|1st Head of State of South Ossetia|
|Preceded by||New office|
|Succeeded by||Torez Kulumbegov|
|Chairman of Parliament for South Ossetia|
|Preceded by||Stanislav Kochiev|
|Succeeded by||Stanislav Kochiev|
Znaur Nikolayevich Gassiyev
17 March 1925
Tskhinvali, South Ossetian Autonomous Oblast, Georgian SSR
|Died||6 March 2016 (aged 90)|
|Political party||Unity Party|
Znaur Nikolayevich Gassiyev (Ossetian : Гасситы Никъалайы фырт Знауыр / Gaššite Nikhalaye fert Znawer, Georgian :ზნაურ გასიევი, Russian : Знаур Николаевич Гассиев; 17 March 1925 – 6 March 2016) was a South Ossetian politician, who was one of the leaders of the South Ossetian independence movement in the early 1990s, which culminated in the 1991–1992 South Ossetia War.
Gassiyev was born in Tskhinvali in 1925, but soon moved with his parents to Moscow. In 1935 the family went back to Tskhinvali, where Znaur Gassiyev finished secondary school in 1942. He enrolled in the Physics and Mathematics Faculty of the South Ossetian State Pedagogical Institute, but was drafted into the Soviet Army to fight in World War II during the period 1942 to 1944. Upon completion of his studies in 1947, he started working as a teacher, teaching mathematics and physics in various schools in Tskhinvali.
In 1951, Gassiyev moved to Tbilisi, where he worked as a teacher for four years, and at the same time studied at the Mining Department of the Polytechnic Institute, where he graduated with honours in 1955. He then started working at the Mining Department of Kvaisa, where he held several ranks.
Gassiyev subsequently moved into politics, first working as the head of the industrial and transport committee of Dzau district. In the early 1960s, he was appointed the chairman of the Tskhinvali branch of the Georgian Communist Party, as well as the head of the administration of Tskhinvali city. In 1963, he went to the Higher Party School, from which he graduated with honours in 1965. Then, until 1972, he worked as deputy chairman of the South Ossetian executive committee.
In 1991, when armed aggression was starting, he was elected first secretary of the South Ossetian Communist Party, and also headed the Supreme Council when South Ossetia declared its independence. As chairman of parliament, Gassiyev was Head of State of South Ossetia. In early 1992, Gassiyev handed over power to Torez Kulumbegov, a former chairman of the Supreme Council, who had been imprisoned in Tbilisi by Georgian police until then.
Since 1992, Gassiyev remained active in politics, being re-elected as an MP in the 1994 election.Gassiyev was once again elected in the 2004 election, where he ran as a member of President Eduard Kokoity's Unity Party. Following the Unity Party's electoral victory, Gassiyev was once again elected chairman of Parliament.
After the 2008 South Ossetia war, Gassiyev was appointed head of the government's commission to deal with the resulting emergencies.
Gassiyev, then 84 years old, did not run in the 2009 election,and was replaced as speaker by Stanislav Kochiev.
On 27 October 2010, Gassiyev was appointed State Advisor to President Eduard Kokoity. [ citation needed ]His death was announced on 6 March 2016.
South Ossetia, officially the Republic of South Ossetia – the State of Alania, or the Tskhinvali Region, is a de facto state in the South Caucasus recognised by most countries as part of Georgia. It has an officially stated population of just over 53,000 people, who live in an area of 3,900 km2, south of the Russian Caucasus, with 30,000 living in Tskhinvali. The separatist polity, Republic of South Ossetia, is recognized as a state by Russia, Venezuela, Nicaragua, Nauru, and Syria. While Georgia lacks control over South Ossetia, the Georgian government and most members of the United Nations consider the territory part of Georgia, whose constitution designates the area as "the former autonomous district of South Ossetia", in reference to the South Ossetian Autonomous Oblast disbanded in 1990.
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Gerasim "Rezo" Georgievich Khugayev is an Ossetian politician a former Prime Minister of the Republic of South Ossetia. He is the only South Ossetian Prime Minister to serve more than one time, at this date. He first served from October 1993 until May 1994 under Head of State Lyudvig Chibirov, and then again from December 2001 until August 2003, as the first Prime Minister appointed by President of South Ossetia Eduard Kokoity.
Stanislav Jakovlevich Kochiev is a South Ossetian politician, who is a former presidential candidate and former chairman (speaker) of the Parliament of South Ossetia.
Kosta Georgievich Dzugaev, is a South Ossetian politician, who is a former chairman (speaker) of the Parliament of South Ossetia.
Anatoly Ilyich Bibilov is a Russian and South Ossetian military officer, currently serving as the 4th President of South Ossetia, a partially recognized, but de facto independent state, succeeding Leonid Tibilov as President on April 21, 2017, following his election victory.
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|New office|| Head of State of South Ossetia |
Last known title holder:Torez Kulumbegov
| Chairman of the Supreme Council |
| Chairman of Parliament |
|Notes and references|
|1. http://www.worldstatesmen.org/Georgia.html World Statesmen: Georgia|