Zaliche (Greek: Ζαλίχη) or Zaliches (Greek: Ζαλίχης) was an ancient town in the late Roman province of Helenopontus.
Greek is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to Greece, Cyprus and other parts of the Eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea. It has the longest documented history of any living Indo-European language, spanning more than 3000 years of written records. Its writing system has been the Greek alphabet for the major part of its history; other systems, such as Linear B and the Cypriot syllabary, were used previously. The alphabet arose from the Phoenician script and was in turn the basis of the Latin, Cyrillic, Armenian, Coptic, Gothic, and many other writing systems.
The Roman provinces were the lands and people outside of Rome itself that were controlled by the Republic and later the Empire. Each province was ruled by a Roman who was appointed as governor. Although different in many ways, they were similar to the states in Australia or the United States, the regions in the United kingdom or New Zealand, or the prefectures in Japan. Canada refers to some of its territory as provinces.
"Zaliche" is the form given in the indices of the editions, produced by Peter Wesseling,and by B.G. Niebuhr It is the form given also in Anthon's Classical Dictionary On the other hand, the contributor (Leonhard Schmitz) of the entry on the town in William Smith's Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography gives it the name "Zaliches". The Annuaire historique of the Société de l'histoire de France treats "Zaliches" instead as the genitive case of "Zaliche'. It appears that the city was at some time also called Leontopolis,
The manuscripts of the Synecdemus list among the seven cities of Helenopontus one called Σάλτον Ζαλίχην, which Peter Wesseling believes should be corrected to Σάλτος Ζαλίχης and suggests it indicates that the city was surrounded by forests (Latin, saltus), making the name equivalent to "Forest of Zaliche".
The Synecdemus or Synekdemos is a geographic text, attributed to Hierocles, which contains a table of administrative divisions of the Byzantine Empire and lists of their cities. The work is dated to the reign of Justinian but prior to 535, as it divides the 912 listed cities in the Empire among 64 Eparchies. The Synecdemus, along with the work of Stephanus of Byzantium were the principal sources of Constantine VII's work on the Themes.
Latin is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. The Latin alphabet is derived from the Etruscan and Greek alphabets and ultimately from the Phoenician alphabet.
At the Second Council of Nicaea in 787, a priest named Andronicus represented the Bishop John "Ζαλίχων", i.e., of Zaliche (Ζαλίχη, neuter plural). The priest is also called a priest Λεοντοπόλεως ἤτοι Ζαλίχου, an expression that treats "Leontopolis" as another name for the same town. Both Wesseling and the contributor to Smith's Geography also believe that this is the Leontopolis spoken of in Novella 28 as one of the cities of Helenopontus.
The Second Council of Nicaea is recognized as the last of the first seven ecumenical councils by the Eastern Orthodox Church and the Roman Catholic Church. In addition, it is also recognized as such by the Old Catholics and others. Protestant opinions on it are varied.
The town was the seat of an ancient bishopric and remains today a vacant titular see.Leontopolis is first mentioned as a suffragan bishopric of Amaseia in the 6th century and, although declining, survived until the thirteenth. It is mentioned in the Notitia III and sent delegates to Second and Third Council of Constantinople. At times this city was merged with the bishopric centered on Isauropolis. but known bishops include:
A titular see in various churches is an episcopal see of a former diocese that no longer functions, sometimes called a "dead diocese".
The Third Council of Constantinople, counted as the Sixth Ecumenical Council by the Eastern Orthodox and Catholic Churches, as well by certain other Western Churches, met in 680/681 and condemned monoenergism and monothelitism as heretical and defined Jesus Christ as having two energies and two wills.
Isauropolis was a Roman and Byzantine-era town in southern Turkey.
The Council of Chalcedon was a church council held from 8 October to 1 November, 451, at Chalcedon. The Council was called by Emperor Marcian to set aside the 449 Second Council of Ephesus. Its principal purpose was to assert the orthodox catholic doctrine against the heresy of Eutyches and the Monophysites, although ecclesiastical discipline and jurisdiction also occupied the council's attention.
Floruit, abbreviated fl., Latin for "he/she flourished", denotes a date or period during which a person was known to have been alive or active. In English, the word may also be used as a noun indicating the time when someone flourished.
The seat has been vacant since April 30, 1990.
Modern scholars place the town at Alaçam, Samsun Province, Turkey.
Ibora was a city in the late Roman province of Helenopontus, which became a Christian bishopric. It is now called İverönü, Erbaa in present-day Tokat Province, Turkey. This is stated also by the Annuario Pontificio, which lists the bishopric as a titular see.
Bigadiç is a town and district of Balıkesir Province in the Marmara region of Turkey. As former Ancient bishopric of Achyraus, it remains a Latin Catholic titular see.
Ruspe or Ruspae was a town in the Roman province of Byzacena. It served as the episcopal see of Saint Fulgentius of Ruspe. It is now a Roman Catholic titular bishopric.
Nyssa was a small town and bishopric in Cappadocia, Asia Minor. It is important in the history of Christianity due to being the see of the prominent 4th century bishop Gregory of Nyssa. Today, its name continues to be used as a titular see in the Eastern Orthodox Church and the Roman Catholic Church.
Titiopolis was a town in the Roman province of Isauria.
Euroea or Euroia was a city in Epirus, in western Greece, during late antiquity. It was abandoned in the early 7th century due to Slavic invasions. During the 4th–8th centuries, it was a bishopric. Since the 18th century, it is also a titular see of the Catholic Church.
Rhesaina (Rhesaena) was a city in the late Roman province of Mesopotamia Secunda and a bishopric that was a suffragan of Dara.
Abonoteichos, later Ionopolis, was an ancient city in Asia Minor, on the site of modern İnebolu and remains a Latin Catholic titular see.
Dalisandus or Dalisandos was a city in Isauria, near the river Cydnus. It is considered to have been near Sınabiç, 6 km north of Claudiopolis, Turkey.
Azura was an ancient civitas and bishopric in Roman North Africa– It remains only as Latin Catholic titular see.
Eudocia was a town in ancient Lycia.
Eudocias or Eudocia was an ancient town in the Roman province of Pamphylia Secunda, in the neighbourhood of Termessus.
Carallia was a city of the Roman province of Pamphylia Prima and is mentioned in the acts of the Council of Ephesus (431). The same form of the name is given in the acts of the Council of Chalcedon (451).
Dalisandus or Dalisandos was an ancient city and bishopric in eastern Pamphylia, in Asia Minor and remains a Latin titular see.
Blaundus was a Roman episcopal city in Asia Minor, presently Anatolia, and is now a Latin Catholic titular bishopric.
Apollonos Hieron was an ancient city of Lydia.
Tabala, is the name of a Roman and Byzantine town and an ancient Bishopric in Lydia.
Vagada, also known as Vagadensis and Bagatensis, was a town in the Roman-Berber province of Numidia. It was a Roman Catholic diocese.
The diocese of Cene is a suppressed and titular see of the Roman Catholic Church.
Hadrianopolis or Hadrianoupolis was a town in ancient Phrygia, built by the emperor Hadrian, between Philomelium and Tyriaeum. It was a bishopric, whose bishop attended the Council of Chalcedon and the Second Council of Constantinople.