Yellow River

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Yellow River
Yellow River - panoramio.jpg
The Yellow River in Sanmenxia, Henan
Map of the Yellow River with approximate borders of its basin.
Native name
Country China
Province Qinghai, Sichuan, Gansu, Ningxia, Inner Mongolia, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Henan, Shandong
Physical characteristics
Source Bayan Har Mountains
  location Yushu Prefecture, Qinghai
  coordinates 34°29′31″N96°20′25″E / 34.49194°N 96.34028°E / 34.49194; 96.34028
  elevation4,800 m (15,700 ft)
Mouth Bohai Sea
Kenli District, Dongying, Shandong
37°45′47″N119°09′43″E / 37.763°N 119.162°E / 37.763; 119.162 Coordinates: 37°45′47″N119°09′43″E / 37.763°N 119.162°E / 37.763; 119.162
0 m (0 ft)
Length5,464 km (3,395 mi)
Basin size752,546 km2 (290,560 sq mi)
  average2,571 m3/s (90,800 cu ft/s)
  minimum1,030 m3/s (36,000 cu ft/s)
  maximum58,000 m3/s (2,000,000 cu ft/s)
Basin features
  left Fen River (and many smaller rivers)
  right Tao River, Wei River (and many smaller rivers)

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Dujiangyan ancient Chinese irrigation system

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Huai River River in Central China

The Huai River, formerly romanized as the Hwai, is a major river in China. It is located about midway between the Yellow River and Yangtze, the two longest rivers and largest drainage basins in China, and like them runs from west to east. Historically draining directly into the Yellow Sea, floods have changed the course of the river such that it now primarily discharges into the Yangtze. The Huai is notoriously vulnerable to flooding.

Irrawaddy River River in Burma

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Dadu River River in southwestern China

The Dadu River, known in Tibetan as the Gyelmo Ngul Chu, is a major river located primarily in Sichuan province, southwestern China. The Dadu flows from the eastern Tibetan Plateau into the Sichuan Basin where it joins with the Min River, a tributary of the Yangtze River. Measured from its geographic source, the Dadu is actually longer than the Min and thus forms the main stem of the Min River system.

The South–North Water Transfer Project, also translated as the South-to-North Water Diversion Project is a multi-decade infrastructure mega-project in China. Ultimately it aims to channel 44.8 billion cubic meters of fresh water annually from the Yangtze River in southern China to the more arid and industrialized north through three canal systems:

Dabrys sturgeon Species of fish

Dabry's sturgeon, also known as the Yangtze sturgeon, Chiangjiang sturgeon and river sturgeon, is a species of fish in the sturgeon family, Acipenseridae. It is endemic to China and today restricted to the Yangtze River basin, but was also recorded from the Yellow River basin in the past. It was a food fish of commercial importance. Its populations declined drastically, and in the early 1980s, it was designated an endangered species on the Chinese Red List and commercial harvest was banned. It has been listed as a Critically Endangered species by the IUCN since 1996.

Tongtian River

The Zhi Qu (Tibetan) or Tongtian River, is a 1,012 km (629 mi) long, flows within Qinghai Province of northwest China. It is begins at the confluence of Tuotuo River and Dangqu River, it flows towards southeast and becomes a Jinsha River near the border of Qinghai and Sichuan. It is within the Yangtze River Basin—Chang Jiang drainage basin.

Wu River (Yangtze tributary)

The Wu River is the largest southern tributary of the Yangtze River. Nearly its entire length of 1,150 kilometres (710 mi) runs within the isolated, mountainous and ethnically diverse province of Guizhou. The river takes drainage from a 80,300-square-kilometre (31,000 sq mi) watershed.

Ordos Plateau Highland sedimentary basin in northwest China

The Ordos Plateau, also known as the Ordos Basin or simply the Ordos, is a highland sedimentary basin in northwest China with an elevation of 1,000–1,600 m (3,300–5,200 ft), and consisting mostly of land enclosed by the Ordos Loop, a large northerly rectangular bend of the Yellow River, that makes up the river's entire middle section. It is China's second largest sedimentary basin with a total area of 370,000 km2 (140,000 sq mi), and includes territories from five provinces, namely Shaanxi, Gansu, Ningxia, Inner Mongolia and a thin fringe of Shanxi, but is demographically dominated by the former three, hence is also called the Shaan-Gan-Ning Basin. The basin is bounded in the east by the Lüliang Mountains, north by the Yin Mountains, west by the Helan Mountains, and south by the Huanglong Mountains, Meridian Ridge and Liupan Mountains.

Yellow River Conservancy Commission (YRCC) is a government agency of Ministry of Water Resources of the People's Republic of China. YRCC takes responsibility of water administration of the Yellow River basin and the inland river basins in such province as Xinjiang, Qinghai, Gansu and Inner Mongolia.

Sanmenxia Dam Dam in Sanmenxia

The Sanmenxia Dam is a concrete gravity dam on the middle-reaches of the Yellow River near Sanmenxia Gorge on the border between Shanxi province and Henan Province, China. The dam is multi-purpose and was constructed for flood and ice control along with irrigation, hydroelectric power generation and navigation. Construction began in 1957 and was completed in 1960. It is the first major water control project on the Yellow River and was viewed as a major achievement of the new People's Republic of China. Subsequently, its image was printed on the country's bank notes. However, due to sediment accumulation in the reservoir, the dam later had to be re-engineered and renovated. The effects from sediment, which include flooding upstream, have placed the dam at the center of controversy and criticism-related arrests by the Chinese government.


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Yellow River
Yellow River (Chinese characters).svg
"Yellow River" in Simplified (top) and Traditional (bottom) Chinese characters
Works from the National Central Library about the Yellow River