Yvelines

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Yvelines
Versailles prefecture yvelines.jpg
Chateau de Versailles (19387602929).jpg
Versailles view from the Parterre d'eau.jpg
Etangs de la Miniere (2934325093).jpg
From top down, left to right: prefecture building in Versailles, marble courtyard and gardens of the Palace of Versailles, forest and lake near Guyancourt
Drapeau fr departement Yvelines.svg
Flag
Blason departement fr Yvelines.svg
Coat of arms
Yvelines-Position.svg
Location of Yvelines in France
Coordinates: 48°50′N1°55′E / 48.833°N 1.917°E / 48.833; 1.917 Coordinates: 48°50′N1°55′E / 48.833°N 1.917°E / 48.833; 1.917
Country France
Region Île-de-France
Prefecture Versailles
Subprefectures Mantes-la-Jolie
Rambouillet
Saint-Germain-
en-Laye
Government
   President of the General Council Pierre Bédier
Area
1
  Total2,284 km2 (882 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)
  Total1,431,808
  Rank 9th
  Density630/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Department number 78
Arrondissements 4
Cantons 21
Communes 259
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km².

Yvelines (French pronunciation:  [ivlin] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen )) is a department in the region of Île-de-France, France. Located west of Hauts-de-Seine, it had a population of 1,431,808 as of 2016. Its main communes are Versailles, Saint-Germain-en-Laye, Mantes-la-Jolie and Rambouillet.

Contents

History

Yvelines was created from the western part of the former department of Seine-et-Oise on 1 January 1968 in accordance with a law passed on 10 January 1964 and a décret d'application (a decree specifying how a law should be enforced) from 26 February 1965. It inherited Seine-et-Oise's official number of 78.

It gained the communes of Châteaufort and Toussus-le-Noble from the adjacent department of Essonne in 1969.

The departmental capital, Versailles, which grew up around Louis XIV's château, was also the French capital for more than a century under the Ancien Régime and again between 1871 and 1879 during the early years of the Third Republic. Since then the château has continued to welcome the French Parliament when it is called upon to sit in a congressional sitting (with both houses sitting together) in order to enact constitutional changes or to listen to a formal declaration by the president. [1]

Geography

Yvelines is bordered by the departments of Val-d'Oise on the north, Hauts-de-Seine on the east, Essonne on the southeast, Eure-et-Loir on the southwest, and Eure on the west.

The eastern part of the department, as well as its northern part along the Seine, is part of the Paris metropolitan area, but the rest of the department is rural, much of it covered by the Forest of Rambouillet (also known as the Forest of Yveline, from which the name of the department is derived).

Besides Versailles (the prefecture) and the subprefectures of Mantes-la-Jolie, Rambouillet, and Saint-Germain-en-Laye, important cities include Conflans-Sainte-Honorine, Poissy, Les Mureaux, Houilles, Plaisir, Sartrouville, Chatou, Le Chesnay, and the new agglomeration community of Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines.

Two regional parks can be found in Yvelines: the Park of the Haute Vallée de Chevreuse and part of the Park of Vexin Français.

Yvelines is home to one of France's best known golf courses, La Tuilerie-Bignon, in the village of Saint-Nom-la-Bretèche.

Principal towns

Most Populous Yvelines communes [2]
RankCommuneCantonArrondissementPopulation
1 Versailles Versailles-1
Versailles-2
Versailles 85,272
2 Sartrouville Sartrouville Saint-Germain-en-Laye 51,599
3 Mantes-la-Jolie Mantes-la-Jolie Mantes-la-Jolie 45,052
4 Saint-Germain-en-Laye Saint-Germain-en-Laye Saint-Germain-en-Laye 39,547
5 Poissy Poissy Saint-Germain-en-Laye 37,461
6 Conflans-Sainte-Honorine Conflans-Sainte-Honorine Saint-Germain-en-Laye 35,213
7 Montigny-le-Bretonneux Montigny-le-Bretonneux Versailles 33,625
8 Houilles Houilles Saint-Germain-en-Laye 32,287
9 Les Mureaux Les Mureaux Mantes-la-Jolie 31,487
10 Plaisir Plaisir Versailles 31,342
11 Trappes Trappes Versailles 20,718
12 Chatou Chatou Saint-Germain-en-Laye 30,809
13 Le Chesnay Le Chesnay Versailles 28,640
14 Guyancourt Montigny-le-Bretonneux Versailles 27,546
15 Élancourt Trappes Rambouillet 26,290

Demographics

In French, a man from the Yvelines is called Yvelinois (plural Yvelinois); a woman is Yvelinoise (plural Yvelinoises).

Population development since 1876:

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1876235,511    
1881236,471+0.08%
1891250,552+0.58%
1901270,228+0.76%
1911297,562+0.97%
1921321,237+0.77%
1931408,282+2.43%
1936428,166+0.96%
1946431,499+0.08%
1954519,976+2.36%
1962687,827+3.56%
1968854,382+3.68%
19751,082,255+3.44%
19821,196,111+1.44%
19901,307,150+1.12%
19991,354,304+0.39%
20071,403,957+0.45%
20161,431,808+0.22%
source: [3]

Place of birth of residents

Place of birth of residents of Yvelines in 1999
Born in Metropolitan France Born outside Metropolitan France
85.5%14.5%
Born in
Overseas France
Born in foreign countries with French citizenship at birth1 EU-15 immigrants2Non-EU-15 immigrants
1.1%3.0%4.2%6.2%
1This group is made up largely of former French settlers, such as pieds-noirs in Northwest Africa, followed by former colonial citizens who had French citizenship at birth (such as was often the case for the native elite in French colonies), and to a lesser extent foreign-born children of French expatriates. Note that a foreign country is understood as a country not part of France in 1999, so a person born for example in 1950 in Algeria, when Algeria was an integral part of France, is nonetheless listed as a person born in a foreign country in French statistics.
2An immigrant is a person born in a foreign country not having French citizenship at birth. Note that an immigrant may have acquired French citizenship since moving to France, but is still considered an immigrant in French statistics. On the other hand, persons born in France with foreign citizenship (the children of immigrants) are not listed as immigrants.

Tourism

Palaces and châteaux

Museums

Artists' and writers' houses

Parks and gardens

Politics

Former Prime Minister of France Michel Rocard, was an MP for the department in the French Socialist Party.

Current National Assembly Representatives

ConstituencyMember [4] Party
Yvelines's 1st constituency Didier Baichère La République En Marche!
Yvelines's 2nd constituency Jean-Noël Barrot MoDem
Yvelines's 3rd constituency Béatrice Piron La République En Marche!
Yvelines's 4th constituency Marie Lebec La République En Marche!
Yvelines's 5th constituency Yaël Braun-Pivet La République En Marche!
Yvelines's 6th constituency Natalia Pouzyreff La République En Marche!
Yvelines's 7th constituency Rodrigue Kokouendo MoDem
Yvelines's 8th constituency Michel Vialay The Republicans
Yvelines's 9th constituency Bruno Millienne MoDem
Yvelines's 10th constituency Aurore Bergé La République En Marche!
Yvelines's 11th constituency Nadia Hai La République En Marche!
Yvelines's 12th constituency Florence Granjus La République En Marche!


Senators

See also

Related Research Articles

Seine-et-Oise former French department (1790-1968)

Seine-et-Oise was a département of France encompassing the western, northern, and southern parts of the metropolitan area of Paris. Its préfecture (capital) was Versailles and its official number was 78. Seine-et-Oise was abolished in 1968 as part of the reorganization of the départements of the Paris metropolitan area.

Oise (river) river in Belgium and France

The Oise is a river of Belgium and France, flowing for 341 kilometres (212 mi) from its source in the Belgian province of Hainaut, south of Chimay. It crosses the border with France after about 20 kilometres (12 mi). It flows into the Seine at Conflans-Sainte-Honorine, a north-western suburb of Paris. Its main tributary is the Aisne. It gave its name to the French departments of Oise and Val-d'Oise.

Louveciennes Commune in Île-de-France, France

Louveciennes is a commune in the Yvelines department in the Île-de-France region in north-central France. It is located in the western suburbs of Paris, between Versailles and Saint-Germain-en-Laye, and adjacent to Marly-le-Roi.

The 4 arrondissements of the Yvelines department are:

  1. Arrondissement of Mantes-la-Jolie, with 109 communes. The population of the arrondissement was 271,436 in 2016.
  2. Arrondissement of Rambouillet, with 83 communes. The population of the arrondissement was 228,196 in 2016.
  3. Arrondissement of Saint-Germain-en-Laye, with 44 communes. The population of the arrondissement was 518,220in 2016.
  4. Arrondissement of Versailles, with 23 communes. The population of the arrondissement was 413,956 in 2016.
Arrondissement of Mantes-la-Jolie Arrondissement in Île-de-France, France

The arrondissement of Mantes-la-Jolie is an arrondissement of France in the Yvelines department in the Île-de-France region. It has 109 communes. Its population is 271,436 (2016), and its area is 759.0 km2 (293.1 sq mi).

Arrondissement of Rambouillet Arrondissement in Île-de-France, France

The arrondissement of Rambouillet is an arrondissement of France in the Yvelines department in the Île-de-France region. It has 83 communes. Its population is 228,196 (2016), and its area is 987.3 km2 (381.2 sq mi).

Arrondissement of Saint-Germain-en-Laye Arrondissement in Île-de-France, France

The arrondissement of Saint-Germain-en-Laye is an arrondissement of France in the Yvelines department in the Île-de-France region. It has 44 communes. Its population is 518,220 (2016), and its area is 350.9 km2 (135.5 sq mi).

Arrondissement of Versailles Arrondissement in Île-de-France, France

The arrondissement of Versailles is an arrondissement of France in the Yvelines department in the Île-de-France region. It has 23 communes. Its population is 413,956 (2016), and its area is 187.2 km2 (72.3 sq mi).

The Compagnie des chemins de fer de l'Ouest, often referred to simply as L'Ouest or Ouest, was an early French railway company.

The following is a list of the 21 cantons of the Yvelines department, in France, following the French canton reorganisation which came into effect in March 2015:

Achères, Yvelines Commune in Île-de-France, France

Achères is a commune in the Yvelines department in north-central France. It is located 23.7 km (14.7 mi) from the center of Paris.

Transilien Paris-Saint-Lazare is one of the sectors in the Paris Transilien suburban rail network. The trains on this sector depart from Paris-Saint-Lazare in central Paris, as well as from Noisy-le-Roi station in the suburbs. Transilien services from Paris – Saint-Lazare are part of the SNCF Saint-Lazare rail network. There are two groups of Transilien lines in the Saint-Lazare sector, marked "J" and "L".

Chavenay Commune in Île-de-France, France

Chavenay, also known as Vallon de Chavenay, is a commune in the Yvelines department in the Île-de-France region in north-central France. It is located close to Saint-Nom-la-Bretèche, Saint-Germain-en-Laye, and Versailles.

Buc, Yvelines Commune in Île-de-France, France

Buc is a commune in the Yvelines department and Île-de-France region of north central France.

Paris–Rouen (motor race) competitive motor race

Paris–Rouen, Le Petit Journal Horseless Carriages Contest, was a pioneering city-to-city motoring competition in 1894 which is sometimes described as the world's first competitive motor race.

Louis-Martin Berthault was a French architect, decorator, engraver and landscape artist.

Gare de Neuville–Université railway station in Neuville-sur-Oise, France

Neuville–Université is a train station in Neuville-sur-Oise, in Val d'Oise department, in France.

Grand Paris Seine et Oise Communauté urbaine in Île-de-France, France

The Communauté urbaine Grand Paris Seine et Oise is the communauté urbaine, an intercommunal structure, covering the western suburbs of Paris. It is located in the Yvelines department, in the Île-de-France region, northern France. It was created in January 2016 by the merger of the previous communautés d'agglomération Mantes-en-Yvelines, Deux Rives de la Seine, Poissy-Achères-Conflans-Sainte-Honorine, Seine & Vexin and the communautés de communes Coteaux du Vexin and Seine-Mauldre. Its population was 411,100 in 2014. Its seat is in Aubergenville.

References

  1. "Communiqué de la présidence de la République" (in French). Archived from the original on 15 June 2009. Retrieved 17 October 2009.
  2. "Insee – Populations légales 2013". Insee . Retrieved 25 August 2016.
  3. Site sur la Population et les Limites Administratives de la France
  4. http://www.assemblee-nationale.fr/