Location of Yamagata in Yamagata Prefecture
|First official recorded||690 AD|
|City Settled||April 1, 1889|
|• Mayor||Takahiro Satō|
|• Total||381.58 km2 (147.33 sq mi)|
(February 1, 2020)
|• Density||650/km2 (1,700/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)|
|- Tree||Japanese Rowan|
|Address||2-3-25 Hatagomachi, Yamagata-shi, Yamagata-ken 990-8540|
Yamagata (山形市, Yamagata-shi, Japanese: [jamaꜜɡata] ) is the capital city of Yamagata Prefecture located in the Tōhoku region of northern Japan. As of 1 February 2020 [update] , the city had an estimated population of 248,772 in 103,165 households, and a population density of 650 persons per km². The total area of the city is 381.58 square kilometres (147 sq mi).
Yamagata is located in the southern portion of the Yamagata Basin in southeast Yamagata Prefecture. The northern and northwestern parts of the city are flatland, and the eastern part of the city is occupied by the Ōu Mountains. The city includes Mount Zaō within its borders. The Mamigasaki River passes through the city, and the Tachiyagawa River forms the border between Yamagata and Tendō.
Per Japanese census data,the population of Yamagata has remained steady over the past 40 years.
Yamagata has a Humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfa) with large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold) winters. Precipitation is significant throughout the year, but is heaviest from July to September. The average annual temperature in Yamagata is 11.7 °C (53.1 °F). The average annual rainfall is 1,163 millimetres (45.8 in) with July as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 25 °C (77 °F), and lowest in January, at around −0.4 °C (31.3 °F). Yamagata city is part of the heavy snow area of Japan (Gosetsu chitai, 豪雪地帯) with snowfall most days throughout the winter season.
Yamagata City is located in a wide central valley that can heat up quickly in spring and summer and is often grey and humid, while to the east in Miyagi Prefecture on the Pacific coast it is usually clearer and more temperate.
|Climate data for Yamagata (1991−2020 normals, extremes 1889−present)|
|Record high °C (°F)||18.1|
|Average high °C (°F)||3.3|
|Daily mean °C (°F)||−0.1|
|Average low °C (°F)||−3.1|
|Record low °C (°F)||−20.0|
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||87.8|
|Average snowfall cm (inches)||103|
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.5 mm)||18.6||14.9||14.5||11.2||10.2||11.1||14.1||11.5||11.9||11.9||14.2||17.8||162.1|
|Average relative humidity (%)||81||77||69||62||64||71||76||75||77||77||78||81||74|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||79.6||99.6||140.4||175.9||196.5||165.0||144.5||171.8||136.6||132.1||102.2||73.8||1,617.9|
|Source: Japan Meteorological Agency|
The area of present-day Yamagata was part of Dewa Province. During the Edo period, it was a castle town and the center of Yamagata Domain under the Tokugawa shogunate. The city of Yamagata was founded on April 1, 1889 as the capital of Yamagata Prefecture with the creation of the modern municipalities system. The city attained special city status on April 1, 2001. The city's status is then further elevated into a core city on April 1, 2019.
Yamagata has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city legislature of 33 members. The city contributes nine members to the Yamagata Prefectural Assembly. In terms of national politics, the city is part of Yamagata District 1 of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.
East Japan Railway Company - Yamagata Shinkansen
East Japan Railway Company - Ōu Main Line(Yamagata Line)
East Japan Railway Company - Senzan Line
East Japan Railway Company - - Aterazawa Line
Yamagata is twinned with:
Yamagata Prefecture is a prefecture of Japan located in the Tōhoku region of Honshu. Yamagata Prefecture has a population of 1,079,950 and has a geographic area of 9,325 km². Yamagata Prefecture borders Akita Prefecture to the north, Miyagi Prefecture to the east, Fukushima Prefecture to the south, and Niigata Prefecture to the southwest.
The Tōhoku region, Northeast region, or Northeast Japan consists of the northeastern portion of Honshu, the largest island of Japan. This traditional region consists of six prefectures (ken): Akita, Aomori, Fukushima, Iwate, Miyagi, and Yamagata.
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The Senzan Line is a railway line in Japan. Part of the East Japan Railway Company system, it runs from Sendai Station in Sendai, Miyagi Prefecture to Uzen-Chitose Station in Yamagata, Yamagata Prefecture, acting as a connector between the Tōhoku Main Line/Tōhoku Shinkansen and the Ōu Main Line in southern Tōhoku. It also provides access to western Miyagi Prefecture and eastern Yamagata Prefecture. It connects with the Tōhoku Shinkansen, Tōhoku Main Line and Senseki Line at Sendai Station, the Ōu Main Line at Uzen-Chitose, Kita-Yamagata, and Yamagata Stations in Yamagata, Yamagata, the Aterazawa Line at Kita-Yamagata and Yamagata Stations, and the Yamagata Shinkansen at Yamagata Station.
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The Yamagata Hanagasa Festival is one of the four major Japanese festivals of the Tōhoku region. It is held in the capital city of Yamagata Prefecture, Yamagata. The hanagasa is a headpiece that is shaped like a flower and was traditionally dyed red from locally-grown safflower.
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