Yamanouchi, Nagano

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Yamanouchi

山ノ内町
Shiga Kogen from Nozoki05s4s4272.jpg
Shiga Kogen Highlands
Flag of Yananouchi Nagano.JPG
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Seal
Yamanouchi in Nagano Prefecture Ja.svg
Location of Yamanouchi in Nagano Prefecture
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Yamanouchi
 
Coordinates: 36°44′40.5″N138°24′45.7″E / 36.744583°N 138.412694°E / 36.744583; 138.412694 Coordinates: 36°44′40.5″N138°24′45.7″E / 36.744583°N 138.412694°E / 36.744583; 138.412694
Country Japan
Region Chūbu (Kōshin'etsu)
Prefecture Nagano
District Shimotakai
Area
  Total265.90 km2 (102.66 sq mi)
Population
 (April 2019)
  Total12,403
  Density47/km2 (120/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
Symbols 
• Tree Tsuga sieboldii
• Flower Apple
• Bird Japanese bush warbler
Phone number0269-33-3111
Address3352-1 Hirao, Yamanouchi-machi, Shimotakai-gun, Nagano-ken 381-0498
Website Official website

Yamanouchi (山ノ内町, Yamanouchi-machi) is a town located in Shimotakai District in Nagano Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 April 2019, the town had an estimated population of 12,403 in 5020 households, [1] and a population density of 47 persons per km². The total area of the town is 265.90 square kilometres (102.66 sq mi).

Contents

Yamanouchi, located in the Japanese Alps, includes Shiga Highlands, one of the largest ski resorts in Japan. The town of Yamanouchi hosted three venues during the 1998 Winter Olympics: Snowboarding Half-pipe events were held at Kanbayashi Snowboard Park and the technical events of Alpine skiing were held at Mount Higashidate and Mount Yakebitai. The town of Yamanouchi is a gateway to Jōshin'etsu-kōgen National Park via Route 292, the Shiga-Kusatsu-Kogen Highway. This route is a mountain-ridge which connects Yamanouchi to Karuizawa in the south.

Yamanouchi is also home to Jigokudani Monkey Park where Japanese macaques can be found soaking in an outdoor hot spring. These macaques were part of the opening sequence in Baraka, the 1992 non-narrative documentary film directed by Ron Fricke.

Geography

Shimotakai District, in northern mountainous Nagano Prefecture, comprises Yamanouchi town, Kijimadaira Village, and Nozawaonsen Village. Yamanouchi is the largest of these. More than 90% of Yamanouchi is covered by mountains and forests. The town measures approximately 39 kilometers east-west and 12 kilometers north-south (266 square kilometers), and has an elevation ranging from 424 meters to 2341 meters. The surrounding area is known for its forest therapy.

In winter, damp air from the Japan Sea hits the mountains causing heavy snowing. Many ski resorts operate in the area. The plateau above the town is dotted with over 70 large and small wetlands and ponds which can be traced to volcanic activity. The main mountains include Mt. Yokote, Mt. Uriwa, Mt. Iwasugeyama, Mt. Shiga, and Mt. Kousha.

Surrounding municipalities

Demographics

The population of Yamanouchi has declined since the 1950s.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1940 15,617    
1945 19,937+27.7%
1950 20,114+0.9%
1955 20,418+1.5%
1960 19,645−3.8%
1965 19,537−0.5%
1970 19,166−1.9%
1975 19,022−0.8%
1980 18,964−0.3%
1985 18,546−2.2%
1990 17,680−4.7%
1995 16,951−4.1%
2000 15,900−6.2%
2005 14,704−7.5%
2010 13,679−7.0%
2015 12,429−9.1%

Climate

The town has a humid continental climate characterized by warm and humid summers, and cold winters with heavy snowfall (Köppen climate classification Dfb). The average annual temperature in Yamanouchi is 2.7 °C. The average annual rainfall is 2020 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 15.6 °C, and lowest in January, at around -9.7 °C. [2]

History

Stone tools from the Japanese Paleolithic period, pottery from the Jōmon period, and 9 burial mounds from the Kofun period have been excavated in the area.

The area of present-day Yamanouchi was part of ancient Shinano Province. The modern town of Yamanouchi was established on April 1, 1955 by the merger of the town of Hirao with the neighboring villages of Honami and Yomase.

Education

Yamanouchi has four public elementary schools and one public middle school operated by the town government. The town does not have a high school. The closest high school is Nagano Prefectural Nakano Rissikan Senior High School [3] in the neighboring town of Nakano, Nagano near Shinshūnakano Station

Transportation

Railway

Highway Bus

Highway

Sister City Relations

Local attractions

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Jigokudani Monkey Park

Jigokudani Monkey Park is located in Yamanouchi, Nagano Prefecture, Japan. It is part of the Joshinetsu Kogen National Park, and is located in the valley of the Yokoyu-River, in the northern part of the prefecture. The name Jigokudani, meaning "Hell's Valley", is due to the steam and boiling water that bubbles out of small crevices in the frozen ground, surrounded by steep cliffs and formidably cold and hostile forests.

Jōshinetsu-kōgen National Park

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Shiga Highlands

Shiga Kogen is a ski resort and hiking spot, located in the Jōshin'etsu-kōgen National Park in the highlands of Yamanouchi, Nagano, Japan. In 1980, an area of 13,000 ha was designated a UNESCO Man and the Biosphere Reserve.

Yudanaka Station Railway station in Yamanouchi, Nagano Prefecture, Japan

Yudanaka Station is a railway station in the town of Yamanouchi, Nagano, Japan, operated by the private railway operating company Nagano Electric Railway. Yudanaka Station is a gateway to seasonal mountain and outdoor activities, including hiking and skiing or snowboarding, and to Jigokudani Monkey Park where Japanese macaques soak in an outdoor hot spring.

Jōshinetsu region

The Jōshin'etsu region is a region on the main Japanese island of Honshu, comprising parts of Gunma, Nagano, and Niigata Prefectures. It is a mountainous area with a large national park and numerous hot springs and ski resorts. It has long been a transportation corridor between the Kantō plain and coastal areas on the Japan Sea side of the island.

References

  1. Yamanouchi Town official statistics (in Japanese)
  2. Yamanouchi climate data
  3. Nagano Prefecture Nakano Rissikan High School. "長野県中野立志館高等学校" . Retrieved 2019-04-16.
  4. "Biosphere Reserve Information - Shiga Highland". UNESCO . Retrieved 29 April 2011.
  5. "Sora Terrace". Ryuou Ski Park. Retrieved 10 April 2019.