Zakaria Mohieddin

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Zakaria Mohieddin
Zakaria Mohiedin as Interior Minister.jpg
33rd Prime Minister of Egypt
In office
3 October 1965 10 September 1966
President Gamal Abdel Nasser
Preceded by Ali Sabri
Succeeded by Muhammad Sedki Sulayman
Vice-President of Egypt
In office
1961–1968
President Gamal Abdel Nasser
Succeeded by Ali Sabri
Member of the Egyptian Revolutionary Command Council
In office
1952–1956
President Muhammad Naguib, Gamal Abdel Nasser
Director of the Egyptian General Intelligence Directorate
In office
1952–1955
President Muhammad Naguib, Gamal Abdel Nasser
Succeeded by Ali Sabri
Personal details
Born(1918-07-05)5 July 1918
Dakahlia Governorate, Sultanate of Egypt
Died15 May 2012(2012-05-15) (aged 93)
Cairo, Egypt
ProfessionMilitary Officer, Politician, Intelligence Officer
AwardsMehmet Ali golden award
Military service
Allegiance Flag of Egypt.svg Egypt
Branch/service Egyptian Army
Years of service1938–1952

Zakaria Mohieddin (5 July 1918 15 May 2012) (Arabic : زكريا محيي الدين, IPA:  [zækæˈɾejjæ ˈmoħj edˈdiːn] ) was an Egyptian military officer, politician, Prime Minister of Egypt and head of the first Intelligence body in Egypt, the Egyptian General Intelligence Directorate.

Egyptians are an ethnic group native to Egypt and the citizens of that country sharing a common culture and a common dialect known as Egyptian Arabic.

Contents

Overview

Mohieddin attended Military College in 1938 and was a Staff College Graduate in 1948. He was the Professional Army Professor of Tactics in the Officers Military College from 1940 to 1943 and again from 1950 to 1951. He was also the Professor of Tactics in the Officers Staff College from 1951 to 1952. [1]

In 1967, Mohieddin was appointed by president Gamal Abdel Nasser to take over position of president after Nasser's resignation, an appointment he refused. In 1968, he resigned from all positions and quit public life. [2]

Gamal Abdel Nasser Second president of Egypt

Gamal Abdel Nasser Hussein was the second President of Egypt, serving from 1954 until his death in 1970. Nasser led the 1952 overthrow of the monarchy and introduced far-reaching land reforms the following year. Following a 1954 attempt on his life by a Muslim Brotherhood member, he cracked down on the organization, put President Mohamed Naguib under house arrest and assumed executive office. He was formally elected president in June 1956.

As of 2005, after the death of Hussein El-Shafei and until his own death in 2012, he and his first cousin Khaled Mohieddin were the last two surviving members of the Revolutionary Command Council. [3]

Khaled Mohieddin Egyptian politician

Khaled Mohieddine was an Egyptian politician and a major in the Egyptian Army. He participated in the Egyptian Revolution of 1952, as a member of the Free Officers Movement, which overthrew the monarchy then under the rule of King Farouk.

On 15 May 2012, Mohieddin died at the age of 93. [4] [5]

Military

Mohieddin had various assignments within the army. He served with the Egyptian army in Sudan. In 1948, he was the chief of staff of the first brigade which was later besieged at Faluja. One of his outstanding achievements in 1948 was to go back to the besieged brigade, infiltrating enemy lines from Rafah to Faluja. He was rewarded for his bravery at the end of the war with the Mehmet Ali golden award for valour and excellence in duty in the field in Palestine. In 1952, he prepared strategy for army movement and was in charge of operation that led to success of the movement.

Mehmet Ali, Memet Ali or Mehmed Ali is a Turkish given name for males. People with the name include:

Political

Zakaria Mohieddin and Yuri Gagarin - the first Human in Space, Cairo Almaza Air Base, February 2, 1962 Yuri Gagarin and Zakaria Mohieddin 05-02-1962 Cairo Almaza Air Base.jpg
Zakaria Mohieddin and Yuri Gagarin - the first Human in Space, Cairo Almaza Air Base, February 2, 1962

Positions held

Committees and boards

Conferences attended

Death

Mohieddin died on the morning of 15 May 2012 at the age of 93. His funeral was held at the Aal Rashdan Mosque in Nasr City, which is associated with the Egyptian military. In addition to his family, several military and political figures attended the procession, including Sami Hafez Anan, Hussein Tantawi, Hamdeen Sabahi, Ahmed Shafiq, Amr Moussa and Kamal el-Ganzouri. [6]

Honour

Foreign honour

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References

  1. زكريا محي الدين يعزي لأول مرة في صفحة الوفيات
  2. Revolution:Zakaria Mohieddin Archived 2011-06-14 at the Wayback Machine
  3. Al-Ahram Weekly Online Archived 2013-04-03 at the Wayback Machine
  4. "Tantawi, Anan attend Zakaria Mohieddin's military funeral procession". Egypt Independent. 15 May 2012. Archived from the original on 2012-07-29. Retrieved 17 May 2012.
  5. "Prominent Egyptian 'Free Officer' dies at 94". Al-Ahram . 15 May 2012. Retrieved 5 June 2012.
  6. Tantawi, Anan attend Zakaria Mohieddin’s military funeral procession Archived 2012-07-29 at Archive.today . Egypt Independent . Al-Masry al-Youm. 2012-05-15.
  7. "Senarai Penuh Penerima Darjah Kebesaran, Bintang dan Pingat Persekutuan Tahun 1965" (PDF).
Political offices
Preceded by
None
Vice-President of Egypt
1961-1968
Succeeded by
Ali Sabri
Preceded by
Ali Sabri
Prime Minister of Egypt
1965-1966
Succeeded by
Muhammad Sedki Sulayman