Zemen

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Zemen

Земен
Zemen Monastery TB (7).jpg
The medieval church of the Zemen Monastery
Bulgaria location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Zemen
Zemen
Coordinates: 42°28′1″N22°45′0″E / 42.46694°N 22.75000°E / 42.46694; 22.75000 Coordinates: 42°28′1″N22°45′0″E / 42.46694°N 22.75000°E / 42.46694; 22.75000
Country Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria
Province
(Oblast)
Pernik
Government
  MayorDimitar Sotirov
Elevation
593 m (1,946 ft)
Population
 (2010)
  Total1,891
Time zone UTC+2 (EET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal Code
2440
Area code(s) 07741

Zemen (Bulgarian : Земен [ˈzɛmɛn] ) is a town in Pernik Province, western Bulgaria. Located near the Pchelina Reservoir on the banks of the Struma River, it is the administrative centre of Zemen Municipality.

The old name of Zemen was Belovo; it was renamed to Zemen in 1925. The new name was initially only given to the railway station nearby, but it was soon carried over to the village itself. The present name commemorates the medieval castle of Zemlengrad, which was located in the Struma gorge in the vicinity of Zemen. The fortress was first mentioned in the 11th-century Tale of Isaiah as ЗЄМЛЬНЬ ГРАД and as ЗЄМЛЪНЬ in a 15th-16th century chronicle. The toponym is derived from the Bulgarian word for "land" (земя, zemya) and refers, according to the locals, to the only arable land in the rocky surrounding area. [1]

Proclaimed a town in 1974, Zemen is famous for the medieval Zemen Monastery, as well as the Peshtera Monastery and the area of Mraka in its vicinity. The population of the town is mostly Bulgarian Orthodox.

Honour

Zemen Knoll on Livingston Island in the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica is named after Zemen.

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References

  1. Чолева-Димитрова, Анна М. (2002). Селищни имена от Югозападна България: Изследване. Речник (in Bulgarian). София: Пенсофт. p. 127. ISBN   954-642-168-5. OCLC   57603720.