Xing Shizhong

Last updated
Xing Shizhong
邢世忠
President of the PLA National Defence University
In office
1995–2002
Preceded by Zhu Dunfa
Succeeded by Pei Huailiang
Personal details
BornSeptember 1938
Licheng, Shandong, China
Died11 March 2019(2019-03-11) (aged 80)
Beijing, China
Political party Communist Party of China
Alma mater PLA Nanjing Engineering Institute
Military service
AllegianceFlag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China
Branch/service People's Liberation Army
Years of service1953−2002
Rank PLAGeneral r.png General
Battles/wars Sino-Vietnamese War
Chinese name
Chinese 邢世忠

Xing Shizhong (Chinese :邢世忠; September 1938 – 11 March 2019) was a general of the Chinese People's Liberation Army. He served as Chief of Staff and Deputy Commander of the Lanzhou Military Region and President of the PLA National Defence University (1995–2002). He was a member of the 15th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China.

Chinese language family of languages

Chinese is a group of related, but in many cases not mutually intelligible, language varieties, forming the Sinitic branch of the Sino-Tibetan language family. Chinese is spoken by the Han majority and many minority ethnic groups in China. About 1.2 billion people speak some form of Chinese as their first language.

Peoples Liberation Army combined military forces of the Peoples Republic of China

The Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA) is the armed forces of the People's Republic of China (PRC) and its founding and ruling political party, the Communist Party of China (CPC). The PLA consists of five professional service branches: the Ground Force, Navy, Air Force, Rocket Force, and the Strategic Support Force. Units around the country are assigned to one of five Theater commands by geographical location. The PLA is the world's largest military force and constitutes the second largest defence budget in the world. It is one of the fastest modernising military powers in the world and has been termed as a potential military superpower, with significant regional defense and rising global power projection capabilities. China is also the third largest arms exporter in the world.

Lanzhou Military Region Former military region of China

The Lanzhou Military Region was one of seven military regions in the People's Republic of China. It directed all military and armed police forces in Xinjiang, Qinghai, Gansu, Ningxia, and Shaanxi. The Ali area of northwest Tibet also falls under this Region. It is headquartered in Lanzhou in Gansu Province. It is bordered to the south by the Chengdu Military Region, and to the north by Mongolia, the Altai Republic, which is a political subdivision of the Russian Federation, and Kazakhstan. This region is now part of the Western Theater Command due to the military reforms of 2015.

Contents

Biography

Xing was born in September 1938 [1] in Licheng, Shandong, Republic of China. [2] He enlisted in the People's Liberation Army (PLA) in 1953 and graduated from the PLA Nanjing Engineering Institute in 1956. He joined the Communist Party of China the following year. [2] He was a classmate of Li Xinliang, who later served as Commander of the Beijing Military Region. [3]

Licheng District, Jinan District in Shandong, Peoples Republic of China

Licheng District is one of six districts of Jinan, the capital of Shandong province, People's Republic of China, covering part of the eastern suburbs. It has an area of 1,303.88 km² and has 1,124,306 permanent residents as of 2010. The Jinan Yaoqiang International Airport is located in the district's northern reaches. The largest county-level division of Jinan by permanent resident population, it borders Zhangqiu to the east, Changqing District to the southwest, the districts of Shizhong, Lixia, and Tianqiao to the west, Jiyang County to the northwest, as well as the prefecture-level city of Tai'an to the southeast.

Shandong Province

Shandong is a coastal province of the People's Republic of China, and is part of the East China region.

Republic of China (1912–1949) 1912–1949 country in Asia, when the Republic of China governed mainland China

The Republic of China (ROC), was a state in East Asia which controlled the Chinese mainland between 1912 and 1949. The state was established in January 1912 after the Xinhai Revolution, which overthrew the Qing dynasty, the last imperial dynasty of China. Its government fled to Taipei in 1949 due to the Kuomintang's defeat in the Chinese Civil War. The Republic of China's first president, Sun Yat-sen, served only briefly before handing over the position to Yuan Shikai, leader of the Beiyang Army. His party, then led by Song Jiaoren won the parliamentary election held in December 1912. Song Jiaoren was assassinated shortly after and the Beiyang Army led by Yuan Shikai maintained full control of the Beiyang government. Between late 1915 and early 1916, Yuan Shikai tried to reinstate the monarchy before abdicating due to popular unrest. After Yuan Shikai's death in 1916, members of cliques in the Beiyang Army claimed their autonomy and clashed with each other. During this period, the authority of the Beiyang government was weakened by a restoration of the Qing dynasty.

Xing had a military career spanning 50 years. [2] He served as an engineering officer and a regimental commander in the Guangzhou Military Region. He was considered a protege of General Zhang Wannian, and was also connected to General Fu Quanyou. [3] He fought in the 1979 Sino-Vietnamese War, and was promoted to division commander for his performance in the war. [3] He was later promoted to corps commander. [2]

Guangzhou Military Region Former military region of China

The Guangzhou Military Region was from 1955 to 2016 one of the People's Liberation Army PLA Military Regions, located in the south of the People's Republic of China. In May 1949, the Central China Military Region (MR) was formed. In March 1955, it was divided into two, the Guangzhou MR and the Wuhan Military Region. When the Wuhan MR was disbanded in August 1985, its troops stationed around the Hubei province were assigned to the Guangzhou MR.

Zhang Wannian Chinese general

Zhang Wannian was a general of the People's Liberation Army (PLA) of the People's Republic of China.

Fu Quanyou is a general of the People's Republic of China.

He served as Chief of Staff of the Lanzhou Military Region from 1985 to 1988, and was awarded the rank of major general in 1988. [2] After 1988 he served as Deputy Commander of the Lanzhou MR, and attained the rank of lieutenant general in 1993. From 1995 to 2002 he served as President of the PLA National Defence University, [2] an important position given the university's role in training top PLA officers. [3] He was promoted to full general in March 1998. [1]

Major general is a military rank used in many countries. It is derived from the older rank of sergeant major general. The disappearance of the "sergeant" in the title explains the apparently confusing phenomenon whereby a lieutenant general outranks a major general while a major outranks a lieutenant.

Lieutenant general, lieutenant-general and similar is a three-star military rank used in many countries. The rank traces its origins to the Middle Ages, where the title of lieutenant general was held by the second in command on the battlefield, who was normally subordinate to a captain general.

PLA National Defence University

The PLA National Defence University is a national university administered by the People's Liberation Army. It is the top university for military education in China.

Xing was elected to the 15th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, serving from 1997 to 2002. [2] He was also a delegate to the 7th, 8th, and 10th National People's Congresses. [1]

The 15th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China was in session from 1997 to 2002. The 14th Central Committee preceded it. The China Democracy Party formed in this period, and was suppressed. It held seven plenary sessions. It was followed by the 16th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China.

National Peoples Congress highest state body and legislature of the Peoples Republic of China

The National People's Congress is the national legislature of the People's Republic of China. With 2,980 members in 2018, it is the largest parliamentary body in the world. The National People's Congress meets in full session for roughly two weeks each year and votes on important pieces of legislation, and members are considered to be part-time legislators and are not paid to serve in the NPC.

Xing died in Beijing on 11 March 2019, at the age of 80. [1]

Beijing Municipality in Peoples Republic of China

Beijing, formerly romanized as Peking, is the capital of the People's Republic of China, the world's third most populous city proper, and most populous capital city. The city, located in northern China, is governed as a municipality under the direct administration of central government with 16 urban, suburban, and rural districts. Beijing Municipality is surrounded by Hebei Province with the exception of neighboring Tianjin Municipality to the southeast; together the three divisions form the Jingjinji metropolitan region and the national capital region of China.

View on the China threat theory

In 1996, Xing published an article in the Communist Party journal Qiushi , entitled "Put an end to the China threat theory". [4] He argued that the idea of a rising power threatening the existing order maintained by an established power is rooted in Western imperialism. This logic is imposed on China by the West, whose imperialism is the real cause of instability in the world. He further argued that since the United States maintains a large network of military bases far from its homeland and tries to impose its own values on other nations, it has been and will continue to be a cause of conflicts in the world. [5]

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 Yue, Huairang (12 March 2019). "国防大学原校长邢世忠上将逝世,享年82岁". The Paper. Retrieved 14 March 2019.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 "Biography of Xing Shizhong". China Vitae. Retrieved 14 March 2019.
  3. 1 2 3 4 Lilley, James; Shambaugh, David L. (2016). China's Military Faces the Future. Taylor & Francis. pp. 33–34. ISBN   978-1-315-50103-1.
  4. Storey, Ian; Yee, Herbert (2004). The China Threat: Perceptions, Myths and Reality. Routledge. p. 41. ISBN   978-1-135-78647-2.
  5. Zheng, Yongnian (1999). Discovering Chinese Nationalism in China: Modernization, Identity, and International Relations. Cambridge University Press. p. 109. ISBN   978-0-521-64590-4.