Yamagata, Yamagata

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Yamagata

山形市
Yamagata Montage.jpg
Above:View of Kajō Park and Statue of Yoshiaki Mogami, Middle:Yamagata Hanagasa Festival, Yama-dera (Risshaku Temple), Bottom:Zaō Spa, Yamagata Prefectural Folk Museum (all items from left to right)
Flag of Yamagata, Yamagata.svg
Flag
Emblem of Yamagata, Yamagata.svg
Seal
Yamagata in Yamagata Prefecture Ja.svg
Location of Yamagata in Yamagata Prefecture
Japan location map with side map of the Ryukyu Islands.svg
Red pog.svg
Yamagata
 
Coordinates: 38°15′19.5″N140°20′22.6″E / 38.255417°N 140.339611°E / 38.255417; 140.339611 Coordinates: 38°15′19.5″N140°20′22.6″E / 38.255417°N 140.339611°E / 38.255417; 140.339611
Country Japan
Region Tōhoku
Prefecture Yamagata Prefecture
First official recorded690 AD
City SettledApril 1, 1889
Government
  MayorTakahiro Satō
Area
  Total381.58 km2 (147.33 sq mi)
Population
 (February 1, 2020)
  Total248,772
  Density650/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
- Tree Japanese Rowan
- Flower Safflower
Phone number023-641-1212
Address2-3-25 Hatagomachi, Yamagata-shi, Yamagata-ken 990-8540
Website Official website
Yamagata city hall Yamagata City Hall.jpg
Yamagata city hall
Downtown Yamagata, on the Yamagataekimae Odori (Prefectural Road 16) Yamagata city downtown.jpg
Downtown Yamagata, on the Yamagataekimae Ōdōri (Prefectural Road 16)

Yamagata (山形市, Yamagata-shi, Japanese:  [jamaꜜɡata] ) is the capital city of Yamagata Prefecture located in the Tōhoku region of northern Japan. As of 1 February 2020, the city had an estimated population of 248,772 in 103,165 households, [1] and a population density of 650 persons per km². The total area of the city is 381.58 square kilometres (147 sq mi).

Contents

Geography

Yamagata is located in the southern portion of the Yamagata Basin in southeast Yamagata Prefecture. The northern and northwestern parts of the city are flatland, and the eastern part of the city is occupied by the Ōu Mountains. The city includes Mount Zaō within its borders. The Mamigasaki River passes through the city, and the Tachiyagawa River forms the border between Yamagata and Tendō.

Neighboring municipalities

Demographics

Per Japanese census data, [2] the population of Yamagata has remained steady over the past 40 years.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1960 188,560    
1970 204,127+8.3%
1980 237,041+16.1%
1990 249,487+5.3%
2000 255,369+2.4%
2010 254,244−0.4%
2020 248,772−2.2%

Climate

Yamagata has a Humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfa) with large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold) winters. Precipitation is significant throughout the year, but is heaviest from July to September. The average annual temperature in Yamagata is 11.7 °C (53.1 °F). The average annual rainfall is 1,163 millimetres (45.8 in) with July as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 25 °C (77 °F), and lowest in January, at around −0.4 °C (31.3 °F). [3] Yamagata city is part of the heavy snow area of Japan (Gosetsu chitai, 豪雪地帯) with snowfall most days throughout the winter season.

Yamagata City is located in a wide central valley that can heat up quickly in spring and summer and is often grey and humid, while to the east in Miyagi Prefecture on the Pacific coast it is usually clearer and more temperate.

Climate data for Yamagata (1991−2020 normals, extremes 1889−present)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)18.1
(64.6)
17.3
(63.1)
23.7
(74.7)
33.3
(91.9)
34.1
(93.4)
37.5
(99.5)
40.8
(105.4)
39.0
(102.2)
36.6
(97.9)
32.3
(90.1)
26.9
(80.4)
20.6
(69.1)
40.8
(105.4)
Average high °C (°F)3.3
(37.9)
4.4
(39.9)
9.1
(48.4)
16.4
(61.5)
22.6
(72.7)
25.9
(78.6)
29.1
(84.4)
30.5
(86.9)
25.8
(78.4)
19.5
(67.1)
12.6
(54.7)
6.1
(43.0)
17.1
(62.8)
Daily mean °C (°F)−0.1
(31.8)
0.4
(32.7)
4.0
(39.2)
10.2
(50.4)
16.2
(61.2)
20.3
(68.5)
23.9
(75.0)
25.0
(77.0)
20.6
(69.1)
14.1
(57.4)
7.7
(45.9)
2.4
(36.3)
12.1
(53.8)
Average low °C (°F)−3.1
(26.4)
−3.1
(26.4)
−0.3
(31.5)
4.7
(40.5)
10.7
(51.3)
15.7
(60.3)
20.0
(68.0)
20.9
(69.6)
16.6
(61.9)
9.8
(49.6)
3.6
(38.5)
−0.7
(30.7)
7.9
(46.2)
Record low °C (°F)−20.0
(−4.0)
−19.0
(−2.2)
−15.5
(4.1)
−7.3
(18.9)
−1.8
(28.8)
3.0
(37.4)
6.7
(44.1)
8.4
(47.1)
3.0
(37.4)
−2.4
(27.7)
−7.2
(19.0)
−15.0
(5.0)
−20.0
(−4.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches)87.8
(3.46)
63.0
(2.48)
72.1
(2.84)
63.9
(2.52)
74.5
(2.93)
104.8
(4.13)
187.2
(7.37)
153.0
(6.02)
123.8
(4.87)
105.1
(4.14)
74.4
(2.93)
97.2
(3.83)
1,206.7
(47.51)
Average snowfall cm (inches)103
(41)
79
(31)
35
(14)
2
(0.8)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
4
(1.6)
66
(26)
285
(112)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.5 mm)18.614.914.511.210.211.114.111.511.911.914.217.8162.1
Average relative humidity (%)81776962647176757777788174
Mean monthly sunshine hours 79.699.6140.4175.9196.5165.0144.5171.8136.6132.1102.273.81,617.9
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency [4]

History

The area of present-day Yamagata was part of Dewa Province. During the Edo period, it was a castle town and the center of Yamagata Domain under the Tokugawa shogunate. The city of Yamagata was founded on April 1, 1889 as the capital of Yamagata Prefecture with the creation of the modern municipalities system. The city attained special city status on April 1, 2001. The city's status is then further elevated into a core city on April 1, 2019. [5]

Government

Yamagata has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city legislature of 33 members. The city contributes nine members to the Yamagata Prefectural Assembly. In terms of national politics, the city is part of Yamagata District 1 of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.

Education

Universities

High schools

Transportation

Railway

JR logo (east).svg East Japan Railway Company - Yamagata Shinkansen

JR logo (east).svg East Japan Railway Company - Ōu Main Line(Yamagata Line)

JR logo (east).svg East Japan Railway Company - Senzan Line

JR logo (east).svg East Japan Railway Company - - Aterazawa Line

Highway

Culture

Local events

Local attractions

International relations

Twin towns – sister cities

Yamagata is twinned with: [8]

Partner cities

Notable people

Related Research Articles

Yamagata Prefecture Prefecture of Japan

Yamagata Prefecture is a prefecture of Japan located in the Tōhoku region of Honshu. Yamagata Prefecture has a population of 1,079,950 and has a geographic area of 9,325 km². Yamagata Prefecture borders Akita Prefecture to the north, Miyagi Prefecture to the east, Fukushima Prefecture to the south, and Niigata Prefecture to the southwest.

Tōhoku region Region of Japan

The Tōhoku region, Northeast region, or Northeast Japan consists of the northeastern portion of Honshu, the largest island of Japan. This traditional region consists of six prefectures (ken): Akita, Aomori, Fukushima, Iwate, Miyagi, and Yamagata.

Shinjō, Yamagata City in Tōhoku, Japan

Shinjō is a city in Yamagata Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 January 2020, the city had an estimated population of 34,937, and a population density of 160 persons per km2. The total area of the city is 223.08 km2.

Sagae City in Tōhoku, Japan

Sagae is a city located in Yamagata Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 January 2020, the city had an estimated population of 40,131, and a population density of 289 persons per km². The total area of the city is 139.03 square kilometres (54 sq mi).

Kaminoyama City in Tōhoku, Japan

Kaminoyama is a city located in Yamagata Prefecture, Japan. As of 31 October 2020, the city had an estimated population of 29,617 in 11278 households, and a population density of 120 persons per km2. The total area of the city is 240.93 square kilometres (93 sq mi).

Murayama, Yamagata City in Tōhoku, Japan

Murayama is a city located in Yamagata Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 February 2020, the city had an estimated population of 23,643 in 8133 households, and a population density of 120 persons per km². The total area of the city is 196.98 square kilometres (76 sq mi).is

Nagai, Yamagata City in Tōhoku, Japan

Nagai is a city located in Yamagata Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 February 2020, the city had an estimated population of 26,466 in 9940 households, and a population density of 120 people per km². The total area of the city is 214.67 square kilometres (83 sq mi).

Higashine City in Tōhoku, Japan

Higashine is a city located in Yamagata Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 February 2020, the city had an estimated population of 47,910 in 17868 households, and a population density of 230 persons per km². The total area of the city is 207.17 square kilometres (80 sq mi).

Obanazawa City in Tōhoku, Japan

Obanazawa is a city located in Yamagata Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 February 2020, the city had an estimated population of 15,237, and a population density of 40.9 persons per km2. The total area of the city is 372.32 square kilometres (144 sq mi).

Dewa Province Former province of Japan

Dewa Province was a province of Japan comprising modern-day Yamagata Prefecture and Akita Prefecture, except for the city of Kazuno and the town of Kosaka. Dewa bordered on Mutsu and Echigō Provinces. Its abbreviated form name was Ushū (羽州).

Nakayama, Yamagata Town in Tōhoku, Japan

Nakayama is a town located in Yamagata Prefecture, Japan. As of 29 February 2020, the town had an estimated population of 11,153 in 3701 households, and a population density of 360 persons per km². The total area of the town is 31.23 square kilometres (12 sq mi).

Ōe, Yamagata Town in Tōhoku, Japan

Ōe is a town located in Yamagata Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 February 2020, the town had an estimated population of 7,894 in 2828 households, and a population density of 51 persons per km2. The total area of the town is 153.92 square kilometres (59 sq mi).

Funagata, Yamagata Town in Tōhoku, Japan

Funagata is a town located in Yamagata Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 January 2020, the town has an estimated population of 5,101, and a population density of 43 persons per km². The total area of the town is 119.03 square kilometres (46 sq mi).

Takahata, Yamagata Town in Tōhoku, Japan

Takahata is a town located in Yamagata Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 April 2019, the town had an estimated population of 23,367, in 7629 households, and a population density of 130 persons per km². The total area of the town is 180.26 square kilometres (70 sq mi).

Senzan Line

The Senzan Line is a railway line in Japan. Part of the East Japan Railway Company system, it runs from Sendai Station in Sendai, Miyagi Prefecture to Uzen-Chitose Station in Yamagata, Yamagata Prefecture, acting as a connector between the Tōhoku Main Line/Tōhoku Shinkansen and the Ōu Main Line in southern Tōhoku. It also provides access to western Miyagi Prefecture and eastern Yamagata Prefecture. It connects with the Tōhoku Shinkansen, Tōhoku Main Line and Senseki Line at Sendai Station, the Ōu Main Line at Uzen-Chitose, Kita-Yamagata, and Yamagata Stations in Yamagata, Yamagata, the Aterazawa Line at Kita-Yamagata and Yamagata Stations, and the Yamagata Shinkansen at Yamagata Station.

Shōnai Domain

Shōnai Domain was a feudal domain in Edo period Japan, located in Dewa Province, Japan. It was centered on Tsuruoka Castle in what is now the city of Tsuruoka in Yamagata Prefecture, and was thus also known as the Tsuruoka Domain. It was governed for the whole of its history by the Sakai clan, which resulted in an unusually stable and prosperous domain. During their rule over Shōnai, the Sakai clan was ranked as a province-holding daimyō family, and as such, had the privilege of shogunal audiences in the Great Hall (Ohiroma) of Edo Castle. In the Boshin War of 1868–69, the domain joined the Ōuetsu Reppan Dōmei, the alliance of northern domains supporting the Tokugawa shogunate, but then later defected to the imperial side. As with all other domains, it was disbanded in 1871.

Kaminoyama Domain

Kaminoyama Domain a feudal domain in Edo period Japan, located in Dewa Province, Japan. It was centered on Kaminoyama Castle in what is now the city of Kaminoyama, Yamagata.

The Ushū Kaidō (羽州街道) was a subroute of the Ōshū Kaidō and the Sendaidō in Japan. It breaks off from the Sendaidō at Kōri-juku in the modern-day Koori in Fukushima Prefecture. It connects to Aburakawa-juku along Matsumaedō, the other subroute of the Ōshū Kaidō. It is traced by National Routes 13 and 7. It was established after Tokugawa Ieyasu called for the construction of routes connecting the capital of Edo with other parts of Japan.

Kaminoyama Castle

Kaminoyama Castle is a hirayama-style Japanese castle located in the center of the city of Kaminoyama, eastern Yamagata Prefecture, Japan. Throughout the Edo period, Kaminoyama Castle was the headquarters for the daimyō of Kaminoyama Domain. The castle was also known as "Tsukoka-jō" (月岡城).

The Yamagata Hanagasa Festival is one of the four major Japanese festivals of the Tōhoku region. It is held in the capital city of Yamagata Prefecture, Yamagata. The hanagasa is a headpiece that is shaped like a flower and was traditionally dyed red from locally-grown safflower.

References

  1. Yamagata City official statistics (in Japanese)
  2. Yamagata population statistics
  3. Yamagata climate data
  4. 気象庁 / 平年値(年・月ごとの値). Japan Meteorological Agency . Retrieved May 19, 2021.
  5. 山形市の中核市移行が決定しました!!. Official site of Yamagata (in Japanese). Retrieved April 7, 2019.
  6. Yamagata Shinbun Newspaper, Sept.7, 2009
  7. https://www.thehiddenjapan.com/hirashimizu
  8. "山形市の友好・姉妹都市について". city.yamagata-yamagata.lg.jp (in Japanese). Yamagata. Retrieved 2020-04-08.