Xinhai Revolution in Xinjiang

Last updated
Xinhai Revolution in Xinjiang
Part of Xinhai Revolution
Result Revolutionary victory
Flag of the Qing Dynasty (1889-1912).svg Qing Empire Chinese-Army-Wuhan-Flag-1911-1928 dots18.svg Gelaohui [1] and Ili Revolutionaires
Commanders and leaders

Flag of the Qing Dynasty (1889-1912).svg Yuan Dahua
Flag of the Qing Dynasty (1889-1912).svg Zhirui   [2]
Flag of the Qing Dynasty (1889-1912).svg Guangfu

Flag of the Qing Dynasty (1889-1912).svg Wang Peilan
Chinese-Army-Wuhan-Flag-1911-1928 dots18.svg Yang Zuanxu

Several thousand Provincial Chinese troops

Manchu bannermen
Gelaohui rebels and Ili Revolutionaries, made out of Han Chinese, Hui Muslims, and Uyghurs [3]

The Xinhai Revolution in Xinjiang (Chinese :辛亥革命在新疆) refers to the fightings of the members of Anti-Manchu Revolutionary Party (反清革命党人) in Xinjiang during the Xinhai Revolution. The Revolution mainly took place in Yili. [4]



After the success of the Wuchang Uprising, responses came from all over China, in November 1911, twenty four provinces of the country broke away from the Qing government. Seeing this situation, the Royalist Party of Qing Dynasty conspired to welcome the Xuantong Emperor to move westward, in an attempt to build the capital in Kulun (now Ulaanbaatar of Mongolia) or Altay to cede the northwest, and continue to confront the revolutionary army. When the members of Revolutionary Party in Wuhan learned of this situation, they immediately told their members in Xinjiang, and on November 28, 1911, the Xinhai Revolution broke out in Xinjiang. [5]


The last Gansu Xinjiang Provincial Governor (甘肃新疆巡抚) of Qing Yuan Dahua (袁大化) fled and handed over his resignation to Yang Zengxin, because of the resistance and struggle of the people of all ethnic groups in the north and south of the Tianshan Mountains, Yuan "cannot deal with the revolutionaries, hears the wind and loses gall" (穷于应付, 闻风丧胆), [6] and finally had to "flee into the Shanhai Pass", [7] on the other hand, he did not want to work for the Republic of China. [8] The Ili revolutionaries and the Gelaohui were then suppressed by Yang. [9] Yang appointed Ma Fuxing as military commander of 2,000 Chinese Muslim troops, to crush Yang's rivals. President Yuan Shikai recognized his rule, appointing him Provincial Governor of Xinjiang. [10] The revolutionaries printed new multi-lingual media. [11]

Modern evaluation

Some Chinese historians believe that the success of the Xinhai Revolution in Xinjiang (Yili) completely broke the Qing Emperor's plan of moving westward, and directly promoted the abdication of Xuantong Emperor, which has not yet received much attention in the field of Chinese historiography. The Revolution eradicated the last "life-saving straw" ("救命稻草") of the Qing Dynasty. [12]

See also

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  11. Ondřej Klimeš (8 January 2015). Struggle by the Pen: The Uyghur Discourse of Nation and National Interest, c.1900-1949. BRILL. pp. 83–. ISBN   978-90-04-28809-6.
  12. "Xinhai Revolution in Xinjiang: Qing Dynasty's plan of moving westward shattered". China News Service . Oct 7, 2011.