Yokohama Flügels

Last updated
Yokohama Flügels
横浜フリューゲルス
Yokohama Flugels logo.svg
Full nameYokohama Flügels
Founded1964 (as All Nippon Airways SC)
Dissolved1999
Ground Mitsuzawa Stadium, Yokohama
Capacity15,046

Yokohama Flügels(横浜フリューゲルス,Yokohama Furyūgerusu) was a Japanese football club that played in the J.League between 1993 and 1998. In 1999 the club was officially merged with local rivals Yokohama Marinos and the two teams became known together as Yokohama F. Marinos. However, many Flügels fans refused to support the new Marinos and created their own club, Yokohama FC, as they felt that the Flügels had been dissolved rather than merged with.

Contents

History

The club was originally the company team of All Nippon Airways. For a time they were billed as Yokohama TriStar SC, but the aftermath of the Lockheed-ANA bribery scandal ensured that ANA stuck to their own name as they were pushing for promotion to the Japan Soccer League from the regional Kanto Football League in the early 1980s.

They were promoted to the JSL's Second Division in 1984 and immediately made an impact, being promoted to First Division as runner-up. Despite being relegated at the first attempt in 1985, they bounced back up again in 1987 and would never leave the top flight until their demise.

The club's name, adopted upon professionalization for the J.League, sprang from the German word Flügel , meaning wing or wings ("Flügels" is an anglicised plural, where the original German word has only one form which can both represent singular and plural). The name points to the club's former sponsor. For a time it was billed as AS Flügels, with the initials of both sponsors, ANA and Sato Labs, forming an initialism that resembled the Italian and French initials for "Sporting Association" (Associazione Sportiva and Association Sportive).

Despite never winning either the JSL or J.League title, they were top contenders from the late 1980s through its last game, and won several accolades at home and abroad, including the Emperor's Cup, the Asian Cup Winners' Cup and the Asian Super Cup.

In 1998, Sato Labs announced that it was pulling its financial support of the club. However, instead of simply dissolving the club or finding another investor, ANA, the team's other chief sponsor, met with Nissan Motors, the primary sponsor of crosstown rivals Yokohama Marinos, and announced that the two Yokohama clubs would merge, with Flügels players joining the Marinos.

Although the "F" added to the new club name, "Yokohama F. Marinos" is meant to represent the merger of the two clubs, Flügels supporters rejected the merger. Instead, the supporter club followed the socio model used by FC Barcelona and founded Yokohama FC, the first professional Japanese football club owned and operated by its members. [1]

On 1 January 1999, Flügels won their final match, the Emperor's Cup final against Shimizu S-Pulse, 2–1.

Flügels were not the first club to withdraw from the Japanese top flight and fold; in 1976, Eidai Industries from Yamaguchi Prefecture had been closed down by its parent company due to rising costs of maintaining a top-flight team.

Record as J.League member

SeasonDiv.Tms.Pos.Attendance/G J.League Cup Emperor's Cup Asia
1992----Group Stage2nd round--
1993 J110615,464Semi-finalWinner--
1994 J112719,4382nd round2nd round--
1995 J1141315,802-2nd round CWC Winner
1996 J116313,877Group Stage4th round--
1997 J117610,084Semi-finalFinal--
1998 J118715,895Group StageWinner--
Key

Honours

Domestic

International

See also

Related Research Articles

The J1 League or simply J1 is the top division of the Japan Professional Football League and the top professional association football J.League in Japan. It is one of the most successful leagues in Asian club football. Currently, the J1 League is the first level of the Japanese association football league system. The second tier is represented by the J2 League. It is currently sponsored by Meiji Yasuda Life and thus officially known as the Meiji Yasuda J1 League. Until the 2014 season it was named the J.League Division 1.

Yokohama F. Marinos association football club

Yokohama F. Marinos is a Japanese association football team that participates in the J1 League.

Urawa Red Diamonds association football club

Urawa Red Diamonds, colloquially Urawa Reds (浦和レッズ), are a professional association football club playing in Japan's football league, J1 League.

Tokyo Verdy Japanese association football club

Tokyo Verdy is a Japanese professional football club, based in Tokyo, Japan, that plays in J2 League.

Shonan Bellmare Japanese professional football (soccer) club

Shonan Bellmare is a Japanese professional association football club currently playing in the J1 League. The team is located in Hiratsuka, in the west of Kanagawa Prefecture; their home stadium is Hiratsuka Athletics Stadium. Shonan refers to a coastal area along Sagami Bay that includes Hiratsuka. Bellmare is a portmanteau of the Italian words bello and mare, meaning "beautiful sea".

Kashima Antlers Japanese professional association football club

Kashima Antlers are a Japanese professional association football club playing in the J1 League with financial backing from the Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal.

J.League Japans professional association football (soccer) league including the first division J1 League, second division J2 League and third division J3 League

The J.League (Japan Professional Football League is Japan's professional football league including the first division J1 League, second division J2 League and third division J3 League. J1 League is one of the most successful leagues in Asian club football. It is currently sponsored by Meiji Yasuda Life and thus officially known as the Meiji Yasuda J.League.

Seigo Narazaki is a former Japanese football player. He played for Japan national team.

Motohiro Yamaguchi is a former Japanese football player and manager. He played for Japan national team.

Atsuhiro Miura is a former Japanese football player. He played for Japan national team.

Japan Soccer League

Japan Soccer League, or JSL, was the top flight football league in Japan between 1965 and 1992, and was the precursor to the current professional league, the J. League. JSL was the second national league of a team sport in Japan after the professional Japanese Baseball League that was founded in 1936. JSL was the first-ever national league of an amateur team sport in Japan.

Yasuharu Sorimachi is a former Japanese football player and manager. He played for Japan national team. He currently manages Matsumoto Yamaga FC.

Shigetatsu Matsunaga Japanese association football player

Shigetatsu Matsunaga is a former Japanese football player. He played for Japan national team.

Naoto Otake is a former Japanese football player and manager. He played for Japan national team. His younger brother Masato was also a footballer.

Hayuma Tanaka is a Japanese football player who plays for Matsumoto Yamaga FC. He played for Japan national team.

Hiroshi Hirakawa is a former Japanese football player. He played for Japan national team.

Toru Sano is a former Japanese football player and manager. He played for Japan national team.

Kazuki Sato is a former Japanese football player.

Junji Koizumi is a former Japanese football player.

1992 Yokohama Flügels season

References

  1. Maurer, Harry (2000-12-11). "As Fans Build a Team of Their Own...Yokohama Readies for the World Cup". BusinessWeek. Retrieved 2007-01-16.

Further reading