Zadran (Pashtun tribe)

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The Zadran (Pashto : ځدراڼdzadrāṇ; pronounced dzādroṇ in the Khost-Paktia dialect), also spelled Dzadran or Jadran, is a Pashtun tribe that inhabits the Loya Paktia region in southeastern Afghanistan (Khost, Paktia, and Paktika provinces) and parts of Waziristan in neighboring Pakistan. "Zadran: Pashtun tribe mainly residing in the “Zadran Arc” a 9-district area encompassing portions of the Khost, Paktya, and Paktika provinces." [1] [2] [3] [4]


The Zadran are a branch of the Karlani tribal confederacy. [5] They are the largest Pashtun tribal group in Afghanistan's mountainous southeastern region, usually found in areas that are unsuitable for settled agricultural production. They have a reputation for militancy dating to the Soviet–Afghan War. Well-known Taliban fighter Jalaluddin Haqqani, who in later years headed the Haqqani network, is of the Zadran tribe himself, though he is recognized for ending the malik system by forcing Mohammad Omar Babrakzai to leave Paktia province. Babrakzai was the most powerful malik, or tribal chieftain, of the Zadran in the 1980s. [6] [7]

Tribal Tree

The known tribal tree for the Zadran tribe is as follow: [8]

Zadran Tribal Tree (shjrh).jpg

Notable Persons

See also

Related Research Articles

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Nika District District

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Khost-Gardez Pass

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Loya Paktia

Lōya Paktiā is a historical and cultural region of Afghanistan, comprising the modern Afghan provinces of Khost, Paktia, and Paktika, as well as parts of Logar and parts of Kurram and Waziristan in Pakistan. Loya Paktia is vaguely defined by a common culture and history that is connected to the local indigenous tribes that reside in the region. Particular styles of clothing, articles of clothing, turban styles, turban cloth colors, dialects of Pashto language, etc. may sometimes be associated with specific tribes indigenous to Loya Paktia and thus integrate themselves into regional culture. For instance, a Pashtun tribesman from Loy Kandahar may quickly recognize a Pashtun from Loya Paktia based upon his turban style and color. Likewise, a Pashtun from Loya Paktia may recognize someone from Loy Kandahar based upon his unique style of collarless kameez (shirt) with specific embroidered patterns on the front. There are many subtle and intricate cultural indicators of this type that are not recorded in any known written history but simply known and observed by the tribesmen of the various Pashtun regions of Afghanistan and Pakistan.


Zēṛōk is the main town of Zerok District in Paktika Province, Afghanistan. It is located within the heart of Zadran land on the main Khost-Urgun road.

Masidwola, Mehsudi, or Maseedwola is a dialect of Waziristani.

Babrak Khan Zadran chieftain

Babrak Khan was a Zadran chieftain who was the father of Said Akbar Babrak and of Mazrak Zadran.


  1. Paktia Executive Summary on
  2. Paktika Executive Summary on
  3. Khost Executive Summary on
  4. "Afghan power brokers: Playing the tribal loyalty card". Christian Science Monitor. 2002-06-10. Archived from the original on March 2, 2008. Retrieved 2015-08-23.
  5. Coyle, Dennis Walter (August 2014). "Placing Wardak among Pashto varieties" (PDF). University of North Dakota:UND. Retrieved 26 December 2014.
  6. Zellen, Barry Scott (2014). Culture, Conflict, and Counterinsurgency. Stanford University Press. p. 145. Retrieved 25 July 2019.
  7. McFate, Montgomery (2015). Social Science Goes to War: The Human Terrain System in Iraq and Afghanistan. Oxford University Press. p. 108. Retrieved 25 July 2019.
  8. Kaka Khel, Syed Bahadar Shah Zafar (2008). Pukhtun Tareekh ke Ayeney Mein. Peshawar, Pakistan: University Book Agency, Peshawar. p. 1093.