Yadollah Sahabi

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Yadollah Sahabi
Yadollah Sahabi Portrait.jpg
Member of Parliament of Iran
In office
28 May 1980 28 May 1984
Constituency Tehran, Rey and Shemiranat
Majority 817,869 (50.1%)
Minister without Portfolio
for Revolutionary Projects [1]
In office
18 February 1979 6 November 1979
Prime Minister Mehdi Bazargan
Personal details
Born(1905-02-25)25 February 1905[ citation needed ]
Tehran, Iran
Died 12 April 2002(2002-04-12) (aged 97)
Tehran, Iran
Nationality Iranian
Political party Freedom Movement

Yadollah Sahabi (25 February 1905[ citation needed ] – 12 April 2002) was a prominent Iranian scholar, writer, reformist and politician. [2] A close associate of Mohammad Mosaddegh and Mehdi Bazargan, Sahabi was an active campaigner for the nationalisation of the Iranian oil industry in the 1950s. He was the father of Ezzatollah Sahabi and Fereydun Sahabi.

Iran Country in Western Asia

Iran, also called Persia and officially known as the Islamic Republic of Iran, is a country in Western Asia. With over 81 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th most populous country. Comprising a land area of 1,648,195 km2 (636,372 sq mi), it is the second largest country in the Middle East and the 17th largest in the world. Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq. The country's central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the country's capital and largest city, as well as its leading economic and cultural center.

Mohammad Mosaddegh Prime Minister of Iran in the 1950s

Mohammad Mosaddegh was the 35th prime minister of Iran, holding office from 1951 until 1953, when his government was overthrown in a coup d'état orchestrated by the United States' Central Intelligence Agency and the United Kingdom's MI6.

Sahabi studied at Université Lille Nord de France and majored in Geology. He got his PhD degree in 1936 and was immediately hired by Tehran University, faculty of science. Sahabi was one of the founders of Freedom Movement of Iran. He was an advocate of pluralism and democracy. [3] He was a full professor at Tehran University and well credited writer. [4]

Geology The study of the composition, structure, physical properties, and history of Earths components, and the processes by which they are shaped.

Geology is an earth science concerned with the solid Earth, the rocks of which it is composed, and the processes by which they change over time. Geology can also refer to the study of the solid features of any terrestrial planet or natural satellite such as Mars or the Moon. Modern geology significantly overlaps all other earth sciences, including hydrology and the atmospheric sciences, and so is treated as one major aspect of integrated earth system science and planetary science.

Freedom Movement of Iran

The Freedom Movement of Iran (FMI) or Liberation Movement of Iran is an Iranian pro-democracy political organization founded in 1961, by members describing themselves as "Muslims, Iranians, Constitutionalists and Mossadeghists". It is the oldest party still active in Iran and has been described as a "semi-opposition" or "loyal opposition" party. It has also been described as a "religious nationalist party".

Cultural pluralism is a term used when smaller groups within a larger society maintain their unique cultural identities, and their values and practices are accepted by the wider culture provided they are consistent with the laws and values of the wider society. As a sociological term, the definition and description of cultural pluralism has evolved over time. It has been described as not only a fact but a societal goal. Cultural pluralism is distinct from multiculturalism. Multiculturalism lacks the requirement of a dominant culture. If the dominant culture is weakened, societies can easily pass from cultural pluralism into multiculturalism without any intentional steps being taken by that society. If communities function separately from each other, or compete with one another, they are not considered culturally pluralistic.

Sahabi is considered by many Iranians as a national hero and an Iranian treasure. [5] He died at the age of 97 in Jam Hospital in Tehran.

Tehran City in Iran

Tehran is the capital of Iran and Tehran Province. With a population of around 8.7 million in the city and 15 million in the larger metropolitan area of Greater Tehran, Tehran is the most populous city in Iran and Western Asia, and has the second-largest metropolitan area in the Middle East. It is ranked 29th in the world by the population of its metropolitan area.

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References

Honorary titles
Preceded by
Unknown
Aging Speaker of the Parliament of Iran
1st term
Succeeded by
Saeed Amani