|3rd Prime Minister of the Imperial Cabinet|
1 July 1917 – 12 July 1917
|Preceded by||Yuan Shikai (1912)|
|Succeeded by||Position abolished|
|Born||16 September 1854|
Fengxin County, Yichun, Jiangxi, Qing dynasty
|Died||11 September 1923 68) (aged|
Tianjin, Zhili, Republic of China
|Political party||Royalist Party|
|Allegiance|| Qing Dynasty |
Republic of China
Empire of China
|Years of service||1884–1917|
|Rank|| General officer |
|Battles/wars|| Boxer Rebellion |
National Protection War
Zhang Xun (simplified Chinese :张勋; traditional Chinese :張勳; pinyin :Zhāng Xūn or; Wade–Giles :Chang Hsün; September 16, 1854 – September 11, 1923), courtesy name Shaoxuan (少轩), pseudonym Songshoulaoren (松寿老人), nickname bianshuai (辫帅, literally marshal with queue, queue is a symbol of Qing) was a Qing and Republic of China's loyalist general who attempted to restore the abdicated emperor Puyi in the Manchu Restoration of 1917. He also supported Yuan Shikai during his time as president.
He was born on September 16, 1854 in Chitian village, Fengxin county, Jiangxi.
Zhang served as a military escort for Empress Dowager Cixi during the Boxer Uprising. He later served as a subordinate of General Yuan Shikai in the Beiyang Army. He fought for the Qing at Nanjing in 1911, and then after the fall of the Qing, he remained loyal to Yuan Shikai. Despite serving as a general in the new Republic, he refused to cut his queue, as a symbol of his loyalty to the Qing. He was called the "Queue General". He seized Nanjing from the KMT in 1913, defeating the Second Revolution. Despite allowing his troops to savagely loot the city, Zhang was named a field marshal by Yuan.
Between 1 July 1917 and 12 July 1917, Zhang Xun proclaimed himself Prime Minister of the Imperial Cabinet by entering Beijing to reinstate the deposed Puyi as Emperor of the Qing dynasty. However, Zhang Xun's proclamation in July 1917 was never recognized by the Government of the Chinese Republic, most of the Chinese people, or any foreign countries. Other generals loyal to the Republic subsequently thwarted Zhang and forced Puyi to abdicate again. Zhang then took refuge in the Dutch legation and never participated in politics again.
He died on September 11, 1923.
Puyi was the last Emperor of China as the eleventh and final Qing dynasty ruler. Becoming the Xuantong Emperor at age two, forced to abdicate on 12 February 1912 due to the Xinhai Revolution, he later served as the nominal ruler of the Japanese puppet state of Manchukuo during World War II.
Aisin Gioro was the Manchu ruling clan of the Later Jin dynasty (1616–1636), the Qing dynasty (1636–1912) and, nominally, Manchukuo (1932–1945). The House of Aisin Gioro ruled China proper from 1644 until the Xinhai Revolution of 1911–1912, which established a republican government in its place. The word aisin means gold in the Manchu language, and "gioro" is the name of the Aisin Gioro's ancestral home in present-day Yilan, Heilongjiang Province. In Manchu custom, families are identified first by their hala (哈拉), i.e. their family or clan name, and then by mukūn (穆昆), the more detailed classification, typically referring to individual families. In the case of Aisin Gioro, Aisin is the mukūn, and Gioro is the hala. Other members of the Gioro clan include Irgen Gioro (伊爾根覺羅), Šušu Gioro (舒舒覺羅) and Sirin Gioro (西林覺羅).
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Yuan Shikai (1912)
| Prime Minister of the Imperial Cabinet |
1 July 1917 – 12 July 1917