|Yaropolk II of Kiev|
Velikiy Kniaz Yaropolk Vladimirovich
|Prince of Smolensk|
|Prince of Pereyaslav|
|Predecessor||Svyatoslav I Vladimirovich|
|Grand Duke of Kiev|
|Predecessor||Mstislav I of Kiev|
|Successor||Viacheslav I of Kiev|
|Died||18 February 1139 (aged 56–57)|
|Father||Vladimir II Monomakh|
|Mother||Gytha of Wessex|
Yaropolk II Vladimirovich (Russian : Ярополк II Владимирович) (1082 – 18 February 1139), Prince of Pereyaslav (1114–1132), Velikiy Kniaz (Grand Prince) of Kiev (1132–1139), son of Vladimir II Monomakh and Gytha of Wessex. He fought in several campaigns against the Polovtsy (Cumans), once in 1103 and again in 1116.
After the death of his brother in 1132, Msitslav I the Great, Yaropolk received the crown of Kiev. Yaropolk had to deal with the many interests of his family, most of all his powerful half brother Yuri Dolgoruki. Yaropolk appointed Vsevolod Mstislavich to succeed him in Pereyaslav but Yuri Dolgoruki, with the consent of the Novgorodians, soon drove out his nephew. Yaropolk appointed another son of Mstislav I: Iziaslav Mstislavich to Pereyaslav, who also received Turov. He was replaced soon thereafter by Yaropolk's brother Viacheslav Vladimirovich.
The peace didn't last long and in 1134 the merry-go-round started once more. Iziaslav had to transfer Turov to his uncle Viacheslav to let him rule the principality once again. Pereyaslav would come to Yuri Dolgoruki on the condition that Iziaslav got to rule Rostov although Yuri kept a large part of the principality under his influence. Iziaslav also got to rule Volyn and another half brother of Yaropolk, Andrey Vladimirovich was to rule Pereyaslav.
Vsevolod Olgovich, then Prince of Chernigov, the Cumans and his allies who were asked by Iziaslav to make his point against Viacheslav, continued their war against Yaropolk and crossed the Dnieper to loot the Kiev region. After a decisive battle at the river Supoy in 1135, Yaropolk had to cede the town of Kursk and Poseme only gained 17 years earlier.
Due to this change of balance the people of Novgorod expelled Vsevolod Mstislavich from Novgorod and replaced him with the brother of the Chernigov prince, Sviatoslav Olgovich. Vsevolod moved to Pskov and died in 1138 at the siege of Novgorod. Who were convinced to replace Sviatoslav with Rostislav Yuryevich, the eldest son of Yuri Dolgoruki.
Sviatoslav continued the war against Yaropolk with also this time, Yaropolk's old enemies, the Cumans on his side. He found soon the combined troops of Kiev, Pereyaslav, Rostov, Polotsk, Smolensk, parts of Halych and 30-thousand Hungarians, sent by the king Bela II before the gates of Chernigov. He was forced to make peace in 1139.
Just before his death Yaropolk assisted Bela II when he was faced with internal enemies.
He died in 1139, and was buried in the church of St. Andrey. His brother, Vyacheslav I, who succeeded him was soon driven out by Vsevolod II.
Married in 1116 to Helena an Ossetian princess.
|Ancestors of Yaropolk II of Kiev|
Yaropolk II Vladimirovich
RurikovichBorn: 1082 Died: 18 February 1139
| Prince of Pereyaslav |
| Grand Prince of Kiev |
Vsevolod I Yaroslavich, ruled as Grand Prince of Kiev from 1078 until his death.
Vladimir II Monomakh reigned as Grand Prince of Kievan Rus' from 1113 to 1125.
Yuri I Vladimirovich, known under his soubriquet Yuri Dolgorukiy, was a Rurikid prince. He reigned as Velikiy Kniaz of Kiev from September 1149 to April 1151 and then again from March 1155 to May 1157. Yuri played a key role in the transition of political power from Kiev to Suzdal following the death of his elder brother Mstislav the Great in 1132.
Iziaslav Yaroslavich Kniaz' (Prince) of Turov, Veliki Kniaz.
Sviatoslav II Iaroslavich or Sviatoslav II Yaroslavich was Grand Prince of Kiev between 1073 and 1077. He was born as a younger son of Grand Prince Yaroslav the Wise. His baptismal name was Nicholas.
Mstislav I Vladimirovich the Great was the Grand Prince of Kiev (1125–1132), the eldest son of Vladimir II Monomakh by Gytha of Wessex. He is figured prominently in the Norse Sagas under the name Harald, to allude to his grandfather, Harold II of England. Mstislav's Christian name was Theodore.
Iziaslav II Mstislavich, was the oldest son of Mstislav Vladimirovich and Christina Ingesdotter of Sweden. He was baptized as Panteleimon. Izyaslav is considered to be progenitor of the Monomakhovychi Volhynian branch.
Sviatoslav Olgovich was the Prince of Novgorod (1136–1138); Novgorod-Seversky (1139); Belgorod Kievsky (1141–1154); and Chernigov (1154–1164). He was the son of Oleg Sviatoslavich, Prince of Chernigov with an unnamed daughter of Asaduk, Khan of Khumans.
Viacheslav Vladimirovich was a Prince of Smolensk (1113–1125), Turov, Pereyaslavl, Peresopnytsia (1146–1149), Vyshgorod (1149–1151) and Grand Prince of Kiev.
The inner Principality of Kiev was a medieval East Slavic state, situated in central regions of modern Ukraine around the city of Kiev. It was formed during the process of political fragmentation of the Kievan Rus' in the early 12th century. As a result of that process, effective rule of Grand Princes of Kiev was gradually reduced to central regions of Kievan Rus', thus forming a reduced princely domain, known as the inner Principality of Kiev. It existed as a polity until the middle of the 14th century.
The Battle of Alta River was a 1068 clash on the Alta River between Cuman army on the one hand and Kievan Rus' forces of Grand Prince Iziaslav I of Kiev, Prince Sviatoslav of Chernigov, and Prince Vsevolod of Periaslavl on the other in which the Rus' forces were routed and fled back to Kiev and Chernigov in some disarray. The battle led to an uprising in Kiev that briefly deposed Grand Prince Iziaslav. That incident supposedly shows the power of the Kiev veche and how common people gathering influenced princely politics in Kievan Rus'
The Prince of Pereyaslavl was the kniaz of the Rus Principality of Pereyaslavl, a lordship based on the city of Pereyaslavl on the Trubezh river and straddling extensive territory to the east in what are now parts of Ukraine. It lay on Rus civilization's southern frontier with the steppe.
The Prince of Smolensk was the kniaz, the ruler or sub-ruler, of the Rus' Principality of Smolensk, a lordship based on the city of Smolensk. It passed between different groups of descendants of Grand Prince Iaroslav I of Kiev until 1125, when following the death of Vladimir Monomakh the latter's grandson Rostislav Mstislavich was installed in the principality, while the latter's father Mstislav I Vladimirovich became Grand Prince. It gained its own bishopric in 1136. It was Rostislav's descendants, the Rostaslavichi, who ruled the principality until the fifteenth-century. Smolensk enjoyed stronger western ties than most Rus' principalities.
The Prince of Turov was the kniaz, the ruler or sub-ruler, of the Rus' Principality of Turov, a lordship based on the city of Turov, now Turaŭ in Homiel Voblast, Belarus.
Rostislav Yuryevich was the Prince of Novgorod and Pereyaslavl, oldest son of Yuri Dolgoruky, and brother of Andrei Bogolyubsky.
Yaroslav II Vsevolodovich was a Rus’ prince. He was prince of Ropesk, of Starodub (1166–1176), and of Chernigov (1176–1198). When he became a monk before his death, he took the name Vasily.
Yaropolk III Yaroslavich was a Rus' prince. He was prince of Novgorod (1197).
Rostislav Yaroslavich was a Rus' prince. His baptismal name was Ivan. He was prince of Snovsk.
The Principality of Volhynia was a western Kievan Rus' principality founded by the Rurik dynasty in 987 centered in the region of Volhynia, straddling the borders of modern-day Ukraine, Belarus, and Poland. From 1069 to 1118 it belong to Izyaslavichi who primarily ruled from Turov. After losing Turov to Monomakhovichi in 1105, the descendants of Izyaslav Yaroslavovich for a few years continued to rule in Volhynia. From 1154 to 1199 the principality was named Principality of Vladimir when the Principality of Lutsk (1154-1228) was separated.