Yvelines

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Yvelines
Versailles prefecture yvelines.jpg
Chateau de Versailles (19387602929).jpg
Versailles view from the Parterre d'eau.jpg
Etangs de la Miniere (2934325093).jpg
From top down, left to right: prefecture building in Versailles, marble courtyard and gardens of the Palace of Versailles, forest and lake near Guyancourt
Drapeau fr departement Yvelines.svg
Flag
Blason departement fr Yvelines.svg
Coat of arms
Yvelines-Position.svg
Location of Yvelines in France
Coordinates: 48°50′N1°55′E / 48.833°N 1.917°E / 48.833; 1.917 Coordinates: 48°50′N1°55′E / 48.833°N 1.917°E / 48.833; 1.917
Country France
Region Île-de-France
Prefecture Versailles
Subprefectures Mantes-la-Jolie
Rambouillet
Saint-Germain-
en-Laye
Government
   President of the General Council Pierre Bédier
Area
1
  Total2,284 km2 (882 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)
  Total1,431,808
  Rank 9th
  Density630/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Department number 78
Arrondissements 4
Cantons 21
Communes 259
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km².

Yvelines (French pronunciation:  [ivlin] ) is a department in the region of Île-de-France, France. Located west of Hauts-de-Seine, it had a population of 1,431,808 as of 2016. Its main cities are Versailles, Saint-Germain-en-Laye, Mantes-la-Jolie and Rambouillet.

In the administrative divisions of France, the department is one of the three levels of government below the national level, between the administrative regions and the commune. Ninety-six departments are in metropolitan France, and five are overseas departments, which are also classified as regions. Departments are further subdivided into 334 arrondissements, themselves divided into cantons; the last two have no autonomy, and are used for the organisation of police, fire departments, and sometimes, elections.

Regions of France France top-level territorial subdivision

France is divided into 18 administrative regions, which are traditionally divided between 13 metropolitan regions, located on the European continent, and 5 overseas regions, located outside the European continent. The 13 metropolitan regions are each further subdivided into 2 to 13 departments, while the overseas regions consist of only one department each and hence are also referred to as "overseas departments". The current legal concept of region was adopted in 1982, and in 2016 what had been 27 regions was reduced to 18. The overseas regions should not be confused with the overseas collectivities, which have a semi-autonomous status.

Île-de-France, often called the région parisienne due to containing the city of Paris, is north-central and the most populous of the 18 regions of France. It covers 12,012 square kilometres, or two percent of the national territory, and has official estimated population of 12,213,364 as of January 1, 2019, or 18.2% of the population of France. The region accounts for nearly 30 percent of the French Gross Domestic Product (GDP).

Contents

History

Yvelines was created from the western part of the former department of Seine-et-Oise on 1 January 1968 in accordance with a law passed on 10 January 1964 and a décret d'application (a decree specifying how a law should be enforced) from 26 February 1965. It inherited Seine-et-Oise's official number of 78.

Seine-et-Oise former French department (1790-1968)

Seine-et-Oise was a département of France encompassing the western, northern, and southern parts of the metropolitan area of Paris. Its préfecture (capital) was Versailles and its official number was 78. Seine-et-Oise was abolished in 1968 as part of the reorganization of the départements of the Paris metropolitan area.

It gained the communes of Châteaufort and Toussus-le-Noble from the adjacent department of Essonne in 1969.

The commune is a level of administrative division in the French Republic. French communes are analogous to civil townships and incorporated municipalities in the United States and Canada, Gemeinden in Germany, comuni in Italy or ayuntamiento in Spain. The United Kingdom has no exact equivalent, as communes resemble districts in urban areas, but are closer to parishes in rural areas where districts are much larger. Communes are based on historical geographic communities or villages and are vested with significant powers to manage the populations and land of the geographic area covered. The communes are the fourth-level administrative divisions of France.

Châteaufort, Yvelines Commune in Île-de-France, France

Châteaufort is a commune in the Yvelines department in the Île-de-France in north-central France. It is located 9 km (5.6 mi) south of Versailles, and 27 km (17 mi) southwest of Paris.

Toussus-le-Noble Commune in Île-de-France, France

Toussus-le-Noble is a commune in the Yvelines department in the Île-de-France in north-central France.

The departmental capital, Versailles, which grew up around Louis XIV's château, was also the French capital for more than a century under the Ancien Régime and again between 1871 and 1879 during the early years of the Third Republic. Since then the château has continued to welcome the French Parliament when it is called upon to sit in a congressional sitting (with both houses sitting together) in order to enact constitutional changes or to listen to a formal declaration by the president. [1]

Versailles, Yvelines Prefecture and commune in Île-de-France, France

Versailles is a city in the Yvelines département in the Île-de-France region, renowned worldwide for the Château de Versailles and the gardens of Versailles, designated UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Located in the western suburbs of the French capital, 17.1 km (10.6 mi) from the centre of Paris, Versailles is in the 21st century a wealthy suburb of Paris with a service-based economy and a major tourist destination as well. According to the 2008 census, the population of the city is 88,641 inhabitants, down from a peak of 94,145 in 1975.

Palace of Versailles French palace on the outskirts of Paris

The Palace of Versailles was the principal royal residence of France from 1682, under Louis XIV, until the start of the French Revolution in 1789, under Louis XVI. It is located in the department of Yvelines, in the region of Île-de-France, about 20 kilometres southwest of the centre of Paris.

France Republic with mainland in Europe and numerous oversea territories

France, officially the French Republic, is a country whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe and several overseas regions and territories. The metropolitan area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic Ocean. It is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany to the northeast, Switzerland and Italy to the east, and Andorra and Spain to the south. The overseas territories include French Guiana in South America and several islands in the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans. The country's 18 integral regions span a combined area of 643,801 square kilometres (248,573 sq mi) and a total population of 67.3 million. France, a sovereign state, is a unitary semi-presidential republic with its capital in Paris, the country's largest city and main cultural and commercial centre. Other major urban areas include Lyon, Marseille, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lille and Nice.

Geography

Yvelines is bordered by the departments of Val-d'Oise on the north, Hauts-de-Seine on the east, Essonne on the southeast, Eure-et-Loir on the southwest, and Eure on the west.

Val-dOise Department of France

Val-d'Oise is a French department, created in 1968 after the split of the Seine-et-Oise department and located in the Île-de-France region. In local slang, it is known as "quatre-vingt quinze" or "neuf cinq", after the first two digits of the department's postcode. It gets its name from the Oise River, a major tributary of the Seine, which crosses the region after having started in Belgium and flowed through north-eastern France. Charles de Gaulle Airport, France's main international airport is partially located in Roissy-en-France, a commune of Val d'Oise.

Hauts-de-Seine Department of France in Île-de-France

Hauts-de-Seine is a department of France located in the region of Île-de-France. A part of the Grand Paris, it covers the western inner suburbs of Paris. With a population of 1,603,268 as of 2016 and a total area of 176 square kilometres, it is the second-most highly densely populated department of France. Hauts-de-Seine is best known for containing the modern office, theatre and shopping complex La Défense. Its inhabitants are called Altoséquanais.

Essonne Department of France

Essonne is a French department in the region of Île-de-France. It is named after the Essonne River.

The eastern part of the department, as well as its northern part along the Seine, is part of the Paris metropolitan area, but the rest of the department is rural, much of it covered by the Forest of Rambouillet (also known as the Forest of Yveline, from which the name of the department is derived).

Rambouillet Forest or Forest of Yveline is a large forest covering some 200 km², located to the west of Paris, in the Île-de-France region in northern France. The town of Rambouillet lies on its southwestern edge.

Besides Versailles (the prefecture) and the subprefectures of Mantes-la-Jolie, Rambouillet, and Saint-Germain-en-Laye, important cities include Conflans-Sainte-Honorine, Poissy, Les Mureaux, Houilles, Plaisir, Sartrouville, Chatou, Le Chesnay, and the new agglomeration community of Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines.

Two regional parks can be found in Yvelines: the Park of the Haute Vallée de Chevreuse and part of the Park of Vexin Français.

Yvelines is home to one of France's best known golf courses, La Tuilerie-Bignon, in the village of Saint-Nom-la-Bretèche.

Principal towns

Most Populous Yvelines communes [2]
RankCommuneCantonArrondissementPopulation
1 Versailles Versailles-1
Versailles-2
Versailles 85,272
2 Sartrouville Sartrouville Saint-Germain-en-Laye 51,599
3 Mantes-la-Jolie Mantes-la-Jolie Mantes-la-Jolie 45,052
4 Saint-Germain-en-Laye Saint-Germain-en-Laye Saint-Germain-en-Laye 39,547
5 Poissy Poissy Saint-Germain-en-Laye 37,461
6 Conflans-Sainte-Honorine Conflans-Sainte-Honorine Saint-Germain-en-Laye 35,213
7 Montigny-le-Bretonneux Montigny-le-Bretonneux Versailles 33,625
8 Houilles Houilles Saint-Germain-en-Laye 32,287
9 Les Mureaux Les Mureaux Mantes-la-Jolie 31,487
10 Plaisir Plaisir Versailles 31,342
11 Trappes Trappes Versailles 20,718
12 Chatou Chatou Saint-Germain-en-Laye 30,809
13 Le Chesnay Le Chesnay Versailles 28,640
14 Guyancourt Montigny-le-Bretonneux Versailles 27,546
15 Élancourt Trappes Rambouillet 26,290

Demographics

In French, a man from the Yvelines is called Yvelinois (plural Yvelinois); a woman is Yvelinoise (plural Yvelinoises).

Place of birth of residents

Place of birth of residents of Yvelines in 1999
Born in Metropolitan France Born outside Metropolitan France
85.5%14.5%
Born in
Overseas France
Born in foreign countries with French citizenship at birth1 EU-15 immigrants2Non-EU-15 immigrants
1.1%3.0%4.2%6.2%
1This group is made up largely of former French settlers, such as pieds-noirs in Northwest Africa, followed by former colonial citizens who had French citizenship at birth (such as was often the case for the native elite in French colonies), and to a lesser extent foreign-born children of French expatriates. Note that a foreign country is understood as a country not part of France in 1999, so a person born for example in 1950 in Algeria, when Algeria was an integral part of France, is nonetheless listed as a person born in a foreign country in French statistics.
2An immigrant is a person born in a foreign country not having French citizenship at birth. Note that an immigrant may have acquired French citizenship since moving to France, but is still considered an immigrant in French statistics. On the other hand, persons born in France with foreign citizenship (the children of immigrants) are not listed as immigrants.

Tourism

Palaces and châteaux

Museums

Artists' and writers' houses

Parks and gardens

Politics

Former Prime Minister of France Michel Rocard, was an MP for the department in the French Socialist Party.

Current National Assembly Representatives

ConstituencyMember [3] Party
Yvelines's 1st constituency Didier Baichère La République En Marche!
Yvelines's 2nd constituency Jean-Noël Barrot MoDem
Yvelines's 3rd constituency Béatrice Piron La République En Marche!
Yvelines's 4th constituency Marie Lebec La République En Marche!
Yvelines's 5th constituency Yaël Braun-Pivet La République En Marche!
Yvelines's 6th constituency Natalia Pouzyreff La République En Marche!
Yvelines's 7th constituency Rodrigue Kokouendo MoDem
Yvelines's 8th constituency Michel Vialay The Republicans
Yvelines's 9th constituency Bruno Millienne MoDem
Yvelines's 10th constituency Aurore Bergé La République En Marche!
Yvelines's 11th constituency Nadia Hai La République En Marche!
Yvelines's 12th constituency Florence Granjus La République En Marche!


Senators

See also

Related Research Articles

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Louveciennes Commune in Île-de-France, France

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Conflans-Sainte-Honorine Commune in Île-de-France, France

Conflans-Sainte-Honorine is a commune in the Yvelines department in the Île-de-France region in north-central France. It is located in the north-western suburbs of Paris, 24.2 km (15.0 mi) from the center of Paris.

The 4 arrondissements of the Yvelines department are:

  1. Arrondissement of Mantes-la-Jolie, with 109 communes. The population of the arrondissement was 281,020 in 2013.
  2. Arrondissement of Rambouillet, with 83 communes. The population of the arrondissement was 223,370 in 2013.
  3. Arrondissement of Saint-Germain-en-Laye, with 44 communes. The population of the arrondissement was 554,767 in 2013.
  4. Arrondissement of Versailles, with 23 communes. The population of the arrondissement was 359,327 in 2013.
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Arrondissement of Saint-Germain-en-Laye Arrondissement in Île-de-France, France

The arrondissement of Saint-Germain-en-Laye is an arrondissement of France in the Yvelines department in the Île-de-France region. Since the January 2017 reorganization of the arrondissements of Yvelines, it has 44 communes.

The Compagnie des chemins de fer de l'Ouest, often referred to simply as L'Ouest or Ouest, was an early French railway company.

The following is a list of the 21 cantons of the Yvelines department, in France, following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:

Achères, Yvelines Commune in Île-de-France, France

Achères is a commune in the Yvelines department in north-central France. It is located 23.7 km (14.7 mi) from the center of Paris.

Transilien Paris-Saint-Lazare is one of the sectors in the Paris Transilien suburban rail network. The trains on this sector depart from Paris-Saint-Lazare in central Paris, as well as from Noisy-le-Roi station in the suburbs. Transilien services from Paris – Saint-Lazare are part of the SNCF Saint-Lazare rail network. There are two groups of Transilien lines in the Saint-Lazare sector, marked "J" and "L".

Chavenay Commune in Île-de-France, France

Chavenay, also known as Vallon de Chavenay, is a commune in the Yvelines department in the Île-de-France region in north-central France. It is located close to Saint-Nom-la-Bretèche, Saint-Germain-en-Laye, and Versailles.

Chambourcy Commune in Île-de-France, France

Chambourcy is a commune in the Yvelines department in the Île-de-France region in north-central France. It is located 3 km (1.9 mi) west of Saint-Germain-en-Laye and about 25 km (16 mi) west of Paris.

Buc, Yvelines Commune in Île-de-France, France

Buc is a commune in the Yvelines department and Île-de-France region of north central France.

Gargenville Commune in Île-de-France, France

Gargenville is a commune in the Yvelines department in the Île-de-France region in north-central France, 45km to the center of Paris. It is part of the Parc naturel régional du Vexin français. With the neighborhing commune of Issou, it forms an urban area of around 10000 inhabitants.

Paris–Rouen (motor race) competitive motor race

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Neuville–Université station railway station in Neuville-sur-Oise, France

Neuville–Université is a train station in Neuville-sur-Oise, in Val d'Oise department, in France.

The Communauté urbaine Grand Paris Seine et Oise is the communauté urbaine, an intercommunal structure, covering the western suburbs of Paris. It is located in the Yvelines department, in the Île-de-France region, northern France. It was created in January 2016 by the merger of the previous communautés d'agglomération Mantes-en-Yvelines, Deux Rives de la Seine, Poissy-Achères-Conflans-Sainte-Honorine, Seine & Vexin and the communautés de communes Coteaux du Vexin and Seine-Mauldre. Its population was 411,100 in 2014. Its seat is in Aubergenville.

References

  1. "Communiqué de la présidence de la République" (in French). Archived from the original on 15 June 2009. Retrieved 17 October 2009.
  2. "Insee - Populations légales 2013". Insee . Retrieved 25 August 2016.
  3. http://www.assemblee-nationale.fr/