Zlín Region

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Zlín Region
Zlínský kraj
FrancovaLhota vyhled.jpg
Flag of Zlin Region.svg
Zlin Region CoA CZ.svg
Zlinsky kraj in Czech Republic.svg
Country Czech Republic
Capital Zlín
Districts Kroměříž District, Uherské Hradiště District, Vsetín District, Zlín District
Government
  GovernorRadim Holiš ANO
Area
  Total3,963.55 km2 (1,530.34 sq mi)
Highest elevation
1,206 m (3,957 ft)
Population
 (2019-01-01 [1] )
  Total582,921
  Density150/km2 (380/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code CZ-ZL
Vehicle registration Z
Website www.kr-zlinsky.cz

Zlín Region (Czech : Zlínský kraj; German : Zliner Region, pronounced [ˈzlɪnɐ ʁeˈɡi̯oːn] ) is an administrative unit (Czech : kraj) of the Czech Republic, located in the south-eastern part of the historical region of Moravia. It is named after its capital Zlín. Together with the Olomouc Region it forms a cohesion area of Central Moravia. It is located in the eastern part of the Czech Republic, where the borders with Slovakia (Trenčín and Žilina Regions) are formed by its eastern edge. It borders the South Moravian Region in the southwest, the Olomouc Region in the northwest and the Moravian-Silesian Region in the north. Culturally, the region is composed of parts of three traditional Moravian regions: Hanakia, the Moravian Slovakia and the Moravian Wallachia, as the city of Zlín lies roughly at their tripoint.

Contents

Administrative divisions

The Zlín Region is divided into 4 districts:

Zlin districts.png
Districts of Zlín Region
   Kroměříž
   Uherské Hradiště
   Vsetín
   Zlín

The Zlín Region was established on 1 January 2000 on the basis of the constitutional act No. 347 from 3 December 1997 on foundation of higher self-governing units. It was formed by a merger of parts of Jihomoravský Region (the Zlín District, the Kroměříž District and the Uherské Hradiště District), and the Severomoravský Region (the Vsetín District. The region has in total 307 municipalities of which 30 are towns. There are 13 municipalities with extended powers and 25 territorial districts of municipalities with authorized municipal office. [2] According to government statistics, the Zlín Region is the safest region in the Czech Republic; it has the lowest number of assaults, rapes, suicides and road accidents in the country. [3] Geologically the Zlín Region is within the Vizovice Highlands.

Geography

With its area of 3,964 km2, Zlín Region is the fourth smallest region of the Czech Republic. The character of the region's territory is very diverse. While parts of the region are hilly, flat fertile areas of Haná and Slovácko stretch in the Kroměříž District and the Uherské Hradiště District. The Moravian-Silesian Beskids (in Czech: Moravskoslezské Beskydy) with its highest peak Čertův mlýn mountain (1,206 m) is situated in the northern part of the region and the Maple Mountains mountain range (in Czech: Javorníky) with its highest peak of Velký Javorník (1,071 m) is located in the east. Towards the south, forming the border with Slovakia, there is the White Carpathians mountain range (in Czech: Bílé Karpaty) with its highest mountain of Velká Javořina (970 m). The highlands of Hostýn-Vsetín Highlands (in Czech: Hostýnsko–Vsetínská hornatina) and Vizovice Highlands (in Czech: Vizovická vrchovina) pass south of the Moravian-Silesian Beskids mountain range. On the south-western part of the Region, there are Chřiby highlands with the highest point Brdo (587 m). The Upper Moravian vale (in Czech: Hornomoravský úval) passes through from the west among the highlands of Chřiby highlands and above mentioned hilly countries through the Kroměříž District up to the Zlín District. The Lower Moravia vale (in Czech: Dolnomoravský úval) passes through along the Morava River in the Uherské Hradiště District to South Moravian Region.

Most of the streams in the area flow to Morava River. The most important ones are the Bečva River in the northern part and the Olšava River in the southern part. Morava River is the biggest river of the Region flowing through both the vales from west to the south.

The region's climate is rather favourable. The average temperature of air was 9.8 °C in 2012 and the total amount of precipitation was 598.6 mm/m2.

Most of the soils in the region are poor in minerals (with the exception of potassium and magnesium) and humus. These are the brown earth of the highlands and the podzolic soils that locally pass to brown earth of the lower locations towards the south. In the vales, there are very fertile brown earth and chernozem. High-quality floodplain soils surround the Morava River. It is rather difficult to cultivate soil in a large part of the Region due to the steep land and variety of the terrain. [2]

History

Regional representatives voted in 2001 on a proposed name change to the region. The alternative Východomoravský kraj (East Moravian Region) was proposed, however a majority of voters elected to retain the region's existing name. [4]

Population

Corporate Town of Zlin Bata Housing.jpg
Corporate Town of Zlín

As of 1 January 2019, the region had 582,921 inhabitants. The share of males on the total population was 49.0%. Average age was 43.1 years, along with Hradec Králové Region the highest in the Czech Republic. [5] The density of population of 147 inhabitants per km2 exceeds the national average. The highest density of population occurs in the Zlín District (185 inhabitants per km2) and the lowest in the Vsetín District (125 inhabitants per km2). [5] The table shows cities and towns in the region with the largest population (as of January 1, 2019): [5]

NamePopulationArea (km²) District
Flag of Zlin.svg Zlín 74,997103 Zlín District
Flag of Kromeriz.svg Kroměříž 28,81651 Kroměříž District
Flag of Vsetin.svg Vsetín 26,09258 Vsetín District
Flag of Uherske Hradiste.svg Uherské Hradiště 25,21221 Uherské Hradiště District
Valasske Mezirici prapor.svg Valašské Meziříčí 22,21735 Vsetín District
Otrokovice CZ flag.svg Otrokovice 17,87620 Zlín District
Prapor mesta Uhersky Brod.svg Uherský Brod 16,49352 Uherské Hradiště District
Roznov pod Radhostem prapor.svg Rožnov pod Radhoštěm 16,42039 Vsetín District
Falga Holesova.svg Holešov 11,60634 Kroměříž District
Bystrice pod Hostynem-vlajka.png Bystřice pod Hostýnem 8,16927 Kroměříž District

Other significant towns in Zlín Region are Napajedla, Hulín, Staré Město and Slavičín.

Economy

Skyscraper "21" in Zlin Zlin3.jpg
Skyscraper "21" in Zlín

The economy in the region was and still is based primarily on capitalisation of input raw materials and semifinished products. In 2012, the total GDP reached 7,538 million EUR. The region’s GDP per capita was EUR 12,813 (88% of the national average), ranking seventh among the regions of the Czech Republic. Industrial potential of the region lies in manufacturing enterprises that represent 16% of total registered entities. They are mainly comprised by metalworking and wood-processing industries. However, they suffer from low level of modernisation of production compared to the rest of the Czech Republic. As of end 2012, the Zlín Region had 138,269 legal and physical entities out of which 14,379 had employees. 1,382 enterprises had 25 or more employees. The registered unemployment rate was 10.4%. Within the region, the highest unemployment rate was reported from the Vsetín District (almost 15%), while the lowest from the Zlín District (8.8%). [2]

Transport

Tomas Bata Memorial Pamatnik Tomase Bati.jpg
Tomas Bata Memorial

A total of 17 km (11 mi) of motorway is present in the region. [6] The length of operated railway lines in the region is 359 km (223 mi). [6]

Education and healthcare

There are two universities in the region: Tomas Bata University in Zlín and European polytechnical institute in Kunovice. The former has a public status, 6 faculties and can confer a bachelor's and master's degrees. The latter one is a private college. The network of pre-school and school establishments consists of 310 nursery schools, 257 basic schools, 17 grammar schools, 71 secondary schools, 11 higher professional schools. On average, a general practitioner takes care of 258 inhabitants in average. Acute, successive and rehabilitation health care is ensured by a network of 10 hospitals with 2,849 available beds. [2]

Tourism

The Zlín Region is attractive for tourists and boasts a number of natural, cultural and historic landmarks such mountains, garden architecture, spas, wine valleys, remains of the Great Moravian empire, series of religious monuments and historically valuable buildings as well as a unique example of modern Baťa’s functional architecture. [2]

Agriculture

48.9% of soil in the region is agricultural soil and 51.1% is non-agricultural. Most agricultural soil belongs to the Uherské Hradiště District (57 277 Hectares, of which 70.1% is arable land). There is a completely different division of soil in the Vsetín District where the percentage of non-agricultural soil is much higher (64.6%) and 83.8% of it is covered with forests, mostly spruce forests. [2]

Places of interest

Related Research Articles

Moravia Historical region in the Czech Republic

Moravia is a historical region in the east of the Czech Republic and one of three historical Czech lands, with Bohemia and Czech Silesia.

Moravian-Silesian Region Region of the Czech Republic

The Moravian-Silesian Region, is one of the 14 administrative regions of the Czech Republic. Before May 2001, it was called the Ostrava Region. The region is located in the north-eastern part of its historical region of Moravia and in most of the Czech part of the historical region of Silesia. The region borders the Olomouc Region to the west and the Zlín Region to the south. It also borders two other countries – Poland to the north and Slovakia to the east.

South Moravian Region Region of the Czech Republic

The South Moravian Region is an administrative unit of the Czech Republic, located in the south-western part of its historical region of Moravia. The region's capital is Brno, the nation's 2nd largest city. South Moravia is bordered by the South Bohemian Region (west), Vysočina Region (north-west), Pardubice Region (north), Olomouc Region, Zlín Region (east), Trenčín and Trnava Regions, Slovakia and Lower Austria, Austria (south).

Olomouc Region Region of the Czech Republic

Olomouc Region is an administrative unit of the Czech Republic, located in the north-western and central part of its historical region of Moravia (Morava) and in a small part of the historical region of Czech Silesia. It is named for its capital Olomouc.

Uherské Hradiště Town in Zlín, Czech Republic

Uherské Hradiště is a town in the Zlín Region of the Czech Republic. It is located 23 km (14 mi) southwest of Zlín on the Morava River. It is the capital of the Uherské Hradiště District. The town itself has a population of around 25,000. The agglomeration with the two neighbouring towns of Staré Město and Kunovice has over 38,000 people.

Beskids

The Beskids or Beskid Mountains are a series of mountain ranges in the Carpathians, stretching from the Czech Republic in the west along the border of Poland with Slovakia up to Ukraine in the east.

Morava (river) River in Central Europe

The Morava is a river in Central Europe, a left tributary of the Danube. It is the main river of Moravia, which derives its name from it. The river originates on the Králický Sněžník mountain in the north-eastern corner of Pardubice Region, near the border between the Czech Republic and Poland and has a vaguely southward trajectory. The lower part of the river's course forms the border between the Czech Republic and Slovakia and then between Austria and Slovakia.

Moravian Wallachia

Moravian Wallachia is a mountainous ethnoregion located in the easternmost part of Moravia in the Czech Republic, near the Slovak border, roughly centered on the cities Vsetín, Valašské Meziříčí and Rožnov pod Radhoštěm. The name Wallachia used to be applied to all the highlands of Moravia and the neighboring Silesia, although in the 19th century a smaller area came to be defined as ethno-cultural Moravian Wallachia. The traditional dialect represents a mixture of elements from the Czech and Slovak languages, and has a distinct lexicon of Romanian origin relating to the pastoral economy of the highlands. The name originated from the term "Vlach", the exonym of Romanians, who migrated to the northern Carpathians in the Middle Ages and Early Modern times.

Luhačovice Town in Zlín, Czech Republic

Luhačovice is a spa town in Zlín District in the Zlín Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 5,100 inhabitants. The spa is the biggest in the Moravia region.

Moravian Slovakia

Moravian Slovakia or Slovácko is a cultural region in the southeastern part of the Czech Republic, Moravia on the border with Slovakia and Austria, known for its characteristic folklore, music, wine, costumes and traditions. The area forms part of both the Zlín and South Moravian administrative regions.

Horní Bečva Municipality in Zlín, Czech Republic

Horní Bečva is a municipality and village in Vsetín District in the Zlín Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 2,500 inhabitants. It is a typical highland municipality with the altitude of 505 m nestled in the heart of Moravian-Silesian Beskids mountain range. The river Rožnovská Bečva flows through the municipality.

Haná

Haná or Hanakia is an ethnographic region in central Moravia in the Czech Republic. Its core area is located along the eponymous river of Haná, around the towns of Vyškov and Prostějov, but in common perception it roughly corresponds to the whole Upper Morava Vale, with Olomouc as its natural centre. In terms of the actual administrative division, Hanakia covers the most of Olomouc Region and adjacent parts of South Moravian Region and Zlín Region.

Troubky-Zdislavice Municipality in Zlín, Czech Republic

Troubky-Zdislavice is a village and municipality (obec) of Kroměříž District in the Zlín Region of the Czech Republic. It was formed by the merger of the separate communes of Troubky and Zdislavice (Zdislawitz) in 1960.

Kněžpole Municipality in Zlín, Czech Republic

Kněžpole is a municipality and village in Uherské Hradiště District in the Zlín Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 1,100 inhabitants.

Modrá Municipality in Zlín, Czech Republic

Modrá is a village and municipality (obec) in Uherské Hradiště District in the Zlín Region of the Czech Republic.

Nedakonice Municipality in Zlín, Czech Republic

Nedakonice is a municipality and village in Uherské Hradiště District in the Zlín Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 1,600 inhabitants.

Fotbal Kunovice Football club

Fotbal Kunovice is a Czech football club located in Kunovice. The club played four seasons in the Czech 2. Liga, from 2002–03 to 2005–06. It currently plays in the Zlínský kraj 1.B třída skupina C, which is in the seventh tier of Czech football.

Margraviate of Moravia Part of the Bohemian Crown from 1182 to 1918

The Margraviate of Moravia was one of the Lands of the Bohemian Crown within the Holy Roman Empire existing from 1182 to 1918. It was officially administrated by a margrave in cooperation with a provincial diet. It was variously a de facto independent state, and also subject to the Duchy, later the Kingdom of Bohemia. It comprised the region called Moravia within the modern Czech Republic.

Svatopluk Sládeček is a Czech architect, well known for his "figurative architecture".

Vyškov Gate

The Vyškov Gate is a geomorphological feature in the Moravia. It is formed by the depression between the Western Carpathian Mountains in the east and the Bohemian massif in the west. The drainage divide between the upper River Haná to the River Morava of the Danube basin runs through it and Rakovec brook. The gate is between the Upper Morava Vale and the Dyje–Svratka Vale, all in Outer Subcarpathian depression.

References

  1. "Population of territorial units of the Czech republic". Czech Statistical Office. Retrieved 2019-04-30.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Český statistický úřad, Retrieved 20 December 2014
  3. "Kriminalita Zlínského kraje" (in Czech). Police of the Czech Republic . Retrieved 14 September 2011.
  4. "Název Zlínský kraj zůstane". Mladá fronta DNES (in Czech). 28 March 2001. Retrieved 11 March 2015.
  5. 1 2 3 "Population of municipalities of the Czech republic". Czech Statistical Office. Retrieved 2019-04-30.
  6. 1 2 "Doprava" [Transport](XLS). Czech Statistical Office . Retrieved 11 May 2015.

Coordinates: 49°13′12″N17°44′24″E / 49.22000°N 17.74000°E / 49.22000; 17.74000