|Yakut Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic|
|Autonomous republic of the Russian SFSR|
The Yakut Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (Russian : Якутская Автономная Советская Социалистическая Республика, Yakutskaya Avtonomnaya Sovetskaya Sotsialisticheskaya Respublika; Yakut : Саха автономнай сэбиэскэй социалистическэй республиката , Sakha avtonomnay sebieskey sotsialistiçeskey ryespublikata), or the Yakut ASSR (Якутская АССР, Yakutskaya ASSR), was an autonomous republic of the Russian SFSR within the Soviet Union.
It was created on April 27 1922,[ citation needed ] during the Yakut revolt, and was transformed into the Sakha Republic in 1991.
Sakha, also known as Yakutia or Yakutiya, and officially known as the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) is a federal Russian republic. The 2010 Census recorded a population of 958,528, mainly ethnic Sakha and Russians. Comprising half the area of the Far Eastern Federal District, Sakha is the largest subnational governing body by area in the world at 3,083,523 square kilometers (1,190,555 sq mi). Its capital is the city of Yakutsk. The republic has a reputation for an extreme and severe climate, with the lowest temperatures in the Northern Hemisphere being recorded in Verkhoyansk and Oymyakon, and regular winter averages commonly dipping below −35 °C (−31 °F) in Yakutsk. The hypercontinental tendencies also result in warm summers for much of the republic.
The Yakuts, or the Sakha, are a Turkic ethnic group who mainly live in the Republic of Sakha in the Russian Federation, with some extending to the Amur, Magadan, Sakhalin regions, and the Taymyr and Evenk Districts of the Krasnoyarsk region. The Yakut language belongs to the Siberian branch of the Turkic languages. The Russian word yakut was taken from Evenk yokō. The Yakuts call themselves Sakha, or Urangai Sakha in some old chronicles.
An Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic was a type of administrative unit in the Soviet Union (USSR) created for certain nations. The ASSRs had a status lower than the constituent union republics of the USSR, but higher than the autonomous oblasts and the autonomous okrugs.
The Turkestan Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic was an autonomous republic of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic located in Soviet Central Asia.
Platon Oyunsky (Russian: Платон Ойунский;, pseudonym of Platon Alekseevich Sleptsov was a Soviet Yakut statesman, writer and translator, seen as one of the founders of modern Yakut literature. He took part in the creation of the national written language and in the cultural building of the modern Yakut nation. Oyunsky is one of organizers of the Yakut autonomous republic, the Union of writers of Yakutia, Language and literature scientific research Institute.
The flag of the Chuvash Republic, in the Russian Federation, is one of the official symbols of the Chuvash Republic, alongside the coat of arms and the State Anthem of the Chuvash Republic. The flag is a 5:8 yellow flag with a stylized red tree of life charged on the flag. The flag has been used officially as the flag of the Chuvash Republic since 14 October 1992.
The flag of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), in the Russian Federation, is one of the official symbols of the Sakha Republic, alongside the coat of arms and the national anthem of the Sakha Republic. The flag has four horizontal stripes. From top to bottom, the stripes are light blue, white (1/16), red (1/16), and green (1/8). The flag has been used officially as the flag of the Sakha Republic since 14 October 1992. The light blue stripe is charged with a white disc in the center. The diameter of the disc is 2/5 of the flag's width.
The Adjarian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic was an autonomous republic of the Soviet Union within the Georgian SSR, established on 16 July 1921. After the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, it became the Autonomous Republic of Adjara within Georgia.
The flag of the Republic of Bashkortostan, in the Russian Federation, is one of the official symbols of the Republic of Bashkortostan, alongside the coat of arms and the national anthem of Bashkortostan. The flag has three horizontal stripes. From top to bottom, the stripes are green, white, and teal blue. The flag has been used officially as the flag of the Republic of Bashkortostan since 25 February 1992. The white stripe of the flag is charged with a Kurai flower in the center.
Yakut, also known as Yakutian, Sakha, Saqa or Saxa, is a Turkic language with around 450,000 native speakers spoken in Sakha (Yakutia), a federal republic in the Russian Federation, by the Yakuts.
The Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, previously known as the Russian Soviet Republic and the Russian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic as well as being unofficially known as Soviet Russia, the Russian Federation or simply Russia, was an independent socialist state from 1917 to 1922, and afterwards the largest and most populous of the Soviet socialist republics of the Soviet Union (USSR) from 1922 to 1991, until becoming a sovereign part of the Soviet Union with priority of Russian laws over Union-level legislation in 1990 and 1991, the last two years of the existence of the USSR. The Russian Republic was composed of sixteen smaller constituent units of autonomous republics, five autonomous oblasts, ten autonomous okrugs, six krais and forty oblasts. Russians formed the largest ethnic group. The capital of the Russian SFSR was Moscow and the other major urban centers included Leningrad, Novosibirsk, Sverdlovsk, Gorky and Kuybishev.
The State Anthem of the Sakha Republic is the regional anthem of the Sakha Republic, a federal subject of Russia. The national anthem is one of the official symbols of the Sakha Republic, along with the flag and the coat of arms of the Sakha Republic. It was originally written in the Sakha language by Savva Tarasov and Mikhail Timofeyev. The anthem was translated into Russian by Vladimir Fedorov. The music was composed by Kirill Gerasimov. The anthem was officially adopted on 15 July 2004.
Mikhail Yefimovich Nikolayev is the first president of the Sakha Republic, serving from 1991 to January 2002. He was succeeded by Vyacheslav Shtyrov. He graduated from the Omsk State Veterinary Institute in 1961.
Anna Ivanovna Kuzmina was a Yakut Russian actress and author of the Soviet era and after. She was born in the Khangalassky District, Russia. For her work she was named an Honored Artist of the RSFSR (1982) and People's Artist of the Republic of Sakha (2003).
The national emblem of the Yakut Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic was adopted in 1937 by the government of the Yakut Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic. The emblem is identical to the emblem of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic.
The flag the Yakut Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic was adopted in 1954 by the government of the Yakut Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic. The flag is identical to the flag of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic.
The Provisional Tungus Central National Government, more commonly known as Tungus Republic was a short-lived unrecognized secessionist state covering mostly Okhotsk region and the eastern regions of the Yakut ASSR from July 1924 to May 1925.
The coat of arms of the Sakha Republic, in the Russian Federation, is an official symbol of the Sakha Republic, alongside the flag and the national anthem of the Sakha Republic. The coat of arms consists of a circle, in the center of which is a red silhouette of a rider, holding a banner, mounted upon a six-legged horse, based on the prehistoric petroglyphs of the "Shishkin pisanitsa", against a white sun background. The central image is framed with a traditional Sakha ornament in the form of seven rhombic crystal-like figures and the inscriptions "Республика Саха (Якутия) • Саха Өрөспүүбүлүкэтэ". This coat of arms has been used officially since 26 December 1992.
The emblems of the autonomous republics of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics is the heraldic symbol of the respective Autonomous Soviet Republic.