Yamato Province

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Yamato Province
大和国
Province of Japan
7th century–1871
Provinces of Japan-Yamato.svg
Map of Japanese provinces (1868) with Yamato Province highlighted
Capital Takaichi District
History 
 Established
7th century
 Disestablished
1871
Today part of Nara Prefecture

Yamato Province (大和国, Yamato no Kuni) was a province of Japan, located in Kinai, corresponding to present-day Nara Prefecture in Honshū. [1] It was also called Washū (和州). Yamato consists of two characters, 大 "great", and 和 "Wa". At first, the name was written with one different character ( ), but due to its offensive connotation, for about ten years after 737, this was revised to use more desirable characters ( ) (see Names of Japan). The final revision was made in the second year of the Tenpyō-hōji era (c. 758). It is classified as a great province in the Engishiki .

Contents

The Yamato Period in the history of Japan refers to the late Kofun Period (c. 250–538) and Asuka Period (538–710). Japanese archaeologists and historians emphasize the fact that during the early Kofun Period the Yamato chieftainship was in close contention with other regional powers, such as Kibi Province near present-day Okayama Prefecture. Around the 6th century, the local chieftainship gained national control and established the Imperial court in Yamato Province.

The battleship Yamato , the flagship of the Japanese Combined Fleet during World War II, was named after this ancient province.

Capital

The provincial capital was Wakigami in Katsujō District (modern northeastern Gose), but accompanying the Heijō-kyō capital transfer, it was moved to Takaichi District (Jōroku in modern Kashihara, where the Ōgaru and Ishikawa towns meet, called Karu no Chimata). The exact location of the capital is guessed at by various sources, but not known for sure. There was no shugo's mansion; the Kōfuku-ji played that role.

In the Setsuyōshū , Toichi District is listed as the seat.

Temples

The provincial temple for monks is popularly thought to have been Tōdai-ji, but it may have in fact been a different one in Kashihara. The one for nuns was Hokke-ji.

The primary shrine was Sakurai's Ōmiwa Shrine, but there have been no records stating as such found at the shrine itself. There were no secondary shrines. The sōja (or principal Shinto shrine in the province) was Kokufu Shrine (Takatori, Takaichi, Nara).

Kami of Yamato

Districts

AncientMedieval1 April 1896Modern
Sofu (曾布) Sofu no Kami no Kōri Soekami-gunSoekami-gun Nara-shi, Tenri-shi
Sofu no Shimo no Kōri Soejimo-gun Ikoma-gun Yamatokōriyama-shi, Ikoma-shi, Ikoma-gun
Heguri no Kōri Heguri-gun
Hirose no Kōri Hirose-gun Kitakatsuragi-gun Yamatotakada-shi, Kashiba-shi, Katsuragi-shi, Kitakatsuragi-gun
Katsuragi (葛城) Katsuragi no Shimo no Kōri Katsuge-gun
Katsuragi no Kami no Kōri Katsujō-gun Minamikatsuragi-gun Gose-shi
Oshimi no Kōri Oshimi-gun
Uchi no Kōri Uchi-gunUchi-gun Gojō-shi
Yoshino no Kōri Yoshino-gunYoshino-gunGojō-shi, Yoshino-gun
Uda no Kōri Uda-gunUda-gun Uda-shi, Uda-gun
Shiki (磯城) Shiki no Kami no Kōri Shikijō-gun Shiki-gun Tenri-shi, Kashihara-shi, Sakurai-shi, Shiki-gun
Shiki no Shimo no Kōri Shikige-gun
Toichi no Kōri Toichi-gun
Takaichi no Kōri Takaichi-gunTakaichi-gunKashihara-shi, Takaichi-gun
Yamabe no Kōri Yamabe-gunYamabe-gunTenri-shi, Nara-shi, Yamabe-gun

Domains

See also

Notes

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References

Commons-logo.svg Media related to Yamato Province at Wikimedia Commons