Xàtiva

Last updated

Xàtiva
Xativa cityview-2 web.jpg
View of Xàtiva
Bandera de Xativa (roja).svg
Flag
Coat of Arms of Xativa.svg
Coat of arms
Localitzacio de Xativa respecte del Pais Valencia.png
Spain location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Xàtiva
Location in Spain
Coordinates: 38°59′25″N0°31′16″W / 38.99028°N 0.52111°W / 38.99028; -0.52111
CountryFlag of Spain.svg  Spain
Autonomous community Flag of the Valencian Community (2x3).svg  Valencian Community
Province Valencia
Comarca Costera
Judicial district Xàtiva
Government
  MayorRoger Cerdà i Boluda (2015) (PSPV)
Area
  Total76.56 km2 (29.56 sq mi)
Elevation
115 m (377 ft)
Population
 (2018) [1]
  Total29,045
  Density380/km2 (980/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Xativí / xativina
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
46800
Official language(s) Spanish and Valencian
Website Official website

Xàtiva (Valencian pronunciation:  [ˈʃativa] , Spanish : Játiva [ˈxatiβa] ) is a town in eastern Spain, in the province of Valencia, on the right (western) bank of the river Albaida and at the junction of the ValenciaMurcia and Valencia  Albacete railways. It is located 25 km west of the Mediterranean Sea. During the Al-Andalus Islamic era, Arabs brought the technology to manufacture paper to Xàtiva. In the 12th century, Xàtiva was known for its schools, education, and learning circles. Islamic scholar Abu Ishaq al-Shatibi's last name refers to Xàtiva where he lived and died. [2] After the Reconquista by Northern Christian Kingdoms and the following Christian repopulation the city became the cradle of one of the most powerful and controversial families of the Renaissance, this was the House of Borgia, which produced Popes like Callixtus III (Alfonso de Borgia) and Alexander VI (Rodrigo de Borgia).

Contents

History

Municipal charter of Xativa (1252). Carta puebla de Jativa.jpg
Municipal charter of Xàtiva (1252).

Xàtiva (Saetabis in Latin) was famous in Roman times for its linen fabrics, mentioned by the Latin poets Ovid and Catullus. Xàtiva is also known as an early European centre of paper manufacture. In the 12th century, Arabs brought the technology to manufacture paper to Xàtiva (Arabic : شاطبةShāṭiba).

It is the birthplace of two popes, Callixtus III and Alexander VI, and also the painter José Ribera (Lo Spagnoletto). It suffered a dark moment in its history at the hands of Philip V of Spain, who, after his victory at the Battle of Almansa during the War of the Spanish Succession, had the city besieged then ordered it to be burned and renamed San Felipe. In memory of the insult, the portrait of the monarch hangs upside down in the local museum of l'Almodí. [3]

Xàtiva was briefly a provincial capital under the short-lived 1822 territorial division of Spain, [4] during the Trienio Liberal . The Province of Xàtiva was revoked with the return to absolutism in 1823.

Main sights

Xàtiva is built on the margin of a fertile plain, and on the northern slopes of the Monte Vernissa, a hill with two peaks crowned by Xativa Castle.

The Collegiate Basilica, dating from 1414, but rebuilt about a century later in the Renaissance style, was formerly a cathedral, and is the chief among many churches and convents. The town-hall and a church on the castle hill are partly constructed of inscribed Roman masonry, and several houses date from the Moorish period.

Other sights include:

Panoramic view of Xativa ComunidadValenciana Xativa1 tango7174.jpg
Panoramic view of Xàtiva

Notable people

See also

Related Research Articles

Pope Alexander VI Pope of the Catholic Church 1492–1503

Pope Alexander VI, was Pope from 11 August 1492 until his death in 1503.

Pope Callixtus III

Pope Callixtus III, born Alfonso de Borgia, was head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 8 April 1455 to his death. Borgia spent his early career as a professor of law at the University of Lleida; he later served as a diplomat for the kings of Aragon. He became a tutor for King Alfonso V's illegitimate son Ferdinand. After arranging a reconciliation between Alfonso and Pope Martin V, Borgia was made Bishop of Valencia. In 1444, Pope Eugene IV named him a cardinal, and Borgia became a member of the Roman Curia. During the Siege of Belgrade (1456), Callixtus initiated the custom that bells be rung at midday to remind the faithful to pray for the crusaders. The tradition of the Angelus noon bell still exists in most Catholic Churches to this day. He was also responsible for the retrial of Joan of Arc that saw her vindicated. He appointed two nephews as cardinals, one of whom became Pope Alexander VI.

House of Borgia Italo-Spanish Renaissance noble family

Borgia was a Spanish-Aragonese noble family, which rose to prominence during the Italian Renaissance. They were from Aragon, the surname being a toponymic from the town of Borja, then in the Crown of Aragon, in Spain.

Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Valencia in Spain

The Archdiocese of Valencia is a Catholic ecclesiastical territory located in north-eastern Spain, in the province of Valencia, part of the autonomous community of Valencia. The archdiocese heads the ecclesiastical province of Valencia, with authority over the suffragan dioceses of Ibiza, Majorca, Minorca, Orihuela-Alicante and Segorbe-Castellón. The archbishops are seated in Valencia Cathedral. On 28 August 2014, Pope Francis appointed Cardinal Antonio Cañizares Llovera as the next archbishop of Valencia.

Valencia Cathedral

The Metropolitan Cathedral–Basilica of the Assumption of Our Lady of Valencia, alternatively known as Saint Mary's Cathedral or Valencia Cathedral, is a Roman Catholic parish church in Valencia, Spain.

Canals, Valencia Municipality in Valencian Community, Spain

Canals is a municipality in the comarca of Costera in the Valencian Community, Spain.

Monastery of Sant Jeroni de Cotalba

The Monastery of Sant Jeroni de Cotalba is a monastic building of Valencian Gothic, Mudéjar, Renaissance, Baroque and Neoclassical styles constructed between the 14th and 18th centuries, located in the municipal area of Alfauir, (Valencia), Spain, about 8 km. from the well-known city of Gandia.

<i>Madonna and Child with a Bishop</i>

The Madonna and Child with a Bishop is a painting by the Italian Renaissance master Pinturicchio, painted around 1495 and housed in the Museu de Belles Arts of Valencia, Spain.

Domènech de Borja was the father of future Pope Callixtus III. He held the title over the Barony La Torre de Canals. He was a member of the House of Borja.

Jofré Llançol i Escrivà,, also known as Jofré de Borja y Escrivà and Jofré de Borja y Doms, was a Spanish noble from Xàtiva, Kingdom of Valencia. He was related by marriage to the prestigious Borgia family. He was an uncle of Cardinal Luis Juan del Milà and the father of Pope Alexander VI.

Route of the Borgias

The Route of the Borgias is a cultural route, that includes sites associated with the Borja or Borgia, located in their native Valencian Community, Spain. The marketing of the route was inaugurated in 2007.

Collegiate Basilica of Gandia Church in Gandia , Spain

The Collegiate Basilica of Santa Maria of Gandia, also known as "La Seu", is the principal church of the city of Gandia, (Valencia). Construction commenced in the 14th century.

Tower and walls of the Borgias

The Tower and walls of the Borgias of the Valencian municipality of Canals (Spain), is a Bien de Interés Cultural with the code 46.23.081-003 and Ministerial annotation R-I-51-0010524 with date April 3, 2000. Is also known in valencian as Torreta de Canals.

Convent of Santa Clara of Gandia

The Convent of Santa Clara is 15th-century, Roman Catholic convent belonging to cloistered order of the Colettine Poor Clares, and located in the town of Gandia, province of Valencia, Spain. It is located in the centre of Gandia and at few meters from the Collegiate Basilica of Gandia, in María Enríquez de Luna square.

Church of San Nicolás (Valencia) Church in Valencia , Spain

San Nicolás de Bari and San Pedro Mártir is a Valencian Gothic style, Roman Catholic parish church located in Valencia (Spain).

Oratory of the Borgias Church in Canals , Spain

The Oratory of the Borgias or Church of the Tower is located in the municipality of Canals (Valencia), Spain. It is a church built in early Valencian Gothic style, probably in the 13th century.

Route of the Valencian classics

The Route of the Valencian classics,, is a cultural route through the lands of the great classical writers of the Valencian literature of the Valencian Golden Age: Ausiàs March, Joanot Martorell and Joan Roís de Corella, the three related to the court of the Duke Alfonso of Aragon and Foix, "the Old".

Valencian Gothic

Valencian Gothic is an architectural style. It occurred under the Kingdom of Valencia between the 13th and 15th centuries, which places it at the end of the European Gothic period and at the beginning of the Renaissance. The term "Valencian Gothic" is confined to the Kingdom of Valencia and its area of influence, which has its own characteristics.

Sant Pere is a Gothic-Mudéjar style, Roman Catholic church located in the city of Xàtiva, Valencia, Spain.

Santos Juanes, Valencia

Santos Juanes or Sant Joan del Mercat is a Roman Catholic church located in the Mercat neighborhood of the city of Valencia, Spain. The church is also denominated the Real Parroquia de los Santos Juanes or San Juan del Mercado due to its location adjacent to the city Central Market and facing the Llotja de la Seda building.

References

  1. Municipal Register of Spain 2018. National Statistics Institute.
  2. Muhammad Khalid Masud, Islamic Legal Philosophy: A Study of Abu Ishaq al-Shatibi's Life and Thought, McGill University 1977
  3. XÀTIVA – Museo de l'Almodí Archived May 27, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  4. (in Spanish) División provisional del territorio español de 27 de Enero de 1822 Archived December 14, 2009, at the Wayback Machine , the text of the proposed 1822 territorial division of Spain, Instituto de Historia, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas (CSIC, Spanish National Research Council). Accessed online 2010-01-03.

Wikisource-logo.svg This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain : Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Játiva". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.