Overview of Yimei, Yichun
Forest capital (林都)
Location of Yichun City (yellow) in Heilongjiang (light grey) and China
|Coordinates(Yichun municipal government): Coordinates:|
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|Municipal seat||Yimei District|
|• Type||Prefecture-level city|
|• CPC Yichun Secretary||Wang Aiwen (王爱文)|
|• Mayor||Gao Huan (高环)|
|• Prefecture-level city||39,017 km2 (15,065 sq mi)|
|• Prefecture-level city||1,148,126|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (China standard time)|
|ISO 3166 code||CN-HL-07|
"Yichun", as written in Chinese calligraphy
Yichun (Chinese :伊春; pinyin :Yīchūn) is a prefecture-level city on the Songhua river in Heilongjiang province, People's Republic of China. The city is separated from Russia by the Amur River and has an international border of 246 kilometres (153 mi). At the 2010 census, Yichun has a total population of 1,148,126 while 729,202 people live in 15 districts separated by forests. The greening rate of Yichun is up to 83%. The nickname of Yichun is Lindu (Chinese:林都; pinyin:Líndū; lit.: 'forest capital').
Yichun was named after the Yichun River (伊春河), which is a small tributary of Tangwang River (汤旺河). The word Yichun means "nine" in Mongolian language. During the Shang Dynasty Yichun was populated by the Sushen (肃慎). Before the Tang Dynasty, the region was inhabited by several nomad tribes in the northeastern border area of China including Sushen and Donghu. During the Qing Dynasty, Yichun was under the administration of Qiqihar and Hulan's Deputy Lieutenant-General (Fudutong) before it became a minor town under Tangyuan County's jurisdiction in the 1890s.
The region's real development began after the establishment of Manchukuo after Japanese force seized Manchuria in 1932. In November 1941, a railway from Suihua to Jiamusi was built before its branch was extended to today's Yichun district from Nancha in July 1942. In 1945, Yichun was established as Yichunjie (Yichun Street) under Tangyuan County's control. As a major center of lumber industry, Yichun has grown at an astonishing rate since 1949. In 1952 Yichun County was established by the PRC Government. On 13 Feb 1958 Yichun was designated a Prefecture-level city. However, in order to set up a pilot of the combination of enterprise management and government, The CPC Central Committee and State Council approved to establish Yichun Special District (伊春特区) instead of Yichun City in 1964. In 1979 the City of Yichun was reinstated. Jiayin and Tieli were put into Yichun's jurisdiction.
Yichun is located in the northeast part of Heilongjiang, faces Russia across the Amur River with a borderline of 2,495 km (1,550 mi). The Lesser Khingan Mountains cross the city. The total administrative area of Yichun is up to 33,000 km2 (13,000 sq mi). The channels and valleys are densely covered with trees and grasslands In the administrative area of Yichun. There are 702 rivers in total and the total water pondage is 10.2 billion steres, and the rivers belong to the branches of Amur River and Songhua River systems. Tangwanghe River is the main river of Yichun.
Yichun has a monsoon-influenced, hemiboreal climate (Köppen Dwb), with long, bitterly cold, but very dry winters, and very warm, humid summers. With an annual mean temperature of 1.29 °C (34.3 °F), it is among the coldest Chinese cities, and diurnal temperature variation tends to be large, especially in winter and spring. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from −22.4 °C (−8.3 °F) in January to 21.0 °C (69.8 °F). During the warmer months, rainfall is somewhat enhanced by the mountainous topography, allowing for a generous annual precipitation total of 627 millimetres (24.7 in). However, the monsoon still means that more than 60% of the annual precipitation falls from June to August alone.
|Climate data for Yichun, Heilongjiang (1971−2000)|
|Record high °C (°F)||1.0|
|Average high °C (°F)||−14.5|
|Daily mean °C (°F)||−22.4|
|Average low °C (°F)||−29.1|
|Record low °C (°F)||−41.2|
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||4.8|
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)||8.4||6.1||6.6||9.4||12.5||15.7||15.7||15.5||13.5||9.6||7.9||9.6||130.5|
|Source: Weather China|
On Jun 13, 2019, the District division adjustment plan of Yichun, which plans to merge all of the original 15 districts to 4 districts and 4 counties was approved by the State Council.
Yichun, Heilongjiang currently comprises 4 districts, 1 county-level city and 5 counties.
Districts: Yimei, Wucui, Youhao and Jinlin
County-level city: Tieli
Counties: Tangwang, Fenglin, Nancha and Dajingshan
|Name||Hanzi||Hanyu Pinyin||Population (2010 census)||Area (km²)||Density (/km²)||Former division|
|Yimei District||伊美区||Yīměi Qū||186,982||2,359||79.26||Yichun, Meixi|
|Wucui District||乌翠区||Wūcuì Qū||76,376||2,814||27.14||Wumahe, Cuiluan|
|Youhao District||友好区||Yǒuhǎo Qū||72,989||3,827||19.07||Youhao, Shangganling|
|Jinlin District||金林区||Jīnlín Qū||91,959||2,307||39.86||Jinshantun, Xilin|
|Tangwang County||汤旺县||Tāngwàng Xiàn||52,126||4,425||11.77||Tangwanghe, Wuyiling|
|Fenglin County||丰林县||Fēnglín Xiàn||98,894||5,263||18.79||Wuying, Hongxing, Xinqing|
|Nancha County||南岔县||Nánchà Xiàn||118,593||3,088||38.40||downgraded into a county|
|Daqingshan County||大箐山县||Dàqìngshān Xiàn||77,714||1,066.7||72.85||Dailing, and parts of Tieli (Langxiang town)|
|Jiayin County||嘉荫县||Jiāyīn Xiàn||68,579||7,273||9.42||no changes|
|Tieli city||铁力市||Tiělì Shì||303,914||6,593.3||46.09||ceded Langxiang town to Dajingshan|
|#||Name||Hanzi||Hanyu Pinyin||Population (2010 est.)||Area (km²)||Density (/km²)|
|1||Yichun District||伊春区||Yīchūn Qū||146,074||100||1,461|
|2||Nancha District||南岔区||Nánchà Qū||118,060||3,088||38|
|3||Youhao District||友好区||Yǒuhǎo Qū||53,409||2,366||23|
|4||Xilin District||西林区||Xīlín Qū||51,938||457||114|
|5||Cuiluan District||翠峦区||Cuìluán Qū||44,976||1,560||29|
|6||Xinqing District||新青区||Xīnqīng Qū||43,054||1,181||36|
|7||Meixi District||美溪区||Měixī Qū||40,697||2,259||18|
|8||Jinshantun District||金山屯区||Jīnshāntún Qū||39,917||1,850||22|
|9||Wuying District||五营区||Wǔyíng Qū||33,980||1,040||33|
|10||Wumahe District||乌马河区||Wūmǎhé Qū||31,391||1,254||25|
|11||Tangwanghe District||汤旺河区||Tāngwànghé Qū||30,980||1,263||25|
|12||Dailing District||带岭区||Dàilǐng Qū||32,256||1,040||31|
|13||Wuyiling District||乌伊岭区||Wūyīlǐng Qū||21,145||3,162||7|
|14||Hongxing District||红星区||Hóngxīng Qū||21,838||3,042||7|
|15||Shangganling District||上甘岭区||Shànggānlǐng Qū||19,487||1,461||13|
|16||Tieli City||铁力市||Tiělì Shì||350,358||6,620||53|
The city's GDP topped RMB 20.24 billion in 2010, featuring a growth of 15.7% over the previous year.In 2010, value-added industrial output generated by enterprises with designated size or above rose 29.3% to RMB 7.12 billion. In 2010, the foreign trade value of Yichun totaled US$302.23 million, up 36.3% year on year.
Wood processing and metallurgy are the main industries in Yichun. In 2010, value-added industrial output from wood processing increased 34% to RMB 2.01 billion, while that from metallurgy rose 39.2% to RMB 2.2 billion, accounting for 33.6% of the industrial sector's total. These two industries accounted for 91% of Yichun's total value-added industrial output according to the statistics in 2009.
Yichun Lindu Airport, located in a forest approximately 9 kilometres (5.6 mi) from downtown Yichun, is the city's airport. It started operations in August 2009, and is capable of serving 142,000 passengers a year. Yichun Railway Station operates daily trains to Harbin, the capital of Heilongjiang Province. The Yichun-Hegang Highway and the Yichun-Harbin Highway(part of Hegang-Harbin Highway) connect the city with other cities in Heilongjiang Province.
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Heilongjiang is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the northeast of the country. The province is bordered by Jilin to the south and Inner Mongolia to the west. It also shares a border with Russia to the north and east. The capital and the largest city of the province is Harbin. Among Chinese provincial-level administrative divisions, Heilongjiang is the sixth-largest by total area and the 15th-most populous.
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Suihua is a prefecture-level city in west-central Heilongjiang province, People's Republic of China, adjacent to Yichun to the east, Harbin, the provincial capital, to the south, Daqing to the west and Heihe to the north. It has 5,418,453 inhabitants at the 2010 census, of whom 877,114 lived in the built-up area made of Beilin District.
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Yichun may refer to:
Tonghe County is under the administration of Harbin, the capital of Heilongjiang province, People's Republic of China, located on the northern (left) bank of the Songhua River. It is 161 kilometres (100 mi) to the east of central Harbin, bordering Yilan County to the east, Fangzheng County to the south, Mulan County to the west, as well as the prefecture-level city of Yichun to the north.
Nancha is a county in Heilongjiang Province, China. It is under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Yichun. The county was re-organized from the former Nancha District (南岔区) by Chinese State Council in 2019. The county seat is Lianhe Subdistrict (联合街道).
Daqingshan County is a county in Heilongjiang Province, China. It is under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Yichun. The county was established by merging the former Dailing District (带岭区) and Langxiang Town (朗乡镇) of Tieli City approved by Chinese State Council in 2019. The county seat is Dailing Subdistrict (带岭街道).
Baoquanling is a district located in the northeast of Heilongjiang Province, China. Heilongjiang and joins Songhua River triangle. North to Heilongjiang and Russia for the sector, the border line of 160 kilometers. South to Songhua River from the southwest to the northeast to flow through, west of Xingan mountains, is located in Harbin, Hegang Jia Musi, three cities and Suibin, Luobei, Yilan, tangyuan Counties, the total area of 6115 square kilometers. It is a famous Agricultural area of Heilongjiang Province.
Yimei District is one of four districts of the prefecture-level city of Yichun, Heilongjiang, China. It was established by merging the former Yichun District, Meixi District and parts of Wumahe District approved by Chinese State Council in 2019. Its administrative centre is at Xuri Subdistrict (旭日街道).
Wucui District is one of four districts of the prefecture-level city of Yichun, Heilongjiang, China. It was established by merging the former Cuiluan District and parts of Wumahe District approved by Chinese State Council in 2019. Its administrative centre is at Shuguang Subdistrict (曙光街道).
Jinlin District is one of four districts of the prefecture-level city of Yichun, Heilongjiang, China. It was established by merging the former Jinshantun District and Xilin District approved by Chinese State Council in 2019. Its administrative centre is at Fendou Subdistrict (奋斗街道).
Tangwang County is a county in Heilongjiang Province, China. It is under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Yichun. The county was established by merging the former Wuyiling District and Tangwanghe District approved by Chinese State Council in 2019. The county seat is Henan Subdistrict (河南街道).
Fenglin County is a county in Heilongjiang Province, China. It is under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Yichun. The county was established by merging the former Xinqing District, Wuying District and Hongxing District approved by Chinese State Council in 2019. The county seat is Xinqing Subdistrict (新青街道).
The Hulan River is a river in Heilongjiang Province, China.
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