Yamagata Shinkansen

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Yamagata Shinkansen
E3-1000 L54 Tsubasa 144 Kita-Yamagata 20150307.jpg
An E3-1000 series train on the Yamagata Shinkansen in March 2015
Overview
Native name山形新幹線
Owner JR East
Locale Fukushima and Yamagata Prefectures
Termini Fukushima
Shinjō
Stations11
Service
Type Mini-shinkansen
Rolling stock E3-1000 series/E3-2000 series
History
Opened1 July 1992
Technical
Line length148.6 km
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in)
Electrification 20 kV AC, 50 Hz, overhead catenary
Operating speed130 km/h (80 mph)
Route Map (from Fukushima in blue)
JR Yamagata Shinkansen linemap.svg

The Yamagata Shinkansen (山形新幹線) is a Mini-shinkansen route in Japan, operated by East Japan Railway Company (JR East). It provides service between Tokyo and Shinjō in Yamagata Prefecture over the tracks of the Tohoku Shinkansen and the Ōu Main Line.

Contents

The term Yamagata Shinkansen refers to the segment that connects Fukushima and Shinjō. Because the shinkansen trains share tracks with regular service trains, it is often referred to as a "mini-shinkansen".

Operations

An aerial view showing the Yamagata Shinkansen diverging to the left from the Tohoku Shinkansen north of Fukushima Station Shan Xing Xin Gan Xian Fen Qi .jpg
An aerial view showing the Yamagata Shinkansen diverging to the left from the Tohoku Shinkansen north of Fukushima Station

Trains consist of 7-car E3 series trainsets operating as Tsubasa services. Between Tokyo and Fukushima, the trains run coupled to Yamabiko trains on the Tōhoku Shinkansen. Between Fukushima and Shinjō, the trains run on their own at a maximum speed of 130 km/h (80 mph) and share the line with regular Ōu Main Line trains. [1]

As of July 2012, about 62 million passengers had ridden the line since it opened in July 1992. [2] The fastest trains connected Tokyo and Yamagata stations in two hours and 29 minutes. [2]

Station list

StationJapaneseDistance (km)TransfersLocation
From Tokyo From Fukushima
Fukushima 福島272.80.0 Tōhoku Shinkansen (for Morioka), Tōhoku Main Line
AbukumaExpress: Abukuma Express Line
Fukushima Transportation: Iizaka Line
Fukushima Fukushima
Yonezawa 米沢312.940.1 Yonesaka Line Yonezawa Yamagata
Takahata 高畠322.749.9  Takahata, Higashiokitama District
Akayu 赤湯328.956.1 Flower Nagai Line Nanyō
Kaminoyama-Onsen かみのやま温泉347.875.0  Kaminoyama
Yamagata 山形359.987.1  Yamagata
Tendō 天童373.2100.4  Tendō
Sakurambo-Higashine さくらんぼ東根380.9108.1  Higashine
Murayama 村山386.3113.5  Murayama
Ōishida 大石田399.7126.9  Ōishida, Kitamurayama District
Shinjō 新庄421.4148.6 Ōu Main Line, Rikuu East Line, Rikuu West Line Shinjō

Rolling stock

As of March 2020, the following types are used on Yamagata Shinkansen services.

E3-2000 series (left) and E3-1000 series (right) at Shinjo JReastE3-2000-1000.jpg
E3-2000 series (left) and E3-1000 series (right) at Shinjō

Former rolling stock

A 400 series set on a Tsubasa service, March 2005 Tsubasa 422-6.jpg
A 400 series set on a Tsubasa service, March 2005

Future rolling stock

Non-revenue-earning-types

E926 East i train at Omiya Station, May 2001 Shinkansen E926 East-i.jpg
E926 East i train at Omiya Station, May 2001

History

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Tōhoku Shinkansen Shinkansen (high-speed railway) line connecting Tokyo with the Tōhoku region of Honshu

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Shinjō Station Railway station in Shinjō, Yamagata Prefecture, Japan

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Tsubasa (train)

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Yamabiko

The Yamabiko (やまびこ) is a high-speed Shinkansen train service operated on the Tōhoku Shinkansen between Tokyo and Morioka by East Japan Railway Company in Japan.

Mini-shinkansen

Mini-shinkansen (ミニ新幹線) is the name given to the concept of converting 1,067 mm narrow gauge railway lines to 1,435 mm standard gauge for use by shinkansen train services in Japan. Unlike the high-speed shinkansen lines, the mini-shinkansen lines have a maximum speed of only 130 km/h (80 mph). Two mini-shinkansen routes have been constructed: the Yamagata Shinkansen and Akita Shinkansen.

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The 701 series is an AC electric multiple unit (EMU) train type operated on local services by East Japan Railway Company, Aoimori Railway, and Iwate Galaxy Railway (IGR) in Japan. The design is derived from the 209 series commuter EMU, and was intended to replace locomotive-hauled trains formed of 50 series coaches in the north of Japan.

References

  1. "300km/hのトップランナー" [300 km/h Top Runners]. Japan Railfan Magazine . Vol. 52 no. 612. Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. April 2012. p. 14.
  2. 1 2 "Yamagata Shinkansen Line turns 20". The Japan Times . Japan: The Japan Times Ltd. 3 July 2012. p. 2. Archived from the original on 25 July 2012. Retrieved 30 December 2013.
  3. NHK, "Yamagata Shinkansen fully resumes operations", 12 April 2011.
  4. "Tohoku Shinkansen line breaks from the base of utility poles" (in Japanese). TBS News. 14 February 2021. Retrieved 14 February 2021.