Zhari District

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Zhari

ژړۍ
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Zhari
Coordinates: 31°34′33″N65°25′36″E / 31.57583°N 65.42667°E / 31.57583; 65.42667
CountryFlag of Afghanistan.svg  Afghanistan
Province Kandahar Province
District Center Pasab
Government
  Governor Jamal Agha
  Chief of Police Mohammad Masoum Khan
Population
 (2010)
  Total80,700
Time zone UTC+4:30

Zhari (Pashto : ژړۍ, Persian : ولسوالی ژری) is a new district in Kandahar Province, Afghanistan. Alternative spellings include Zheley (due to transliteration from Pashto), Zharey, Zharay, Zheri, or Zheray. The district was created from territories taken from Maywand and Panjwai districts. The population is estimated at 80,700 (2010). [1]

Contents

Terrain

Zhari is located on the north bank of the Arghandab River that runs east to west through Kandahar Province. The general area is sometimes referred to as the Arghandab Valley. The built-up and farmed area of Zhari is approximately 30 km east to west by 8 km north to south between the Arghandab and Highway 1. Most buildings are single story mud structures, with narrow, winding roads and walkways. The exceptions are the grape-drying huts that are larger buildings as high as 20m, and which are scattered throughout the countryside. Grapes, opium poppies and cannabis (for hashish) are the most common crops. The farmlands are irrigated by a complex system of wadis running parallel with the Arghandab. The area north of Highway 1 is more desert-like with abrupt mountain ranges of approximately 200–400m in height.

Politics

The Shurah is the basic mechanism of government in Zhari. The tribal nature of the district is inseparable from politics, making the decision-making process difficult and time-consuming.

The Zhari District Center, the seat of government for the district, is located near the Pasab Bazaar near Pasab, Zhari. The district center is also adjacent to Forward Operating Base (FOB) Pasab, a former Coalition Forces base now controlled by the Afghan National Security Forces. [2] [3]

Jamal Agha is the district governor of Zhari as of 28 March 2015. [4] [5] Muhammed Naez Sarhadi and Karim Jan were previous district governors. [6] [7]

Mohammad Masoum Khan leads the Afghan National Police forces in the district as of 26 January 2015. [4]

Tribes

Most people in Zhari are ethnic Pashtuns. There are no less than a dozen tribes, the most prevalent of which are the Alizai, Achakzai, Noorzai and Ghilzai. There are many nomadic tribes that also pass through the northern areas of Zhari between Maywand and Arghandab districts.

Sub-Districts

The political geography of Zhari changes over time. Many of the smaller villages bear the name of the local elder. A collection of these smaller villages can be loosely described as a sub-district. Zhari currently has the following sub-districts:

Conflict

NATO and ISAF continue their efforts to support the Karzai government and quell an insurgency. The Taliban is deeply rooted in Zhari's history and attempt to exert influence through a system of mullahs and elders (see Resurgence of Taliban). The situation is complicated by the warlords and criminals who also attempt to minimize the government's power in the area to further their own ends. [8]

A 2 am raid on 18 October 2006 by NATO helicopters, hunting Taliban fighters, was only half a mile from the scene of September's 2006 Operation Medusa, one of the most ferocious battles between Western forces and insurgents since the ouster of the Taliban regime in 2001. [9]

On 4 October 2013, 4 U.S. Special Operations soldiers were killed and 12 wounded during an operation in the Zhari District. The coalition soldiers were killed by a set of IEDs and a suicide bomber. A Taliban spokesman claims explosives were placed in a house and detonated when soldiers entered. As other soldiers entered to assist the fallen, a suicide bomber detonated his explosives. [10]

See also

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References

  1. "Estimated population of Afghanistan 2010/2011. Kabul: Central Statistics Organization, 2010. p. 32
  2. "General visits 3rd BCT Soldiers during Pasab Day". The Mountaineer Online. Fort Drum - United States Army. Retrieved 5 February 2015.
  3. "US troops in Afghanistan: Packing up and moving out". Global Post. Retrieved 5 February 2015.More than one of |work= and |website= specified (help)
  4. 1 2 "Afghanistan launches poppy eradication campaign in former Taliban stronghold" 27 January 2015 Retrieved 27 July 2016.
  5. "Poppies destroyed on 400 hectares of land in Kandahar" 28 March 2015 Retrieved 27 July 2016.
  6. "DVIDS: Cleaning House" 29 May 2012 Retrieved 5 February 2015.
  7. Chandrasekaran, Rajiv (2013). Little America : the war within the war for Afghanistan. London: Bloomsbury. p. 281. ISBN   1408831201.
  8. "Western Zhari: the people, leaders, tribes and the economy." [Kandahar?]: Human Terrain Team AF8, 2010.
  9. "Civilians reported killed by airstrikes as NATO hunts Taliban" 19 October 2006 Archived 10 March 2007 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 19 October 2006.
  10. "Bomb Kills 4 Soldiers In Afghanistan" 6 October 2013 Retrieved 6 October 2013.