Ykkönen

Last updated
Ykkönen (in Finnish)
Ettan (in Swedish)
Founded1973
Country Finland
Divisions1
Number of teams12
Level on pyramid2
Promotion to Veikkausliiga
Relegation to Kakkonen
Current champions Oulu
(2020)
TV partners VeikkausTV, Huuhkaja.tv
Website Miesten Ykkönen
Current: 2021 Ykkönen

Ykkönen (Finnish for 'Number One'; Swedish : Ettan) is the second highest level of the Finnish football league system (after the Veikkausliiga), although it is the highest league managed by the Football Association of Finland.

Contents

History

The first league format competition in the second level of Finnish football was called Suomensarja , which was founded in 1936. [1] Before the inauguration of the Suomensarja, from 1930 to 1935, there had been special qualification matches for the right to play in the Mestaruussarja .

In the autumn of 1969, the Finnish football underwent a league system reform, and the Suomensarja was renamed II divisioona, or 2nd Division, with regional sections. [2]

In 1973, this level of football in Finland became nationwide, and the new name was 1. divisioona (First Division). The name Ykkönen has been used since 1995. [1]

Competition

Like the Veikkausliiga , the first division is played mainly during the summer. It comprises 12 clubs, all of whom play three matches against all other clubs in the division. The winner of the Ykkönen qualifies directly for promotion to Veikkausliiga , and the team finishing second in the league will play a two-legged promotion playoff against the team finishing 11th in the Veikkausliiga. The bottom 2 clubs are directly relegated to Kakkonen .

Clubs

The clubs in the Ykkönen for the 2021 season are:

ClubLocationStadiumCapacityManager
Ekenäs IF Raseborg Ekenäs Centrumplan800 Flag of Spain.svg Guillem Santesmases
FF Jaro Jakobstad Jakobstads Centralplan 5,000 Flag of Finland.svg Jimmy Wargh
IF Gnistan Helsinki Mustapekka Areena 1,100 Flag of Portugal.svg Ricardo Duarte
Jippo Joensuu Mehtimäki2,000 Flag of Finland.svg Jussi Leppälahti
Klubi 04 Helsinki Bolt Arena 10,770 Flag of Finland.svg Mika Väyrynen
KPV Kokkola Kokkolan keskuskenttä 3,000 Flag of Finland.svg Niko Kalliokoski
MP Mikkeli Mikkelin Urheilupuisto 7,000 Flag of Finland.svg Juha Pasoja
MuSa Pori Musan kenttä2,000 Flag of Finland.svg Ville Ulanen
PK-35 Helsinki MagneCit Areena1,000 Flag of Finland.svg Kim Raimi
RoPS Rovaniemi Keskuskenttä 4,000 Flag of Finland.svg Mikko Mannila
TPS Turku Veritas Stadion 8,076 Flag of Finland.svg Jonatan Johansson
VPS Vaasa Elisa Stadion 6,009 Flag of Finland.svg Jukka Karjalainen

Champions and top scorers 1973–2020

SeasonChampionLeague promotionsTop scorerClubGoals
1973 MiPK MiPK, FC Haka Flag of Finland.svg Matti Paatelainen FC Haka 21
1974 MyPa MyPa, VPS Flag of Finland.svg Kari Lehtolainen HPS 19
1975 GBK GBK, OPS Flag of Finland.svg Christian Nyman GBK 16
1976 Kiffen Kiffen, OTP Flag of Finland.svg Jarmo Lindahl Kiffen 15
1977 KPT KPT, Pyrkivä Flag of Finland.svg Raimo Kuuluvainen FC Ilves 17
1978 FC Ilves FC Ilves, KTP Flag of Finland.svg Ari Tissari KPT 21
1979 MP OTP, Sepsi-78 Flag of Finland.svg Tuomo Hakala RoPS 19
1980 MP MP, RoPS, MiPK Flag of Finland.svg Keijo Kousa FC Kuusysi 21
1981 FC Kuusysi FC Kuusysi, KPV, Elo Flag of Poland.svg Władysław Dąbrowski OTP 26
1982 Reipas Reipas, RoPS Flag of England.svg Craig Ramsay FF Jaro 18
1983 MP MP, KePS, PPT Flag of Finland.svg Arto Keisalo
Flag of Finland.svg Jukka Mykkänen
HPS
MP
14
1984 OTP OTP Flag of Finland.svg Hannu Tiilikainen Elo 18
1985 MP MP Flag of Finland.svg Jukka Rautakallio FinnPa 17
1986 Reipas Reipas Flag of Finland.svg Jari Aaltonen TPV 18
1987 OTP OTP Flag of Finland.svg Kalle Lehtinen FC Kontu 18
1988 FF Jaro FF Jaro Flag of Finland.svg Juha Lahtinen VaKP 19
1989 KPV KPV, Kumu Flag of Finland.svg Mauri Keskitalo MyPa 18
1990 PPT PPT, FF Jaro Flag of Finland.svg Janne Murtomäki
Flag of Finland.svg Jari Vanhala
FC Kontu
Grankulla IFK
14
1991 MyPa MyPa Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Igor Danilov Kumu 17
1992 TPV TPV, FinnPa Flag of Poland.svg Tomasz Arceusz
Flag of Russia.svg Oleg Ivanov
Flag of Russia.svg Valeri Popovitch
VPS
TPV
TPV
16
1993 KuPS KuPS, FC Oulu Flag of Finland.svg Kimmo Savolainen KePS 17
1994 Ponnistus Ponnistus, VPS Flag of Finland.svg Mika Riutto Reipas 15
1995 FC Inter FC Inter Flag of Finland.svg Mika Marjamaa KePS 18
1996 TP-Seinäjoki TP-Seinäjoki Flag of Brazil.svg Luciano Martins FC Kuusysi 18
1997 FC Haka FC Haka, PK-35 Flag of Russia.svg Valeri Popovitch FC Haka 25
1998 FC Lahti FC Lahti, KTP, Inter, TPV Flag of Finland.svg Ismo Lius FC Lahti 18
1999 Tampere United Tampere United Flag of Brazil.svg Dionísio Tampere United 24
2000 KuPS KuPS, Atlantis FC Flag of Finland.svg Niclas Grönholm Hangö IK 25
2001 FC Hämeenlinna FC Hämeenlinna FF Jaro Flag of Finland.svg Jani Myllyniemi HIFK 18
2002 KuPS KuPS, FC Jokerit, FC KooTeePee Flag of Finland.svg Janne Kauria FC Honka 17
2003 TP-47 TP-47, RoPS Flag of Finland.svg Mikko Mäkelä PP-70 15
2004 KuPS KuPS, IFK Mariehamn Flag of Finland.svg Miikka Oinonen MP 15
2005 FC Honka FC Honka, VPS Flag of The Gambia.svg Dawda Bah
Flag of Finland.svg Rami Louke
KPV
VPS
16
2006 FC Viikingit FC Viikingit, AC Oulu Flag of Finland.svg Petteri Kaijasilta PK-35 19
2007 KuPS KuPS, RoPS Flag of Finland.svg Petteri Kaijasilta PK-35 18
2008 JJK Jyväskylä JJK Flag of Nigeria.svg Babatunde Wusu JJK 22
2009 AC Oulu AC Oulu Flag of Finland.svg Pekka Sihvola FC Hämeenlinna 20
2010 RoPS RoPS Flag of Georgia.svg Irakli Sirbiladze KPV 16
2011 FC Lahti FC Lahti Flag of Finland.svg Ville Salmikivi FC Viikingit 20
2012 RoPS RoPS Flag of Finland.svg Aleksandr Kokko RoPS 15
2013 SJK SJK Flag of Finland.svg Jussi Aalto Haka 15
2014 HIFK HIFK, FC KTP, FC Ilves Flag of Finland.svg Kalle Multanen Haka 30
2015 PS Kemi PS Kemi, PK-35 Vantaa Flag of Finland.svg Kalle Multanen Haka 19
2016 JJK JJK Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.svg Aristote M'Boma AC Oulu 18
2017 TPS TPS, FC Honka Flag of Finland.svg Kalle Multanen
Flag of Brazil.svg Felix de Bona
Haka
EIF
14
2018 HIFK HIFK, KPV Flag of Mexico.svg Alberto Alvarado Morín AC Oulu 17
2019 Haka Haka, TPS Flag of Finland.svg Salomo Ojala Haka 23
2020 AC Oulu AC Oulu, KTP Flag of South Africa.svg Darren Smith EIF 18

Related Research Articles

Turun Palloseura Finnish football club

Turun Palloseura, commonly known as TPS, is a professional football club based in Turku, Finland. During the 2020 season, the men’s first team of the club competes in Veikkausliiga, the highest tier of men’s football, and the women’s representative team in the Kansallinen Liiga, the highest level of women’s football in Finland. Nicknamed "Tepsi", the club was founded in 1922.

Veikkausliiga Finnish top-tier association football league

Veikkausliiga is the premier division of Finnish football, the highest tier of the Finnish football league structure, comprising the top 12 clubs of the country. Its main sponsor is the Finnish national betting agency Veikkaus, hence the league's name. Veikkausliiga was founded in 1990; before that the top division was called Mestaruussarja since 1930 which was an amateur or semi-professional league. Between 1908 and 1930 the championship was decided as a knock-out cup competition.

FC Inter Turku Finnish football club

Football Club International Turku, commonly referred to as Inter Turku and colloquially known as Inter, is a professional football club based in Turku, Finland, that competes in the Veikkausliiga, the top flight of Finnish Football. Founded in 1990 by Stefan Håkans, the club has a rivalry with Turun Palloseura.

Kuopion Palloseura Finnish association football club

Kuopion Palloseura is a Finnish football club, based in the ninth most populated city of Finland, Kuopio. KuPS plays in Finland's Premier League, Veikkausliiga.

FC Lahti Association football club in Finland

FC Lahti is a Finnish football club based in the city of Lahti. It currently plays in the Finnish Premier League (Veikkausliiga) after placing first in the Finnish First Division (Ykkönen) during season 2011. The homeground of FC Lahti is Lahden Stadion. FC Lahti is famous of being the local team of the most successful Finnish player, Jari Litmanen, who played for the club in two stints in 2004 and 2009–10. In his youth years and the start of his career, he played in Reipas Lahti.

Myllykosken Pallo −47 Finnish association football club

Myllykosken Pallo -47 is a Finnish football club, based in the industrial village of Myllykoski, part of the city of Kouvola. The club temporarily shut down after having ceased operations in 2015 due to financial difficulties, but returned in 2017 earning a place in the fourth tier and won back-to-back promotions to reach the second division in 2019.

FC Honka Finnish football club

FC Honka is a Finnish football club, based in Espoo. It was founded in 1957 as Tapion Honka, and changed its name to FC Honka in 1975. The club currently play in the Finnish premier division (Veikkausliiga), having been promoted for the first time in their history at the end of the 2005 season. The club's manager is Vesa Vasara and it plays its home matches at Tapiolan urheilupuisto.

AC Oulu Football club

AC Oulu (ACO) is a Finnish football club based in Oulu. Formed in 2002, the club have played two seasons in Finland's highest football league Veikkausliiga and seven seasons in the second highest league Ykkönen. The club are currently playing in Veikkausliiga. They currently play their home games at Raatti Stadium, and the club colours are navy blue, and white.

FC Viikingit Finnish football club

FC Viikingit is a Finnish football club based in Vuosaari, East Helsinki, and currently playing in the Kakkonen, the third tier of Finnish football. They play their home matches at Vuosaaren urheilukenttä, also called Heteniitty. The club's name and crest refer to Vikings, and they are known for their red colour.

Kakkonen or II divisioona is the third level in the league system of Finnish football and comprises 36 Finnish football teams. The II divisioona was introduced in 1973 and in the mid-1990s became known as the Kakkonen. Sakari Tukiainen finished the season 2014 as the top goal scorer and setting a new league record with 40 goals for the Kakkonen. Petter Meyer finished the 2015 as the top goal scorer for GrIFK with 23 goals.

Tampereen Pallo-Veikot Finnish football club

Tampereen Pallo-Veikot (TPV) is a Finnish football club, based in Tampere. The club plays in the Kakkonen, the third highest level of football in Finland. It is the second largest football club in the Pirkanmaa region in terms of active members, with 1,600 members in 2005.

Helsingin Palloseura Finnish sports club

Helsingin Palloseura (HPS) is a sports club from Helsinki, Finland established in 1917. HPS has been active in several sports including bandy, ice hockey, football, handball and basketball.

JJK Jyväskylä Finnish football club

JJK Jyväskylä is a Finnish football club, based in Jyväskylä. It currently plays in the Finnish second highest league Ykkönen. The club has two managers, Mikko Manninen and Janne Korhonen. JJK plays its home matches at Harjun Stadion.

Helsingin Ponnistus Finnish football club

Helsingin Ponnistus is a football club from Helsinki, Finland. The club was formed in 1887 making it the oldest football club in Finland. The men's first team currently plays in the Kolmonen and their home ground is at the Töölön Pallokenttä.

Hangö IK Finnish sports club

Hangö Idrottsklubb is a sports club from Hanko, Finland. The club was founded in 1903. It is best known for its football team which has played one season in the Finnish premier division Mestaruussarja, in 1962, and a number of seasons in the second tier Ykkönen. Their home ground is located at the Rukki Arena. The club also has activities in handball, athletics, table tennis and powerlifting.

Porin Palloilijat Finnish football club

Porin Palloilijat or FC PoPa is a Finnish football club, based in the city of Pori in Finland. The club currently plays in the Ykkönen, the second highest level of Finnish football. The club was established in 1925 but did not operate between 1960 and 1981. It has been the leading football team in Pori since FC Jazz went bankrupt in early 2005.

Sudet Finnish sports club

Sudet is a sports club from Kouvola, Finland, playing bandy and association football. The club was formed in 1912 and was based firstly in Viipuri (Vyborg), then in Helsinki, before finally moving to Kouvola.

Suomensarja was the second highest level of league format association football in Finland from 1936 to 1972.

HIFK Fotboll Football club from Helsinki, Finland

HIFK Fotboll or IFK Helsingfors is an association football section of HIFK, a sports club based in Helsinki, Finland. The men's football team competes in the highest tier of Finnish football, Veikkausliiga. Their home ground is the Telia 5G -areena.

Naisten Ykkönen Finnish womens football league

Naisten Ykkönen is the second highest division of women's football in Finland. It is overseen by the Suomen Palloliitto. Teams in Naisten Ykkönen can gain promotion to the top-tier Kansallinen Liiga or be relegated to the third-tier Naisten Kakkonen. At the conclusion of the 2019 season, PK-35 Vantaa gained promotion to the Kansallinen Liiga as champions of the Naisten Ykkönen and PK-35 gained promotion by winning the promotion/relegation series against IK Myran. Conversely, GBK Kokkola and Ilves/2, were relegated to the Naisten Kakkonen at the conclusion of the 2019 season.

References

  1. 1 2 Pietarinen, Heikki. "Finland - List of League Second Level Tables". RSSSF. Retrieved 30 May 2010.
  2. Lautela, Yrjö & Wallén, Göran (2007). Rakas jalkapallo. Hämeenlinna: Teos. p. 61. ISBN   978-951-851-068-3.