384 William atte Dene Richard Kele
1385 Stephen Watford
1386 Walter Frere Richard Holyman
1388 Stephen Watford William atte Dene
1391 William Depham
1392 Walter Waltham
1394 Walter atte Dene William Depham
1396 Richard Sandwell Walter Waltham
1399 John Cotyngham William Clerk
1401 Nicholas Sperling John Sandwell
1413 Henry Sperling Roger More
1414 William Hall John Coventre II
1415 William Clerk Andrew Sperling
1417 Roger More
1419 William Merchant John Cotyngham
1420 Roger More Thomas Merston
1421 John Horewode Thomas Pusey
1421 Roger More Richard Merston
1422 Nicholas Stepton John Coventry
1423 Roger More
1424 William Whaplode John Cotyngham
1425 Thomas Muston William Stocton
1427 John Coventry John Justice
1429 John Wellesbourn John Bishop
1430 Roger More William Fowler
1432 John Martyn John Blackpoll
1434 John Durein John Cotyngham
1436 John Hill Bartholomew Halling
1441 John Radeshill John Martyn
1446 John Wellesbourn
1448 John Haynes
1449 William Stocton Nicholas Fayrewell
1450 Thomas More
1452 William Collard David Thomasyn
1461 Thomas Mansell Thomas Catsbury
1469 Thomas Fowler Thomas Fayrewell
1478 Thomas Gate Thomas Wellesbourn
1529 William Windsor
1542 John Gates William Dormer
1547 Thomas Fisher Armigyll Wade
Mar 1553 Henry Peckham John Cheyne
Oct 1553 Robert Drury
Apr 1554 Thomas Pymme alias Fryer
Nov 1554 John Cheyne William Drury
1555 Henry Peckham Robert Drury
1558 Thomas Pymme Robert Woodleafe
1558 Paul Wentworth Roland Bracebridge
1562 Thomas Fermore alias Draper Thomas Keele
1570 John Russell Robert Christmas
1571 Thomas Nale Rowland Goules
1584 John Morley George Cawfield
1585 Thomas Ridley George Fleetwood
1589 Owen Oglethorp Francis Goodwin
1592 Thomas Tasburgh Thomas Fortescue
1596 William Fortescue John Tasburgh
1601 Richard Blount Henry Fleetwood
1604 Sir John Townsend
1614 William Borlase Sir Henry Neville
1621 Richard Lovelace Arthur Goodwin
1624 Henry Coke
1625 Thomas Lane
1626 Edmund Waller
1628 Sir William Borlase Thomas Lane
1629–1640No Parliament summoned

MPs 1640–1868

YearFirst member [11] First partySecond member [11] Second party
April 1640 Sir Edmund Verney Royalist Thomas Lane Parliamentarian
November 1640
October 1642Verney killed in battle – seat left vacant
1645 Richard Browne
December 1648Browne and Lane excluded in Pride's Purge – seats vacant
1653Wycombe was unrepresented in the Barebones Parliament
1654 Thomas Scot Wycombe had only one seat in the First and
Second Parliaments of the Protectorate
1656 Tobias Bridge
January 1659 Thomas Scot
May 1659 Not represented in the restored Rump
April 1660 Edmund Petty Richard Browne
1661 Sir Edmund Pye Sir John Borlase
February 1673 Sir John Borlase
November 1673 Robert Sawyer
1679 Thomas Lewes
1685 Sir Dennis Hampson Edward Baldwin
1689 Thomas Lewes William Jephson
1691 Charles Godfrey
1696 Fleetwood Dormer
1698 John Archdale [12]
1699 Thomas Archdale
1701 Fleetwood Dormer
1710 Sir Thomas Lee
1713 Sir John Wittewrong
February 1722 John Neale
March 1722 Charles Egerton The Earl of Shelburne
February 1726 Charles Colyear [13]
March 1726 Harry Waller
1727 William Lee
1730 Sir Charles Vernon
1734 Edmund Waller [14]
1734 Sir Charles Vernon
1741 Edmund Waller
1747 Edmund Waller Junior
1754 The Earl of Shelburne John Waller Opposition Whig
1757 Edmund Waller Junior
1760 Viscount FitzMaurice Whig
March 1761 Robert Waller
December 1761 Isaac Barré Whig
1774 Hon. Thomas FitzMaurice
1780 Viscount Mahon Whig
1786 Earl Wycombe
1790 Rear-Admiral Sir John Jervis [15] Whig
1794 Sir Francis Baring
1796 Sir John Dashwood-King
1802 Sir Francis Baring
1806 Sir Thomas Baring
1830 Whig [16] Tory [16]
1831 Hon. Robert Smith Whig [16]
1832 Hon. Charles Grey Whig [16]
1837 Sir George Dashwood Whig [17] [16]
1838 George Robert Smith Whig [16]
1841 Ralph Bernal Radical [18] [19] [20] [21] [22]
1847 Martin Tucker Smith Whig
1859 Liberal Liberal
1862 John Remington Mills Liberal
1865 Hon. Charles Carrington Liberal

MPs 1868–present

YearMember [11] Party
1868 Hon. William Carrington Liberal
1883 Gerard Smith Liberal
1885 Richard Curzon Conservative
1900 William Grenfell Conservative
1906 Arnold Herbert Liberal
January 1910 Sir Charles Cripps Conservative
1914 William Baring du Pré Conservative
1923 Vera Woodhouse Liberal
1924 Sir Alfred Knox Unionist
1945 John Haire Labour
1951 William Astor Conservative
1952 Sir John Hall Conservative
1978 Sir Ray Whitney Conservative
2001 Paul Goodman Conservative
2010 Steve Baker Conservative

Elections

Elections in the 2010s

General election 2019: Wycombe [23]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Steve Baker 24,766 45.2 –4.8
Labour Khalil Ahmed20,55237.5–0.2
Liberal Democrats Toni Brodelle6,54311.9+4.2
Green Peter Sims1,4542.7+0.4
Wycombe IndependentsJulia Wassell9261.7N/A
UKIP Vijay Srao3240.6–1.7
Independent Edmund Gemmell1910.3+0.3
Majority4,2147.7–4.6
Turnout 54,75670.1+0.7
Conservative hold Swing –2.3
General election 2017: Wycombe [24]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Steve Baker 26,766 50.0 −1.4
Labour Rafiq Raja20,18837.7+15.2
Liberal Democrats Steve Guy4,1477.8−1.1
UKIP Richard Phoenix1,2102.3−7.8
Green Peter Sims1,1822.2−3.8
Majority6,57812.3–16.6
Turnout 53,49369.4+2.0
Conservative hold Swing −8.3
General election 2015: Wycombe [25] [26]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Steve Baker 26,444 51.4 +2.8
Labour David Williams11,58822.5+5.2
UKIP David Meacock5,19810.1+5.7
Liberal Democrats Steve Guy4,5468.8−20.0
Green Jem Bailey3,0866.0N/A
Independent David Fitton5771.1+0.7
Majority14,85628.9+9.0
Turnout 51,43967.4 [27] +1.2
Conservative hold Swing
General election 2010: Wycombe [28] [29]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Steve Baker 23,423 48.6 +2.8
Liberal Democrats Steve Guy13,86328.8+9.0
Labour Andrew Lomas8,32617.3−12.6
UKIP John Wiseman2,1234.4+0.5
Independent Mudassar Khokar2280.5N/A
Independent David Fitton1880.4−0.3
Majority9,56019.9+4.0
Turnout 48,15166.2+4.0
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 2000s

General election 2005: Wycombe [30]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Paul Goodman 20,331 45.8 +3.4
Labour Julia Wassell13,28029.9−5.4
Liberal Democrats James Oates8,78019.8+2.8
UKIP Robert Davis1,7353.9+1.5
Independent David Fitton3010.7+0.2
Majority7,05115.9+8.8
Turnout 44,42762.2+1.7
Conservative hold Swing +4.4
General election 2001: Wycombe [31]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Paul Goodman 19,064 42.4 +2.5
Labour Chauhdry Shafique15,89635.3−0.1
Liberal Democrats Dee Tomlin7,65817.0−1.5
UKIP Christopher Cooke1,0592.4N/A
Green John Laker1,0572.4+1.0
Independent David Fitton2400.5N/A
Majority3,1687.1+2.6
Turnout 44,97460.5−10.6
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s

General election 1997: Wycombe [32]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Ray Whitney 20,890 39.9 −14.2
Labour Chris Bryant 18,52035.4+13.8
Liberal Democrats Paul Bensilum9,67818.5−3.1
Referendum Alan Fulford2,3944.6N/A
Green John Laker7161.4+0.2
Natural Law Mark Heath1210.2N/A
Majority2,3704.5−25.7
Turnout 52,31971.1−6.9
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1992: Wycombe [33] [34]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Ray Whitney 30,081 53.14 −0.7
Liberal Democrats Tim Andrews13,00522.97−5.5
Labour John Huddart12,22222.6+3.0
Green John Laker6861.2N/A
SDP Alan Page4490.8N/A
Natural Law T. Anton1680.3N/A
Majority17,07630.2+3.8
Turnout 56,61178.0+5.2
Conservative hold Swing +1.9

Elections in the 1980s

General election 1987: Wycombe [35]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Ray Whitney 28,209 53.9 −0.3
Social Democratic Tom Hayhoe 14,39027.5−0.4
Labour John Huddart9,77318.7+1.4
Majority13,81926.4+0.1
Turnout 56,61172.8+1.1
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1983: Wycombe [36]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Ray Whitney 27,221 54.22 −3.08
Social Democratic Alan Page14,02427.93N/A
Labour Colin Bastin8,63617.20−9.82
Multiracial Political PartyM. Amin3270.65N/A
Majority13,19726.28−4.0
Turnout 71.66−5.95
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s

General election 1979: Wycombe
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Ray Whitney 38,171 57.30 +10.97
Labour Trevor Fowler18,00027.02−3.80
Liberal A. Lawson9,61514.43−4.92
National Front Sylvia Jones8331.25−2.25
Majority20,17130.28+14.78
Turnout 77.61N/A
Conservative hold Swing
1978 Wycombe by-election
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Ray Whitney 29,677 59.96 +13.63
Labour Trevor Fowler14,10928.51−2.31
Liberal Harry Warschauer3,6657.41−11.94
National Front Sylvia Jones2,0404.12+0.62
Majority15,56831.46+15.96
Turnout 49,491
Conservative hold Swing
General election October 1974: Wycombe
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative John Hall 27,131 46.33
Labour W. F. Back18,05230.82
Liberal M. T. James11,33319.35
National Front D. H. Smith2,0493.50
Majority9,07915.50
Turnout 74.29
Conservative hold Swing
General election February 1974: Wycombe
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative John Hall 29,521 46.23
Labour W. F. Back18,82229.48
Liberal M. T. James15,51224.29
Majority10,69916.76
Turnout 81.65
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1970: Wycombe
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative John Hall 40,151 55.93
Labour Bryan S. Jones23,34132.51
Liberal Ernest Henry Palfrey8,29711.56
Majority16,81023.42
Turnout 74.83
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s

General election 1966: Wycombe
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative John Hall 31,577 49.25
Labour Joseph Holland24,49838.21
Liberal Morris Janis8,03712.54
Majority7,07911.04
Turnout 77.19
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1964: Wycombe
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative John Hall 30,877 50.01
Labour Michael Barnes 21,53434.88
Liberal Arthur Donald Dennis9,33015.11
Majority9,34315.13
Turnout 81.34
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s

General election 1959: Wycombe
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative John Hall 30,774 53.29
Labour Wilfred Fordham 19,90434.47
Liberal Arthur Donald Dennis7,06812.24
Majority10,87018.82
Turnout 84.67
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1955: Wycombe
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative John Hall 29,845 57.67
Labour Ray Fletcher 21,90542.33
Majority7,94015.34
Turnout 82.02
Conservative hold Swing
1952 Wycombe by-election
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative John Hall 26,750 52.04 +0.37
Labour John Haire 24,65047.96−0.37
Majority2,1004.09+0.75
Turnout 51,400
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1951: Wycombe
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative William Astor 27,084 51.67
Labour John Haire 25,33148.33
Majority1,7533.34
Turnout 86.21
Conservative gain from Labour Swing
General election 1950: Wycombe
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour John Haire 21,491 42.09
Conservative William Astor 21,01541.16
Liberal Brian Armstrong Law8,35416.36
Communist E. Leigh1990.39
Majority4760.93
Turnout 85.83
Labour hold Swing

Election in the 1940s

General election 1945: Wycombe
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Labour John Haire 20,482 45.17
Conservative Roger Peake17,94639.58
Liberal Cecil Chadwick 6,91615.25
Majority2,5365.59
Turnout 72.10
Labour gain from Conservative Swing

A general election was expected 1939/40 and by 1939 the following had been adopted as candidates;

In 1938, the local Labour and Liberal parties had set up a formal organisation, 'The South Bucks Unity Committee' in support of a Popular Front and may well have agreed to support a joint candidate against the sitting Conservative. [37]

Election in the 1930s

General election 1935: Wycombe
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Alfred Knox 34,747 64.87
Labour Ernest Whitfield 18,81735.13
Majority15,93029.74
Turnout 61.41
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1931: Wycombe
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Alfred Knox 41,208 79.20
Labour Leslie Haden-Guest 10,82120.80
Majority30,38758.40
Turnout 52,02967.47
Conservative hold Swing

Election in the 1920s

General election 1929: Wycombe [38]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Unionist Alfred Knox 23,231 47.4 −7.4
Liberal Leonard John Humphrey16,92934.5+1.5
Labour R. Townsend8,89918.1+5.9
Majority6,30212.9−8.9
Turnout 49,05971.1−6.9
Unionist hold Swing −4.5
General election 1924: Wycombe [38]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Unionist Alfred Knox 20,820 54.8
Liberal Vera Woodhouse 12,52633.0
Labour George Young4,62612.2
Majority8,29421.8
Turnout 78.0
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing
General election 1923: Wycombe [38]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal Vera Woodhouse 14,910 46.9 +11.1
Unionist William Baring du Pré 13,22841.7−8.4
Labour George Young3,61111.4−2.7
Majority1,6825.2N/A
Turnout 68.2−1.0
Liberal gain from Unionist Swing +9.8
Vera Terrington 1921 Vera Florence Annie Terrington.jpg
Vera Terrington
General election 1922: Wycombe [38]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Unionist William Baring du Pré 15,627 50.1 N/A
Liberal Vera Woodhouse 11,15435.8N/A
Labour Samuel Stennett4,40314.1N/A
Majority4,47314.3N/A
Turnout 69.2N/A
Unionist hold Swing

Elections 1868–1918

Elections in the 1910s

General election 14 December 1918: Wycombe [39]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
C Unionist William Baring du Pré Unopposed
Unionist hold
Cindicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.
1914 Wycombe by-election [40]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Unionist William Baring du Pré 9,044 57.4 N/A
Liberal Tonman Mosley 6,71342.6N/A
Majority2,33114.8N/A
Turnout 15,75786.3N/A
Registered electors 18,268
Unionist hold Swing N/A
General election December 1910: Wycombe [40] [41]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Charles Cripps Unopposed
Conservative hold
General election January 1910: Wycombe [40] [41]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Charles Cripps 8,690 58.6 +13.5
Liberal Arnold Herbert 6,13441.413.5
Majority2,55617.2N/A
Turnout 14,82490.6+7.8
Registered electors 16,366
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +13.5

Elections in the 1900s

Herbert Arnold Herbert.jpg
Herbert
General election 1906: Wycombe [40] [42]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal Arnold Herbert 6,839 54.9 +17.9
Conservative Alfred Cripps 5,62645.117.9
Majority1,2139.8N/A
Turnout 12,46582.8+8.6
Registered electors 15,050
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +17.9
General election 1900: Wycombe [40] [42] [43]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative William Grenfell 6,111 63.0 N/A
Liberal J. Thomas3,58237.0N/A
Majority2,52926.0N/A
Turnout 9,69374.2N/A
Registered electors 13,064
Conservative hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1890s

By-election 21 February 1896: Wycombe [40] [42] [43]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Richard Curzon Unopposed
Conservative hold
General election 1895: Wycombe [40] [42] [43]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Richard Curzon Unopposed
Conservative hold
Hawkins Anthony Hope Hawkins by Alfred Ellis & Walery.jpg
Hawkins
General election 1892: Wycombe [40] [42]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Richard Curzon 5,030 55.8 −0.8
Liberal Anthony Hope 3,98844.2+0.8
Majority1,04211.6−1.6
Turnout 9,01878.1+5.7
Registered electors 11,546
Conservative hold Swing −0.8

Elections in the 1880s

General election 1886: Wycombe [40] [42]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Richard Curzon 4,620 56.6 +2.0
Liberal Alfred Gilbey 3,53743.4−2.0
Majority1,08313.2+4.0
Turnout 9,33172.4−10.4
Registered electors 11,269
Conservative hold Swing +2.0
General election 1885: Wycombe [40] [42] [44]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Conservative Richard Curzon 5,092 54.6 N/A
Liberal Rupert Carington 4,23945.4N/A
Majority8539.2N/A
Turnout 9,33182.8N/A
Registered electors 11,269
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing N/A
By-election 12 March 1883: Wycombe [45]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal Gerard Smith 1,105 66.5 N/A
Conservative James Simpson Carson [46] 55733.5N/A'
Majority54833.0N/A
Turnout 1,66280.6N/A'
Registered electors 2,062
Liberal hold
By-election 26 May 1880: Wycombe [45]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal William Carington Unopposed
Registered electors 1,865
Liberal hold
General election 1880: Wycombe [45]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal William Carington Unopposed
Registered electors 1,865
Liberal hold

Elections in the 1870s

General election 1874: Wycombe [45]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal William Carrington 953 68.7 +10.3
Lib-Lab Henry Broadhurst 41529.9N/A
Liberal-ConservativeFrederick Charsley [47] 191.4N/A
Majority53838.8+22.1
Turnout 1,38786.73.1
Registered electors 1,599
Liberal hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1860s

General election 1868: Wycombe [45]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal William Carrington 701 58.4 N/A
Liberal John Remington Mills 50041.6N/A
Majority20116.7N/A
Turnout 1,20189.8N/A
Registered electors 1,338
Liberal hold Swing N/A

Elections 1832–1868

Elections in the 1860s

By-election 11 April 1868: Wycombe [45]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal William Carrington Unopposed
Liberal hold
  • Caused by Carrington's succession to the peerage, becoming Lord Carrington.
General election 1865: Wycombe [45]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal Charles Carrington Unopposed
Liberal John Remington Mills Unopposed
Registered electors 551
Liberal hold
Liberal hold
By-election 18 March 1862: Wycombe [45]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal John Remington Mills 220 58.2 N/A
Conservative Donald Cameron [48] 15841.8N/A
Majority6216.4N/A
Turnout 37889.4N/A
Registered electors 423
Liberal hold Swing N/A
  • Caused by Dashwood's death.

Elections in the 1850s

General election 1859: Wycombe [45]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Liberal George Dashwood Unopposed
Liberal Martin Tucker Smith Unopposed
Registered electors 392
Liberal hold
Liberal hold
General election 1857: Wycombe [45]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Whig George Dashwood Unopposed
Whig Martin Tucker Smith Unopposed
Registered electors 390
Whig hold
Whig hold
General election 1852: Wycombe [45]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Whig George Dashwood 262 44.7 N/A
Whig Martin Tucker Smith 208 35.5 N/A
Whig William Simpson [49] [50] 11619.8N/A
Majority9215.7N/A
Turnout 293 (est)84.7 (est)N/A
Registered electors 346
Whig hold Swing N/A
Whig hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1840s

General election 1847: Wycombe [45]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Whig George Dashwood Unopposed
Whig Martin Tucker Smith Unopposed
Registered electors 335
Whig hold
Whig gain from Radical
General election 1841: Wycombe [45] [16]
PartyCandidateVotes%±
Whig George Dashwood 189 33.5 N/A
Radical Ralph Bernal 159 28.2 N/A
Conservative James William Freshfield 13023.0N/A
Conservative Robert Alexander8615.2N/A
Turnout 28874.2N/A
Registered electors 388
Majority305.3N/A
Whig hold Swing N/A
Majority295.1N/A
Radical gain from Whig Swing N/A

See also

Notes and references

Notes
  1. A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer).
  2. As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
  1. "England Parliamentary electorates 2010-2018". Boundary Commission for England. Retrieved 23 March 2019.
  2. Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian .
  3. Great Britain, Incorporated Council of Law Reporting for England and Wales. The public general acts. unknown library. Proprietors of the Law Journal Reports, 1884.
  4. 1 2 3 S., Craig, Fred W. (1972). Boundaries of parliamentary constituencies 1885-1972;. Chichester: Political Reference Publications. ISBN   0900178094. OCLC   539011.
  5. Gay, Oonagh (28 July 2010). "The Rules for the Redistribution of Seats- history and reform".Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  6. "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1970". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 8 February 2019.
  7. "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1983". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 8 February 2019.
  8. "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1995". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 8 February 2019.
  9. "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 8 February 2019.
  10. Boundary Commission for England, 2018 Review, Associated consultation documents (September 2018). "Final recommendations report".CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  11. 1 2 3 Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "W" (part 5)
  12. Archdale, a Quaker, never took his seat as he was not prepared to take the prescribed oath.
  13. On petition, Colyear's election was declared void and a by-election was called. He was re-elected at the by-election but once more voted by the committee not to have been duly returned, and his opponent, Waller, was seated instead.
  14. Waller was also elected for Marlow, which he chose to represent, and did not for Wycombe in this Parliament.
  15. Vice Admiral from 1793.
  16. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Stooks Smith, Henry (1973) [1844-1850]. Craig, FWS (ed.). The Parliaments of England (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. pp. 22–23. ISBN   0-900178-13-2.
  17. "Sir George Henry Dashwood 5th Bart". Legacies of British Slave-ownership. University College London. Retrieved 28 July 2018.
  18. "Ralph Bernal". Legacies of British Slave-ownership. University College London. Retrieved 7 May 2018.
  19. Malcolmson, APW (2006). The Pursuit of the Heiress: Aristocratic Marriage in Ireland 1740-1840 (Illustrated ed.). Ulster Historical Foundation. p. 176. ISBN   9781903688656 . Retrieved 7 May 2018 via Google Books.
  20. "The Brazil Controversy". The Spectator. 18 February 1865. p. 13. Retrieved 7 May 2018.
  21. Rubinstein, William D; Jolles, Michael A; Rubinstein, Hilary L, eds. (2011). The Palgrave Dictionary of Anglo-Jewish History. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. p. 191. ISBN   978-1-4039-3910-4 . Retrieved 7 May 2018 via Googke Books.
  22. Hawkins, Angus (2015). Victorian Political Culture: 'Habits of Heart & Mind'. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 280. ISBN   978-0-19-872848-1 . Retrieved 7 May 2018 via Google Books.
  23. "Wycombe Parliamentary constituency". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 27 November 2019.
  24. "Wycombe parliamentary constituency - Election 2017". BBC News. Retrieved 19 May 2017.
  25. "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  26. "Election results for Wycombe, 7 May 2015". 7 May 2015.
  27. electorate 76371 provided by Wycombe Council elections office 22Jun2015.
  28. "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  29. "Wycombe". BBC News Online . Retrieved 7 May 2010.
  30. "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  31. "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  32. "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  33. "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  34. "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
  35. "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  36. "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  37. "Upham: Aylesbury By-election 1938".
  38. 1 2 3 4 British parliamentary election results 1918-1949, Craig, F. W. S.
  39. Craig, F. W. S. British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 London: Macmillan.
  40. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. p. 226. ISBN   9781349022984.
  41. 1 2 Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916.
  42. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 The Liberal Year Book, 1907.
  43. 1 2 3 Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901.
  44. Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886.
  45. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885(e-book)|format= requires |url= (help) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. pp. 344–345. ISBN   978-1-349-02349-3.
  46. "Wycombe Election" . Bolton Evening News . 7 March 1883. p. 3. Retrieved 15 December 2017 via British Newspaper Archive.
  47. "The General Election" . Bucks Herald . 7 February 1874. pp. 6–8. Retrieved 23 January 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.
  48. "Wycombe Election" . Cardiff and Merthyr Guardian, Glamorgan, Monmouth, and Brecon Gazette. 15 March 1862. p. 6. Retrieved 24 March 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.
  49. "The Elections" . London Evening Standard . 2 July 1852. pp. 3–4. Retrieved 28 July 2018 via British Newspaper Archive.
  50. The Spectator, Volume 18. F. C. Westley. 1845. p. 1006. Retrieved 28 July 2018 via Google Books.

Further reading

Coordinates: 51°36′N0°48′W / 51.6°N 0.8°W / 51.6; -0.8

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