Yan Su

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Yan Su
Yan Su and Li Wenhui.jpg
Yan Su (right) and his wife, Li Wenhui (left)
Born
Yan Zhiyang (阎志扬)

(1930-05-09)May 9, 1930
DiedFebruary 12, 2016(2016-02-12) (aged 85)
Education Chongqing Nankai School
Alma mater Chongqing University
OccupationLyricist, military officer
Years active1953 - 2016
Spouse(s)
Li Wenhui(m. 1961)
ChildrenYan Yu [1]
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese 閻肅
Simplified Chinese 阎肃
Musical career
Genres Ethnic music, military song

Yan Su (Chinese :阎肃; 9 May 1930 – 12 February 2016) was a Chinese playwright and lyricist who served as vice-president of China Theatre Association. [2] He held the civilian rank equivalent to general in the PLA Air Force Political Department Song and Dance Troupe. He was a National Class-A Screenwriter. He was a member of China Writers Association and China Music Copyright Association. He was a visiting professor at Heibei Institute of Communications  [ zh ].

Simplified Chinese characters standardized Chinese characters developed in mainland China

Simplified Chinese characters are standardized Chinese characters prescribed in the Table of General Standard Chinese Characters for use in mainland China. Along with traditional Chinese characters, they are one of the two standard character sets of the contemporary Chinese written language. The government of the People's Republic of China in mainland China has promoted them for use in printing since the 1950s and 1960s to encourage literacy. They are officially used in the People's Republic of China and Singapore.

The China Theatre Association is a subordinate of the China Federation of Literary and Art Circles (CFLAC). Founded on July 24, 1949, the organisation was initially named the China National Theatre Workers Association. In 1953, it was renamed the China Theatre Association. So far it has more than 11,000 registered members, with branch associations across the nation.

China Writers Association or Chinese Writers Association is a subordinate of the China Federation of Literary and Art Circles (CFLAC). Founded in July 1949, the organisation was initially named the China National Literature Workers Association. In September 1953, it was renamed the China Writers Association. In April 2012, the organisation changed its translated name to China Writers Association.

Contents

Biography

Yan Su was born Yan Zhiyang (阎志扬) in Baoding, Hebei, on May 9, 1930. During the Second Sino-Japanese War, he, then 10 years old, moved to Chongqing with his family. He attended Chongqing Nankai Secondary School and graduated from Chongqing University, majoring in business administration.

Baoding Prefecture-level city in Hebei, Peoples Republic of China

Baoding is a prefecture-level city in central Hebei province, approximately 150 kilometres (93 mi) southwest of Beijing. At the 2010 census, Baoding City had 11,194,372 inhabitants out of which 2,176,857 lived in the built-up area made of 3 urban districts and Qingyuan and Mancheng counties largely being conurbated, on 1,840 km2 (710 sq mi). Baoding is among 13 Chinese cities with a population of over 10 million, ranking seventh.

Hebei Province

Hebei is a province of China in the North China region. The modern province was established in 1911 as Zhili Province or Chihli Province. Its one-character abbreviation is "冀" (Jì), named after Ji Province, a Han dynasty province (zhou) that included what is now southern Hebei. The name Hebei literally means "north of the river", referring to its location entirely to the north of the Yellow River.

Second Sino-Japanese War military conflict between the Republic of China and the Empire of Japan from 1937 to 1945

The Second Sino-Japanese War was a military conflict fought primarily between the Republic of China and the Empire of Japan from July 7, 1937, to September 2, 1945. It began with the Marco Polo Bridge Incident in 1937 in which a dispute between Japanese and Chinese troops escalated into a battle.

He joined the Communist Youth League during the Chinese Civil War and joined the Communist Party of China in 1953. In 1950, he was transferred to Southwest Military Region Youth Song and Dance Troupe as an actor. He once performed in the front of Korean War. In 1955 he was transferred again to PLA Air Force Political Department Song and Dance Troupe.

Communist Youth League of China organization

The Communist Youth League of China, also known as the Young Communist League of China or simply the Communist Youth League, is a youth movement of the People's Republic of China for youth between the ages of fourteen and twenty-eight, run by the Communist Party of China (CPC). The league is organized on the party pattern. Its leader is its First Secretary, who is an alternate member of the CPC Central Committee. The current First Secretary is He Junke. The Communist Youth League is responsible also for guiding the activities of the Young Pioneers.

Chinese Civil War 1927–1950 civil war in China

The Chinese Civil War was a war fought between the Kuomintang (KMT)-led government of the Republic of China and the Communist Party of China (CPC). Although particular attention is paid to the four years of Chinese Communist Revolution from 1945 to 1949, the war actually started in August 1927, with the White Terror at the end of Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek's Northern Expedition, and essentially ended when major hostilities between the two sides ceased in 1950. The conflict took place in two stages: the first between 1927 and 1937, and the second from 1946 to 1950, with the Second Sino-Japanese War in 1937–1945 separating them. The war marked a major turning point in modern Chinese history, with the Communists gaining control of mainland China and establishing the People's Republic of China (PRC) in 1949, forcing the Republic of China (ROC) to retreat to Taiwan. It resulted in a lasting political and military standoff between the two sides of the Taiwan Strait, with the ROC in Taiwan and the PRC in mainland China both officially claiming to be the legitimate government of all China.

Communist Party of China Political party of the Peoples Republic of China

The Communist Party of China (CPC), also referred to as the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), is the founding and ruling political party of the People's Republic of China. The Communist Party is the sole governing party within mainland China, permitting only eight other, subordinated parties to co-exist, those making up the United Front. It was founded in 1921, chiefly by Chen Duxiu and Li Dazhao. The party grew quickly, and by 1949 it had driven the nationalist Kuomintang (KMT) government from mainland China after the Chinese Civil War, leading to the establishment of the People's Republic of China. It also controls the world's largest armed forces, the People's Liberation Army.

He first rose to prominence in 1964 for playing in the opera Sister Jiang, earned critical acclaim, and he was personally interviewed by Chairman Mao Zedong. But two years later, in the Cultural Revolution, the song was labeled as "poisonous weed" and he was cast as a rightist. [3]

Mao Zedong Chairman of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China

Mao Zedong, also known as Chairman Mao, was a Chinese communist revolutionary who became the founding father of the People's Republic of China, which he ruled as the Chairman of the Communist Party of China from its establishment in 1949 until his death in 1976. His theories, military strategies, and political policies are collectively known as Maoism.

Cultural Revolution socio-political movement in China

The Cultural Revolution, formally the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, was a sociopolitical movement in China from 1966 until 1976. Launched by Mao Zedong, then Chairman of the Communist Party of China, its stated goal was to preserve Chinese Communism by purging remnants of capitalist and traditional elements from Chinese society, and to re-impose Mao Zedong Thought as the dominant ideology within the Party. The Revolution marked Mao's return to a position of power after the failures of his Great Leap Forward. The movement paralyzed China politically and negatively affected both the economy and society of the country to a significant degree.

In 1982, Journey to the West was broadcast on CCTV, the series reached number one in the ratings when it aired in China. The opening theme, Dare to Ask Where is the Road, was written by Yan Su. [4] In 1986 he joined the China Writers Association.

<i>Journey to the West</i> (1986 TV series) 1986 Chinese television series

Journey to the West is a Chinese television series adapted from the classic novel of the same title. The series was first broadcast on CCTV in China on 1 October 1986. The series became an instant classic in China and is still being praised as the best and most authentic interpretation of the novel. Unadapted portions of the original story were later covered in the second season, which was released in 1999. CCTV released the entire series online on YouTube and in addition has an edited version with English subtitles.

In 2015, he was elected "moved China" Person of the Year 2015. [5] On October 27, 2015, a military vocalist Yu Wenhua (于文华) made up a rumor on Sinaweibo - "Teacher Yan Su died of illness at PLA Air Force General Hospital in Beijing". Later, Yan's wife Li Wenhui said in an interview that her husband is alive and they will investigate the legal responsibility of the rumormonger. [6] "My father has been into a deep coma after acute cerebral infarction for more than twenty days, at present, his situation is stable, it's fair to say that he had the potential to wake up, but risk is often with opportunities, thank you for asking." Yan Yu, son of Yan Su, said in response to questions from journalists. [7] On February 12, 2016, Yan Su died at the General Hospital of the People's Liberation Army Air Force, in Beijing. [8] [9] At the time of his death, he was set to judge a CCTV talent show and art advisor of the CCTV New Year's Gala. [10]

Cerebral infarction type of ischemic stroke resulting from a blockage in the blood vessels supplying blood to the brain

A cerebral infarction is an area of necrotic tissue in the brain resulting from a blockage or narrowing in the arteries supplying blood and oxygen to the brain. The restricted oxygen due to the restricted blood supply causes an ischemic stroke that can result in an infarction if the blood flow is not restored within a relatively short period of time. The blockage can be due to a thrombus, an embolus or an atheromatous stenosis of one or more arteries. Which arteries are problematic will determine which areas of the brain are affected (infarcted). These varying infarcts will produce different symptoms and outcomes. About one third will prove fatal.

The CCTV New Year's Gala, also known as the Spring Festival Gala, and commonly abbreviated in Chinese as Chunwan, is a Chinese New Year special produced by China Central Television (CCTV). Shown on the eve of Chinese New Year on its flagship CCTV-1, cable channel CCTV-3, satellite channel CCTV-4, second flagship CCTV-7 and children's channel CCTV-14 and internationally through the China Global Television Network, the broadcast has a yearly viewership of over 700 million viewers, making it one of the premier television events of China.

On January 7, 2018, unable to reach an agreement on the proportion of the income distribution of Yan Su's music copyright, Yan's wife and daughter sued his son to the court for property analysis of the music copyright enjoyed by the heir, ordering his wife to enjoy two-thirds and his daughter to enjoy one-sixth. [11]

Personal life

Yan Su began dating Li Wenhui (李文辉) in 1959, they married in 1961, the couple have a son, Yan Yu (阎宇), and two grandsons. [3]

Works

Important works in lyrics

Opera

Beijing opera

Awards

YearTitleAwardResultNotes
1964My Love to the Blue Sky of Motherland
Going To Sichuan
3rd PLA Arts Festival - Creative Excellence AwardWon
1977Sister Jiang4th PLA Arts Festival - Creative Excellence AwardWon
1979Memories of Mother
Red Light
30th Anniversary of the Founding of the People's Republic - First Prize for WritingWon
Great Wall GreatAudience Special Award for Favorite Military Song in the 1990sWon
I Am the Sky6th PLA Arts Festival - Creative Excellence AwardWon
Guilin is My Home
Face Changing
"Five-one Project" AwardWon
Smoke and MirrorsAudience Award for Favorite Song on TV in the 1990sWon
Everything Goes Well1995 CCTV New Year's Gala - First PrizeWon
Celebrating the New Year in the Army2002 CCTV New Year's Gala - Audience Award for Favorite WorkWon
Mission2nd Military Song Gold AwardWon

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References

  1. 于文华误传阎肃病逝 阎肃夫人辟谣:缺德. Tencent (in Chinese). 2015-10-27.
  2. "Yan Su's death Xinhua News Agency has issued a document: he has a burning soul". iduobo.com. 2016-02-12.
  3. 1 2 老伴眼中的阎肃:他的简朴和勤奋一样不可思议. Liaoning.com.cn (in Chinese). 2015-10-29.
  4. "Chinese prestigious dramatist passes away". Xinhua. 2016-02-12.
  5. "Yan Su elected "moved China" Person of the Year 2015". like-news.us. 2016-02-14.
  6. 阎肃老先生去世?家人辟谣 发布者道歉. cnr.cn (in Chinese). 2015-10-29.
  7. 阎肃儿子独家回应病情:昏迷20多天 有可能醒来. Ifeng (in Chinese). 2015-10-28.
  8. "Dramatist and military songwriter Yan Su dies". Chinadaily. 2016-02-13.
  9. 著名艺术家阎肃今日凌晨去世 享年86岁. Reference News. 2016-02-12. Archived from the original on 2017-01-22. Retrieved 2016-02-12.
  10. 空政歌舞团文职特级编剧阎肃简历. Sohu (in Chinese). 2015-10-27. Retrieved 2016-02-12.
  11. 阎肃妻女起诉阎肃儿子:对阎肃音乐著作财产权析产. 163.com (in Chinese). 2019-01-07. 据北京市海淀区法院微博消息,因对阎肃音乐著作权收益分配比例无法达成一致,阎肃之妻李老太、阎肃之女阎女士将阎肃之子阎先生诉至法院,要求对被继承人阎肃享有的音乐著作权之财产权进行析产,判令李老太享有三分之二,阎女士享有六分之一。