Zinder Region

Last updated
Zinder
Zinder in Niger.svg
Location within Niger
Coordinates: 13°42′N9°12′E / 13.700°N 9.200°E / 13.700; 9.200 Coordinates: 13°42′N9°12′E / 13.700°N 9.200°E / 13.700; 9.200
Country Flag of Niger.svg  Niger
Capital Zinder
Area
  Total145,430 km2 (56,150 sq mi)
Population
 (2012 [1] )
  Total3,539,764
  Density24/km2 (63/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (West Africa Time)
HDI (2017)0.321 [2]
low

Zinder Region is one of the seven regions of Niger; the capital of the region is Zinder. The region covers 145,430 km². It is most populous province of Niger.

Contents

History

Numerous Palaeolithic and Neolithic remains, as well as cave paintings, have been found in the Termit Massif. [3]

Zinder was the centre of the Sultanate of Damagaram, a powerful sultanate which dominated much of the surrounding region from the mid-18th century until the French conquest in the 1890s. [4] Zinder was initially the capital of the Niger territory, however this was moved to Niamey in 1926 and thereafter Zinder declined in importance, though it remains an important regional centre. [3]

Geography

The Termit Massif in northern Zinder Termit2.jpg
The Termit Massif in northern Zinder

Zinder Region is located in the southeast of Niger and covers 145,430 km². It borders Agadez Region to the north, Diffa Region to the east, Nigeria to the south (specifically, the states of Yobe, Jigawa and Katsina), and Maradi Region to the west. The landscape is primarily Sahelian in the south, merging into the Sahara desert in the north of the region. The terrain is predominantly flat, except for the Koutous Hills, which lie north of Kelle, and the Termit Massif in the far north of the region. [3]

Settlements

Zinder is the regional capital; other major settlements include Alakoss, Albarkaram, Bande, Boune, Dakoussa, Dan-Barto, Dantchiao, Daouche, Dogo-Dogo, Falenko, Gaffati, Gamou, Garagoumsa, Gouchi, Gouna, Goure, Guidiguir, Hamdara, Ichirnawa, Kantche, Kelle, Kolleram, Kourni, Kwaya, Magaria, Malawa, Matameye, Mirriah, Moa, Ollelewa, Sassoumbroum, Tanout, Tenhya, Tesker, Tsaouni, Yaouri and Yekoua. [5]

Administrative subdivisions

Departments of Zinder Zinder Arrondissements.png
Departments of Zinder

Zinder was divided into 5 Departments:

Of the 27 administrative stations (postes administratifs) of Niger which were set out in a law dated 1 August 2011 to become departments and for which the appointment of prefects on 29 February 2012 completed the conversion, the following 5 are in Zinder region. [6]

So, Zinder now has 10 departments. [7]

Demographics

As of 2012 the population of the Region was 3,539,764. [1] The main ethnolinguistic groups are various Arab groups, Fulani, Hausa, Kanuri, Dazaga Toubou and Tuareg groups such as the Tayart Tamajeq. [8] The Tagdal language, thought to be a mixed Songhay-Tuareg language, is also spoken. [8]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
19771,002,222    
19851,411,061+40.8%
20012,080,250+47.4%
20123,539,764+70.2%
source: [9]

Governors

See also

Related Research Articles

Niger Republic in Western Africa

Niger or the Niger, officially the Republic of the Niger, is a landlocked country in West Africa named after the Niger River. Niger is bordered by Libya to the northeast, Chad to the east, Nigeria to the south, Benin and Burkina Faso to the southwest, Mali to the west, and Algeria to the northwest. Niger covers a land area of almost 1,270,000 km2 (490,000 sq mi), making it the largest country in West Africa. Over 80% of its land area lies in the Sahara Desert. The country's predominantly Muslim population of about 22 million live mostly in clusters in the far south and west of the country. The capital and largest city is Niamey, located in Niger's southwest corner.

Zinder Place in Niger

Zinder, formerly also spelled Sinder, is the third largest city in Niger, with a population of 170,574 ; by the 2012 census its population reached 235,605. It is situated 861 km (535 mi) east of the capital Niamey and 240 km (150 mi) north of the Nigerian city of Kano.

Departments of Niger

The regions of Niger are subdivided into 63 departments. Before the devolution program on 1999–2005, these departments were styled arrondissements. Confusingly, the next level up (regions) had, before 2002-2005 been styled departments. Prior to a revision in 2011, there had been 36 departments. A draft law in August 2011 would expand that number to 63. Until 2010, arrondissements remained a proposed subdivision of departments, though none were used. The decentralisation process, begun in the 1995-1999 period replaced appointed Prefects at Departmental/Arrondisement level with elected councils, first elected in 1999. These were the first local elections held in the history of Niger. Officials elected at commune level are then selected as representatives at Departmental, regional, and National level councils and administration. The Ministry of Decentralisation was created to oversee this task, and to create a national consultative council of local officials.

Maradi, Niger Place in Maradi Region, Niger

Maradi is the second largest city in Niger and the administrative centre of Maradi Region. It is also the seat of the Maradi Department and an Urban Commune.

Agadez Region Region of Niger

Agadez Region is one of the eight Regions of Niger. At 667,799 square kilometres (257,839 sq mi), it covers more than half of Niger's land area, and is the largest region in the country, as well as the largest African state subdivision. The capital of the department is Agadez.

Diffa Region Region of Niger

Diffa is one of the seven Regions of Niger, located in the southeast of the country. The capital of the region is Diffa.

Dosso Region Region of Niger

Dosso is one of the eight Regions of Niger. The region has an area of 31,002 square kilometres (11,970 sq mi), with a population of 2,078,339 as of 2011.

Tahoua Region Region of Niger

Tahoua is one of eight Regions of Niger. The capital of the region is the commune of Tahoua. The region covers 106,677 km².

Maradi Region Region of Niger

The Region of Maradi is one of seven Region of Niger. It is located in south-central Niger, east of the Region of Tahoua, west of Zinder, and north of the Nigerian city of Kano. The administrative centre is at Maradi. The population of the Region is predominantly Hausa.

Communes of Niger

The Departments of Niger are subdivided into communes. As of 2005, in the seven Regions and one Capital Area, there were 36 départements, divided into 265 communes, 122 cantons and 81 groupements. The latter two categories cover all areas not covered by Urban Communes or Rural Communes, and are governed by the Department, whereas Communes have elected councils and mayors. Additional semi-autonomous sub-divisions include Sultanates, Provinces and Tribes (tribus). The Nigerien government estimates there are an additional 17000 Villages administered by Rural Communes, while there are over 100 Quartiers administered by Urban Communes.

Goure Place in Zinder, Niger

Goure is a town in southeastern Niger, Zinder Region, Goure Department, of which it is the seat.

Tanout Place in Zinder Region, Niger

Tanout is a town in southern Niger. It is in Zinder Region, Tanout Department, north of the city of Zinder. It is the administrative capital of Tanout Department.

Outline of Niger Overview of and topical guide to Niger

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Niger:

Regions of Niger

Niger is divided into seven regions, each named after its capital.

Matameye Department Department in Zinder, Niger

Matameye is a department of the Zinder Region in Niger. Its capital lies at the city of Matameye. The chief town lies 72 km from Magaria. It also includes the town of Kantché.As of 2011, the department had a total population of 345,637 people.

The Kel Owey are a Tuareg clan confederation. From the 18th century until the advent of French colonial rule at the beginning of the 20th century, they were a dominant power in the Aïr Mountains of north central Niger.

Sultanate of Damagaram

The Sultanate of Damagaram was a Muslim pre-colonial state in what is now southeastern Niger, centered on the city of Zinder.

Administrative divisions of Niger

Niger is governed through a four layer, semi-decentralised series of Administrative divisions. Begun 1992, and finally approved with the formation of the Fifth Republic of Niger on 18 July 1999, Niger has been enacting a plan for Decentralisation of some state powers to local bodies. Prior to the 1999-2006 project, Niger's subdivisions were administered via direct appointment from the central government in Niamey. Beginning with Niger's first municipal elections of 2 February 1999, the nation started electing local officials for the first time. Citizens now elect local committee representatives in each Commune, chosen by subdivisions of the commune: "Quarters" in towns and "Villages" in rural areas, with additional groupings for traditional polities and nomadic populations. These officials choose Mayors, and from them are drawn representatives to the Department level. The same process here chooses a Departmental council and Prefect, and representatives to the Regional level. The system is repeated a Regional level, with a Regional Prefect, council, and representatives to the High Council of Territorial Collectives. The HCCT has only advisory powers, but its members have some financial, planning, educational and environmental powers. The central government oversees this process through the office of the Minister of State for the Interior, Public Safety and Decentralization.

Termit Massif

The Termit Massif is a mountainous region in southeastern Niger. Just to the south of the dunes of Tenere desert and the Erg of Bilma, the northern areas of the Termit, called the Gossololom consists of black volcanic peaks which jut from surrounding sand seas. The southern Termit is a roughly east–west range of heavily eroded black sandstone. Its foothills on the south west are the Koutous hills.

Tesker Commune and village in Zinder, Niger

Tesker or Tasker is a village and rural commune in Niger. As of 2010, it had a population of 33,544 people. It is the birthplace of musician Mamane Barka . The sparsely populated commune extends over a wide area and spans two major regions: the Sahel region in the south and the Sahara desert in the north. In the northeast, it rises up to a height of 710 metres (2,330 ft) at the Termit Massif. It is bordered by Fachi and Tabelot in the north, N'Gourti to the east, Alakoss, Kellé and N'Guelbély to the south and Tenhya to the west. The municipality is divided into 36 administrative villages, one traditional village, three hamlets, 29 camps and 144 watering places.

References

  1. 1 2 Annuaire statistique du Niger
  2. "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  3. 1 2 3 Geels, Jolijn, (2006) Bradt Travel Guide - Niger, pgs. 213-26
  4. Abdourahmane Idrissa & Samuel Decalo, "Damagaram, Sultanate of", in Historical Dictionary of Niger, pp. 160-161
  5. "Carte de référence: Niger - Région de Zinder (1 février 2019)" (PDF). REACH Initiative. Retrieved 28 October 2019.
  6. "Departments of Niger". Statoids. Retrieved 21 August 2020.
  7. "Niger Zinder Region - Departments". City Population. Retrieved 21 August 2020.
  8. 1 2 "Languages of Niger". Ethnologue . Retrieved 24 October 2019.
  9. Niger: Administrative Division population statistics
  10. Ouverture, hier, de l'Institut Universitaire de Technologie (I.U.T) de Zinder : Un nouveau tournant dans le secteur de l'enseignement Supérieur au Niger [ permanent dead link ]. Abdou Saïdou, ONEP Zinder-Diffa. 29 Octobre 2008.
  11. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-10-12. Retrieved 2016-05-21.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

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