Zemplín (region)

Last updated
Location of Zemplin within Slovakia Slovakia Zemplin.jpg
Location of Zemplín within Slovakia

Zemplín is the name of an informal region located in eastern Slovakia. It includes Slovak part of the former Zemplén county, often including the Slovak part of the Ung county (Slovak: Užská župa/Užský komitát).



Zemplín region stretches from the Carpathian Mountains in the north to the lowest point in Slovakia at 94 meters (308 ft) AMSL. The region is situated in the easternmost part of Slovakia (except for the region between Vihorlatské vrchy and the Latorica river, if the former territory of Ung county isn't included). Rivers in the region include: Bodrog, Laborec, Latorica, Uh, Ondava and a very small part of the Tisza river

Zemplín is no longer an administrative region, but is divided between two of the 21 official tourism regions, Lower Zemplín and Upper Zemplín. Administratively, the region is divided between Košice Region, which includes Trebišov and the western part of Michalovce District (if Ung county is included, eastern part of Michalovce and whole Sobrance District also belong to Zemplín), and Prešov Region, fully including Humenné, Snina and Medzilaborce districts and from bigger part including Vranov nad Topľou and Stropkov districts. Major towns include Michalovce, Trebišov and Humenné.


The region of Zemplín, administered from Zemplín Castle was already an administrative unit of Great Moravia in the 9th century CE. After its integration into the Kingdom of Hungary, it became known as the Zemplén county.

Between 1879 and 1901 over 32,000 persons emigrated from the Slovak districts of Semplin to the USA. [1]

In 1918 the Slovak part of Zemplín became part of newly formed Czechoslovakia. The southern half (including the bigger part of the divided Sátoraljaújhely) stayed in Hungary as the county Zemplén.

During World War II, when Czechoslovakia was split temporarily, some of the Czechoslovak part of Zemplen county was occupied by Hungary under the First Vienna Award, and added to the counties Zemplén and Ung. After World War II, the pre-war border was restored, and the Hungarian county Zemplén merged with the county Borsod and the Hungarian part of Abov-Turňa to form the present Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén county. Since the separation of Czechoslovakia into Slovakia and the Czech Republic in 1993, the northern part of Zemplín is part of Slovakia, divided between eastern parts of Košice Region and Prešov Region.


  1. Stolarik, Marian Mark. Immigration and Urbanization: The Slovak Experience, 1870-1918 (New York: AMS Press, 1989) p. 23

Related Research Articles


Spiš is a region in north-eastern Slovakia, with a very small area in south-eastern Poland. Spiš is an informal designation of the territory, but it is also the name of one of the 21 official tourism regions of Slovakia. The region is not an administrative division in its own right, but between the late 11th century and 1920 it was an administrative county of the Kingdom of Hungary,.

Zemplén County

Zemplén was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. The northern part of its territory is now situated in eastern Slovakia, while a smaller southern portion of the former county belongs to Hungary, as part of Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén County.

Prešov Region Region of Slovakia

The Prešov Region, also Priashiv Region is one of the eight Slovak administrative regions and consists of 13 districts (okresy) and 666 municipalities, from which 23 have a town status. The region was established in 1996 and is the most populous of all the regions in the country. Its administrative center is the city of Prešov.

Regions of Slovakia

Since 1949, Slovakia has been divided into a number of kraje. Their number, borders and functions have been changed several times. There are currently eight regions of Slovakia and they correspond to the EU's NUTS 3 level of local administrative units. Each kraj consists of okresy. There are currently 79 districts.

Ung County

Ung county was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory is now mostly in western Ukraine and less in eastern Slovakia, while a very small area in Hungary.

Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén County County of Hungary

Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén is an administrative county in north-eastern Hungary, on the border with Slovakia. It shares borders with the Hungarian counties Nógrád, Heves, Hajdú-Bihar and Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg. The capital of Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén county is Miskolc. Of the seven statistical regions of Hungary it belongs to the region Northern Hungary.


The Bodrog is a river in eastern Slovakia and north-eastern Hungary. It is a tributary to the river Tisza. The Bodrog is formed by the confluence of the rivers Ondava and Latorica near Zemplín in eastern Slovakia. It crosses the Slovak–Hungarian border at the village of Felsőberecki in Hungary, and Streda nad Bodrogom in Slovakia, where it is also the lowest point in Slovakia, and continues its flow through the Hungarian county Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén, until it meets the river Tisza, in Tokaj. A town along its course is Sárospatak, in Hungary.

Gömör és Kishont County

Gömör-Kishont was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its capital was Rimaszombat. Most of its territory is now part of Slovakia, while a smaller part belongs to Hungary.

Abaúj-Torna County

Abaúj-Torna was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its capital was Kassa. Its territory is now divided between Hungary and Slovakia.

Abaúj County

Abaúj is a historic administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. In parts of the 19th century, and in the beginning of the 20th century, it was united with Torna County to form Abaúj-Torna county. Its territory is now in eastern Slovakia and north-eastern Hungary. Today Abaúj and Abov are only informal designations of the corresponding territories in Hungary and Slovakia.

Michalovce Town in Slovakia

Michalovce is a town on the Laborec river in eastern Slovakia. Originally named after the Archangel St Michael, it is the second-largest city in the Košice Region and the seat of the Michalovce District.

Banská Bystrica Region Region of Slovakia

The Banská Bystrica Region is one of the eight regions of Slovakia. It is the largest region by area, and has a lower population density than any other region. The Banská Bystrica region was established in 1923; its borders were last adjusted in 1996. Banská Bystrica consists of 514 municipalities, 24 of which have town status. Its administrative center is the eponymous town of Banská Bystrica, which is also the region's largest town. Other important towns are Zvolen and Brezno.

Košice Region Region of Slovakia

The Košice Region is one of the eight Slovak administrative regions. The region was first established in 1923 and its present borders were established in 1996. It consists of 11 districts (okresy) and 440 municipalities, 17 of which have a town status. About one third of the region's population lives in the agglomeration of Košice, which is its main economic and cultural centre.

Trebišov District is a district in the Košice Region of eastern Slovakia. Until 1918, the district was mostly part of the Hungarian county of Zemplén, apart from a small area in the south-east around Veľké Trakany which formed part of the county of Szabolcs.

Zemplín (village) Municipality in Slovakia

Zemplín is a village and municipality in Trebišov District of the Košice Region.

MFK Zemplín Michalovce

MFK Zemplín Michalovce is a Slovak football team, based in the town of Michalovce who are playing in the Fortuna Liga, the top tier in the Slovak football league system, from 2015–16.


The Laborec is a river in eastern Slovakia that flows through the districts of Medzilaborce, Humenné, and Michalovce in the Košice Region, and the Prešov Region. The river drains the Laborec Highlands. It is 126 km (78 mi) long and its basin size is 4,523 km2 (1,746 sq mi).

Pavol Horov Gymnasium Public secondary school in Michalovce, Slovakia

Pavol Horov Grammar School is an upper secondary school located in the city of Michalovce in Kosice Region, Slovakia. Established in 1922, it is the oldest Slovak Gymnasium east of the Mátra-Slanec Area and is one of two main providers of secondary school education in Michalovce, along with Gymnázium na ulici Ľudovíta Štúra.