Xinyang

Last updated
Xinyang

信阳市

Sinyang
Xinyang city.png
View of Xinyang
Henan Xinyang map a.png
Location of Xinyang City jurisdiction in Henan
China edcp location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Xinyang
Location in China
Coordinates: 32°08′N114°03′E / 32.133°N 114.050°E / 32.133; 114.050 Coordinates: 32°08′N114°03′E / 32.133°N 114.050°E / 32.133; 114.050
CountryPeople's Republic of China
Province Henan
Area
   Prefecture-level city 18,908.27 km2 (7,300.52 sq mi)
  Urban
[1]
75 km2 (29 sq mi)
  Metro
3,665.9 km2 (1,415.4 sq mi)
Population
 (2010 Census)
   Prefecture-level city 6,109,106
  Density320/km2 (840/sq mi)
   Urban
 (2018) [2]
600,000
  Urban density8,000/km2 (21,000/sq mi)
   Metro
1,230,042
  Metro density340/km2 (870/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+8 (China Standard)
Area code(s) 0376
ISO 3166 code CN-HA-15
GDP 2010109.2
Major Nationalities Han
License plate prefixes S
Website www.xinyang.gov.cn/sitesources/xinyang/page_pc/index.html

Xinyang (simplified Chinese : ; traditional Chinese :信陽; pinyin :Xìnyáng; postal: Sinyang) is a prefecture-level city in southeastern Henan province, People's Republic of China, the southernmost administrative division in the province. Its population was 6,109,106 according to the 2010 census, and 1,230,042 of them lived in 2 urban districts, Pingqiao and Shihe.

Contents

Geography

The prefecture-level city of Xinyang has a total land area of 18,819 square kilometres (7,266 sq mi). The city is located in the southernmost part of Henan Province, on the south bank of the Huai River. It borders the cities Zhumadian to the north and Nanyang to the northwest, and the provinces of Anhui and Hubei to the east and south respectively. The region where Xinyang is located is considered a subtropical area and the Dabie Mountains cover most of its territory.

Climate

Xinyang has a monsoon-influenced, four-season humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa), with cold, damp winters, and hot, humid summers. The months of April through June here are slightly cooler than much of the rest of the province. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from 2.2 °C (36.0 °F) in January to 27.4 °C (81.3 °F) in July; the annual mean is 15.31 °C (59.6 °F). The annual precipitation is just above 1,100 millimetres (43 in), and close to two-thirds of it occurs from May to September. With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 38% in March to 47% in four months, the city receives 1,974 hours of bright sunshine annually; January through March are the cloudiest months.

Climate data for Xinyang
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)20.6
(69.1)
26.5
(79.7)
30.7
(87.3)
34.3
(93.7)
36.3
(97.3)
38.7
(101.7)
40.1
(104.2)
40.9
(105.6)
37.3
(99.1)
34.2
(93.6)
30.0
(86.0)
21.7
(71.1)
40.9
(105.6)
Average high °C (°F)6.8
(44.2)
9.0
(48.2)
13.9
(57.0)
21.4
(70.5)
25.9
(78.6)
29.5
(85.1)
31.6
(88.9)
30.9
(87.6)
26.6
(79.9)
21.6
(70.9)
15.4
(59.7)
9.5
(49.1)
20.2
(68.3)
Daily mean °C (°F)2.2
(36.0)
4.3
(39.7)
9.0
(48.2)
16.1
(61.0)
20.9
(69.6)
24.8
(76.6)
27.4
(81.3)
26.4
(79.5)
21.7
(71.1)
16.2
(61.2)
10.1
(50.2)
4.6
(40.3)
15.3
(59.5)
Average low °C (°F)−1.3
(29.7)
0.6
(33.1)
5.0
(41.0)
11.6
(52.9)
16.5
(61.7)
20.7
(69.3)
23.9
(75.0)
23.0
(73.4)
17.8
(64.0)
12.0
(53.6)
5.9
(42.6)
0.8
(33.4)
11.4
(52.5)
Record low °C (°F)−20
(−4)
−16
(3)
−6.6
(20.1)
−0.6
(30.9)
5.0
(41.0)
11.9
(53.4)
17.0
(62.6)
14.1
(57.4)
7.9
(46.2)
−0.4
(31.3)
−6.4
(20.5)
−12.4
(9.7)
−20
(−4)
Average precipitation mm (inches)29.2
(1.15)
42.4
(1.67)
69.4
(2.73)
80.0
(3.15)
126.0
(4.96)
154.0
(6.06)
183.9
(7.24)
159.5
(6.28)
107.8
(4.24)
81.2
(3.20)
50.9
(2.00)
21.4
(0.84)
1,105.7
(43.52)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)7.27.910.79.911.511.012.611.910.510.27.66.2117.2
Average relative humidity (%)72727371737681837977736975
Mean monthly sunshine hours 127.0121.7139.3175.6196.1197.4205.7194.8160.2162.2149.9143.81,973.7
Percent possible sunshine 40393845464747474346474644.5
Source: China Meteorological Administration Archived September 21, 2013, at the Wayback Machine

Administration

The Xinyang City is divided into two districts and eight counties.

Map
English NameSimplifiedTraditionalPinyinAreaPopulationDensity
Shihe District 浉河区浉河區Shīhé Qū1,782.51594,391333
Pingqiao District 平桥区平橋區Píngqiáo Qū1,883.42635,651337
Huangchuan County 潢川县潢川縣Huángchuān Xiàn1,638630,333385
Huaibin County 淮滨县淮濱縣Huáibīn Xiàn1,208570,156472
Xi County 息县息縣Xī Xiàn1,835793,746433
Xin County 新县新縣Xīn Xiàn1,612275,285171
Shangcheng County 商城县商城縣Shāngchéng Xiàn2,130495,491233
Gushi County 固始县固始縣Gùshǐ Xiàn2,9461,023,857348
Luoshan County 罗山县羅山縣Luóshān Xiàn2,065504,542244
Guangshan County 光山县光山縣Guāngshān Xiàn1,835275,282150

Demographics

According to the 2010 Census, the population of Xinyang is of 6,109,106 inhabitants, 6.39% less than the population marked on the last census of 2000, when there were 6,527,368 inhabitants in the city. [3]

Its built up area is home to 1,230,042 inhabitants spread out on 2 urban districts and 3,665.9 square kilometres (1,415.4 sq mi).

Culture

Xinyang Tea Culture Festival is held during April, 28th and 30th every year.

Transportation

Education

Recreation

Twin towns

See also

Related Research Articles

Nanyang, Henan Prefecture-level city in Henan, Peoples Republic of China

Nanyang is a prefecture-level city in the southwest of Henan province, China. The city with the largest administrative area in Henan, Nanyang borders Xinyang to the southeast, Zhumadian to the east, Pingdingshan to the northeast, Luoyang to the north, Sanmenxia to the northwest, the province of Shaanxi to the west, and the province of Hubei to the south.

Zhumadian Prefecture-level city in Henan, Peoples Republic of China

Zhumadian is a prefecture-level city in southern Henan province, China. It borders Xinyang to the south, Nanyang to the west, Pingdingshan to the northwest, Luohe to the north, Zhoukou to the northeast, and the province of Anhui to the east.

Yinchuan Prefecture-level city in Ningxia, Peoples Republic of China

Yinchuan is the capital of the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, China, and historically it was the former capital of the Western Xia Empire of the Tanguts. It has an area of 8,874.61 km2 (3,426.51 sq mi) and a total population of 1.99 million. Its built-up area is home to 1,290,170 inhabitants spread between three urban districts. The name of the city literally means "silver river".

Daqing Prefecture-level city in Heilongjiang, Peoples Republic of China

Daqing is a prefecture-level city in the west of Heilongjiang province, People's Republic of China. The name literally means "Great Celebration". Daqing is known as the Oil Capital of China and has experienced a phenomenal boom since oil was discovered at the Daqing Oil Field in 1959.

Yibin Prefecture-level city in Sichuan, Peoples Republic of China

Yibin is a prefecture-level city in the southeastern part of Sichuan province, China, located at the junction of the Min and Yangtze Rivers. Its population was 4,471,840 inhabitants according to the 2010 census of whom 836,340 lived in the built-up area made of Cuiping District.

Jingzhou Prefecture-level city in Hubei, Peoples Republic of China

Jingzhou is a prefecture-level city in southern Hubei, China, located on the banks of the Yangtze River. Based on the 2010 census, its total population was 5,691,707, 1,154,086 of whom resided in the built-up area comprising the two urban districts.

Ganzhou Prefecture-level city in Jiangxi, Peoples Republic of China

Ganzhou, alternately romanized as Kanchow, is a prefecture-level city in southern Jiangxi, China, bordering Fujian to the east, Guangdong to the south, and Hunan to the west. Its administrative seat is at Zhanggong District. Its population was 8,361,447 at the 2010 census whom 1,977,253 in the built-up area made of Zhanggong and Nankang, and Ganxian largely being urbanized.

Shaoguan Prefecture-level city in Guangdong, Peoples Republic of China

Shaoguan is a prefecture-level city in northern Guangdong Province, China, bordering Hunan to the northwest and Jiangxi to the northeast. It is home to the mummified remains of the sixth Zen Buddhist patriarch Huineng. Its built-up or metro area made up of Zhenjiang and Wujiang urban districts was home to 688,229 inhabitants at the 2010 census.

Zhuzhou Prefecture-level city in Hunan, Peoples Republic of China

Zhuzhou, formerly Jianning, is a prefecture-level city of Hunan Province, China, straddling the Xiang River southeast of the provincial capital, Changsha, and bordering Jiangxi province to the east. It is part of the "Changzhutan Golden Triangle". The city has jurisdiction over 5 counties and four districts, and covers an area of 11,420 km2 (4,410 sq mi).

Hegang Prefecture-level city in Heilongjiang, Peoples Republic of China

Hegang, is a prefecture-level city in Heilongjiang province of the People's Republic of China, situated in the southeastern section of the Lesser Khingan Range, facing Jiamusi across the Songhua River to the south and Russia's Jewish Autonomous Oblast across the Amur River to the north. Hegang is one of the principal coal-producing cities in China. Hegang covers an administrative area of 14,679.88 km2 (5,667.93 sq mi) and according to the 2010 Census, has a population of 1,058,665 inhabitants. Its built-up area is home to 664,471 inhabitants spread out over 5 urban districts including Dongshan being urbanized, even though still largely rural.

Anqing Prefecture-level city in Anhui, Peoples Republic of China

Anqing is a prefecture-level city in the southwest of Anhui province, People's Republic of China. Its population was 5,311,579 at the 2010 census, with 780,514 living in the built-up area.

Wuzhou Prefecture-level city in Guangxi, Peoples Republic of China

Wúzhōu, formerly Ngchow, is a prefecture-level city in the east of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, People's Republic of China.

Siping, Jilin Prefecture-level city in Jilin, Peoples Republic of China

Siping, formerly Ssupingkai, is a prefecture-level city in the west of Jilin province, People's Republic of China. Located in the middle of the Songliao Plain and at the intersection of Jilin, Liaoning and Inner Mongolia, Siping covers an area of 14,323 km2 (5,530 sq mi). At the 2015 census, Siping has a total population of 3.36 million while the urban population is 625,000.

Qingyuan Prefecture-level city in Guangdong, Peoples Republic of China

Qingyuan, formerly romanized as Tsingyun, is a prefecture-level city in northern Guangdong province, China, on the banks of the Bei or North River. During the 2010 census, its total population was 3,698,412, out of whom 1,510,044 lived in the urbanized Qingcheng and Qingxin districts. The primary spoken language is Cantonese. Covering 19,015 km2 (7,342 sq mi), Qingyuan is Guangdong's largest prefecture-level division by land area, and it borders Guangzhou and Foshan to the south, Shaoguan to the east and northeast, Zhaoqing to the south and southwest, and Hunan province and Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region to the north. The urban core is surrounded by mountainous areas but is directly connected with Guangzhou and the Pearl River Delta by Highway 107.

Nanchong Prefecture-level city in Sichuan, Peoples Republic of China

Nanchong is a prefecture-level city in the northeast of Sichuan province, China, with an area of 12,479.96 square kilometres (4,818.54 sq mi). At the 2010 census it was home to 6,278,614 people, of whom 1,858,875 lived in the built-up area made of three urban districts. It is the second most populated city of Sichuan Province, after Chengdu. The administrative center is Shunqing District.

Yuncheng Prefecture-level city in Shanxi, Peoples Republic of China

Yuncheng is the southernmost prefecture-level city in Shanxi province, People's Republic of China. It borders Linfen and Jincheng municipalities to the north and east, and Henan and Shaanxi provinces to the south and west. At the 2010 census, its population was 5,134,779 inhabitants, of whom 680,036 lived in the built-up area made of Yanhu District.

Zhoukou Prefecture-level city in Henan, Peoples Republic of China

Zhoukou is a prefecture-level city in eastern Henan province, China. It borders Zhumadian to the southeast, Xuchang and Luohe to the west, Kaifeng to the northwest, Shangqiu to the northeast, and the province of Anhui on all other sides. Its population was 8,953,793 inhabitants at the 2010 census whom 535,738 lived in the built-up made up of Chuanhui district and the northern part of Shangshui county.

Luan Prefecture-level city in Anhui, Peoples Republic of China

Lu'an, is a prefecture-level city in western Anhui province, People's Republic of China, bordering Henan to the northwest and Hubei to the southwest. At the 2010 census, it had a total population of 5,612,590, whom 1,644,344 lived in the built-up area made of 2 urban districts. Neighbouring prefecture-level cities are the provincial capital of Hefei to the east, Anqing to the south, Huanggang (Hubei) and Xinyang (Henan) to the west, and Huainan and Fuyang to the north. Although the character "六" is normally pronounced "Liù", in this case it changes to "Lù" on account of the historical literary reading.

Baoji Prefecture-level city in Shaanxi, Peoples Republic of China

Baoji  is a prefecture-level city in western Shaanxi province, People's Republic of China. Since the early 1990s, Baoji has been the second largest city in Shaanxi.

Anshun Prefecture-level city in Guizhou, Peoples Republic of China

Anshun is a prefecture-level city of Guizhou province, near the location of Huangguoshu Waterfall, the tallest in China. Within the borders of its prefecture there are attractions such as The Long Gong Dragon Caves and the Getu River. As of 2010, it had a population of 2,297,339. The city proper had a population of 765,313. The city is known for its aerospace industry.

References

  1. Cox, W (2018). Demographia World Urban Areas. 14th Annual Edition (PDF). St. Louis: Demographia. p. 22.
  2. Cox, W (2018). Demographia World Urban Areas. 14th Annual Edition (PDF). St. Louis: Demographia. p. 22.
  3. (in Chinese) Compilation by LianXin website. Data from the Sixth National Population Census of the People's Republic of China Archived March 25, 2012, at the Wayback Machine