Yakir Aharonov

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Yakir Aharonov
Yakir aharonov.jpg
Born (1932-08-28) 28 August 1932 (age 88)
NationalityIsraeli
Alma mater Technion
Bristol University
Known for Aharonov–Bohm effect
Aharonov–Casher effect
Weak values
Two-state vector formalism
Awards National Medal of Science (2009)
Wolf Prize (1998)
Elliott Cresson Medal (1991)
Scientific career
Fields Physicist
Institutions Perimeter Institute
Chapman University
Tel Aviv University
University of South Carolina
George Mason University
Brandeis University
Yeshiva University
Doctoral advisor David Bohm
Doctoral students David Albert
Avshalom Elitzur
Lev Vaidman
Sandu Popescu
Notes
He is the uncle of Dorit Aharonov.

Yakir Aharonov (Hebrew : יקיר אהרונוב; born on August 28, 1932) [1] is an Israeli physicist specializing in quantum physics. He is a Professor of Theoretical Physics and the James J. Farley Professor of Natural Philosophy at Chapman University in California. He is also a distinguished professor in the Perimeter Institute [2] and a professor emeritus at Tel Aviv University in Israel. He is president of the IYAR, The Israeli Institute for Advanced Research. [3]

Contents

Biography

Yakir Aharonov was born in Haifa. He received his undergraduate education at the Technion – Israel Institute of Technology in Haifa, graduating with a BSc in 1956. He continued his graduate studies at the Technion and then moved to Bristol University, UK together with his doctoral advisor David Bohm, receiving a PhD degree in 1960.

Academic career

His research interests are nonlocal and topological effects in quantum mechanics, quantum field theories and interpretations of quantum mechanics. In 1959, he and David Bohm proposed the Aharonov–Bohm effect for which he co-received the 1998 Wolf Prize.

In 1988 Aharonov et al. published their theory of weak values.[ citation needed ] This work was motivated by Aharonov's long time quest to experimentally verify his theory that apparently random events in quantum mechanics are caused by events in the future (two-state vector formalism). Verifying a present effect of a future cause requires a measurement, which would ordinarily destroy coherence and ruin the experiment. He and his colleagues claim that they were able to use weak measurements and verify the present effect of the future cause.[ citation needed ] Working with Aharon Casher, they predicted the Aharonov–Casher effect, the electrodynamic dual of the AharonovBohm effect with magnetic dipoles and charges.

Timeline

Awards and recognition

See also

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References

  1. "Yakir Aharonov's Homepage at Chapman University". Chapman University. Archived from the original on January 18, 2013. Retrieved February 17, 2013.
  2. "Nine Leading Researchers Join Stephen Hawking as Distinguished Research Chairs at PI - Perimeter Institute". www.perimeterinstitute.ca. Archived from the original on 31 October 2012. Retrieved 7 May 2018.
  3. "אייר - המכון הישראלי למחקר מתקדם - סגל המכון". www.iyar.org.il. Archived from the original on 1 March 2018. Retrieved 7 May 2018.
  4. "APS Fellow Archive". www.aps.org. Archived from the original on 11 March 2018. Retrieved 7 May 2018.
  5. "Israel Prize Official Site – Recipients in 1989 (in Hebrew)". Archived from the original on 2012-03-07.
  6. Simply-Smart. "תוצאות חיפוש". www.wolffund.org.il. Archived from the original on 5 February 2012. Retrieved 7 May 2018.
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  8. "National-Academies.org - Winners of National Medals of Science, Technology Announced". www.nationalacademies.org. Archived from the original on 20 October 2010. Retrieved 7 May 2018.