Yulara, Northern Territory

Last updated

Yulara
Northern Territory
Yulara from helicopter (August 2004).jpg
Yulara from helicopter in August 2004
Australia Northern Territory location map blank.svg
Red pog.svg
Yulara
Coordinates 25°12′25″S130°58′16″E / 25.2069°S 130.971°E / -25.2069; 130.971 Coordinates: 25°12′25″S130°58′16″E / 25.2069°S 130.971°E / -25.2069; 130.971 [1]
Population1,099 (2016 census) [2]
 • Density10.57/km2 (27.37/sq mi)
Established10 August 1976 (town)
4 April 2007 (locality) [3] [4]
Postcode(s) 0872 [5]
Elevation492 m (1,614 ft)(airport) [6]
Area104 km2 (40.2 sq mi) [3]
Time zone ACST (UTC+9:30)
Location
LGA(s) Yulara - Ayers Rock Resort [7]
Territory electorate(s) Namatjira [8]
Federal Division(s) Lingiari [9]
Mean max temp [6] Mean min temp [6] Annual rainfall [6]
30.0 °C
86 °F
14.0 °C
57 °F
285.2 mm
11.2 in
FootnotesLocations [5] [10]

Yulara is a town in the Southern Region of the Northern Territory, Australia. It lies as an unincorporated enclave within MacDonnell Region. At the 2016 census, Yulara had a permanent population of 1,099, [2] in an area of 103.33 square kilometres (39.90 sq mi). It is 18 kilometres (11 mi) by road from world heritage site Uluru (Ayers Rock) and 55 kilometres (34 mi) from Kata Tjuta (the Olgas). It is located in the Northern Territory electorate of Namatjira and the federal electorate of Lingiari.

Northern Territory federal territory of Australia

The Northern Territory is an Australian territory in the central and central northern regions of Australia. It shares borders with Western Australia to the west, South Australia to the south, and Queensland to the east. To the north, the territory looks out to the Timor Sea, the Arafura Sea and the Gulf of Carpentaria, including Western New Guinea and other Indonesian islands. The NT covers 1,349,129 square kilometres (520,902 sq mi), making it the third-largest Australian federal division, and the 11th-largest country subdivision in the world. It is sparsely populated, with a population of only 246,700, making it the least-populous of Australia's eight states and major territories, with fewer than half as many people as Tasmania.

Australia Country in Oceania

Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands. It is the largest country in Oceania and the world's sixth-largest country by total area. The neighbouring countries are Papua New Guinea, Indonesia, and East Timor to the north; the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu to the north-east; and New Zealand to the south-east. The population of 25 million is highly urbanised and heavily concentrated on the eastern seaboard. Australia's capital is Canberra, and its largest city is Sydney. The country's other major metropolitan areas are Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth, and Adelaide.

Unincorporated area Region of land not governed by own local government

In law, an unincorporated area is a region of land that is not governed by a local municipal corporation; similarly an unincorporated community is a settlement that is not governed by its own local municipal corporation, but rather is administered as part of larger administrative divisions, such as a township, parish, borough, county, city, canton, state, province or country. Occasionally, municipalities dissolve or disincorporate, which may happen if they become fiscally insolvent, and services become the responsibility of a higher administration. Widespread unincorporated communities and areas are a distinguishing feature of the United States and Canada. In most other countries of the world, there are either no unincorporated areas at all, or these are very rare; typically remote, outlying, sparsely populated or uninhabited areas.

Contents

History

By the early 1970s, the pressure of unstructured and unmonitored tourism, including motels near the base of Uluru (Ayers Rock), was having detrimental effects on the environment surrounding both Uluru and Kata Tjuta. Following the recommendation of a Senate Select Committee to remove all developments near the base of the rock and build a new resort to support tourism in the Uluṟu-Kata Tjuṯa National Park, the Commonwealth Government agreed in 1973 to relocate accommodation facilities to a new site outside the park. On 10 August 1976, the Governor General proclaimed the new town of Yulara, some 14 kilometres (8.7 mi) from Uluru. [3]

Australian Senate upper house of the Australian Parliament

The Senate is the upper house of the bicameral Parliament of Australia, the lower house being the Australian House of Representatives. The composition and powers of the Senate are established in Chapter I of the Constitution of Australia. There are a total of 76 Senators: 12 are elected from each of the six Australian states regardless of population and 2 from each of the two autonomous internal Australian territories. Senators are popularly elected under the single transferable vote system of proportional representation.

Uluṟu-Kata Tjuṯa National Park Protected area in the Northern Territory, Australia

Uluṟu-Kata Tjuṯa National Park is a protected area located in Northern Territory of Australia. The park is home to both Uluru and Kata Tjuta. It is located 1,943 kilometres (1,207 mi) south of Darwin by road and 440 kilometres (270 mi) south-west of Alice Springs along the Stuart and Lasseter Highways. The park covers 1,326 square kilometres (512 sq mi) and includes the features it is named after: Uluru and, 40 kilometres (25 mi) to its west, Kata Tjuta. The location is listed with UNESCO World Heritage sites.

Government of Australia federal democratic administrative authority of Australia

The Government of Australia is the government of the Commonwealth of Australia, a federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy. It is also commonly referred to as the Australian Government, the Commonwealth Government, Her Majesty's Government, or the Federal Government.

After the Northern Territory was granted Self Government in 1978, development of the new town became a major priority of the Northern Territory Government. Between 1978 and 1981, basic infrastructure (roads, water supply etc.) was built via the government's capital works program. In 1980 the government set up the Yulara Development Company Ltd to develop tourist accommodation, staff housing and a shopping centre. The first stage of the resort was built between 1982 and 1984 for the Northern Territory Government by Yulara Development Company Ltd., at a cost of A$130 million. The resort was designed by Philip Cox & Associates and won the Royal Australian Institute of Architects (RAIA) Sir Zelman Cowen Award in 1984.

Philip Cox Australian architect

Philip Sutton Cox is an Australian architect. Cox is the founding partner of COX Architects, one of the largest architectural practices in Australia.

Australian Institute of Architects organization

The Australian Institute of Architects (AIA) is a professional body for architects in Australia.

When the new facilities became fully operational in late 1984, the Commonwealth Government terminated all leases for the old motels near the Rock, and the area was rehabilitated by the National Park Service (now called Parks Australia). Around the same time, the national park was renamed Uluṟu-Kata Tjuṯa, and its ownership was transferred to the local Indigenous people, who leased it back to the Parks Australia for 99 years.

There were originally three competing hotels, but that detracted from the viability of the enterprise, and the company (and indirectly the government) incurred massive operating losses. Between 1990 and 1992, the competing hotel operators were replaced by a single operator, the government-owned Investnorth Management Pty Ltd. In 1992, the government sold, through open tender, a 40% interest in the Yulara Development Company and, therefore, the resort, to a venture capital consortium.

In 1997, the entire resort was again sold by open tender to General Property Trust, which appointed Voyages Hotels & Resorts as operator. Voyages operated all aspects of the resort, with the exception of the post office (Australia Post) and the bank (ANZ). Almost all residents of the town rented their housing from Voyages, but the government leased some housing for its employees. Most residents are either workers in the resort or tour operators. In 2011, the resort was sold again to the Indigenous Land Corporation which operates the resort under its subsidiary, Voyages Indigenous Tourism Australia. [11] [12]

Population

The 2016 Australian census found that Yulara had a population of 1,099 people which had the following characteristics: [2]

Transportation

The Connellan Airport makes it possible to reach Yulara in a few hours from Sydney, Melbourne, Alice Springs, Cairns, Adelaide or Darwin compared to five hours by car from Alice Springs, the nearest major town, 428 kilometres (266 mi) northeast. [10]

The resort is served by one major road, the Lasseter Highway, which links it to surrounding roads and landmarks. The Lasseter Highway is currently being expanded in the area to help with the tourism traffic flow. The sealed Lasseter Highway extends east to meet the Stuart Highway. The roads in other directions are not so well maintained or travelled. [10] The Great Central Road leads west and southwest into Western Australia, but is generally only suitable for high clearance four-wheel drive vehicles. Transit permits from Aboriginal Land Councils are required to travel west of Kata-Tjuta. [13]

Climate

Yulara has a dry and arid climate ( BWh ) with long hot summers and short, cool winters, and with scant rainfall year-round. Frost may occur occasionally in some winter mornings. [14]

Climate data for Yulara Aero
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)46.4
(115.5)
45.8
(114.4)
42.9
(109.2)
39.6
(103.3)
35.7
(96.3)
36.4
(97.5)
31.1
(88.0)
35.0
(95.0)
38.7
(101.7)
42.3
(108.1)
45.0
(113.0)
47.0
(116.6)
47.0
(116.6)
Average high °C (°F)38.4
(101.1)
36.9
(98.4)
34.4
(93.9)
29.8
(85.6)
24.2
(75.6)
20.4
(68.7)
20.4
(68.7)
23.7
(74.7)
28.8
(83.8)
32.4
(90.3)
35.1
(95.2)
36.5
(97.7)
30.1
(86.2)
Average low °C (°F)22.7
(72.9)
22.1
(71.8)
19.3
(66.7)
14.4
(57.9)
9.3
(48.7)
5.6
(42.1)
4.4
(39.9)
5.9
(42.6)
10.7
(51.3)
15.0
(59.0)
18.4
(65.1)
20.8
(69.4)
14.1
(57.4)
Record low °C (°F)12.7
(54.9)
12.1
(53.8)
8.0
(46.4)
1.3
(34.3)
1.1
(34.0)
−1.8
(28.8)
−3.6
(25.5)
−2.2
(28.0)
−1.0
(30.2)
4.5
(40.1)
6.5
(43.7)
9.9
(49.8)
−3.6
(25.5)
Average rainfall mm (inches)25.8
(1.02)
39.6
(1.56)
35.1
(1.38)
14.7
(0.58)
13.0
(0.51)
17.4
(0.69)
18.4
(0.72)
4.3
(0.17)
7.4
(0.29)
20.7
(0.81)
34.2
(1.35)
40.2
(1.58)
274.6
(10.81)
Average rainy days (≥ 1 mm)3.22.92.01.71.81.61.91.01.42.73.94.728.8
Source: Bureau of Meteorology [6]

Related Research Articles

Protected areas of Australia

Protected areas of Australia include Commonwealth and off-shore protected areas managed by the Australian government, as well as protected areas within each of the six states of Australia and two self-governing territories, the Australian Capital Territory and the Northern Territory, which are managed by the eight state and territory governments.

Uluru large sandstone rock formation in Australia

Uluru, also known as Ayers Rock and officially gazetted as Uluru / Ayers Rock, is a large sandstone rock formation in the southern part of the Northern Territory in central Australia. It lies 335 km (208 mi) south west of the nearest large town, Alice Springs.

Kata Tjuta mountain

Kata Tjuṯa,, also known as the Olgas, is a group of large, domed rock formations or bornhardts located about 360 km (220 mi) southwest of Alice Springs, in the southern part of the Northern Territory, central Australia. Uluru, also known as Ayers Rock, located 25 km (16 mi) to the east, and Kata Tjuṯa form the two major landmarks within the Uluru-Kata Tjuṯa National Park. The park is considered sacred to the Aboriginal people of Australia.

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Mutitjulu Town in the Northern Territory, Australia

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Lasseter Highway highway in the Northern Territory

Lasseter Highway is a fully sealed 244 kilometre highway in the Northern Territory of Australia. It connects Yulara, Kata Tjuta and Uluru east to the Stuart Highway at Erldunda. The highway is named after Lewis Hubert Lasseter, who claimed to have discovered a fabulously rich gold reef west of Kata Tjuta.

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Great Central Road track in Western Australia and the Northern Territory

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References

  1. "Place Names Register Extract for the "Town of Yulara"". NT Place Names Register. Northern Territory Government. Retrieved 15 June 2019.
  2. 1 2 3 Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Yulara (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 30 August 2018. Blue pencil.svg CC-BY icon.svg Material was copied from this source, which is available under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
  3. 1 2 3 Adermann, Evan (10 August 1976). "THE NORTHERN TERRITORY OF AUSTRALIA Crown Lands Ordinance PROCLAMATION (re the Town of Yulara)". Australian Government Gazette. General (G32). Australia, Australia. p. 3. Retrieved 29 April 2019 via National Library of Australia.
  4. "Place Names Register Extract for "Yulara"". NT Place Names Register. Northern Territory Government. Retrieved 15 June 2019.
  5. 1 2 "Yulara Postcode". postcode-finders.com.au. Retrieved 15 June 2019.
  6. 1 2 3 4 5 "Yulara Aero". Climate statistics for Australian locations. Bureau of Meteorology . Retrieved 14 May 2016.
  7. "Place Names Register Extract for "Connellan Airport"". NT Place Names Register. Northern Territory Government. Retrieved 15 June 2019.
  8. "Division of Namatjira". Northern Territory Electoral Commission. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  9. "Federal electoral division of Lingiari". Australian Electoral Commission. Retrieved 16 June 2019.
  10. 1 2 3 Hema, Maps (2007). Australia Road and 4WD Atlas (Map). Eight Mile Plains Queensland: Hema Maps. pp. 100–101. ISBN   978-1-86500-456-3.
  11. "What is the ILC" (PDF). Indigenous Land Corporation. Australian Government. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 December 2007.
  12. "History". About us. Indigenous Land Corporation. 2015. Retrieved 20 August 2016.
  13. Permits for travel - Ngaanyatjarra council
  14. Peel, M. C. and Finlayson, B. L. and McMahon, T. A. (2007). "Updated world map of the KöppenGeiger climate classification" (PDF). Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. 11: 1636 & 1642. doi:10.5194/hess-11-1633-2007. ISSN   1027-5606.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)