|Number of teams||10|
|Level on pyramid||2|
|Current champions|| HIFK |
|TV partners||VeikkausTV, Huuhkaja.tv|
Ykkönen (Finnish for 'Number One'; Swedish : Ettan) is the second highest level of the Finnish football league system (after the Veikkausliiga), although it is the highest league managed by the Football Association of Finland.
Finnish is a Finnic language spoken by the majority of the population in Finland and by ethnic Finns outside Finland. Finnish is one of the two official languages of Finland ; Finnish is also an official minority language in Sweden. In Sweden, both Standard Finnish and Meänkieli, a Finnish dialect, are spoken. The Kven language, a dialect of Finnish, is spoken in Northern Norway by a minority group of Finnish descent.
Swedish is a North Germanic language spoken natively by 10 million people, predominantly in Sweden, and in parts of Finland, where it has equal legal standing with Finnish. It is largely mutually intelligible with Norwegian and to some extent with Danish, although the degree of mutual intelligibility is largely dependent on the dialect and accent of the speaker. Both Norwegian and Danish are generally easier for Swedish speakers to read than to listen to because of difference in accent and tone when speaking. Swedish is a descendant of Old Norse, the common language of the Germanic peoples living in Scandinavia during the Viking Era. It has the most speakers of the North Germanic languages.
The Finnish football league system is a series of interconnected leagues for club football in Finland. The three highest levels are managed by the Finnish FA while the other leagues are managed by the regional departments of the FA.
The first league format competition in the second level of Finnish football was called Suomensarja, which was founded in 1936.Before the inauguration of the Suomensarja, from 1930 to 1935, there had been special qualification matches for the right to play in the Mestaruussarja.
Suomensarja was the second highest level of league format association football in Finland from 1936 to 1972.
Mestaruussarja was the top division of Finnish football from 1930 to 1989. It was replaced by Veikkausliiga in 1990.
In the autumn of 1969, the Finnish football underwent a league system reform, and the Suomensarja was renamed II divisioona, or 2nd Division, with regional sections.
Kakkonen or II divisioona is the third level in the league system of Finnish football and comprises 36 Finnish football teams. The II divisioona was introduced in 1973 and in the mid-1990s became known as the Kakkonen.. Sakari Tukiainen finished the season 2014 as the top goal scorer and setting a new league record with 40 goals for the Kakkonen. Petter Meyer finished the 2015 as the top goal scorer for GrIFK with 23 goals.
In 1973, this level of football in Finland became nationwide, and the new name was 1. divisioona (‘First Division’). Name Ykkönen has been used since 1995.
Like the Veikkausliiga , the first division is played mainly during the summer. It comprises 10 clubs, all of whom play three matches against all other clubs in the division. The winner of the Ykkönen qualifies directly for promotion to Veikkausliiga , and the team finishing second in the league will play a two-legged promotion playoff against the team finishing 11th in the Veikkausliiga. The bottom 2 clubs are directly relegated to Kakkonen .
Veikkausliiga is the premier division of Finnish football, comprising the top 12 clubs of the country. Its main sponsor is the Finnish national betting agency Veikkaus, hence the league's name. Veikkausliiga was founded in 1990; before that the top division was called Mestaruussarja since 1930 which was an amateur or semi-professional league. Between 1908 and 1930 the championship was decided in a cup competition.
| Finnish Football|
The clubs in the Ykkönen for the 2019 season are:
|AC Kajaani||Kajaani||Kajaanin liikuntapuisto||1,500|
|AC Oulu||Oulu||Raatin Stadion||6,996|
|Ekenäs IF||Raseborg||Ekenäs Centrumplan||800|
|KTP||Kotka||Arto Tolsa Areena||4,780|
|MyPa||Anjalankoski||Kymenlaakson Sähkö Stadion||4,167|
|Season||Champion||League promotions||Top scorer||Club||Goals|
|1973||MiPK||MiPK, FC Haka||FC Haka||21|
|1977||KPT||KPT, Pyrkivä||FC Ilves||17|
|1978||FC Ilves||FC Ilves, KTP||KPT||21|
|1980||MP||MP, RoPS, MiPK||FC Kuusysi||21|
|1981||FC Kuusysi||FC Kuusysi, KPV, Elo||OTP||26|
|1982||Reipas||Reipas, RoPS||FF Jaro||18|
|1983||MP||MP, KePS, PPT|| HPS |
|1988||FF Jaro||FF Jaro||VaKP||19|
|1990||PPT||PPT, FF Jaro|| FC Kontu |
|1992||TPV||TPV, FinnPa|| VPS |
|1993||KuPS||KuPS, FC Oulu||KePS||17|
|1995||FC Inter||FC Inter||KePS||18|
|1997||FC Haka||FC Haka, PK-35||FC Haka||25|
|1998||FC Lahti||FC Lahti, KTP, Inter, TPV||FC Lahti||18|
|1999||Tampere United||Tampere United||Tampere United||24|
|2000||KuPS||KuPS, Atlantis FC||Hangö IK||25|
|2001||FC Hämeenlinna||FC Hämeenlinna FF Jaro||HIFK||18|
|2002||KuPS||KuPS, FC Jokerit, FC KooTeePee||FC Honka||17|
|2004||KuPS||KuPS, IFK Mariehamn||MP||15|
|2005||FC Honka||FC Honka, VPS|| KPV |
|2006||FC Viikingit||FC Viikingit, AC Oulu||PK-35||19|
|2009||AC Oulu||AC Oulu||FC Hämeenlinna||20|
|2011||FC Lahti||FC Lahti||FC Viikingit||20|
|2014||HIFK||HIFK, FC KTP, FC Ilves||Haka||30|
|2015||PS Kemi||PS Kemi, PK-35 Vantaa||Haka||19|
|2017||TPS||TPS, FC Honka|| Haka |
|2018||HIFK||HIFK, KPV||AC Oulu||17|
Football Club International Turku is a football club based in Turku, Finland. It was founded in 1990, and has played in the Veikkausliiga, the highest level of Finnish football since 1996. TPS Turku are considered main rivals for Inter.
Football in Finland, unlike in most other European countries, is not the most popular spectator sport, as it falls behind ice hockey, which enjoys a huge amount of popularity in the country. Football tops ice hockey in the number of registered players and as a popular hobby. It is the most popular hobby among 3-18 year olds, whereas ice hockey is 9th. Football's standing is constantly increasing, especially among girls and women, where the yearly growth rate has lately been over 10 percent. In season 2006–07 19.9 percent of registered players were female. The Football Association of Finland (Palloliitto) has approximately a thousand clubs as its members. According to a Gallup poll, nearly 400,000 people include football in their hobbies.
Kuopion Palloseura is a Finnish football club, based in the 9th most populated city of Finland, Kuopio. KuPS plays in Finland's Premier League, Veikkausliiga. The team plays its home matches at Savon Sanomat Areena. Until June 2005, KuPS used to play at an aged track and field stadium in Väinölänniemi, which is said to be one of the most beautiful sporting places in Finland. Väinölänniemi is a cape surrounded by a local lake, Kallavesi.
FC Honka is a Finnish football club, based in Espoo. It was promoted into the Finnish premier division (Veikkausliiga), for the first time in its history, at the end of the 2005 season. The club's manager is Vesa Vasara and it plays its home matches at Tapiolan urheilupuisto. It was founded in 1957 as Tapion Honka, and changed its name to FC Honka in 1975.
AC Oulu (ACO) is a Finnish football club based in Oulu. Formed in 2002, the club have played two seasons in Finland's highest football league Veikkausliiga and seven seasons in the second highest league Ykkönen. The club are currently playing in Ykkönen. They play their home games at Raatti Stadium, and the club colours are navy blue and white.
FC Viikingit is a Finnish football club based in Vuosaari, East Helsinki, and currently playing in the Kakkonen, the third tier of Finnish football. They play their home matches at Vuosaaren urheilukenttä, also called Heteniitty. The club's name and crest refer to Vikings, and they are known for their red colour.
Tampereen Pallo-Veikot or TPV is a Finnish football club, based in Tampere. The club plays in the Kakkonen, the third highest level of football in Finland. It is the second largest football club in the Pirkanmaa region in terms of active members, with 1,600 members in 2005.
JJK Jyväskylä (JJK) is a Finnish football club, based in Jyväskylä. It currently plays in the Finnish second highest league Ykkönen. The club has two managers, Mikko Manninen and Janne Korhonen. JJK plays its home matches at Harjun Stadion.
Helsingin Ponnistus is a football club from Helsinki, Finland. The club was formed in 1887 making it the oldest football club in Finland. The men's first team currently plays in the Kolmonen and their home ground is at the Töölön Pallokenttä.
The 2002 season was the 72nd completed season of Finnish Football League Championship, known as the Veikkausliiga. At the same time it was the 13th season of the Veikkausliiga. This season 3 teams could promote from the 2nd division and only one would relegate, because the Veikkausliiga would extend its number of participating teams from 12 to 14, starting the 2003 season.
Hangö Idrottsklubb is a sports club from Hanko, Finland. The club was founded in 1903. It is best known for its football team which has played one season in the Finnish premier division Mestaruussarja, in 1962, and a number of seasons in the second tier Ykkönen. Their home ground is located at the Rukki Arena. The club also has activities in handball, athletics, table tennis and powerlifting.
Pallo-Kerho 37, also known as PK-37, is a Finnish football club from the city of Iisalmi. The club was founded on 10 October 1937 as a bandy and football club, but later on it also became known for its pesäpallo and ice hockey sections. Nowadays PK-37 concentrates only on football.
Porin Palloilijat or FC PoPa is a Finnish football club, based in the city of Pori in Finland. The club currently plays in the Ykkönen, the second highest level of Finnish football. The club was established in 1925 but did not operate between 1960 and 1981. It has been the leading football team in Pori since FC Jazz went bankrupt in early 2005.
League Tables for teams participating in Ykkönen, the second tier of the Finnish football league system, in 2006.
HIFK Fotboll or IFK Helsingfors is an association football section of HIFK, a sports club from Helsinki, Finland. The men's football first team plays in the highest tier of Finnish football, Veikkausliiga. Their home ground is at the Telia 5G -areena.
The 2017 Ykkönen was the 46th season of Ykkönen, the second highest football league in Finland. The season started on 29 April 2016 and ended on 21 October 2016. The winning team qualified directly for promotion to the 2018 Veikkausliiga, the second has to play a play-off against the eleventh team from Veikkausliiga to decide who will play in that division. The bottom 2 teams qualified directly for relegation to Kakkonen.
The 2018 Ykkönen was the 47th season of Ykkönen, the second highest football league in Finland. The season started on 28 April 2018 and ended on 27 October 2018. The winning team will qualify directly for promotion to the 2019 Veikkausliiga, the second has to play a play-off against the eleventh team from Veikkausliiga to decide who will play in that division. The bottom 2 teams will qualify directly for relegation to Kakkonen.
The Football Association of Finland is the governing body of football in Finland. It was founded in Helsinki on 19 May 1907.