Zwettl

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Zwettl

Zwedl
Zwettl-rathaus-viennaphoto-at.jpg
Old Town Hall
AUT Zwettl-Niederosterreich COA.svg
Coat of arms
Austria adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Zwettl
Location within Austria
Coordinates: 48°36′12″N15°10′08″E / 48.60333°N 15.16889°E / 48.60333; 15.16889 Coordinates: 48°36′12″N15°10′08″E / 48.60333°N 15.16889°E / 48.60333; 15.16889
Country Austria
State Lower Austria
District Zwettl
Government
   Mayor Franz Mold (ÖVP)
Area
[1]
  Total256.31 km2 (98.96 sq mi)
Elevation
520 m (1,710 ft)
Population
 (2018-01-01) [2]
  Total10,908
  Density43/km2 (110/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
3910
Area code 02822
Vehicle registration ZT
Website www.zwettl.gv.at

Zwettl (Central Bavarian: Zwedl, Czech: Světlá) is a town and district capital of the Austrian state of Lower Austria. It is chiefly known as the location of Zwettl Abbey, first mentioned in October 1139.

Contents

History

Railway Viaduct over Zwettl and the Kamp river Zwettl-viadukt-kamp-viennaphoto-at.jpg
Railway Viaduct over Zwettl and the Kamp river

The name originates from Slavic "svetla" meaning "glade". Although the etymology suggests an early population of Slavic people no archeological evidence has been found yet. [3] Zwettl was founded by the knights of Kuenring and was first mentioned in a monastery record in 1139. It was granted town privileges on December 28, 1200. Today, the Cistercian convent in Zwettl houses the only remaining manuscript of the life of the beguine mystic Agnes Blannbekin.

Geography

Zwettl has a total area of 98.9 square miles (256.7 km²). The town is found in the middle of Waldviertel at the confluence of the Kamp and Zwettl rivers at the upper part of Kamptal. After Vienna and Wolfsberg in Carinthia, it is the third largest municipality in Austria by area.

Population

Historical population
YearPop.±%
186912,643    
188013,121+3.8%
189012,961−1.2%
190013,617+5.1%
191013,585−0.2%
192312,946−4.7%
193412,746−1.5%
193912,806+0.5%
195112,862+0.4%
196111,374−11.6%
197111,677+2.7%
198111,479−1.7%
199111,427−0.5%
200111,630+1.8%
201111,272−3.1%

People

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References

  1. "Dauersiedlungsraum der Gemeinden Politischen Bezirke und Bundesländer - Gebietsstand 1.1.2018". Statistics Austria. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
  2. "Einwohnerzahl 1.1.2018 nach Gemeinden mit Status, Gebietsstand 1.1.2018". Statistics Austria. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  3. "Der Name Zwettl" (in German). Municipal council of Zwettl. Retrieved 2009-02-18.