Yossi Sarid

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Yossi Sarid
Yossi Sarid.JPG
Date of birth(1940-10-24)24 October 1940
Place of birth Rehovot, Mandatory Palestine
Date of death4 December 2015(2015-12-04) (aged 75)
Knessets 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16
Faction represented in Knesset
1974–1984 Alignment
1984–1992 Ratz
1992–2006 Meretz
Ministerial roles
1992–1996 Minister of the Environment
1999–2000 Minister of Education

Yossi Sarid (Hebrew : יוסי שריד; 24 October 1940 – 4 December 2015) was an Israeli politician and news commentator. He served as a member of the Knesset for the Alignment, Ratz and Meretz between 1974 and 2006. A former Minister of Education and Minister of the Environment, he led Meretz between 1996 and 2003 and served as Leader of the Opposition from 2001 to 2003. Known for his determined moral stance and his willingness to pay the political price for that determination, Sarid was often referred to as Israel's moral compass. [1] [2]

Hebrew language Semitic language native to Israel

Hebrew is a Northwest Semitic language native to Israel; the modern version of which is spoken by over 9 million people worldwide. Historically, it is regarded as the language of the Israelites and their ancestors, although the language was not referred to by the name Hebrew in the Tanakh. The earliest examples of written Paleo-Hebrew date from the 10th century BCE. Hebrew belongs to the West Semitic branch of the Afroasiatic language family. Hebrew is the only living Canaanite language left, and the only truly successful example of a revived dead language.

Ratz (political party) Israeli political party

Ratz, officially the Movement for Civil Rights and Peace was a left-wing political party in Israel that focused on human rights, civil rights, and women's rights. It was active from 1973 until its formal merger into Meretz in 1997.

Meretz Israeli political party

Meretz is a left-wing, social-democratic and green political party in Israel. The party was originally formed in 1992 with the union of Ratz, Mapam and Shinui, and was at its peak in the 13th Knesset between 1992 and 1996, during which it held 12 seats. In the April 2019 elections, the party won four seats.

Contents

Biography

Yosef (Yossi) Sarid was born in Rehovot, Sarid served in the Artillery Corps and as a Military Correspondent during his national service in the IDF. He earned an MA in political science from New School for Social Research in New York City. He was a resident of Margaliyot in the Upper Galilee. [3]

Rehovot Place in Israel

Rehovot is a city in the Central District of Israel, about 20 kilometers south of Tel Aviv. In 2017 it had a population of 138,379.

Artillery Corps (Israel) Israeli Army functional combat support corps

The Israeli Artillery Corps is the Israel Defense Forces corps responsible for operating medium and long-range artillery. The current commander of the Artillery Corps is Brigadier General Roy Riftin. He replaced Brig. Gen. David Swissa.

Israel Defense Forces combined military forces of Israel

The Israel Defense Forces, commonly known in Israel by the Hebrew acronym Tzahal, are the military forces of the State of Israel. They consist of the ground forces, air force, and navy. It is the sole military wing of the Israeli security forces, and has no civilian jurisdiction within Israel. The IDF is headed by its Chief of General Staff, the Ramatkal, subordinate to the Defense Minister of Israel; Lieutenant General Aviv Kochavi has served as Chief of Staff since January 15, 2019.

Sarid was married to Dorit, with whom he had three children, including the writer Yishai Sarid. He died on the evening of 4 December 2015 from an apparent heart attack. [4] He is buried in Kibbutz Givat Hashlosha cemetery, on the outskirts of Tel Aviv. [5]

Yishai Sarid Israeli writer

Yishai Sarid is an Israeli author, novelist and lawyer. His second book, Limassol, became an international best-seller. His fourth book, The Third, became a major subject of public and literary discussion in Israel and won the Bernstein literary award. Sarid works full-time as an attorney, formerly as a public prosecutor and now privately.

Political and journalism career

Sarid worked as a media aide to Prime Minister Levi Eshkol. He was first elected to the Knesset in 1973 on the Alignment list. [6] He was re-elected in 1977, 1981 and 1984. After the Alignment agreed to join a national unity government with Likud in 1984, Sarid left the party on 22 October to join Shulamit Aloni's Ratz. [7] He was re-elected on the Ratz list in 1988.

Prime Minister of Israel Head of government of Israel

The Prime Minister of Israel is the head of government and chief executive of Israel.

Levi Eshkol The Third Prime Minister of Israel

Levi Eshkol was an Israeli statesman who served as the third Prime Minister of Israel from 1963 until his death from a heart attack in 1969. A founder of the Israeli Labor Party, he served in numerous senior roles, including Minister of Defense (1963–1967) and Minister of Finance (1952–1963).

The Elections for the eighth Knesset were held on 31 December 1973. Voter turnout was 78.6%. The election was postponed for two months because of the Yom Kippur War.

In 1992, Ratz merged with Shinui and Mapam to form Meretz. The new party won 12 seats in the elections that year and joined Yitzhak Rabin's coalition. Sarid was appointed Minister of the Environment, a position he kept when Shimon Peres formed a new government after Rabin's assassination in 1995.

Shinui was a Zionist, secular, and anti-clerical free market liberal party and political movement in Israel. The party twice became the third-largest in the Knesset, but both occasions were followed by a split and collapse; in 1977, the party won 15 seats as part of the Democratic Movement for Change, but the alliance split in 1978, and Shinui was reduced to two seats at the next elections. In 2003, the party won 15 seats alone, but lost them all three years later after most of its MKs left to form new parties. The party was a member of Liberal International until 2009.

Mapam political party in Israel

Mapam was a left-wing political party in Israel. The party is one of the ancestors of the modern-day Meretz party.

Elections for the 13th Knesset were held in Israel on 23 June 1992. The election resulted in the formation of a Labor government, led by Yitzhak Rabin, helped by the failure of several small right wing parties to pass the electoral threshold. Voter turnout was 77.4%.

In 1996, Sarid replaced Aloni as Meretz leader. Although the Labor Party won the most seats in elections that year, Likud leader Benjamin Netanyahu won the special election for Prime Minister and formed a right-wing government.

The Israeli Labor Party, commonly known as HaAvoda, is a social democratic and Zionist political party in Israel. The Israeli Labor Party was established in 1968 by a merger of Mapai, Ahdut HaAvoda and Rafi. Until 1977, all Israeli Prime Ministers were affiliated with the Labor movement. The current party leader is Avi Gabbay.

Benjamin Netanyahu Israeli prime minister

Benjamin "Bibi" Netanyahu is an Israeli politician serving as the 9th and current Prime Minister of Israel since 2009, previously holding the position from 1996 to 1999. Netanyahu is also the Chairman of the Likud party. He is the first Israeli Prime Minister born in Israel after the establishment of the state.

In the 1999 elections, Meretz won 10 seats. Although Sarid had vowed not to join a coalition that included the ultra-Orthodox Shas, Ehud Barak persuaded Sarid to join the government, making him Minister of Education. Sarid explained the breaking of his vow in the need to promote the peace process. However, in 2000 Sarid resigned from the government and Meretz quit the coalition after failing to agree on authority to be given for Shas deputy minister of education.

In the 2003 elections, Meretz was reduced to 6 seats, after which Sarid resigned as party leader, to be replaced by Yossi Beilin. He remained a member of the Knesset until the 2006 elections, when Meretz was reduced to 5 seats, after which he retired from politics, a plan he had announced the previous year. [8] In 2009, Meretz's presence was further reduced to three seats in the Knesset. [9]

Sarid wrote a weekly column for Haaretz newspaper. [4]

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References

  1. "A Great Israeli Politician". Israel Today (daily). Retrieved 12.5.15.Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  2. Visman, Lilach. "Mourning Sarid: "Left Jewish the believes in peace and demands truth". Ha'aretz (הארץ). Retrieved 12.6.15.Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  3. "Entire community moves south due to rockets". ynet.
  4. 1 2 "Yossi Sarid, intrepid and erudite voice of Israeli left, dies at 75". The Jerusalem Post - JPost.com.
  5. "Former Meretz leader, left-wing icon Yossi Sarid dies at 75" . Retrieved 2017-12-07.
  6. "'All in all I tried to keep my hands and conscience clean'". The Independent. 2015-12-16. Retrieved 2017-12-07.
  7. Mergers and Splits Among Parliamentary Groups Knesset website
  8. Yulie Khromchenko (1 December 2005). "Veteran Meretz MK Yossi Sarid says he will retire from politics". Haaretz. Retrieved 9 January 2014.
  9. rbrochenin (2015-01-14). "Meretz Party: victim of its own convictions". Al-Monitor. Retrieved 2017-12-07.