Yugoslav First League

Last updated

Yugoslav First League
Founded1923;98 years ago (1923)
Folded1992
CountryYugoslavia
Confederation UEFA
Level on pyramid1
Relegation to Yugoslav Second League
Domestic cup(s) Yugoslav Cup
International cup(s) European Cup
UEFA Cup
Last champions Red Star Belgrade
(1991–92)
Most championships Red Star Belgrade (19 titles)
Most appearances Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg Enver Marić (439)
Top goalscorer Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg Slobodan Santrač (218)

The Yugoslav First Federal Football League (Serbian: Прва савезна лига у фудбалу / Prva savezna liga u fudbalu, Croatian : Prva savezna liga u nogometu, Slovene : Prva zvezna nogometna liga, Macedonian : Првата федерална лига, Albanian : Liga e parë federale), was the premier football league in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia (1918–1941) and Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (1945–1992).

Contents

The First League Championship was one of two national competitions held annually in Yugoslavia, the Yugoslav Cup being the other.

The league became fully professional in 1967. [1]

The UEFA recognised successor league of the Yugoslav First League, the First League of FR Yugoslavia, despite the succession and same name "Prva savezna liga", it is covered in a separate article.

Kingdom of Yugoslavia (1923–1940)

This was the first club competition on a national level for clubs from Kingdom of Yugoslavia (named the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes until 1930). The league was started in 1923 and the first four seasons had a cup tournament format, while the first round-robin league competition was held in 1927. In the period from 1927 to 1940 seventeen seasons were completed, with all the titles won by clubs from Croatia (Građanski Zagreb, Concordia Zagreb, HAŠK Zagreb and Hajduk Split) or Serbia (BSK Belgrade and Jugoslavija Belgrade).

It was governed at first by the Croatian-named Nogometni Savez Jugoslavije (Football Association of Yugoslavia), founded in April 1919 in Zagreb, [2] until in late 1929 disagreements arose between the Zagreb and Belgrade branches of the association. This resulted in the association headquarters being moved to Belgrade in May 1930 where it adopted the Serbian name Fudbalski Savez Jugoslavije and continued operating the league until it was suspended due to the outbreak of World War II. [3] Consequently, with the moving of headquarters, Croatian players and coaches boycotted Yugoslav national team. With the Axis invasion of Yugoslavia, separate Croatian and Serbian leagues were established, which operated during the World War II.

Champions and top scorers

SeasonFormatChampionsRunners-upTop scorer(s) [4] Goals
1923 Cup tournament
(Single round-robin; 6 clubs)
Građanski Zagreb (1) SAŠK Sarajevo Dragan Jovanović
(Jugoslavija Beograd)
4
1924 Cup tournament
(Single round-robin; 7 clubs)
Jugoslavija Beograd (1) Hajduk Split Dragan Jovanović
(Jugoslavija Beograd)
6
1925 Cup tournament
(Single round-robin; 7 clubs)
   Jugoslavija Beograd    (2) Građanski Zagreb Dragan Jovanović
(Jugoslavija Beograd)
4
1926 Cup tournament
(Single round-robin; 7 clubs)
Građanski Zagreb (2) Jugoslavija Beograd Dušan Petković
(Jugoslavija Beograd)
4
1927 League
(Single round-robin; 6 clubs)
Hajduk Split (1) BSK Beograd Kuzman Sotirović
(BSK Beograd)
6
1928 League
{Single round-robin; 6 clubs)
Građanski Zagreb (3) Hajduk Split Ljubo Benčić
(Hajduk Split)
8
1929 League
(Double round-robin; 5 clubs)
Hajduk Split (2) BSK Beograd Đorđe Vujadinović
(BSK Beograd)
10
1930 League
(Double round-robin; 6 clubs)
Concordia Zagreb (1)   Jugoslavija Beograd    Blagoje Marjanović
(BSK Beograd)
10
1930–31 League
(Double round-robin; 6 clubs)
BSK Beograd (1) Concordia Zagreb Đorđe Vujadinović
(BSK Beograd)
12
1931–32 Cup tournament
(Double round-robin; 8 clubs)
Concordia Zagreb (2) Hajduk Split Svetislav Valjarević
(Concordia Zagreb)
10
1932–33 League
(Double round-robin; 11 clubs)
BSK Beograd (2) Hajduk Split Vladimir Kragić
(Hajduk Split)
21
1933–34National championship
was not played.
1934–35 League
(Double round-robin; 10 clubs)
BSK Beograd (3) Jugoslavija Beograd Leo Lemešić
(Hajduk Split)
18
1935–36 Cup tournament
(Double round-robin; 14 clubs)
BSK Beograd (4) Slavija Sarajevo Blagoje Marjanović
(BSK Beograd)
5
1936–37 League
(Double round-robin; 10 clubs)
Građanski Zagreb (4) Hajduk Split Blagoje Marjanović
(BSK Beograd)
21
1937–38 League
(Double round-robin; 10 clubs)
HAŠK Zagreb (1) BSK Beograd August Lešnik
(Građanski Zagreb)
17
1938–39 League
(Double round-robin; 12 clubs)
BSK Beograd (5) Građanski Zagreb August Lešnik
(Građanski Zagreb)
22
1939–40 League [5]
(Double round-robin; 6 clubs)
Građanski Zagreb (5) BSK Beograd Svetislav Glišović
(BSK Beograd)
10

Performance by clubs

#ClubChampionsRunners-up
  1    BSK Beograd  54
2 Građanski Zagreb 52
3 Hajduk Split 25
4 Jugoslavija Beograd 23
5 Concordia Zagreb 21
6 HAŠK 10
7 Slavija Sarajevo 01
8 SAŠK Sarajevo 01

World War II competitions

SFR Yugoslavia (1945–1992)

Champions and top scorers

SeasonChampionsRunners-upThird placeTop scorer(s)Goals
1945 [lower-alpha 1] SR Serbia (1) JNA SR Croatia Stjepan Bobek (JNA)8
1946–47 Partizan (1) Dinamo Zagreb Red Star Franjo Wölfl (Dinamo Zagreb)28
1947–48 Dinamo Zagreb (1) Hajduk Split Partizan Franjo Wölfl (Dinamo Zagreb)22
1948–49 Partizan (2) Red Star Hajduk Split Frane Matošić (Hajduk Split)17
1950 Hajduk Split (1) Red Star Partizan Marko Valok (Partizan)17
1951 Red Star (1) Dinamo Zagreb Hajduk Split Kosta Tomašević (Red Star)16
1952 Hajduk Split (2) Red Star Lokomotiva Stanoje Jocić (BSK Belgrade)13
1952–53 Red Star (2) Hajduk Split Partizan Todor Živanović (Red Star)17
1953–54 Dinamo Zagreb (2) Partizan Red Star Stjepan Bobek (Partizan)21
1954–55 Hajduk Split (3) BSK Belgrade Dinamo Zagreb Predrag Marković (BSK Belgrade)
Kosta Tomašević (Spartak Subotica)
Bernard Vukas (Hajduk Split)
20
1955–56 Red Star (3) Partizan Radnički Belgrade Muhamed Mujić (Velež Mostar)
Tihomir Ognjanov (Spartak Subotica)
Todor Veselinović (Vojvodina)
21
1956–57 Red Star (4) Vojvodina Hajduk Split Todor Veselinović (Vojvodina)28
1957–58 Dinamo Zagreb (3) Partizan Radnički Belgrade Todor Veselinović (Vojvodina)19
1958–59 Red Star (5) Partizan Vojvodina Bora Kostić (Red Star)25
1959–60 Red Star (6) Dinamo Zagreb Partizan Bora Kostić (Red Star)19
1960–61 Partizan (3) Red Star Hajduk Split Zoran Prljinčević (Radnički Belgrade)
Todor Veselinović (Vojvodina)
16
1961–62 Partizan (4) Vojvodina Dinamo Zagreb Dražan Jerković (Dinamo Zagreb)16
1962–63 Partizan (5) Dinamo Zagreb Željezničar Mišo Smajlović (Željezničar)18
1963–64 Red Star (7) OFK Belgrade Dinamo Zagreb Asim Ferhatović (FK Sarajevo)19
1964–65 Partizan (6) FK Sarajevo Red Star Zlatko Dračić (NK Zagreb)23
1965–66 Vojvodina (1) Dinamo Zagreb Velež Mostar Petar Nadoveza (Hajduk Split)21
1966–67 FK Sarajevo (1) Dinamo Zagreb Partizan Mustafa Hasanagić (Partizan)18
1967–68 Red Star (8) Partizan Dinamo Zagreb Slobodan Santrač (OFK Belgrade)22
1968–69 Red Star (9) Dinamo Zagreb Partizan Vojin Lazarević (Red Star)22
1969–70 Red Star (10) Partizan Velež Mostar Slobodan Santrač (OFK Belgrade)
Dušan Bajević (Velež Mostar)
20
1970–71 Hajduk Split (4) Željezničar Dinamo Zagreb Petar Nadoveza (Hajduk Split)
Božo Janković (Željezničar)
20
1971–72 Željezničar (1) Red Star OFK Belgrade Slobodan Santrač (OFK Belgrade)33
1972–73 Red Star (11) Velež Mostar OFK Belgrade Slobodan Santrač (OFK Belgrade)
Vojin Lazarević (Red Star)
25
1973–74 Hajduk Split (5) Velež Mostar Red Star Danilo Popivoda (Olimpija Ljubljana)17
1974–75 Hajduk Split (6) Vojvodina Red Star Dušan Savić (Red Star)
Boško Đorđević (Partizan)
20
1975–76 Partizan (7) Hajduk Split Dinamo Zagreb Nenad Bjeković (Partizan)24
1976–77 Red Star (12) Dinamo Zagreb Sloboda Tuzla Zoran Filipović (Red Star)21
1977–78 Partizan (8) Red Star Hajduk Split Radomir Savić (Sarajevo)21
1978–79 Hajduk Split (7) Dinamo Zagreb Red Star Dušan Savić (Red Star)24
1979–80 Red Star (13) FK Sarajevo Radnički Niš Safet Sušić (Sarajevo)
Dragoljub Kostić (Napredak Kruševac)
17
1980–81 Red Star (14) Hajduk Split Radnički Niš Milan Radović (Rijeka)26
1981–82 Dinamo Zagreb (4) Red Star Hajduk Split Snješko Cerin (Dinamo Zagreb)19
1982–83 Partizan (9) Hajduk Split Dinamo Zagreb Sulejman Halilović (Dinamo Vinkovci)18
1983–84 Red Star (15) Partizan Željezničar Darko Pančev (Vardar)19
1984–85 FK Sarajevo (2) Hajduk Split Partizan Zlatko Vujović (Hajduk Split)25
1985–86 Partizan [6] (10) Red Star Velež Mostar Davor Čop (Dinamo Vinkovci)20
1986–87 Partizan [7] (11) Velež Mostar Red Star Radmilo Mihajlović (Željezničar)23
1987–88 Red Star (16) Partizan Velež Mostar Duško Milinković (Rad Belgrade)16
1988–89 Vojvodina (2) Red Star Hajduk Split Davor Šuker (Osijek)18
1989–90 Red Star (17) Dinamo Zagreb Hajduk Split Darko Pančev (Red Star)25
1990–91 Red Star (18) Dinamo Zagreb Partizan Darko Pančev (Red Star)34
1991–92 [lower-alpha 2] Red Star (19) Partizan Vojvodina Darko Pančev (Red Star)25

Titles by club

ClubTitlesWinning seasons
Red Star 18 (19 [lower-alpha 2] ) 1951, 1952–53, 1955–56, 1956–57, 1958–59, 1959–60, 1963–64, 1967–68, 1968–69, 1969–70, 1972–73, 1976–77, 1979–80, 1980–81, 1983–84, 1987–88, 1989–90, 1990–91, 1991–92
Partizan 11 1946–47, 1948–49, 1960–61, 1961–62, 1962–63, 1964–65, 1975–76, 1977–78, 1982–83, 1985–86, 1986–87
Hajduk Split 7 1950, 1952, 1954–55, 1970–71, 1973–74, 1974–75, 1978–79
Dinamo Zagreb 4 1947–48, 1953–54, 1957–58, 1981–82
Vojvodina 2 1965–66, 1988–89
Sarajevo 2 1966–67, 1984–85
Željezničar 1 1971–72

Titles by republic

RepublicTitlesClubs
SR Serbia 31 (32 [lower-alpha 2] ) Red Star, Partizan, Vojvodina
SR Croatia 11 Hajduk Split, Dinamo Zagreb
SR Bosnia and Herzegovina 3 Sarajevo, Željezničar
SR Macedonia 0
SR Montenegro 0
SR Slovenia 0

Performance by club

ClubChampionsRunners-upThird placeTotal top three finishes
Red Star Belgrade 18 (19 [lower-alpha 2] )9735
Partizan 119828
Hajduk Split 76821
Dinamo Zagreb 411722
Vojvodina 2327
Sarajevo 2204
Željezničar 1124
Velež Mostar 0347
OFK Belgrade*0224
Radnički Belgrade 0022
Radnički Niš 0022
Lokomotiva Zagreb 0011
Sloboda Tuzla 0011
*Known as BSK Belgrade before 1957

All-Time First Yugoslav League table

Top 12 only: [8] [lower-alpha 2]

RankClubMPWDLGFGAGDP
1 Red Star 133571932828825601415+11451766
2 Partizan 133565735432422851428+8571668
3 Dinamo Zagreb 130259736633921511495+6561560
4 Hajduk Split 130258734636920881486+6021520
5 Vojvodina 122146531144516701595+751241
6 Sarajevo 122844731147016741773-991205
7 Velež Mostar 117443530943016681615+531179
8 Željezničar 106340327438614561424+321080
9 OFK Beograd 977343281353135513550967
10 Radnički Niš 97933925039010881244-156928
11 Vardar 100532825142611951459-264907
12 Rijeka 89831025233610831163-80857

Best finish in Europe by club

Table only shows best-finish achievements in major European/Intercontinental competitions during the SFR Yugoslavia period (1945–1992).
No minor European tournaments (like Mitropa Cup) included.
Table sorted by success at European Cup / UEFA Champions League first and foremost.

Club European Cup / UEFA Champions League UEFA Cup / Europa League UEFA Cup Winners' Cup UEFA Super Cup Intercontinental Cup Inter-Cities Fairs Cup UEFA Intertoto Cup
Red Star Belgrade Winner 1990–91 Runners-up 1978–79 Semi-finals 1974–75 Runners-up 1991 Winner 1991 Semi-finals 1961–62
Partizan Runners-up 1965–66 3. round (3)
1974–75; 1984–85; 1990–91
Quarter-finals 1989–90 2. round 1967–68
Hajduk Split Quarter-finals (2)
1975–76; 1979–80
Semi finals 1983–84 Semi-finals 1972–73 2. round 1970–71
Vojvodina Quarter-finals 1966–67 Quarter-finals 1961–62 as Novi Sad XIGroup Winner 1976
Sarajevo 2. round 1967–68 3. round 1982–83 Group Stage (2)
1962–63; 1964–65
Dinamo Zagreb 1. round 1982–83 2. round (3)
1971–72; 1976–77; 1988–89
Semi-finals 1960–61 Winner 1966–67
Željezničar 1. round 1972–73 Semi-finals 1984–85 1. round 1970–71 Group Stage 1965–66
OFK Beograd Quarter-finals 1972–73 Semi-finals 1962–63 Semi-finals 1958–60 as Belgrade XI
Radnički Niš Semi-finals 1981–82 Group Stage (2)
1964–65; 1965–66
Velež Mostar Quarter-finals 1974–75 2. round (2)
1981–82; 1986–87
Rijeka 2. round 1984–85 Quarter-finals 1979–80 Quarter-finals 1962–63
Vardar 1. round 1987–88 2. round 1985–86 1. round 1961–62
Sloboda Tuzla 1. round 1977–78 N/A Group Winner 1983
Rad Belgrade 1. round 1989–90 Group Runners-Up 1988
Olimpija Ljubljana -1. round 1970–71 1. round (2)
1966–67; 1968–69
Group Runners-Up 1990
Budućnost Group Winner 1981
Čelik Zenica Group Winner 1975
Borac Banja Luka N/A2. round 1975–76
Bor N/A1. round 1968–69

While the Inter-Cities Fairs Cup is recognised as the predecessor to the UEFA Cup, it was not organised by UEFA. [9] Consequently, UEFA do not consider clubs' records in the Fairs Cup to be part of their European record. [9] [10] However, FIFA do view the competition as a major honour. [11]

All time top goalscorers

Complete list of players who scored 100 goals or more in the 1946-1992 SFR Yugoslavia period.
Source: RSSSF; Last updated 14 December 2007
[4] [lower-alpha 2]

#NameFirst League goalsFirst League matchesGoals per match ratioClubsFirst League career
1 Slobodan Santrač 2183650.60 OFK Beograd, Partizan, Galenika 19651974, 19761980, 19821983
2 Darko Pančev 1682430.69 Vardar, Red Star Belgrade 19821992
3 Dušan Bajević 1663220.51 Velež Mostar 19661977, 19811983
4 Bora Kostić 1582570.61 Crvena Zvezda 19511961, 19621966
5 Frane Matošić 149 Hajduk Split 19461953
6 Toza Veselinović 1452270.64 Vojvodina, Partizan, Proleter Zrenjanin 19481949, 19511961, 19671968
7 Stjepan Bobek 1292010.64 Partizan 19451956
=7 Zoran Prljinčević 129 FK Radnički Beograd, Crvena Zvezda
9 Dušan Savić 1202020.59 Red Star Belgrade 19731982
10 Dragan Džajić 1133300.34 Red Star Belgrade 19631973, 19741975, 19771978
11 Vojin Lazarević 1121880.60 Sutjeska Nikšić, Red Star Belgrade 19641965, 19661970, 19721974
12 Josip Bukal 1112580.43 Željezničar 19631973, 19771978
13 Petar Nadoveza 1082170.50 Hajduk Split 19631973
14 Kosta Tomašević 1041560.67 Red Star Belgrade, Spartak Subotica 19461956
15 Vahid Halilhodžić 1032070.50 Velež Mostar 19721981
16 Snješko Cerin 103 Dinamo Zagreb 1976–1986
17 Petar Nikezić 1023010.34 Vojvodina, Osijek 1967–1978, 1979–1982
18 Zlatko Vujović 1012400.42 Hajduk Split 1977–1986

Notable clubs (at least 10 top-flight seasons or at least one title)

Over the years the Yugoslav First League featured many different teams, but there were always a number of teams that stood out, typically from the bigger cities. Among these were:

Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina (1946-1992).svg SR Bosnia and Herzegovina
Flag of the Socialist Republic of Croatia.svg SR Croatia
Flag of the Socialist Republic of Macedonia.svg SR Macedonia
Flag of the Socialist Republic of Montenegro.svg SR Montenegro
Flag of SR Serbia.svg SR Serbia
Flag of Slovenia (1945-1991).svg SR Slovenia

Successor leagues

Timeline chart showing Yugoslav First League successors Yugoslav First League successors.png
Timeline chart showing Yugoslav First League successors

The 1990–91 season was the last season held in its usual format, with clubs from all federative units participating in the championship. The breakup of the country also broke up its top-flight league into several smaller ones.

Slovenia and Croatia depart

In June 1991 Slovenia declared independence and Croatia followed suit in October of the same year. This meant that their football associations separated from the Football Association of Yugoslavia so they both started their own football leagues. The Slovenian PrvaLiga was launched in late 1991, while the Croatian Prva HNL saw its first edition in 1992. Affected by the ongoing war in Croatia, the season was held over the course of a single calendar year, from February to June 1992. Both leagues have been going on ever since.

1991–92 season

The 1991–92 season was the last season held officially under the name of SFR Yugoslavia, even though Slovenian and Croatian clubs have already abandoned the competition to play in their own leagues. Clubs from the remaining four federative units all took part in the competition, but since the Bosnian War broke out towards the end of the season, Bosnian clubs never finished it, with Željezničar of Sarajevo only managed to play 17 out of 33 scheduled fixtures, while Sloboda Tuzla and Velež Mostar ended the season with a few games short of completing the season. Still, since most of the games were played as planned, Crvena Zvezda of Belgrade is credited with winning the last Yugoslav First League championship.

Macedonia and FR Yugoslavia

Macedonian clubs abandoned the competition after the 1991–92 season because the new Macedonian First League was launched the following season. For the 1992–93 season Bosnian clubs were all on hiatus due to full blown fighting that developed there, with the sole exception of Borac of Banja Luka (the strongest Bosnian Serb side at the time) which temporarily moved to Belgrade and joined the newly formed league featuring clubs from Serbia and Montenegro, this time restyled as the First League of FR Yugoslavia. (Serbia and Montenegro, the only ones left after other four member republics declared independence, renamed their country Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.) The league lasted under that name until the 2002–03 season, when the country changed its name so the league was renamed First League of Serbia and Montenegro. Finally, in June 2006 Montenegro declared independence and peacefully departed the union, so from the 2006–07 season onwards Montenegro started operating separate top-flight football league supervised by its football association. On the other hand, as the legal successor of Serbia-Montenegro state union, Serbia also got the continuity of the country's league that was formed as Prva liga (First League) in 1992, and renamed and rebranded as Superliga in summer 2005.

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosnia and Herzegovina proclaimed independence in late winter 1992, and already in April same year N/FSBiH applied for membership with FIFA and UEFA. [12] Meanwhile, due to the outbreak of Bosnian War in April 1992 no games were played in the 1992–93 season. In late 1993 some parts of the country re-launched football competitions with reduced scope. But just as the country was divided along ethnic lines, so was football.

In 1993 Bosnian Croats launched the First League of Herzeg-Bosnia in which only Croatian clubs competed on parochial scale within the limits of West Herzegovina and few other enclaves. In the same year Bosnian Serbs also organized their own First League of the Republika Srpska, on a territory held by Republika Srpska regime at the time. Only football on a territory under the control of then Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina institutions and auspices of N/FSBiH, at the time consequently with Bosniak majority, apart from a brief competition for the season 1994–95 (won by Čelik Zenica), came to a standstill. Competition under auspices of N/FSBiH did not resume until 1995–96 season when the First League of Bosnia and Herzegovina was launched. [12]

These three separate football leagues were operating in Bosnia and Herzegovina until 1998, and 2000. Since FIFA and UEFA showed support only for the association operating under patronage of the official and internationally recognized state institutions, during the war and prior to Dayton Peace Agreement as well as after its signage, they endorsed unification of all three organizations as N/FSBiH. This also came as a consequence of FIFA decision to recognize N/FSBiH already in July 1996, while in the same year UEFA admitted N/FSBiH as an adjacent member until 1998 when they recognized its full membership. This meant that only N/FSBiH clubs and its national team could compete at the international and official level. [12]

Final unification has been preceded by several stages. At first was created a playoff where clubs were playing for the champion under N/FSBiH auspices. Idea was that playoff under unified N/FSBiH auspices should bring together clubs competing under three separate organizations for the first time but was rejected by Serb association, leaving clubs from Croat football association and N/FSBiH participating playoff for the seasons 1997–98 and 1999–00, while 1998–99 playoff was canceled due to Croat's association hesitation on the decision on which stadiums games should be played. Next season playoff was resumed for the last time prior to full and final agreement on unified N/FSBiH and its competition, Premier League BiH (Premijer Liga), in the fall 2000. However, the first 2000–01 season seen clubs from Federation of BiH only, while clubs from Republic of Srpska entity continue to compete in their own separate league as their entity association still refused to join agreed unified N/FSBiH and its new competition. However, UEFA and FIFA never intended to recognize this separate organization nor its competition, which meant clubs couldn't compete outside territory of the entity and wouldn't see any international football. This situation forced clubs to insist that their organization also join N/FSBiH, and two years later they became part of the competition for the season 2002–03. Ever since the year 2000 Premier League is the top tier of Bosnia and Herzegovina football, with two entity-based leagues, First League of Republika Srpska and First League of the Federation of BiH, being pushed to the second tier of the football pyramid and serve as feeder leagues to Premier League. [12]

Today's top flight successors

UEFA recognised FR Yugoslavia and subsequently Serbia as the only official successor of Yugoslavia [14] [15] [16] and consequently the clubs from FR Yugoslavia kept the ranking and ponctuation within UEFA.

See also

Notes and references

Notes

  1. A special format tournament was held to re-affirm the newly found Yugoslav unity. The tournament consisted of eight teams: six representing Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia and Slovenia respectively, one representing Vojvodina, an autonomous region within Serbia and finally the Jugoslovenska Narodna Armija team, a selection of Yugoslav People's Army football players.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 The last championship started without clubs from newly independent Slovenia and Croatia, while clubs from Bosnia, with exception of FK Borac Banja Luka, too abandoned competition on a winter break with imminent country's independence, leaving only Serbian, Montenegrin and Macedonian clubs competing in the second half of the season. (See subsection on 1991–92.)
  3. From 1991 until 1999 unrecognized competition in Kosovo parallel to Serbian league system was organized, while one which was recognized compete in the 5th level of the Yugoslav league system. The champion would gain promotion to Serbian Republic League, one of Yugoslav 4th tiers. Since 1999-2000 season the Superleague ran outside FIFA and UEFA until Kosovo was admitted to both organizations, on 3 May 2016.
A. ^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia . The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008. Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory . The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the 2013 Brussels Agreement . Kosovo is currently recognized as an independent state by 96 out of the 193 United Nations member states . In total, 113 UN member states are said to have recognized Kosovo at some point, of which 15 later withdrew their recognition.

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1991–92 Yugoslav First League

The First League of Yugoslavia's 1991/1992 season was the 64th edition of the Yugoslav First League, the premier football club competition of SFR Yugoslavia. It was the last edition in which professional football teams from SR Bosnia and Herzegovina and SR Macedonia participated, as well as the last of the SFR Yugoslavia in general as the First League of FR Yugoslavia was established the following season. Red Star Belgrade won the competition.

Serbian First League Football league

The Serbian First League, commonly known by the abbreviation PLS and stylized as PrvaLiga, is the name for the second tier in professional Serbia's football league. The league was formed in 2005, following a reshuffle of the second tier Serbo-Montenegrin divisions. It is operated by the Football Association of Serbia.

The First League of Bosnia and Herzegovina operated by the Football Association of Bosnia and Herzegovina was the top tier football league in Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina, and after signage of Dayton Peace Agreement of Bosnia and Herzegovina, until creation of Premier League of Bosnia and Herzegovina in 2000. League changed format and name several times since its inception and the first 1994–95 season.

The Republika Srpska football team is the official team of Republika Srpska, an entity within Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is not affiliated with FIFA or UEFA.

Yugoslav Second League

Yugoslav Second League was the second tier football league of SFR Yugoslavia. The top clubs were promoted to the top tier, the Yugoslav First League.

Football in Yugoslavia had different levels of historical development depending on the geographical regions. Following the extreme popularity of the sport in Central Europe, it soon became the most popular sport in the territories of Yugoslavia as well.

During the 1990–91 season, Red Star Belgrade participated in the 1990–91 Yugoslav First League, 1990–91 Yugoslav Cup and 1990–91 European Cup.

Arena Sport Pay television sports network

Arena Sport is a regional pay television sports network. It consists of six television channels and is coverage area includes Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Serbia and Slovenia.

ABA League Supercup

The ABA League Supercup, also credited as ABA Super Cup, is an annual men's professional basketball supercup competition between teams from the ABA League. It is run by the ABA League JTD. It is a regional competition, that is contested between teams from six countries: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia and Slovenia.

ABA League Second Division

The ABA League Second Division, also ABA League 2, is the 2nd-tier men's basketball division of the ABA League system. It is run by the ABA League JTD. It is a regional competition between men's professional clubs from six countries: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Montenegro, North Macedonia, Serbia, and Slovenia.

References

  1. Moving with the ball: the migration of professional footballers by Pierre Lanfranchi and Matthew Taylor, pag. 119
  2. "Povijest - počeci" (in Croatian). Croatian Football Federation . Retrieved 28 June 2008.
  3. "Fudbalski savez Srbije - History". Football Association of Serbia. Archived from the original on 2 April 2009. Retrieved 28 June 2008.
  4. 1 2 "Yugoslavia - list of topscorers". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. 14 December 2007. Retrieved 26 June 2008.
  5. The league had a contracted season. In 1939, Croatian and Slovenian clubs began leaving the Yugoslav Football Association and joining the newly found Croatian Football Federation, in protest of the alleged centralization of sport around Belgrade. A new Croatian-Slovenian Football League was started, while the Yugoslavian First League continued on, soon to be renamed the Serbian First League. The split was eventually rectified with the promise of an increase in the number of Croatian and Slovenian clubs in the league. In the end, a short ten-round season was held.
  6. The Yugoslav FA decided that the last round of fixtures had to be replayed, after accusations that certain results had been fixed. Partizan, who had won the title with a 4-0 over Zeljeznicar Sarajevo, refused, after which the game was awarded 3-0 to Zeljeznicar, which gave Crvena zvezda the title. Crvena zvezda played in the 1986/87 European Champions Cup. However, after a sequence of legal processes, the original final table, with Partizan as champions, was officially recognized, in 1987.
    "Yugoslavia list of champions". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. 28 May 2008. Retrieved 26 June 2008.
  7. Ten clubs had started the 1986/87 season with a deduction of 6 points, among them Partizan and Red Star Belgrade, because of the events in the previous season. Vardar, who had not been deducted 6 points, won the title, and participated in the 1987/88 Champions Cup, but the points deduction was later annulled after more legal proceedings, and the title was given to Partizan, who headed the table with the deduction.
    "Yugoslavia list of champions". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. 28 May 2008. Retrieved 26 June 2008.
  8. All-Time Yugoslav First League Standings
  9. 1 2 "UEFA Cup: All-time finals". UEFA. 30 June 2005. Retrieved 30 September 2010.
  10. "UEFA Europa League: History: New format provides fresh impetus". UEFA. Retrieved 14 August 2014.
  11. "Classic Football: Clubs: FC Barcelona". FIFA. Retrieved 14 August 2014.
    "Classic Football: Clubs: AS Roma". FIFA. Retrieved 14 August 2014.
  12. 1 2 3 4 "N/FSBiH History". nfsbih.ba. N/FSBiH. Retrieved 27 December 2016.
  13. "Kosovo relishing the future | Inside UEFA". UEFA.com. 9 July 2018. Retrieved 1 June 2021.
  14. History at FSS official website, Retrieved 4 October 2012 (in Serbian)
  15. Serbia at FIFA official website
  16. News: Serbia at UEFA official website, published 1 January 2011, Retrieved 4 October 2012