Yavapai County, Arizona

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Yavapai County, Arizona
Yavapai county arizona courthouse.jpg
Yavapai County Courthouse in Prescott
Yavapi County Seal.png
Seal
Map of Arizona highlighting Yavapai County.svg
Location within the U.S. state of Arizona
Map of USA AZ.svg
Arizona's location within the U.S.
FoundedNovember 9, 1864
Named for Yavapai people
Seat Prescott
Largest cityPrescott
Area
  Total8,128 sq mi (21,051 km2)
  Land8,123 sq mi (21,038 km2)
  Water4.4 sq mi (11 km2), 0.05%
Population (est.)
  (2018)231,993
  Density28/sq mi (11/km2)
Congressional districts 1st, 4th
Time zone Mountain: UTC−7
Website www.co.yavapai.az.us

Yavapai County is near the center of the U.S. state of Arizona. As of the 2010 census, its population was 211,073. [1] The county seat is Prescott. [2]

U.S. state constituent political entity of the United States

In the United States, a state is a constituent political entity, of which there are currently 50. Bound together in a political union, each state holds governmental jurisdiction over a separate and defined geographic territory and shares its sovereignty with the federal government. Due to this shared sovereignty, Americans are citizens both of the federal republic and of the state in which they reside. State citizenship and residency are flexible, and no government approval is required to move between states, except for persons restricted by certain types of court orders. Four states use the term commonwealth rather than state in their full official names.

Arizona state of the United States of America

Arizona is a state in the southwestern region of the United States. It is also part of the Western and the Mountain states. It is the sixth largest and the 14th most populous of the 50 states. Its capital and largest city is Phoenix. Arizona shares the Four Corners region with Utah, Colorado, and New Mexico; its other neighboring states are Nevada and California to the west and the Mexican states of Sonora and Baja California to the south and southwest.

2010 United States Census 23rd national census of the United States, taken in 2010

The 2010 United States Census is the twenty-third and most recent United States national census. National Census Day, the reference day used for the census, was April 1, 2010. The census was taken via mail-in citizen self-reporting, with enumerators serving to spot-check randomly selected neighborhoods and communities. As part of a drive to increase the count's accuracy, 635,000 temporary enumerators were hired. The population of the United States was counted as 308,745,538, a 9.7% increase from the 2000 Census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over half a million, as well as the first in which all 100 largest cities recorded populations of over 200,000.

Contents

Yavapai County comprises the Prescott, AZ Metropolitan Statistical Area.

In the United States, a metropolitan statistical area (MSA) is a geographical region with a relatively high population density at its core and close economic ties throughout the area. Such regions are neither legally incorporated as a city or town would be, nor are they legal administrative divisions like counties or separate entities such as states; because of this, the precise definition of any given metropolitan area can vary with the source. A typical metropolitan area is centered on a single large city that wields substantial influence over the region. However, some metropolitan areas contain more than one large city with no single municipality holding a substantially dominant position. MSAs are defined by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB) and used by the Census Bureau and other federal government agencies for statistical purposes.

History

Old gold specimen from an unknown Yavapai County mine. Size: 2.0 cm x 1.8 cm x 1.7 cm (0.8 in x 0.7 in x 0.7 in). Gold-Quartz-188388.jpg
Old gold specimen from an unknown Yavapai County mine. Size: 2.0 cm × 1.8 cm × 1.7 cm (0.8 in × 0.7 in × 0.7 in).

Yavapai County was one of the four original Arizona counties created by the 1st Arizona Territorial Legislature. The county territory was defined as being east of longitude 113° 20' and north of the Gila River. [3] Soon thereafter, the counties of Apache, Coconino, Maricopa, and Navajo were carved from the original Yavapai County. Yavapai County's present boundaries were established in 1891.

The 1st Arizona Territorial Legislative Assembly was a session of the Arizona Territorial Legislature which began on September 26, 1864, in Prescott, Arizona, and ran for forty-three days. The session was responsible for enacting Arizona's first legal code, creation of the territory's first four counties, and authorizing a volunteer militia to fight hostile Indians.

Gila River river in the United States of America

The Gila River is a 649-mile (1,044 km) tributary of the Colorado River flowing through New Mexico and Arizona in the United States. The river drains an arid watershed of nearly 60,000 square miles (160,000 km2) that lies mainly within the U.S. but also extends into northern Sonora, Mexico. Indigenous peoples have lived along the river for at least 2,000 years, establishing complex agricultural societies before European exploration of the region began in the 16th century. However, European Americans did not permanently settle the Gila River watershed until the mid-19th century.

Apache County, Arizona County in the United States

Apache County is located in the northeast corner of the U.S. state of Arizona. As of the 2010 census its population was 71,518. The county seat is St. Johns.

The county is named after the Yavapai people, who were the principal inhabitants at the time the United States annexed the area.

Yavapai Native American tribe

Yavapai are a Native American tribe in Arizona. Historically, the Yavapai – literally “people of the sun” – were divided into four geographical bands who identified as separate, independent peoples: the Ɖo:lkabaya, or Western Yavapai; the Yavbe', or Northwestern Yavapai; the Guwevkabaya, or Southeastern Yavapai; and the Wi:pukba, or Northeastern Yavapai - Verde Valley Yavapai.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 8,128 square miles (21,050 km2), of which 8,123 square miles (21,040 km2) is land and 4.4 square miles (11 km2) (0.05%) is water. [4] It has about 93% of the area of the U.S. state of New Jersey. It is larger than three U.S. states (Rhode Island, Delaware and Connecticut) and the District of Columbia combined.

New Jersey State of the United States of America

New Jersey is a state in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States. It is a peninsula, bordered on the north and east by the state of New York; on the east, southeast, and south by the Atlantic Ocean; on the west by the Delaware River and Pennsylvania; and on the southwest by the Delaware Bay and Delaware. New Jersey is the fourth-smallest state by area but the 11th-most populous, with 9 million residents as of 2017, making it the most densely populated of the 50 U.S. states with its biggest city being Newark. New Jersey lies completely within the combined statistical areas of New York City and Philadelphia. New Jersey was the second-wealthiest U.S. state by median household income as of 2017.

The county's topography makes a dramatic transition from the lower Sonoran Desert to the south to the heights of the Coconino Plateau to the north, and the Mogollon Rim to the east. The highest point above sea level (MSL) in Yavapai County is Mount Union at an elevation of 7,979 ft (2,432 m) and the lowest is Agua Fria River drainage, now under Lake Pleasant.

Sonoran Desert North American desert

The Sonoran Desert is a North American desert which covers large parts of the Southwestern United States in Arizona and California and of Northwestern Mexico in Sonora, Baja California, and Baja California Sur. It is the hottest desert in Mexico. It has an area of 260,000 square kilometers (100,000 sq mi). The western portion of the United States–Mexico border passes through the Sonoran Desert.

The Coconino Plateau is found south of the Grand Canyon and north-northwest of Flagstaff, in northern Arizona of the Southwestern United States.

Mogollon Rim mountain range

The Mogollon Rim is a topographical and geological feature cutting across the U.S. state of Arizona. It extends approximately 200 miles (320 km), starting in northern Yavapai County and running eastward, ending near the border with New Mexico. It forms the southern edge of the Colorado Plateau in Arizona.

Adjacent counties

Major highways

National protected areas

West Clear Creek Wilderness West Clear Creek Wilderness (5009364401).jpg
West Clear Creek Wilderness
West Fork of Oak Creek, in the Red Rock-Secret Mountain Wilderness West Fork of Oak Creek, reflections.jpg
West Fork of Oak Creek, in the Red Rock-Secret Mountain Wilderness

There are nineteen official wilderness areas in Yavapai County that are part of the National Wilderness Preservation System. Fourteen of these are integral parts of National Forests listed above, whereas five are managed by the Bureau of Land Management. Some of these extend into neighboring counties (as indicated below):

Land ownership and management

Yavapai-Prescott Tribe 1,413 acres (572 ha)
Yavapai-Apache Nation 685 acres (277 ha)

Flora and fauna

There are numerous flora and fauna species within Yavapai County. For example, a number of plants within the genus Ephedra and Coreopsis are found in the county. [6] Yavapai County is also the location of several groves of the near-threatened California Fan Palm, Washingtonia filifera . [7]

Attractions

Enchantment Resort near Sedona Enchantment Resort near Sedona.jpg
Enchantment Resort near Sedona

Yavapai County is home to Arcosanti, a prototype arcology, developed by Paolo Soleri, and under construction since 1970. Arcosanti is just north of Cordes Junction, Arizona.

Out of Africa Wildlife Park is a private zoo. The park moved to the Camp Verde area from the East Valley in 2005.

Approximately 10 miles (16 km) northwest of the town of Bagdad lies the Upper Burro Creek Wilderness Area, a 27,440-acre (11,105 ha) protected area home to at least 150 species of birds and featuring one of the Arizona desert's few undammed perennial streams. [8]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1870 2,142
1880 5,013134.0%
1890 8,68573.2%
1900 13,79958.9%
1910 15,99615.9%
1920 24,01650.1%
1930 28,47018.5%
1940 26,511−6.9%
1950 24,991−5.7%
1960 28,91215.7%
1970 36,73327.1%
1980 68,14585.5%
1990 107,71458.1%
2000 167,51755.5%
2010 211,03326.0%
Est. 2018231,993 [9] 9.9%
U.S. Decennial Census [10]
1790–1960 [11] 1900–1990 [12]
1990–2000 [13] 2010–2018 [1]

2000 census

As of the 2000 census, there were 167,517 people, 70,171 households, and 46,733 families residing in the county. The population density was 21 people per square mile (8/km²). There were 81,730 housing units at an average density of 10 per square mile (4/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 91.89% White, 0.39% Black or African American, 1.60% Native American, 0.51% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 3.58% from other races, and 1.95% from two or more races. 9.78% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 70,171 households out of which 23.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.00% were married couples living together, 8.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.40% were non-families. 26.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.79.

In the county, the population was spread out with 21.10% under the age of 18, 7.10% from 18 to 24, 22.40% from 25 to 44, 27.40% from 45 to 64, and 22.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 96.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $34,901, and the median income for a family was $40,910. Males had a median income of $30,738 versus $22,114 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,727. About 7.90% of families and 11.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.90% of those under age 18 and 6.70% of those age 65 or over.

By 2017 Census Bureau Estimates placed the population of Yavapai County at 228,168. This represented a 24.2% growth in the population since 2000. [14]

Yavapai County is defined as the Prescott Metropolitan Statistical Area by the United States Census Bureau. [15]

2010 census

As of the 2010 census, there were 211,033 people, 90,903 households, and 57,597 families residing in the county. [16] The population density was 26.0 inhabitants per square mile (10.0/km2). There were 110,432 housing units at an average density of 13.6 per square mile (5.3/km2). [17] The racial makeup of the county was 89.3% white, 1.7% American Indian, 0.8% Asian, 0.6% black or African American, 0.1% Pacific islander, 4.9% from other races, and 2.5% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 13.6% of the population. [16] The largest ancestry groups were: [18]

Of the 90,903 households, 22.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.3% were married couples living together, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.6% were non-families, and 29.1% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.78. The median age was 49.2 years. [16]

The median income for a household in the county was $43,290 and the median income for a family was $53,499. Males had a median income of $40,854 versus $31,705 for females. The per capita income for the county was $25,527. About 8.8% of families and 13.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.1% of those under age 18 and 6.1% of those age 65 or over. [19]

Politics

Yavapai has historically been the most Republican county in Arizona, though it has become rivalled by Graham and exceeded by Mohave since the turn of the century. No Democratic presidential nominee has won Yavapai County since Harry S. Truman in 1948, and even when the county did go Democratic in the Truman and Roosevelt eras it typically did so by a smaller margin than any other county in the state.

Presidential election results
Yavapai County vote
by party in presidential elections
[20] [21]
Year Republican Democratic Others
2016 62.3%71,33031.1% 35,5906.6% 7,530
2012 64.0%64,46833.7% 33,9182.3% 2,281
2008 61.1%61,19236.8% 36,8892.1% 2,104
2004 61.1%53,46837.8% 33,1271.1% 988
2000 58.8%40,14435.3% 24,0635.9% 4,021
1996 50.3%29,92136.6% 21,80113.1% 7,773
1992 39.4%23,41930.8% 18,26829.8% 17,728
1988 64.4%27,84233.6% 14,5142.0% 850
1984 70.9%24,80227.5% 9,6091.7% 577
1980 68.4%19,82323.0% 6,6648.7% 2,507
1976 60.2%12,99835.6% 7,6854.3% 917
1972 65.8%12,27721.3% 3,97712.9% 2,413
1968 58.4%8,29628.1% 3,98913.5% 1,911
1964 57.2%7,74942.4% 5,7470.4% 60
1960 61.1%6,81338.8% 4,3250.1% 9
1956 65.7%6,33934.3% 3,315
1952 64.4%6,56735.6% 3,628
1948 48.1% 4,28749.8%4,4392.2% 196
1944 44.3% 3,52955.2%4,3950.5% 36
1940 38.8% 3,98760.5%6,2170.8% 78
1936 28.2% 2,79466.8%6,6285.1% 504
1932 28.7% 2,62669.2%6,3262.1% 189
1928 57.8%4,50742.2% 3,2850.0% 2
1924 41.8%2,82726.6% 1,80031.6% 2,136
1920 61.7%3,62538.3% 2,251
1916 34.4% 1,71658.1%2,8937.5% 374
1912 18.8% 44542.4%1,00138.8% 916

Communities

Former Superintendent's Residence, UVX Smelter, Cottonwood. Listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Superintendent's Residence (Cottonwood, Arizona).jpg
Former Superintendent's Residence, UVX Smelter, Cottonwood. Listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Cities

Towns

Ghost towns

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

Indian communities

County population ranking

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Yavapai County. [22] [23]

county seat

RankCity/Town/etc.Population (2010 Census)Municipal typeIncorporated
1 Peoria (most of population in Maricopa County )154,065City1954
2Prescott 39,843City1883
3 Prescott Valley 38,822Town1978
4 Verde Village 11,605CDP
5 Cottonwood 11,265City1960
6 Camp Verde 10,873Town1986
7 Chino Valley 10,817Town1970
8 Sedona (partly in Coconino County )10,031City1988
9 Wickenburg (Most of population in Maricopa County )6,363Town1909
10 Village of Oak Creek (Big Park) 6,147CDP
11 Williamson 5,438CDP
12 Paulden 5,231CDP
13 Lake Montezuma 4,706CDP
14 Clarkdale 4,097Town1957
15 Dewey-Humboldt 3,894Town2004
16 Cornville 3,280CDP
17 Black Canyon City 2,837CDP
18 Cordes Lakes 2,633CDP
19 Congress 1,975CDP
20 Bagdad 1,876CDP
21 Mayer 1,497CDP
22 Spring Valley 1,148CDP
23 Wilhoit 868CDP
24 Yarnell 649CDP
25 Seligman 445CDP
26 Jerome 444Town1899
27 Peeples Valley 428CDP
28 Ash Fork 396CDP

See also

Related Research Articles

Coconino County, Arizona County in the United States

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Gila County, Arizona County in the United States

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Graham County, Arizona County in the United States

Graham County is a county located in the southeastern part of the U.S. state of Arizona. As of the 2010 census, the population was 37,220, making it the third-least populous county in Arizona. The county seat is Safford.

La Paz County, Arizona County in the United States

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Maricopa County, Arizona County in the United States

Maricopa County is located in the south-central part of the U.S. state of Arizona. The U.S. Census Bureau estimated its population was 4,410,824 as of 2018, making it the state's most populous county, and the fourth-most populous in the United States, containing more than half the population of Arizona. It is more populous than 23 states. The county seat is Phoenix, the state capital and fifth-most populous city in the United States.

Mohave County, Arizona County in the United States

Mohave County is in the northwestern corner of the U.S. state of Arizona. As of the 2010 census, its population was 200,186. The county seat is Kingman, and the largest city is Lake Havasu City.

Navajo County, Arizona County in the United States

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White Pine County, Nevada County in the United States

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Kaibab, Arizona CDP in Arizona, United States

Kaibab is a census-designated place (CDP) in Coconino and Mohave counties in the U.S. state of Arizona. The population was 124 at the 2010 census.

Rio Verde, Arizona CDP in Arizona, United States

Rio Verde is a census-designated place (CDP) in Maricopa County, Arizona, United States. It is a master planned community. The population was 1,811 at the 2010 census.

Wickenburg, Arizona Town in Arizona, United States

Wickenburg is a town primarily located in Maricopa County, Arizona, United States, with a portion in neighboring Yavapai County. According to the 2010 census, the population of the town is 6,363.

Bagdad, Arizona CDP in Arizona, United States

Bagdad is a copper mining community and census-designated place (CDP) in Yavapai County, Arizona, United States, in the western part of the state. It is one of only two remaining company towns in Arizona. The population was 1,876 at the 2010 census.

Black Canyon City, Arizona CDP in Arizona, United States

Black Canyon City is a census-designated place (CDP) in Yavapai County, Arizona, United States. The population was 2,697 at the 2000 census.

Chino Valley, Arizona Town in Arizona, United States

Chino Valley is a town in Yavapai County, Arizona, United States. According to the 2010 census, the population of the town is 10,817.

Cordes Lakes, Arizona CDP in Arizona, United States

Cordes Lakes is a census-designated place (CDP) in Yavapai County, Arizona, United States. The population was 2,058 at the 2000 census. The Agua Fria National Monument lies to the east and south of the community and Arcosanti is to the north.

Lake Montezuma, Arizona CDP in Arizona, United States

Lake Montezuma is a census-designated place (CDP) in Yavapai County in the U.S. state of Arizona. The population was 3,344 at the 2000 census. The CDP includes the communities of Rimrock and McGuireville. Located along Interstate 17, it is 20 miles (32 km) south of Sedona and 8 miles (13 km) north of Camp Verde in central Arizona's Verde Valley.

Mayer, Arizona CDP in Arizona, United States

Mayer is a census-designated place (CDP) in Yavapai County, Arizona, United States. The population was 1,408 at the 2000 census. Mayer includes three sites listed on the National Register of Historic Places: Mayer Apartments, Mayer Business Block, and Mayer Red Brick Schoolhouse.

Paulden, Arizona CDP in Arizona, United States

Paulden is a census designated place (CDP) in Yavapai County, Arizona, United States. The population was 5,231 at the 2010 census.

Williamson, Arizona CDP in Arizona, United States

Williamson is a census-designated place (CDP) in Yavapai County, Arizona, United States. The population was 3,776 at the 2000 census. The name "Wiliamson" is a misnomer, perhaps propagated by federal bureaucratic error; the area has long been known as "Williamson Valley" after the major road through the area, Williamson Valley Road.

Prescott National Forest

The Prescott National Forest is a 1.25 million acre United States National Forest located in north central Arizona in the vicinity of Prescott. The forest is located in the mountains southwest of Flagstaff and north of Phoenix in Yavapai County, with a small portion extending into southwestern Coconino County. Its administrative offices are in Prescott. There are local ranger district offices in Camp Verde, Chino Valley, and Prescott. The forest includes Lynx Creek where Sam Miller panned for gold and was wounded by a cougar.

References

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Sources

Coordinates: 34°33′41″N112°32′24″W / 34.56139°N 112.54000°W / 34.56139; -112.54000