Yemeni–Adenese clan violence

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Yemeni–Adenese clan violence refers to sectarian violence in Yemen and Aden during 1956–60, resulting in some 1,000 deaths. [1]

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Background

In 1950, Kennedy Trevaskis, the Advisor for the Western Protectorate drew up a plan for the British protectorate states to form two federations, corresponding to the two-halves of the protectorate. Although little progress was made in bringing the plan to fruition, it was considered a provocation by Ahmad bin Yahya, the leader of the Mutawakkilite Kingdom of Yemen. In addition to his role as king, he also served as the imam of the ruling Zaidi branch of Shia Islam. He feared that a successful federation in the Shafi‘i Sunnite protectorates would serve as a beacon for discontented Shafi‘ites who inhabited the coastal regions of Yemen. To counter the threat, Ahmad stepped up Yemeni efforts to undermine British control.

Violence

In the mid-1950s, Yemen supported a number of revolts by disgruntled tribes against protectorate states. The sectarian violence in Yemen Kingdom and Aden during 1956–60 resulted in some 1,000 deaths. [1] The appeal of Yemen was limited initially in the protectorate but a growing intimacy between Yemen and the popular Arab nationalist president of Egypt Gamal Abdel Nasser and the formation of United Arab States increased its attraction.

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 "CSP – Major Episodes of Political Violence, 1946–2008". Systemicpeace.org. 12 June 2013. Retrieved 14 November 2013.