Yoshino, Nara

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Yoshino

吉野町
Town
Flag of Yoshino Nara.JPG
Flag
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Seal
Yoshino in Nara Prefecture Ja.svg
Location of Yoshino in Nara Prefecture
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Red pog.svg
Yoshino
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 34°24′N135°51′E / 34.400°N 135.850°E / 34.400; 135.850 Coordinates: 34°24′N135°51′E / 34.400°N 135.850°E / 34.400; 135.850
CountryJapan
Region Kansai
Prefecture Nara Prefecture
District Yoshino
Area
  Total95.96 km2 (37.05 sq mi)
Population
 (February 1, 2020)
  Total6,337
  Density66.3/km2 (172/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+09:00 (JST)
City hall address80-1 Ōaza Kamiichi, Yoshino-machi, Yoshino-gun, Nara-ken
639-3192
Website www.town.yoshino.nara.jp

Yoshino (吉野町, Yoshino-chō) is a town located in Yoshino District, Nara Prefecture, Japan. As of September 1, 2007, the town had an estimated population of 6,337 and a density of 66.3 per square kilometre (172/sq mi). The total area was 95.65 km2 (36.93 sq mi).

Contents

Geography

Yoshinoyama Visitors Center Yoshinoyama-visiter-center.jpg
Yoshinoyama Visitors Center

The town of Yoshino is located in the northern portion of Yoshino District. Most of the area is mountainous, but the section along the Yoshino River is somewhat flatter and contains most of the town's roads, train tracks and houses.

The most well-known area within the town is Yoshino Mountain, famous for its many thousands of sakura trees; much poetry has been written on the subject by several famous authors, including Chiyo and Uejima Onitsura. [1] These flowering cherry trees were planted in four groves at different altitudes, in part so that the trees would be visible coming into bloom at different times in the spring. An account of Yoshino written in about 1714 explained that, on their climb to the top, travelers would be able to enjoy the lower 1,000 cherry trees at the base, the middle 1,000 on the way, the upper 1,000 toward the top, and the 1,000 in the precincts of the inner shrine at the top. [2]

Sacred For adherents of Shugendo, Yoshino Mountain is the traditional beginning of the Mount Ōmine pilgrimage trail (part of the Omine-Okugake Trail), although nowadays many hikers begin and end their trek in the Dorogawa district of Tenkawa Village.

Industry

Lumber

The town of Yoshino produces a wide variety of wood-based goods made from lumber harvested from the local forest land. Most of the forest within the Yoshino area is artificial, consisting of red cedar and cypress trees that have been planted and harvested in cycles for 500 years. [3] The Yoshino River served in past times as a means of transportation for the lumber harvested in the region.

Paper

The Kuzu district of Yoshino has a long history of traditional Japanese washi paper production. According to a local story, Prince Oama (later to become Emperor Tenmu), taught the residents of Kuzu the process of making washi in the 7th century. [4]

Surrounding municipalities

Notable places

Kinpusen-ji KinpusenjiZaodo.jpg
Kinpusen-ji

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Yoshino-Kumano National Park is a national park comprising several non-contiguous areas of Mie, Nara, and Wakayama Prefectures, Japan. Established in 1936, the park includes Mount Yoshino, celebrated for its cherry blossoms, as well as elements of the UNESCO World Heritage Site Sacred Sites and Pilgrimage Routes in the Kii Mountain Range.

Yoshino may refer to:

Kannō-ji

Kannō-ji is a Buddhist temple in the middle of Mount Kabutoyama in Nishinomiya, Hyōgo, Japan. The other name of the temple is Kabutoyama-daishi (甲山大師).

Yoshino Ropeway

The Yoshino Ropeway is an aerial tramway in Mount Yoshino, Yoshino, Nara, Japan, operated by Yoshino Ōmine Kēburu Ropeway Bus Co., Ltd. This is the oldest surviving aerial lift line in the nation. The line opened on March 12, 1929, a year after Yoshino Railway, the current Kintetsu Yoshino Line, opened the railway line to Yoshino Station. The line uses two cabins, named Kaede (Maple) and Sakura (Cherry). The cabins have stair-like floors; the classical style that has become uncommon nowadays. Although the cabins and cables have been updated, the spans are still those constructed in 1928. The line is not only a sightseeing line to Mount Yoshino, but also a local transport for residents there. As such, there is a commuter pass available.

Kumano Kodō

The Kumano Kodō (熊野古道) is a series of ancient pilgrimage routes that crisscross the Kii Hantō, the largest peninsula of Japan. These trails were used by pilgrims to "Kumano Sanzan" (熊野三山) or the Three Grand Shrines of Kumano: Kumano Hongū Taisha (熊野本宮大社), Kumano Nachi Taisha (熊野那智大社) and Kumano Hayatama Taisha (熊野速玉大社).

Yoshino-Jingū Station Railway station in Yoshino, Nara Prefecture, Japan

Yoshino-Jingū Station is a train station in Yoshino, Yoshino District, Nara Prefecture, Japan.

Yoshino Station (Nara) Railway station in Yoshino, Nara Prefecture, Japan

Yoshino Station is the terminus on the Kintetsu Railway Yoshino Line in Yoshino, Yoshino District, Nara Prefecture, Japan.

Mount Yoshino

Mount Yoshino is a mountain located in the town of Yoshino in Yoshino District, Nara Prefecture, Japan that is a major religious and literary site. It is renowned for its cherry blossoms and attracts many visitors every spring, when the trees are in blossom. In 2004, Mount Yoshino was designated as part of a UNESCO World Heritage Site under the name Sacred Sites and Pilgrimage Routes in the Kii Mountain Range.

Yoshino Mikumari Shrine

Yoshino Mikumari Shrine is a Shinto shrine located on Mount Yoshino in Yoshino district, Nara, Japan. It is closely associated with Emperor Go-Daigo.

Kimpusen-ji

Kinpusen-ji is the head temple of a branch of the Shugendō religion called Kinpusen-Shugendō in Yoshino district, Nara Prefecture, Japan. According to tradition, it was founded by En no Gyōja, who propagated a form of mountain asceticism drawing from Shinto and Buddhist beliefs. Along with Ōminesan-ji Temple, it is considered the most important temple in Shugendō.

Ōminesan-ji

Ōminesan-ji is an important temple of the Shugendō religion in Yoshino district, Nara prefecture, Japan. It is located at the peak of Mount Ōmine, or Sanjōgatake. According to tradition, it was founded by En no Ozunu, the founder of Shugendō, a form of mountain asceticism drawing from Buddhist and Shinto beliefs. Along with Kinpusen-ji Temple, it is considered the most important temple in Shugendō.

Cultural Landscape (Japan)

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Kumano River

The Kumano River is a river in the Kii Peninsula of central Japan, located in Nara, Wakayama and Mie Prefectures. It is 183 kilometres (114 mi) long and has a watershed of 2,630 square kilometres (1,020 sq mi).

References

  1. Gill, Robin (2006). Cherry Blossom Epiphany: The Poetry and Philosophy of a Flowering Tree (1st ed.). Paraverse Press. pp. 632–678 of 740. ISBN   0974261866.
  2. Kaibara Ekiken. (1714). Yoshinoyama syokeizu Archived March 5, 2008, at the Wayback Machine ; Stokes, Henry Scott. Cherry Blossom Time Puts Japan at Ease," New York Times. March 6, 1983.
  3. 吉野中央森林組合. 吉野中央森林組合 (in Japanese). Retrieved 2018-07-23.
  4. 国栖の里観光協会トップページ. 国栖の里観光協会 (in Japanese). Retrieved 2018-07-23.