Ykkönen

Last updated
Ykkönen (in Finnish)
Ettan (in Swedish)
Founded1973
Country Finland
Divisions1
Number of teams10
Level on pyramid2
Promotion to Veikkausliiga
Relegation to Kakkonen
Current champions HIFK
(2018)
TV partners VeikkausTV, Huuhkaja.tv
Website Miesten Ykkönen
Soccerball current event.svg 2018

Ykkönen (Finnish for 'Number One'; Swedish : Ettan) is the second highest level of the Finnish football league system (after the Veikkausliiga), although it is the highest league managed by the Football Association of Finland.

Finnish language language arising and mostly spoken in Finland, of the Finnic family

Finnish is a Finnic language spoken by the majority of the population in Finland and by ethnic Finns outside Finland. Finnish is one of the two official languages of Finland ; Finnish is also an official minority language in Sweden. In Sweden, both Standard Finnish and Meänkieli, a Finnish dialect, are spoken. The Kven language, a dialect of Finnish, is spoken in Northern Norway by a minority group of Finnish descent.

Swedish language North Germanic language spoken in Sweden

Swedish is a North Germanic language spoken natively by 10 million people, predominantly in Sweden, and in parts of Finland, where it has equal legal standing with Finnish. It is largely mutually intelligible with Norwegian and to some extent with Danish, although the degree of mutual intelligibility is largely dependent on the dialect and accent of the speaker. Both Norwegian and Danish are generally easier for Swedish speakers to read than to listen to because of difference in accent and tone when speaking. Swedish is a descendant of Old Norse, the common language of the Germanic peoples living in Scandinavia during the Viking Era. It has the most speakers of the North Germanic languages.

The Finnish football league system is a series of interconnected leagues for club football in Finland. The three highest levels are managed by the Finnish FA while the other leagues are managed by the regional departments of the FA.

Contents

History

The first league format competition in the second level of Finnish football was called Suomensarja, which was founded in 1936. [1] Before the inauguration of the Suomensarja, from 1930 to 1935, there had been special qualification matches for the right to play in the Mestaruussarja.

Suomensarja was the second highest level of league format association football in Finland from 1936 to 1972.

Mestaruussarja was the top division of Finnish football from 1930 to 1989. It was replaced by Veikkausliiga in 1990.

In the autumn of 1969, the Finnish football underwent a league system reform, and the Suomensarja was renamed II divisioona, or 2nd Division, with regional sections. [2]

Kakkonen or II divisioona is the third level in the league system of Finnish football and comprises 36 Finnish football teams. The II divisioona was introduced in 1973 and in the mid-1990s became known as the Kakkonen.. Sakari Tukiainen finished the season 2014 as the top goal scorer and setting a new league record with 40 goals for the Kakkonen. Petter Meyer finished the 2015 as the top goal scorer for GrIFK with 23 goals.

In 1973, this level of football in Finland became nationwide, and the new name was 1. divisioona (‘First Division’). Name Ykkönen has been used since 1995. [1]

Competition

Like the Veikkausliiga , the first division is played mainly during the summer. It comprises 10 clubs, all of whom play three matches against all other clubs in the division. The winner of the Ykkönen qualifies directly for promotion to Veikkausliiga , and the team finishing second in the league will play a two-legged promotion playoff against the team finishing 11th in the Veikkausliiga. The bottom 2 clubs are directly relegated to Kakkonen .

Veikkausliiga association football league

Veikkausliiga is the premier division of Finnish football, comprising the top 12 clubs of the country. Its main sponsor is the Finnish national betting agency Veikkaus, hence the league's name. Veikkausliiga was founded in 1990; before that the top division was called Mestaruussarja since 1930 which was an amateur or semi-professional league. Between 1908 and 1930 the championship was decided in a cup competition.

Clubs

Finnish Football
League Structure

Veikkausliiga (Tier 1)
Ykkönen (Tier 2)
Kakkonen (Tier 3)
Kolmonen (Tier 4)
Nelonen (Tier 5)
Vitonen (Tier 6)
Kutonen (Tier 7)
Seiska (Tier 8)

The clubs in the Ykkönen for the 2019 season are:

ClubLocationStadiumCapacityManager
AC Kajaani Kajaani Kajaanin liikuntapuisto1,500 Flag of Finland.svg Ari Koski
AC Oulu Oulu Raatin Stadion 6,996 Flag of Finland.svg Mika Lähderinne
Ekenäs IF Raseborg Ekenäs Centrumplan800 Flag of Spain.svg Gabri Garcia Xarart
Haka Valkeakoski Tehtaan kenttä 3,516 Flag of Finland.svg Teemu Tainio
Jaro Jakobstad Jakobstads Centralplan 5,000 Flag of Finland.svg Niklas Käcko
KTP Kotka Arto Tolsa Areena 4,780 Flag of Finland.svg Jari-Pekka Gummerus
MuSa Pori Musan kenttä2,000 Flag of Finland.svg Ville Ulanen
MyPa Anjalankoski Kymenlaakson Sähkö Stadion 4,167 Flag of Finland.svg Jukka Karjalainen
TPS Turku Veritas Stadion 9,372 Flag of Finland.svg Tommi Pikkarainen
TPV Tampere Tammelan Stadion 5,050 Flag of Finland.svg Anssi Ylinen

Champions and top scorers 1973–2018

SeasonChampionLeague promotionsTop scorerClubGoals
1973 MiPK MiPK, FC Haka Flag of Finland.svg Matti Paatelainen FC Haka 21
1974 MyPa MyPa, VPS Flag of Finland.svg Kari Lehtolainen HPS 19
1975 GBK GBK, OPS Flag of Finland.svg Christian Nyman GBK 16
1976 Kiffen Kiffen, OTP Flag of Finland.svg Jarmo Lindahl Kiffen 15
1977 KPT KPT, Pyrkivä Flag of Finland.svg Raimo Kuuluvainen FC Ilves 17
1978 FC Ilves FC Ilves, KTP Flag of Finland.svg Ari Tissari KPT 21
1979 MP OTP, Sepsi-78 Flag of Finland.svg Tuomo Hakala RoPS 19
1980 MP MP, RoPS, MiPK Flag of Finland.svg Keijo Kousa FC Kuusysi 21
1981 FC Kuusysi FC Kuusysi, KPV, Elo Flag of Poland.svg Władysław Dąbrowski OTP 26
1982 Reipas Reipas, RoPS Flag of England.svg Craig Ramsay FF Jaro 18
1983 MP MP, KePS, PPT Flag of Finland.svg Arto Keisalo
Flag of Finland.svg Jukka Mykkänen
HPS
MP
14
1984 OTP OTP Flag of Finland.svg Hannu Tiilikainen Elo 18
1985 MP MP Flag of Finland.svg Jukka Rautakallio FinnPa 17
1986 Reipas Reipas Flag of Finland.svg Jari Aaltonen TPV 18
1987 OTP OTP Flag of Finland.svg Kalle Lehtinen FC Kontu 18
1988 FF Jaro FF Jaro Flag of Finland.svg Juha Lahtinen VaKP 19
1989 KPV KPV, Kumu Flag of Finland.svg Mauri Keskitalo MyPa 18
1990 PPT PPT, FF Jaro Flag of Finland.svg Janne Murtomäki
Flag of Finland.svg Jari Vanhala
FC Kontu
Grankulla IFK
14
1991 MyPa MyPa Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Igor Danilov Kumu 17
1992 TPV TPV, FinnPa Flag of Poland.svg Tomasz Arceusz
Flag of Russia.svg Oleg Ivanov
Flag of Russia.svg Valeri Popovitch
VPS
TPV
TPV
16
1993 KuPS KuPS, FC Oulu Flag of Finland.svg Kimmo Savolainen KePS 17
1994 Ponnistus Ponnistus, VPS Flag of Finland.svg Mika Riutto Reipas 15
1995 FC Inter FC Inter Flag of Finland.svg Mika Marjamaa KePS 18
1996 TP-Seinäjoki TP-Seinäjoki Flag of Brazil.svg Luciano Martins FC Kuusysi 18
1997 FC Haka FC Haka, PK-35 Flag of Russia.svg Valeri Popovitch FC Haka 25
1998 FC Lahti FC Lahti, KTP, Inter, TPV Flag of Finland.svg Ismo Lius FC Lahti 18
1999 Tampere United Tampere United Flag of Brazil.svg Dionísio Tampere United 24
2000 KuPS KuPS, Atlantis FC Flag of Finland.svg Niclas Grönholm Hangö IK 25
2001 FC Hämeenlinna FC Hämeenlinna FF Jaro Flag of Finland.svg Jani Myllyniemi HIFK 18
2002 KuPS KuPS, FC Jokerit, FC KooTeePee Flag of Finland.svg Janne Kauria FC Honka 17
2003 TP-47 TP-47, RoPS Flag of Finland.svg Mikko Mäkelä PP-70 15
2004 KuPS KuPS, IFK Mariehamn Flag of Finland.svg Miikka Oinonen MP 15
2005 FC Honka FC Honka, VPS Flag of The Gambia.svg Dawda Bah
Flag of Finland.svg Rami Louke
KPV
VPS
16
2006 FC Viikingit FC Viikingit, AC Oulu Flag of Finland.svg Petteri Kaijasilta PK-35 19
2007 KuPS KuPS, RoPS Flag of Finland.svg Petteri Kaijasilta PK-35 18
2008 JJK Jyväskylä JJK Flag of Nigeria.svg Babatunde Wusu JJK 22
2009 AC Oulu AC Oulu Flag of Finland.svg Pekka Sihvola FC Hämeenlinna 20
2010 RoPS RoPS Flag of Georgia.svg Irakli Sirbiladze KPV 16
2011 FC Lahti FC Lahti Flag of Finland.svg Ville Salmikivi FC Viikingit 20
2012 RoPS RoPS Flag of Finland.svg Aleksandr Kokko RoPS 15
2013 SJK SJK Flag of Finland.svg Jussi Aalto Haka 15
2014 HIFK HIFK, FC KTP, FC Ilves Flag of Finland.svg Kalle Multanen Haka 30
2015 PS Kemi PS Kemi, PK-35 Vantaa Flag of Finland.svg Kalle Multanen Haka 19
2016 JJK JJK Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.svg Aristote M'Boma AC Oulu 18
2017 TPS TPS, FC Honka Flag of Finland.svg Kalle Multanen
Flag of Brazil.svg Felix de Bona
Haka
EIF
14
2018 HIFK HIFK, KPV Flag of Mexico.svg Alberto Alvarado Morín AC Oulu 17

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References

  1. 1 2 Pietarinen, Heikki. "Finland - List of League Second Level Tables". RSSSF. Retrieved 30 May 2010.
  2. Lautela, Yrjö & Wallén, Göran (2007). Rakas jalkapallo. Hämeenlinna: Teos. p. 61. ISBN   978-951-851-068-3.
Football Association of Finland sports governing body in Finland

The Football Association of Finland is the governing body of football in Finland. It was founded in Helsinki on 19 May 1907.