|Province of Japan|
Map of Japanese provinces (1868) with Yamato Province highlighted
|Today part of||Nara Prefecture|
Yamato Province (大和国, Yamato no Kuni) was a province of Japan, located in Kinai, corresponding to present-day Nara Prefecture in Honshū. It was also called Washū (和州). Yamato consists of two characters, 大 "great", and 和 "Wa". At first, the name was written with one different character (大倭 ), but due to its offensive connotation, for about ten years after 737, this was revised to use more desirable characters (大養 徳 ) (see Names of Japan). The final revision was made in the second year of the Tenpyō-hōji era (c. 758). It is classified as a great province in the Engishiki .
The Yamato Period in the history of Japan refers to the late Kofun Period (c. 250–538) and Asuka Period (538–710). Japanese archaeologists and historians emphasize the fact that during the early Kofun Period the Yamato chieftainship was in close contention with other regional powers, such as Kibi Province near present-day Okayama Prefecture. Around the 6th century, the local chieftainship gained national control and established the Imperial court in Yamato Province.
The battleship Yamato , the flagship of the Japanese Combined Fleet during World War II, was named after this ancient province.
The provincial capital was Wakigami in Katsujō District (modern northeastern Gose), but accompanying the Heijō-kyō capital transfer, it was moved to Takaichi District (Jōroku in modern Kashihara, where the Ōgaru and Ishikawa towns meet, called Karu no Chimata). The exact location of the capital is guessed at by various sources, but not known for sure. There was no shugo's mansion; the Kōfuku-ji played that role.
In the Setsuyōshū , Toichi District is listed as the seat.
The provincial temple for monks is popularly thought to have been Tōdai-ji, but it may have in fact been a different one in Kashihara. The one for nuns was Hokke-ji.
The primary shrine was Sakurai's Ōmiwa Shrine, but there have been no records stating as such found at the shrine itself. There were no secondary shrines. The sōja (or principal Shinto shrine in the province) was Kokufu Shrine (Takatori, Takaichi, Nara).
|Ancient||Medieval||1 April 1896||Modern|
|Sofu (曾布)||Sofu no Kami no Kōri||Soekami-gun||Soekami-gun||Nara-shi, Tenri-shi|
|Sofu no Shimo no Kōri||Soejimo-gun||Ikoma-gun||Yamatokōriyama-shi, Ikoma-shi, Ikoma-gun|
|Heguri no Kōri||Heguri-gun|
|Hirose no Kōri||Hirose-gun||Kitakatsuragi-gun||Yamatotakada-shi, Kashiba-shi, Katsuragi-shi, Kitakatsuragi-gun|
|Katsuragi (葛城)||Katsuragi no Shimo no Kōri||Katsuge-gun|
|Katsuragi no Kami no Kōri||Katsujō-gun||Minamikatsuragi-gun||Gose-shi|
|Oshimi no Kōri||Oshimi-gun|
|Uchi no Kōri||Uchi-gun||Uchi-gun||Gojō-shi|
|Yoshino no Kōri||Yoshino-gun||Yoshino-gun||Gojō-shi, Yoshino-gun|
|Uda no Kōri||Uda-gun||Uda-gun||Uda-shi, Uda-gun|
|Shiki (磯城)||Shiki no Kami no Kōri||Shikijō-gun||Shiki-gun||Tenri-shi, Kashihara-shi, Sakurai-shi, Shiki-gun|
|Shiki no Shimo no Kōri||Shikige-gun|
|Toichi no Kōri||Toichi-gun|
|Takaichi no Kōri||Takaichi-gun||Takaichi-gun||Kashihara-shi, Takaichi-gun|
|Yamabe no Kōri||Yamabe-gun||Yamabe-gun||Tenri-shi, Nara-shi, Yamabe-gun|
Owari Province was a province of Japan in the area that today forms the western half of Aichi Prefecture, including the modern city of Nagoya. The province was created in 646. Owari bordered on Mikawa, Mino, and Ise Provinces. Owari and Mino provinces were separated by the Sakai River, which means "border river." The province's abbreviated name was Bishū (尾州).
Nara Prefecture is a prefecture of Japan located in the Kansai region of Honshu. As of 2020, Nara Prefecture has a population of 1,321,805 and has a geographic area of 3,691 square kilometres (1,425 sq mi). Nara Prefecture borders Kyoto Prefecture to the north, Osaka Prefecture to the northwest, Wakayama Prefecture to the southwest, and Mie Prefecture to the east.
The Yamato period is the period of Japanese history when the Japanese Imperial court ruled from modern-day Nara Prefecture, then known as Yamato Province.
The Asuka period was a period in the history of Japan lasting from 538 to 710, although its beginning could be said to overlap with the preceding Kofun period. The Yamato polity evolved greatly during the Asuka period, which is named after the Asuka region, about 25 km (16 mi) south of the modern city of Nara.
Yamatotakada is a city located in Nara Prefecture, Japan.
Yamatokōriyama is a city in Nara Prefecture, Japan.
Gose is a city located in Nara Prefecture, Japan. The city was founded on March 31, 1958.
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Izumi Province was a province of Japan. It is also referred to as Senshū (泉州). It lay in Kinai, and its area today composes the south-western part of Osaka Prefecture. The Ōshōji in Sakai was the border with Settsu Province, until the beginning of the Meiji period, when the boundary was changed to be at the Yamato River. Izumi was classified as a lower province in the Engishiki.
Shimotsuke Province was a province of Japan in the area of Japan that is today Tochigi Prefecture. Shimotsuke was bordered by Kōzuke, Hitachi, Mutsu and Shimōsa Provinces. Its abbreviated form name was Yashū (野州). Under the Engishiki classification system, Shimotsuke was ranked as one of the 13 "great countries" (大国) in terms of importance, and one of the 30 "far countries" (遠国) in terms of distance from the capital. The provincial capital is located in what is now the city of Tochigi. The Ichinomiya of the province is the Futarasan jinja located in what is now the city of Utsunomiya.
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Wakasa Province was a province of Japan in the area that is today the southwestern portion of Fukui Prefecture in the Hokuriku region of Japan. Wakasa bordered on Echizen, Ōmi, Tanba, Tango, and Yamashiro Provinces. It was part of Hokurikudō Circuit. Its abbreviated form name was Jakushū (若州). Under the Engishiki classification system, Wakasa was ranked as a "medium country" (中国) and a near country (近国) in terms of its importance and distance from the capital.
Yamato was originally the area around today's Sakurai City in Nara Prefecture of Japan, which became Yamato Province and by extension a name for the whole of Japan.
Asuka is a village located in Takaichi District, Nara Prefecture, Japan.
Nara is the capital city of Nara Prefecture, Japan.
Yamato-Aogaki Quasi-National Park is a Quasi-National Park in northeast Nara Prefecture, Japan. Established in 1970, the park consists of one continuous area spanning the borders of the municipalities of Nara, Tenri, and Sakurai. The park encompasses Mount Miwa, Byakugō-ji (白毫寺), Shōryaku-ji (正暦寺), Enshō-ji, Kōnin-ji (弘仁寺), Isonokami Jingū, Chōgaku-ji (長岳寺), Ōmiwa Jinja, and Hase-dera, as well as a number of kofun.
The Museum, Archaeological Institute of Kashihara, Nara Prefecture first opened under another name in Kashihara, Nara Prefecture, Japan, in 1940. The collection includes artefacts excavated from Fujinoki Kofun that have been designated a National Treasure. In addition to the permanent display, there are two special exhibitions each year, in spring and autumn.
Media related to Yamato Province at Wikimedia Commons