Yavatmal district

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Yavatmal district
Chavsala takdi , yavatmal - panoramio (1).jpg
MaharashtraYavatmal.png
Location of Yavatmal district in Maharashtra
Country India
State Maharashtra
Division Amravati Division
Headquarters Yavatmal
Tehsils 1.Arni, 2.Umarkhed, 3.Kalamb, 4.Pandharkawada Kelapur, 5.Ghatanji, 6.Zari Jamani, 7.Darwha, 8.Digras, 9.Ner, 10.Pusad, 11.Babhulgaon, 12.Mahagaon, 13.Maregaon, 14.Yavatmal, 15.Ralegaon 16.Wani
Government
   District collector Mr. Amol Yedge IAS [1]
   Lok Sabha constituencies 1. Yavatmal-Washim (shared with Washim district), 2. Hingoli (shared with Hingoli district), 3. Chandrapur (shared with Chandrapur district).
   Vidhan Sabha constituencies 7
Area
  Total13,582 km2 (5,244 sq mi)
Population
 (2011 [2] )
  Total2,772,348
  Density200/km2 (530/sq mi)
   Urban
17%
Demographics
   Literacy 82.72%
  Sex ratio951 women per 1,000 men
Time zone UTC+05:30 (IST)
Major highways NH7
Average annual precipitation911.34 mm
Website yavatmal.nic.in

Yavatmal district Loudspeaker.svg pronunciation  , [jəʋət̪maːɭ] formerly known as Yeotmal, is a district of the Indian state of Maharashtra. It is located in the region of Vidarbha, in the east-central part of the state. It is Vidarbha's third-largest district by population, after Nagpur and Amravati. [3] Yavatmal city is the administrative headquarters of the district.

Contents

History

It is believed that Yavatmal, along with the rest of the former Berar province, was part of the legendary kingdom of Vidarbha mentioned in the Mahabharata .[ citation needed ] Berar also formed part of the Mauryan Empire during the reign of Ashoka (272 to 231 BCE). Berar later came under the rule of the Satavahana dynasty (2nd century BCE to 2nd century CE), the Vakataka dynasty (3rd to 6th centuries), the Chalukya dynasty (6th to 8th centuries), the Rashtrakuta dynasty (8th to 10th centuries), the Western Chalukya (10th to 12th centuries), and finally the Yadava dynasty of Devagiri (late 12th to early 14th centuries). A period of Muslim rule began when Ala ud din Khilji, Sultan of Delhi, conquered the region in the early 14th century. The region was part of the Bahmani Sultanate, which broke away from the Delhi Sultanate in the mid-14th century. The Bahmani Sultanate broke into smaller sultanates at the end of the 15th century, and in 1572 Berar became part of the Nizam Shahi sultanate, based at Ahmednagar. The Nizam Shahis ceded Berar to the Mughal Empire in 1595. As Mughal rule started to unravel at the start of the 18th century, Asaf Jah I, Nizam of Hyderabad, seized the southern provinces of the empire (including Berar) in 1724, forming an independent state.

A detailed account of Berar was added to the Ain-i-Akbari in 1596–97, immediately after the treaty of Ahmadnagar under which the province was ceded to the Mughal Empire; this account may be regarded as a description of the province as it was administered by the Nizam Sahi and Imad Sahi kings, and probably also by the Bahamanis. The account notes that Berar was divided into thirteen sarkars or revenue districts. The Yavatmal district comprised the greater part of Akbar's sarkars of Kalam and Mahur. But some few mahals of these sarkars lay beyond the present limits of the district. Yavatmal appears in the record as the headquarters of a pargana under the name of Yot-Lohara – Yot being the Urdu or Persian corruption of Yevata, the original name of the town; and Lohara the name of a village about 5 km (3 mi) to the west of Yavatmal. The suffix mal is a corruption of mahal (pargana-town). A rough estimate makes the land revenue demand in Akbar's time for the area now occupied by the district more than ten lakhs (one million) rupees, while it is certain that collection must have fallen far short of the nominal demand.

In 1853 the district, together with the rest of Berar, came under the administration of the British East India Company. Berar was divided into East Berar and West Berar with Yavatmal district included in the former. In 1864 Yavatmal, along with some other talukas , was formed into the district initially called Southeast Berar and later renamed Wani. In 1903 Berar was leased by the Nizam of Hyderabad to the British Government of India.

Geography

Yavatmal District is situated in the south-western part of Wardha Penganga-Wainganga basin. The geographical location of the district falls in 19.26 and 20.42 north latitudes and 77.18 to 7.9.9 in the eastern line. Amravati and Wardha districts, from east to Chandrapur district, Andhra Pradesh and Nanded district are from the north whereas Parbhani and Akola districts are surrounded by west.[ incomprehensible ] [4]

The district covers 13,582 km2 (5,244 sq mi) (4.41 percent of the state). The total length of the district is 190 kilometres (120 mi), and the maximum width from north to south is 160 km (100 mi). The district occupies the southeastern part of Berar.

Yavatmal district is in the southern mountain ranges of Berar, situated on a wide plain surrounded by hilly terrain and mountain ranges running east to west. The central part is a plateau 300 to 600 metres (980 to 1,970 ft) above sea level. On its northern border is the Panighat, called the valley of Berar, which is 65 to 80 kilometres (40 to 50 mi) wide; only a 8-to-12-kilometre-wide (5 to 7 mi) portion of the valley is within Yavatmal district.

The two main rivers are the Penganga and Wardha. The Wardha originates in Madhya Pradesh. The Penganga river is the main tributary of the Wardha, and marks the southern boundary of the district before joining the Wardha. The Wardha's other tributaries include the Banmbala and Nirguda, which flow only during the monsoon season. Other rivers include the Bembala and Nirguda rivers on the Yavatmal Plateau.

Climate

The climate is dry and hot in summer with a moderately cold winter. The year is divided into four seasons: summer (March to May), southwest monsoon season (June to September), northern monsoon season (October to November), and winter (December to February).

The district receives an average annual rainfall of 911.34 mm (36 in). This generally increases from west to east, with 889 mm (35 in) in the western region of the district and 1,125 mm (44 in) in the east. Almost all of the rain falls during the southwest monsoon season. In recent years heavy rainfall has destroyed crops or left the land unsuitable for planting. [5]

The average daily temperature in May reaches 42 °C (108 °F). The average daily minimum temperature is 13 °C (55 °F) in December. The district temperature may fall below 5 °C (41 °F) due to the humidity of cool northern air.

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901577,101    
1911724,410+2.30%
1921748,959+0.33%
1931857,288+1.36%
1941887,738+0.35%
1951931,982+0.49%
19611,098,470+1.66%
19711,423,677+2.63%
19811,737,423+2.01%
19912,077,144+1.80%
20012,458,271+1.70%
20112,772,348+1.21%
source: [6]

According to the 2011 census Yavatmal district had a population of 2,772,348, [7] roughly equal to the nation of Jamaica [8] or the US state of Utah. [9]

Its population ranking was 141st in India (out of a total of 640), and 21st in the state (out of 35). [7] The district had a population density of 204 inhabitants per square kilometre (530/sq mi). [7] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 12.9%. [7] Yavatmal had a sex ratio of 947 females for every 1000 males, [7] and a literacy rate of 80.7%. 11.8% of the population is from Scheduled Castes, 18.5% from Scheduled Tribes. [7]

Languages

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 67.57% of the population in the district spoke Marathi, 13.29% Lambadi, 5.41% Urdu, 4.99% Hindi, 2.77% Kolami, 2.41% Gondi and 1.69% Telugu as their first language. [10]

Marathi is the major language. Other languages spoken are Urdu, Hindi, Telugu, , Banjari, Gondi, Kolami and Andh, an Indo-Aryan language spoken by 100,000 people. [11] People here speak with the Varhadi dialect.

Religion

As per the 2011 census, 81% of the people were Hindu, 9% Buddhist and 8% Muslim. [7]

Divisions

Yavatmal district forms the southeast corner of Amravati Division, which corresponds to the former British Raj province of Berar. Yavatmal city is the administrative headquarters of this district.

Yavatmal district comprises sixteen tehsils :

There are seven Maharashtra Vidhan Sabha constituencies in this district:

Notes:

Transport

Yavatmal City and District has Good connectivity of Tranport to all major city in India and Maharastra i.e. Nagpur, Mumbai, Nashik, Nanded, Aurangabad, Amravati.

National Highway 7 (NH7) passes through the district.

National Highway 361 passes through Yavatmal City and district.

Jawaharlal Darda Yavatmal Airport,Bhari,Yavatmal .

Yavatmal-Murtijapur Raiway Line (Work in Progress)

Wardha-Yavatmal-Nanded Railway Line (Work in Progress)

Economy

As Yavatmal is Cotton City Jowar and cotton are the main produce of the district, cotton and teakwood the chief exports. Other items exported include lime, wooden furniture and oranges.

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Yavatmal one of the country's 250 most-backward districts (out of a total of 640). [12] It is one of the twelve districts in Maharashtra currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF). [12]

Mining

The geology of the district is transitional with Deccan trap rocks (lava bed) predominating, displaying characteristic step-like hills and ridges. These have been eroded through in places, exposing older Puranic and Aryan sediments.

Forestry

Forsts are located at Bitargaon, Tipeshwar, Tiwsala and Umbarda. Trees include teak, tendu, hirda, apta and moha, as well as bamboo. Wild-bear, deer, nilgai, sambar, hyena and peacock are among the animals found in the forests. There are wildlife sanctuaries at Tipeshwar and Painganga.Tipeshwar is in way to become Tiger Reserve in India.

Tourism

Arni and Digras tehsils are pilgrimage locations, important for the journeys of Baba Kambalposh R.A. Shrine and Shri Ghantibaba Temple. They also have the Shri Chintamani temple of Kalamb, Ghatanji Maroti Maharaj Yatra and the Shree Datta Jayanti festival at Jambhora Mahur.

Ner tehsil have temple called Shri Fakirji Maharaj Sansthan, Dhanaj Manikwada which is Grade 'B' pilgrimage by Gramvikas Department of Maharashtra State Government. [13] [14]

Shree Chintamani Ganesh Temple is at Kalamb on the bank of the Chakravati. [15]

The district has various entrenched cultures and tribal communities, including the Gond Raja, Gond Pardhan, Kolam, Aandh and Banjara. Various religious fairs take place in the district including:

Shri Fakirji Maharaj Sansthan, Dhanaj Manikwada is a pilgrimage place for both Hindu as well as Muslim people. He was a saint lived 250–300 years back. Temple culture reflects the varkari sampraday. Trust is associated with different social activities. Devotees visit this place on Kartik and Ashadi Yatra. Kanya-bhakar mahaprasad in yatra and Saath Festival is famous in Maharashtra. [13] [14]

There are also forest locations for tourists and hot springs at Kapeshwar on the banks of Penganga.

Notable people

Related Research Articles

Vidarbha Former state and historical region in Maharashtra, India

Vidarbha is the north-eastern region of the Indian state of Maharashtra, comprising Nagpur Division and Amravati Division. Amravati division's former name is Berar. It occupies 31.6% of the total area and holds 21.3% of the total population of Maharashtra. It borders the state of Madhya Pradesh to the north, Chhattisgarh to the east, Telangana to the south and Marathwada and Khandesh regions of Maharashtra to the west. Situated in central India. The largest city in Vidarbha is Nagpur followed by Amravati and Yavatmal. A majority of Vidarbhians speak Varhadi and Zadi dialects of Marathi.

Buldhana district District in Maharashtra, India

Buldhana district is located in the Amravati division of Maharashtra, India . The name of the district is probably derived from Bhil Thana. It is situated at the western border of Vidarbha region and is 500 km away from the state capital, Mumbai. The district has towns and cities like Shegaon, Jalgaon Jamod, Malkapur, Khamgaon, Lonar, Mehkar, and Chikhli. It is surrounded by Madhya Pradesh in the north, Akola, Washim, and Amravati districts on the east, Jalna district on the south, and Jalgaon and Aurangabad districts on the west. Latitudes are 19.51° to 21.17° N and longitudes are 75.57° to 76.59° E. Bounded on the north by Madhya Pradesh state, to the east by Akola and Washim, to the south by Parbhani and Jalna districts, and to the west by Jalna and Jalgaon districts.

Amravati district District of Maharashtra in India

Amravati district is a district of Maharashtra state in central India. It is the administrative headquarter of Amravati division, which is one of the two divisions in Vidarbha, out of total 6 regions in state of Maharashtra.

Yavatmal City in Maharashtra, India

Yavatmal (pronunciation  is a city and municipal council in the Indian state of Maharashtra. It is the administrative headquarters of Yavatmal District. Yavatmal is around 90 km away from divisional headquarters Amravati while it is 670 km away from the state capital Mumbai. The name is derived from the Marathi Yavat and mal.

Kalamb, Yavatmal Village in Maharashtra

Kalamb is a town in Yavatmal district of Maharashtra state in India. It is famous today for its temple devoted to the Hindu god Ganesha and muslim scholar baba basuri wale. The temple is known as Shree Chintamani Temple, based on another name for Ganesh that emphasizes the belief that praying to him can remove worries. It belongs to Vidarbha Ashtavinayak, one of the eight Ganapati kshetras in Vidarbha. It is one of the 21 Kshetras of Ganesh throughout India. An annual fair of Shree Chintamani is held here. it is also famous for mosque jama masjid so beautiful in vidharb twin = The Chakravati River flows through Kalamb city. It has an average elevation of 283 metres.

Pusad City in Maharashtra, India

Pusad is a city in the Yavatmal district located in Vidarbha region of Maharashtra state of India. It is named after the Pus river. Its ancient name was 'Pushpawanti'.

Pandharkaoda City in Maharashtra, India

Pandharkawda is a City and a Municipal council in Yavatmal district in the Indian state of Maharashtra. The Pandharkawada municipality won "Best Municipality at Amravati Division" in 2006 and a quality of education award in 2011. It is near the Saikheda Dam, an earthfill dam on the Khuni River..

Wani, Yavatmal City in Maharashtra, India

Wani is a 3rd largest city in Yavatmal district in the Indian state of Maharashtra.

Ralegaon town in Maharashtra, India

Ralegaon is Tehsil place town in Yavatmal District of Maharashtra (India). It is located in Vidarbha region of Maharashra. Geographically it is located northwest from Yavatmal. It is located 42 km away from Yavatmal and 21 km away from the Kalamb which is on Nagpur-Yavatmal road. And just 41 km from city Wardha.

Painganga River

The Painganga River is the chief river of the Buldhana district, Hingoli district, Nanded district, Yavatmal district, Chandrapur district and Washim district in the Maharashtra state in India. It flows along the southeast boundaries of the district in a winding, meandering course. It is deeply entrenched and difficult to navigate. It rises in the Ajantha range and is a major tributary of the Wardha River, the other major river in the district. It is also divided Marathwada and Vidarbha near Umarkhed.

Berar Division

The Berar Division, formerly Berar Province, was one of the former administrative divisions of the Central Provinces and Berar of British India. Ellichpur (Achalpur) was the capital and the administrative headquarters of the division.

Digras (दिग्रस) Vidhan Sabha seat is one of the 288 constituencies of Maharashtra Vidhan Sabha and one of the seven which are located in the Yavatmal district.

Pusad is one of the 288 constituencies of the Maharashtra Vidhan Sabha and one of the seven which are located in the Yavatmal district.

Ralegaon is one of the 288 constituencies of the Maharashtra Vidhan Sabha and one of the seven which are located in the Yavatmal district. It covers Ralegaon town and taluka and is reserved for a Scheduled Tribe candidate. Ralegaon, Kalamb and Babhulgaon taluka falls under Ralegaon assembly constituency. https://web.archive.org/web/20150107222257/https://ceo.maharashtra.gov.in/maplinks/Images/map077.jpg

Yavatmal is one of the 288 constituencies of the Maharashtra Vidhan Sabha and one of the seven which are located in the Yavatmal district in the Indian state of Maharashtra.

Karanja is one of the 288 constituencies of Maharashtra Vidhan Sabha and one of the three which are located in the Washim district.

Wani is one of the 288 constituencies of the Maharashtra Vidhan Sabha and one of the seven which are located in the Yavatmal district.

Arni is one of the 288 constituencies of Maharashtra Vidhan Sabha and one of the seven which are located in Yavatmal district. It is reserved for Scheduled Tribe candidate.

Mohan vitthalrao more is very popular person in Umarkhed vidhansabha constituency in Umarkhed area so many people thinking mohan more is next MLA of our constituency. Umarkhed is one of the 288 constituencies of the Maharashtra Vidhan Sabha and one of the seven which are located in the Yavatmal district of the Indian state of Maharashtra. It is reserved for Scheduled Caste candidate.

Ladkhed Village in Maharashtra

Ladkhed is a village in Darwha Taluka in Yavatmal District of Maharashtra state, India. It is a part of the Vidarbha region and is in Amravati Division. It is located 27 kilometres (17 mi) west of its district headquarters at Yavatmal and is 18 kilometres (11 mi) from Darwha. Its PIN code is 445201. and postal head office is Ladkhed.

References

  1. "यवतमाळ जिल्हा, महाराष्ट्र, भारत | Cotton City | India".
  2. http://yavatmal.nic.in/mDist_glance.htm
  3. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 11 January 2010. Retrieved 17 November 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. "Yavatmal District Geographical Information" (in Marathi).
  5. "Yavatmal District Information".
  6. "Census of India Website : Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India". www.censusindia.gov.in.
  7. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  8. US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population" . Retrieved 1 October 2011. Jamaica 2,868,380 July 2011 est
  9. "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Utah 2,763,885
  10. "Census of India Website : Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India". www.censusindia.gov.in.
  11. M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Andh: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 28 September 2011.
  12. 1 2 Ministry of Panchayati Raj (8 September 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
  13. 1 2 https://www.fakirjimaharaj.com
  14. 1 2 "फकिरजी महाराज संस्थानचा गौरव सोहळा". Lokmat. 19 September 2018.
  15. "Yavatmal District Information" (in Marathi).

Coordinates: 20°06′N78°12′E / 20.1°N 78.2°E / 20.1; 78.2