Yvonne de Gaulle

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Yvonne de Gaulle
Yvonne de Gaulle.jpg
Spouse of the President of France
In role
8 January 1959 28 April 1969
President Charles de Gaulle
Preceded by Germaine Coty
Succeeded by Claude Pompidou
Personal details
Born
Yvonne Charlotte Anne Marie Vendroux

(1900-05-22)22 May 1900
Calais, France
Died8 November 1979(1979-11-08) (aged 79)
Paris, France
Spouse(s)
Charles de Gaulle
(m. 1921;died 1970)
Children Philippe
Élisabeth
Anne

Yvonne de Gaulle (born Yvonne Charlotte Anne Marie Vendroux; 22 May 1900 8 November 1979) was the wife of Charles de Gaulle. They were married on 6 April 1921. [1] She is known for the quote, "The presidency is temporary—but the family is permanent." [2] She and her husband narrowly escaped an assassination attempt on 22 August 1962, when their Citroën DS was targeted by machine gun fire arranged by Jean Bastien-Thiry at the Petit-Clamart. [3]

Charles de Gaulle 18th President of the French Republic

Charles André Joseph Marie de Gaulle was a French army officer and statesman who led the French Resistance against Nazi Germany in World War II and chaired the Provisional Government of the French Republic from 1944 to 1946 in order to establish democracy in France. In 1958, he came out of retirement when appointed President of the Council of Ministers by President René Coty. He was asked to rewrite the Constitution of France and founded the Fifth Republic after approval by referendum. He was elected President of France later that year, a position he was reelected to in 1965 and held until his resignation in 1969. He was the dominant figure of France during the Cold War era, and his memory continues to influence French politics.

Citroën DS French executive car

The Citroën DS is a front-engine, front-wheel-drive executive car that was manufactured and marketed by the French company Citroën from 1955 to 1975 in sedan, wagon/estate and convertible body configurations across three series, or generations.

Machine gun fully automatic mounted or portable firearm

A machine gun is a fully automatic mounted or portable firearm designed to fire rifle cartridges in rapid succession from an ammunition belt or magazine for the purpose of suppressive fire. Not all fully automatic firearms are machine guns. Submachine guns, rifles, assault rifles, battle rifles, shotguns, pistols or cannons may be capable of fully automatic fire, but are not designed for sustained fire. As a class of military rapid-fire guns, machine guns are fully automatic weapons designed to be used as support weapons and generally used when attached to a mount- or fired from the ground on a bipod or tripod. Many machine guns also use belt feeding and open bolt operation, features not normally found on rifles.

Like her husband, Yvonne de Gaulle was a conservative Catholic, and campaigned against prostitution, the sale of pornography in newsstands and the televised display of nudity and sex, for which she earned the nickname Tante (Auntie) Yvonne. Later she unsuccessfully tried to persuade de Gaulle to outlaw miniskirts in France.[ citation needed ]

Catholic Church in France Roman Catholicism in France

The Catholic Church in France is part of the worldwide Catholic Church in communion with the Pope in Rome. Established in the 2nd century in unbroken communion with the bishop of Rome, it is sometimes called the "eldest daughter of the church".

The couple had three children: Philippe (b. 1921), Élisabeth (1924–2013), and Anne (1928–1948), who was born with Down syndrome. Yvonne de Gaulle set up a charity, La foundation Anne-de-Gaulle, to help children with disabilities.

Philippe de Gaulle son of Charles de Gaulle

Philippe de Gaulle is a retired French admiral and senator. He is the eldest child and only son of General Charles de Gaulle, the first President of the French Fifth Republic, and his wife Yvonne; and is the only one of de Gaulle's three children still living.

Anne de Gaulle daughter of Charles de Gaulle

Anne de Gaulle was the youngest daughter of General Charles de Gaulle and his wife, Yvonne. She was born in Trier, Germany, where her father was stationed with the Army of Occupation in the Rhineland.

Down syndrome chromosomal disease characterized by flat-looking facial features and weak muscle tone (hypotonia) in infancy and is caused by trisomy of all or a critical portion of chromosome 21 and is associated with intellectual disability

Down syndrome, also known as trisomy 21, is a genetic disorder caused by the presence of all or part of a third copy of chromosome 21. It is typically associated with physical growth delays, mild to moderate intellectual disability, and characteristic facial features. The average IQ of a young adult with Down syndrome is 50, equivalent to the mental ability of an 8- or 9-year-old child, but this can vary widely.

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References

  1. Prial, Frank J. "Yvonne de Gaulle, Widow of French Leader, Dead". nytimes. Retrieved 21 August 2018.
  2. Young, David (2012). Breakthrough Power for Leaders: A Daily Guide to an Extraordinary Life. David Young. p. 142.
  3. Newton, Michael (2014). Famous Assassinations in World History: An Encyclopedia [2 volumes]. ABC-CLIO. p. 174. ISBN   9781610692861.