Xirivella

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Xirivella
Chirivella
Escut de Xirivella.svg
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Xirivella
Location of Xirivella in the Province of Valencia
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Xirivella
Location of Xirivella in the Valencian Community
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Xirivella
Location of Xirivella in Spain
Coordinates: 39°27′56″N0°25′36″W / 39.46556°N 0.42667°W / 39.46556; -0.42667 Coordinates: 39°27′56″N0°25′36″W / 39.46556°N 0.42667°W / 39.46556; -0.42667
CountryFlag of Spain.svg  Spain
Autonomous community Flag of the Valencian Community (2x3).svg  Valencian Community
Province Valencia
Comarca Horta Oest
Judicial district Mislata
Government
   Alcalde Michel Montaner Berbel (2015) (PSOE)
Area
  Total5.2 km2 (2.0 sq mi)
Elevation
17 m (56 ft)
Population
 (2018) [1]
  Total30,002
  Density5,800/km2 (15,000/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Chirivellense, Xirivellenc
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
46950
Official language(s) Valencian
Website Official website

Xirivella (Valencian pronunciation:  [tʃiɾiˈveʎa] ) is a municipality in the Valencian Community, Spain. It borders the city of Valencia, Alaquàs, Picanya and Mislata. The municipality is divided by the V-30 motorway and the river Turia, with the La Luz district on the eastern part of the river. Since June 2012, a bridge across the motorway has connected both parts. [2] Local issues include noise pollution, caused by the nearby Valencia Airport [3]

Contents

Transport

It is connected to central Valencia by bus routes and a railway station. Metro links exist in the nearby town of Mislata. The proposed Line 14 of Metrovalencia is due to link the town to the rest of the metro network after 2030.

Toponymy

The name Xirivella may come from the Latin word Silvella (little forest).

History

Archeological remains have been found in Xirivella dating since Roman times.

During the Middle Ages the area was inhabited by farmers that cultivated the land. The silk industry also developed during this period.

Xirivella had a population of 29,409 inhabitants in 2014.

Sister cities

Xirivella has town twinned with Casas de Benítez in Cuenca province (Spain), the Dunavarsány city of Hungary and the city of Habana Vieja in Cuba.

Cultural heritage

Virgen de la Salud Church Xirivella. Esglesia de la Mare de Deu de la Salut. Portada 1.JPG
Virgen de la Salud Church

Xirivella has an interesting cultural heritage.

The old city maintains the urbanism from the Arabic era. This is a list of the main historical buildings:

- Virgen de la Salud Church (Església de la Verge de la Salut): The only parish until 1953. It was built at the end of the 17th century.

- Virgen de la Salud Chapel (Ermita de la Verge de la Salut)

- La Closa: 14th century building. It was restored in 2003.

- Dau House: 14th century building. It was the place where taxes could be paid.

- Tithe House (Casa del Delme): 14th century house, but it was demolished around 2000.

- Alquería del Castillo (Alqueria del Castell): It has also been demolished. It was located on the site of a Roman villa.

Cultural life

Xirivella has a very active cultural life. There are several cultural associations that include the wind orchestra (banda) called CIM Xirivella, the choir (Escola Coral Andarella), the International Clowns Festival (Mostra Internacional de Pallassos), the music school, the Culture House where are held concerts, shows, exhibitions, and a theater. Xirivella also organize the Xirivella Award, a recognition to honor its outstanding citizens.

Banda del Circulo Instructivo Musical de Xirivella Banda del CIM y Escuela Coral Andarella de Xirivella.png
Banda del Círculo Instructivo Musical de Xirivella

Local politics

The municipality had been governed by the Spanish Socialist Workers Party since the 1970s, either alone or with the support of United Left. However at the 2011 local elections, the People's Party won a majority of seats for the first time. [4]

Summary of council election results

19791983198719911995199920032007201120152019
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)81310119111010769
United Left (IU)7322323221
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD)6
People's Party (PP)52388891177
Valencian Union (UV)21
Xirivella Independent Platform (PIX)341
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS)2
Coalició Compromís (Compromís)142
Podemos (Podemos)31
Citizens (Cs)2
Total number of seats2121212121212121212121

Source: [5]

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References

  1. Municipal Register of Spain 2018. National Statistics Institute.
  2. Medio siglo incomunicados, El País, 27 June 2012
  3. Más de 2.200 viviendas están afectadas por los ruidos del aeropuerto de Manises, El Mundo, 11 July 2012
  4. Los socialistas pierden Gandia y el PP, Mislata El País , 23 May 2011
  5. Xirivella local results, pre.gva.es accessed 2 January 2011