Zoraida di Granata

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Zoraida di Granata (also Zoraide di Granata or Zoraïda di Granata) is a melodramma eroico (opera seria or 'heroic' opera), in two acts by Gaetano Donizetti. The Italian libretto had been partly prepared Bartolomeo Merelli (about whose tardiness the composer complained), based on the French play, Gonzalve de Cordoue ou Grenade Reconquise by Jean-Pierre Claris de Florian (1791), and on a libretto by Luigi Romanelli to an opera by Nicolini called Abenamet e Zoraide.

Contents

When Donizetti arrived in Rome, carrying a letter of introduction from his teacher and mentor Johann Simon Mayr to poet and librettist Jacopo Ferretti, he secured his help in revising Merelli's text. [1]

Although it was Donizetti's first theatrical success "and the opera in which he began to adopt 'Rossinian' techniques", [2] the original 1822 version of this violent love story was never given a complete performance because Amerigo Sbigoli, the tenor originally cast in the role of Abenamet, died shortly before the first night, with no replacement available. Donizetti quickly adapted this role for contralto, though omitting three numbers in the process.

The first performance took place at the Teatro Argentina, Rome, on 28 January 1822 and it and its composer received great acclaim in the weekly Notizie del giorno:

"A new and very happy hope is rising for the Italian musical theatre. The young Maestro Gaetano Donizetti...has launched himself strongly in his truly serious opera, Zoraida. Unanimous, sincere, universal was the applause he justly collected from the capacity audience...". [3]

The opera was presented in a revised edition at the same theatre on 7 January 1824, and given a revival in Lisbon in 1825. [3]

Roles

Domenico Donzelli, 1842 Domenico Donzelli Litho.jpg
Domenico Donzelli, 1842
Role Voice type Premiere cast, 28 January 1822
(Conductor: - )
Almuzir, King of Granada tenor Domenico Donzelli
Almanzor, friend of Abenamet bass Gaetano Rambaldi
Zoraida, in love with, and loved by, Abenamet soprano Maria Ester Mombelli
Abenamet, General of the Moorsoriginally tenor
(then substitute contralto)
Amerigo Sbigoli
(Adelaide Mazzanti) [4]
Ines, a Spanish slave and friend of Zoraida mezzo-soprano Gaetana Corini
Aw Zegribass Alberto Torri

Synopsis

Gustave Dore: Zoraida falls in the Captive's arms Zoraida by Gustave Dore.jpg
Gustave Doré: Zoraida falls in the Captive's arms
Time: 1480
Place: Granada, Spain.

The murderous and duplicitous Almuzir wishes to marry Zoraida, the daughter of the late king, who in turn loves Abenamet, the victorious General of the Moors. To save Abenamet from the sentence of death passed on him consequent to the machinations of Almuzir, Zoraida agrees to the marriage. She survives Abenamet’s doubts as to her fidelity and somewhat implausibly is allowed to marry him.

Recordings

1822 version

YearCast
(Almuzir, Zoraida, Abenamet, Almanzor)
Conductor,
Opera House and Orchestra
Label [5]
1998 Bruce Ford,
Majella Cullagh,
Paul Austin Kelly,
Matthew Hargreaves
David Parry,
Orchestra of the Academy of Saint Martin in the Fields
Audio CD: Opera Rara
Cat: ORC 17
On CDs 1, 2, and 3 (part).

1824 version

The Opera Rara recording contains an additional six pieces on CDs 3 (part) and 4.

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References

Notes

  1. Allit 1991, pp. 26–27
  2. Ashbrook and Hibberd 2001, p. 226
  3. 1 2 Osborne 1994, p. 146
  4. Ashbrook 1986, p. 20. The first name 'Adelaide' is reported by Richard, Zoraida di Granata, Donizetti , "Opera", 51, 1, January 2000, pp. 119–120.
  5. Recordings of the opera on operadis-opera-discography.org.uk

Cited sources

Other sources