Yichun, Heilongjiang

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Yichun

伊春市

I-ch'un
Sight of the city from the top of Xing'an Tower, Yichun, Heilongjiang, China.jpg
Overview of Yimei, Yichun
Nickname(s): 
Forest capital (林都)
Location of Yichun Prefecture within Heilongjiang (China).png
Location of Yichun City (yellow) in Heilongjiang (light grey) and China
China Heilongjiang location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Yichun
Location of the city centre in Heilongjiang
Coordinates(Yichun municipal government): 47°43′41″N128°50′28″E / 47.728°N 128.841°E / 47.728; 128.841 Coordinates: 47°43′41″N128°50′28″E / 47.728°N 128.841°E / 47.728; 128.841
Country People's Republic of China
Province Heilongjiang
County-level divisions 17
Municipal seat Yimei District
Government
  Type Prefecture-level city
   CPC Yichun SecretaryWang Aiwen (王爱文)
  MayorGao Huan (高环)
Area
   Prefecture-level city 39,017 km2 (15,065 sq mi)
Population
 (2010) [1]
   Prefecture-level city 1,148,126
   Metro
729,202
Time zone UTC+8 (China standard time)
ZIP code
153000
Area code(s) 0458
ISO 3166 code CN-HL-07
Licence plates 黑F
Climate Dwb
Website yc.gov.cn
Yichun
Yichun name.png
"Yichun", as written in Chinese calligraphy
Chinese name
Chinese 伊春
Postal Ichun
Manchu name
Manchu script ᡳᡧᡠᠨ
Romanization Išun
Russian name
Russian Ичунь

Yichun (Chinese :伊春; pinyin :Yīchūn) is a prefecture-level city on the Songhua river in Heilongjiang province, People's Republic of China. The city is separated from Russia by the Amur River and has an international border of 246 kilometres (153 mi). At the 2010 census, Yichun has a total population of 1,148,126 while 729,202 people live in 15 districts separated by forests. [1] The greening rate of Yichun is up to 83%. The nickname of Yichun is Lindu (Chinese:林都; pinyin:Líndū; lit.: 'forest capital').

Contents

History

Map including Yichun (labeled as Yi Chun 
I-CH'UN) (AMS, 1955) Txu-oclc-6614368-nl52-2.jpg
Map including Yichun (labeled as 伊春 I-CH'UN) (AMS, 1955)

Yichun was named after the Yichun River (伊春河), which is a small tributary of Tangwang River (汤旺河). The word Yichun means "nine" in Mongolian language. During the Shang Dynasty Yichun was populated by the Sushen (肃慎). Before the Tang Dynasty, the region was inhabited by several nomad tribes in the northeastern border area of China including Sushen and Donghu. During the Qing Dynasty, Yichun was under the administration of Qiqihar and Hulan's Deputy Lieutenant-General (Fudutong) before it became a minor town under Tangyuan County's jurisdiction in the 1890s.

The region's real development began after the establishment of Manchukuo after Japanese force seized Manchuria in 1932. In November 1941, a railway from Suihua to Jiamusi was built before its branch was extended to today's Yichun district from Nancha in July 1942. In 1945, Yichun was established as Yichunjie (Yichun Street) under Tangyuan County's control. As a major center of lumber industry, Yichun has grown at an astonishing rate since 1949. In 1952 Yichun County was established by the PRC Government. On 13 Feb 1958 Yichun was designated a Prefecture-level city. However, in order to set up a pilot of the combination of enterprise management and government, The CPC Central Committee and State Council approved to establish Yichun Special District (伊春特区) instead of Yichun City in 1964. In 1979 the City of Yichun was reinstated. Jiayin and Tieli were put into Yichun's jurisdiction. [2]

Geography

Yichun is located in the northeast part of Heilongjiang, faces Russia across the Amur River with a borderline of 2,495 km (1,550 mi). The Lesser Khingan Mountains cross the city. The total administrative area of Yichun is up to 33,000 km2 (13,000 sq mi). The channels and valleys are densely covered with trees and grasslands In the administrative area of Yichun. There are 702 rivers in total and the total water pondage is 10.2 billion steres, and the rivers belong to the branches of Amur River and Songhua River systems. Tangwanghe River is the main river of Yichun.

Climate

Yichun has a monsoon-influenced, hemiboreal climate (Köppen Dwb), with long, bitterly cold, but very dry winters, and very warm, humid summers. With an annual mean temperature of 1.29 °C (34.3 °F), it is among the coldest Chinese cities, and diurnal temperature variation tends to be large, especially in winter and spring. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from −22.4 °C (−8.3 °F) in January to 21.0 °C (69.8 °F). During the warmer months, rainfall is somewhat enhanced by the mountainous topography, allowing for a generous annual precipitation total of 627 millimetres (24.7 in). However, the monsoon still means that more than 60% of the annual precipitation falls from June to August alone.

Climate data for Yichun, Heilongjiang (1971−2000)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)1.0
(33.8)
8.0
(46.4)
18.7
(65.7)
27.9
(82.2)
31.7
(89.1)
35.1
(95.2)
36.3
(97.3)
35.4
(95.7)
29.8
(85.6)
26.8
(80.2)
13.6
(56.5)
2.2
(36.0)
36.3
(97.3)
Average high °C (°F)−14.5
(5.9)
−7.8
(18.0)
0.7
(33.3)
11.5
(52.7)
19.4
(66.9)
24.4
(75.9)
27.1
(80.8)
25.0
(77.0)
19.0
(66.2)
9.8
(49.6)
−2.4
(27.7)
−12.6
(9.3)
8.3
(46.9)
Daily mean °C (°F)−22.4
(−8.3)
−16.7
(1.9)
−6.8
(19.8)
4.6
(40.3)
12.0
(53.6)
17.7
(63.9)
21.0
(69.8)
18.7
(65.7)
11.8
(53.2)
2.8
(37.0)
−9.0
(15.8)
−18.2
(−0.8)
1.3
(34.3)
Average low °C (°F)−29.1
(−20.4)
−24.5
(−12.1)
−14.4
(6.1)
−2.0
(28.4)
4.4
(39.9)
11.1
(52.0)
15.5
(59.9)
13.6
(56.5)
6.0
(42.8)
−2.9
(26.8)
−14.7
(5.5)
−24.9
(−12.8)
−5.2
(22.7)
Record low °C (°F)−41.2
(−42.2)
−41.2
(−42.2)
−37.9
(−36.2)
−18.6
(−1.5)
−8.8
(16.2)
0.5
(32.9)
4.5
(40.1)
0.4
(32.7)
−5.9
(21.4)
−22.5
(−8.5)
−33.1
(−27.6)
−40.4
(−40.7)
−41.2
(−42.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches)4.8
(0.19)
4.8
(0.19)
10.0
(0.39)
23.3
(0.92)
50.6
(1.99)
109.3
(4.30)
151.9
(5.98)
145.0
(5.71)
74.5
(2.93)
33.0
(1.30)
11.6
(0.46)
8.2
(0.32)
627.0
(24.69)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm)8.46.16.69.412.515.715.715.513.59.67.99.6130.5
Source: Weather China

Subdivisions

On Jun 13, 2019, the District division adjustment plan of Yichun, which plans to merge all of the original 15 districts to 4 districts and 4 counties was approved by the State Council. [3]

Yichun, Heilongjiang currently comprises 4 districts, 1 county-level city and 5 counties.
Districts: Yimei, Wucui, Youhao and Jinlin
County-level city: Tieli
Counties: Tangwang, Fenglin, Nancha and Dajingshan

Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Population (2010 census)Area (km²)Density (/km²)Former division
Yimei District 伊美区Yīměi Qū186,9822,35979.26 Yichun, Meixi
Wucui District 乌翠区Wūcuì Qū76,3762,81427.14 Wumahe, Cuiluan
Youhao District 友好区Yǒuhǎo Qū72,9893,82719.07Youhao, Shangganling
Jinlin District 金林区Jīnlín Qū91,9592,30739.86 Jinshantun, Xilin
Tangwang County 汤旺县Tāngwàng Xiàn52,1264,42511.77 Tangwanghe, Wuyiling
Fenglin County 丰林县Fēnglín Xiàn98,8945,26318.79 Wuying, Hongxing, Xinqing
Nancha County 南岔县Nánchà Xiàn118,5933,08838.40downgraded into a county
Daqingshan County 大箐山县Dàqìngshān Xiàn77,7141,066.772.85 Dailing, and parts of Tieli (Langxiang town)
Jiayin County 嘉荫县Jiāyīn Xiàn68,5797,2739.42no changes
Tieli city铁力市Tiělì Shì303,9146,593.346.09ceded Langxiang town to Dajingshan
Yichun mpc.png
#Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Population (2010 est.)Area (km²)Density (/km²)
1 Yichun District 伊春区Yīchūn Qū146,0741001,461
2 Nancha District 南岔区Nánchà Qū118,0603,08838
3 Youhao District 友好区Yǒuhǎo Qū53,4092,36623
4 Xilin District 西林区Xīlín Qū51,938457114
5 Cuiluan District 翠峦区Cuìluán Qū44,9761,56029
6 Xinqing District 新青区Xīnqīng Qū43,0541,18136
7 Meixi District 美溪区Měixī Qū40,6972,25918
8 Jinshantun District 金山屯区Jīnshāntún Qū39,9171,85022
9 Wuying District 五营区Wǔyíng Qū33,9801,04033
10 Wumahe District 乌马河区Wūmǎhé Qū31,3911,25425
11 Tangwanghe District 汤旺河区Tāngwànghé Qū30,9801,26325
12 Dailing District 带岭区Dàilǐng Qū32,2561,04031
13 Wuyiling District 乌伊岭区Wūyīlǐng Qū21,1453,1627
14 Hongxing District 红星区Hóngxīng Qū21,8383,0427
15 Shangganling District 上甘岭区Shànggānlǐng Qū19,4871,46113
16 Tieli City 铁力市Tiělì Shì350,3586,62053

Economy

The city's GDP topped RMB 20.24 billion in 2010, featuring a growth of 15.7% over the previous year. [4] In 2010, value-added industrial output generated by enterprises with designated size or above rose 29.3% to RMB 7.12 billion. [5] In 2010, the foreign trade value of Yichun totaled US$302.23 million, up 36.3% year on year. [5]

Wood processing and metallurgy are the main industries in Yichun. In 2010, value-added industrial output from wood processing increased 34% to RMB 2.01 billion, while that from metallurgy rose 39.2% to RMB 2.2 billion, accounting for 33.6% of the industrial sector's total. These two industries accounted for 91% of Yichun's total value-added industrial output according to the statistics in 2009. [4]

Transportation

Yichun Lindu Airport, located in a forest approximately 9 kilometres (5.6 mi) from downtown Yichun, [6] is the city's airport. It started operations in August 2009, and is capable of serving 142,000 passengers a year. [7] Yichun Railway Station operates daily trains to Harbin, the capital of Heilongjiang Province. The Yichun-Hegang Highway and the Yichun-Harbin Highway(part of Hegang-Harbin Highway) connect the city with other cities in Heilongjiang Province. [5]

Related Research Articles

Heilongjiang Province of China

Heilongjiang is a province of the People's Republic of China, located in the northeast of the country. The province is bordered by Jilin to the south and Inner Mongolia to the west. It also shares a border with Russia to the north and east. The capital and the largest city of the province is Harbin. Among Chinese provincial-level administrative divisions, Heilongjiang is the sixth-largest by total area and the 15th-most populous.

Jiamusi Prefecture-level city in Heilongjiang, Peoples Republic of China

Jiamusi is a prefecture-level city in eastern Heilongjiang province, People's Republic of China. Located along the middle and lower reaches of the Songhua River, it faces Russia's Khabarovsk Krai across the Ussuri River and the Heilongjiang. In 2018, Jiamusi had a GDP of RMB 101.2 billion with a 4.3% growth rate. Jiamusi had a total population of 2.333 million at the 2018 census, of which 1.24 million lived in the urban area and 1.09 million lived in the rural area.

Heihe Prefecture-level city in Heilongjiang, Peoples Republic of China

Heihe is a prefecture-level city of northern Heilongjiang province, China, located on the Russian border, on the south bank of the Amur (Heilong) River, across the river from Blagoveshchensk. Heihe has an urban population of about 211,313, while the total population of the prefecture-level city is 1,673,893. In 2015, Heihe had a GDP of RMB 44.78 billion.

Hegang Prefecture-level city in Heilongjiang, Peoples Republic of China

Hegang, is a prefecture-level city in Heilongjiang province of the People's Republic of China, situated in the southeastern section of the Lesser Khingan Range, facing Jiamusi across the Songhua River to the south and Russia's Jewish Autonomous Oblast across the Amur River to the north. Hegang is one of the principal coal-producing cities in China. Hegang covers an administrative area of 14,679.88 km2 (5,667.93 sq mi) and according to the 2010 Census, has a population of 1,058,665 inhabitants. Its built-up area is home to 664,471 inhabitants spread out over 5 urban districts including Dongshan being urbanized, even though still largely rural.

Mudanjiang Prefecture-level city in Heilongjiang, Peoples Republic of China

Mudanjiang, alternately romanized as Mutankiang, is a prefecture-level city in the southeast part of Heilongjiang province, People's Republic of China. It was called Botankou under Japanese occupation. It serves as a regional transport hub with a railway junction and an international airport connecting with several major Chinese cities as well as Incheon International Airport serving Seoul. Mudanjiang is located 248 km (154 mi) from Vladivostok, Russia. In 2011 Mudanjiang had a GDP of RMB 93.48 billion with a 15.1% growth rate. In 2015 Mudanjiang had a GDP of RMB 118.63 billion.

Jixi Prefecture-level city in Heilongjiang, Peoples Republic of China

Jixi is a city in southeastern Heilongjiang Province, People's Republic of China. At the 2010 census, 1,862,165 people resided within its administrative area of 22,488.47 square kilometres (8,682.85 sq mi) and 757,647 in its built-up area made up of 3 out of 6 urban districts. Jixi is on the Muling River about 30 km (19 mi) from the border with Russia's Primorsky Krai and 120 km (75 mi) from Khanka Lake. The mayor of Jixi is Zhang Changrong (张常荣) since June 2015. The area is one of the important coal mining bases in China. A crater on asteroid 253 Mathilde was named after the city.

Suihua Prefecture-level city in Heilongjiang, Peoples Republic of China

Suihua is a prefecture-level city in west-central Heilongjiang province, People's Republic of China, adjacent to Yichun to the east, Harbin, the provincial capital, to the south, Daqing to the west and Heihe to the north. It has 5,418,453 inhabitants at the 2010 census, of whom 877,114 lived in the built-up area made of Beilin District.

Qitaihe Prefecture-level city in Heilongjiang, Peoples Republic of China

Qitaihe is a prefecture-level city in eastern Heilongjiang province, People's Republic of China. Covering an area 6,223 km2 (2,403 sq mi), it is geographically the smallest prefecture-level division of the province. Qitaihe also has the second smallest population of the cities in Heilongjiang. At the 2010 census, its total population was 920,419, while 620,935 live in the built up area made of 3 urban districts.

Yichun may refer to:

Tonghe County County in Heilongjiang, Peoples Republic of China

Tonghe County is under the administration of Harbin, the capital of Heilongjiang province, People's Republic of China, located on the northern (left) bank of the Songhua River. It is 161 kilometres (100 mi) to the east of central Harbin, bordering Yilan County to the east, Fangzheng County to the south, Mulan County to the west, as well as the prefecture-level city of Yichun to the north.

Nancha County County in Heilongjiang, Peoples Republic of China

Nancha is a county in Heilongjiang Province, China. It is under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Yichun. The county was re-organized from the former Nancha District (南岔区) by Chinese State Council in 2019. The county seat is Lianhe Subdistrict (联合街道).

Youhao District District in Heilongjiang, Peoples Republic of China

Youhao  District is one of four districts of the prefecture-level city of Yichun, Heilongjiang, China. The former Shangganling District was amalgamated with it in 2019. Its administrative centre is at Youhao Subdistrict (友好街道).

Daqingshan County County in Heilongjiang, Peoples Republic of China

Daqingshan County is a county in Heilongjiang Province, China. It is under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Yichun. The county was established by merging the former Dailing District (带岭区) and Langxiang Town (朗乡镇) of Tieli City approved by Chinese State Council in 2019. The county seat is Dailing Subdistrict (带岭街道).

Baoquanling is a district located in the northeast of Heilongjiang Province, China. Heilongjiang and joins Songhua River triangle. North to Heilongjiang and Russia for the sector, the border line of 160 kilometers. South to Songhua River from the southwest to the northeast to flow through, west of Xingan mountains, is located in Harbin, Hegang Jia Musi, three cities and Suibin, Luobei, Yilan, tangyuan Counties, the total area of 6115 square kilometers. It is a famous Agricultural area of Heilongjiang Province.

Yimei District is one of four districts of the prefecture-level city of Yichun, Heilongjiang, China. It was established by merging the former Yichun District, Meixi District and parts of Wumahe District approved by Chinese State Council in 2019. Its administrative centre is at Xuri Subdistrict (旭日街道).

Wucui District is one of four districts of the prefecture-level city of Yichun, Heilongjiang, China. It was established by merging the former Cuiluan District and parts of Wumahe District approved by Chinese State Council in 2019. Its administrative centre is at Shuguang Subdistrict (曙光街道).

Jinlin District is one of four districts of the prefecture-level city of Yichun, Heilongjiang, China. It was established by merging the former Jinshantun District and Xilin District approved by Chinese State Council in 2019. Its administrative centre is at Fendou Subdistrict (奋斗街道).

Tangwang County is a county in Heilongjiang Province, China. It is under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Yichun. The county was established by merging the former Wuyiling District and Tangwanghe District approved by Chinese State Council in 2019. The county seat is Henan Subdistrict (河南街道).

Fenglin County is a county in Heilongjiang Province, China. It is under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Yichun. The county was established by merging the former Xinqing District, Wuying District and Hongxing District approved by Chinese State Council in 2019. The county seat is Xinqing Subdistrict (新青街道).

The Hulan River is a river in Heilongjiang Province, China.

References

  1. 1 2 2010年伊春市第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报 [Sixth National Population Census of the People's Republic of China]. Yichun Municipal Government. Retrieved 6 May 2011.
  2. Yichun Almanac Compilation Committee (1995). 伊春市志[History of Yichun]. Heilongjiang People's Press. ISBN   9787207029201.
  3. 黑龙江伊春市调整获批:撤销15个市辖区 新设8县区. Sina News (in Chinese). 13 July 2019. Retrieved 2 May 2020.
  4. 1 2 伊春市2010年国民经济和社会发展统计公报. www.tjcn.org (in Chinese). 31 March 2011.
  5. 1 2 3 "Yichun ( Heilongjiang ) City Information". Hong Kong Trade Development Council. Retrieved 5 September 2011.
  6. "Heavy fog shrouds airport as crash rescue continues". Society. China Daily. 25 August 2010. Retrieved 25 August 2010.
  7. "Introduction of Lindu airport in Yichun city". CCTV News. 25 August 2010. Retrieved 25 August 2010.