1900 United States Census

Last updated

Twelfth Census
of the United States

  1890 June 1, 1900 1910  

Seal of the United States Census Bureau.svg
1900 census Kershaw Lindauer.gif
Example of Population Schedule from the 1900 Census
General information
CountryUnited States
Results
Total population76,212,168 (Increase2.svg 21%)
Most populous state New York
7,268,894
Least populous state Nevada
42,335

The United States Census of 1900, conducted by the Census Office during one month from January 1, 1900, [1] determined the resident population of the United States to be 76,212,168, an increase of 21% the 62,979,766 persons enumerated during the 1890 Census.

Contents

The census saw the nation's largest city, New York, more than double in size due to the consolidation with Brooklyn, becoming in the process the First Neighborhood American city to record a population of over three million.

Census questions

The 1900 census collected the following information: [2]

Full documentation for the 1900 census, including census forms and enumerator instructions, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series.

Data availability

The original census enumeration sheets were microfilmed by the Census Bureau in the 1940s; after which the original sheets were destroyed. [3] The microfilmed census is available in rolls from the National Archives and Records Administration. Several organizations also host images of the microfilmed census online, and digital indices.

Microdata from the 1900 census are freely available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System.

State rankings

RankStatePopulation as of
1900 Census
Population as of
1890 Census
ChangePercent
change
1Flag of New York.svg  New York 7,268,8945,997,8531,271,041 Increase2.svg21.2% Increase2.svg
2Flag of Pennsylvania.svg  Pennsylvania 6,302,1155,258,1131,044,002 Increase2.svg19.9% Increase2.svg
3Flag of Illinois.svg  Illinois 4,821,5503,826,352995,198 Increase2.svg26.0% Increase2.svg
4Flag of Ohio.svg  Ohio 4,157,5453,672,329485,216 Increase2.svg13.2% Increase2.svg
5Flag of Missouri.svg  Missouri 3,106,6652,679,185427,480 Increase2.svg16.0% Increase2.svg
6Flag of Texas.svg  Texas 3,048,7102,235,527813,183 Increase2.svg36.4% Increase2.svg
7Flag of Massachusetts.svg  Massachusetts 2,805,3462,238,947566,399 Increase2.svg25.3% Increase2.svg
8Flag of Indiana.svg  Indiana 2,516,4622,192,404324,058 Increase2.svg14.8% Increase2.svg
9Flag of Michigan.svg  Michigan 2,420,9822,093,890327,092 Increase2.svg15.6% Increase2.svg
10Flag of Iowa.svg  Iowa 2,231,8531,912,297319,556 Increase2.svg16.7% Increase2.svg
11Flag of Georgia (U.S. state).svg  Georgia 2,216,3311,837,353378,978 Increase2.svg20.6% Increase2.svg
12Flag of Kentucky.svg  Kentucky 2,147,1741,858,635288,539 Increase2.svg15.5% Increase2.svg
13Flag of Wisconsin.svg  Wisconsin 2,069,0421,693,330375,712 Increase2.svg22.2% Increase2.svg
14Flag of Tennessee.svg  Tennessee 2,020,6161,767,518253,098 Increase2.svg14.3% Increase2.svg
15Flag of North Carolina.svg  North Carolina 1,893,8101,617,949275,861 Increase2.svg17.1% Increase2.svg
16Flag of New Jersey.svg  New Jersey 1,883,6691,444,933438,736 Increase2.svg30.4% Increase2.svg
17Flag of Virginia.svg  Virginia 1,854,1841,655,980198,204 Increase2.svg12.0% Increase2.svg
18Flag of Alabama.svg  Alabama 1,828,6971,513,401315,296 Increase2.svg20.8% Increase2.svg
19Flag of Minnesota.svg  Minnesota 1,751,3941,310,283441,111 Increase2.svg33.7% Increase2.svg
20Flag of Mississippi (1894-1996).png  Mississippi 1,551,2701,289,600261,670 Increase2.svg20.3% Increase2.svg
21Flag of California.svg  California 1,485,0531,213,398271,655 Increase2.svg22.4% Increase2.svg
22Flag of Kansas.svg  Kansas 1,470,4951,428,10842,387 Increase2.svg3.0% Increase2.svg
23Flag of Louisiana.svg  Louisiana 1,381,6251,118,588263,037 Increase2.svg23.5% Increase2.svg
24Flag of South Carolina.svg  South Carolina 1,340,3161,151,149189,167 Increase2.svg16.4% Increase2.svg
25Flag of Arkansas.svg  Arkansas 1,311,5641,128,211183,353 Increase2.svg16.3% Increase2.svg
26Flag of Maryland.svg  Maryland 1,188,0441,042,390145,654 Increase2.svg14.0% Increase2.svg
27Flag of Nebraska.svg  Nebraska 1,066,3001,062,6563,644 Increase2.svg0.3% Increase2.svg
28Flag of West Virginia.svg  West Virginia 958,800762,794196,006 Increase2.svg25.7% Increase2.svg
29Flag of Connecticut.svg  Connecticut 908,420746,258162,162 Increase2.svg21.7% Increase2.svg
Flag of Oklahoma.svg  Oklahoma 790,391258,657531,734 Increase2.svg205.6% Increase2.svg
30Flag of Maine.svg  Maine 694,466661,08633,380 Increase2.svg5.0% Increase2.svg
31Flag of Colorado.svg  Colorado 539,700413,249126,451 Increase2.svg30.6% Increase2.svg
32Flag of Florida.svg  Florida 528,542391,422137,120 Increase2.svg35.0% Increase2.svg
33Flag of Washington.svg  Washington 518,103357,232160,871 Increase2.svg45.0% Increase2.svg
34Flag of Rhode Island.svg  Rhode Island 428,556345,50683,050 Increase2.svg24.0% Increase2.svg
35Flag of Oregon.svg  Oregon 413,536317,70495,832 Increase2.svg30.2% Increase2.svg
36Flag of New Hampshire.svg  New Hampshire 411,588376,53035,058 Increase2.svg9.3% Increase2.svg
37Flag of South Dakota.svg  South Dakota 401,570348,60052,970 Increase2.svg15.2% Increase2.svg
38Flag of Vermont.svg  Vermont 343,641332,42211,219 Increase2.svg3.4% Increase2.svg
39Flag of North Dakota.svg  North Dakota 319,146190,983128,163 Increase2.svg67.1% Increase2.svg
Flag of Washington, D.C..svg  District of Columbia 278,718230,39248,326 Increase2.svg21.0% Increase2.svg
40Flag of Utah.svg  Utah 276,749210,77965,970 Increase2.svg31.3% Increase2.svg
41Flag of Montana.svg  Montana 243,329142,924100,405 Increase2.svg70.3% Increase2.svg
Flag of New Mexico.svg  New Mexico 195,310160,28235,028 Increase2.svg21.9% Increase2.svg
42Flag of Delaware.svg  Delaware 184,735168,49316,242 Increase2.svg9.6% Increase2.svg
43Flag of Idaho.svg  Idaho 161,77288,54873,224 Increase2.svg82.7% Increase2.svg
Flag of Hawaii.svg  Hawaii 154,001
Flag of Arizona.svg  Arizona 122,93188,24334,688 Increase2.svg39.3% Increase2.svg
44Flag of Wyoming.svg  Wyoming 92,53162,55529,976 Increase2.svg47.9% Increase2.svg
Flag of Alaska.svg  Alaska 63,59232,05231,540 Increase2.svg98.4% Increase2.svg
45Flag of Nevada.svg  Nevada 42,33547,355-5,020 Decrease2.svg-10.6% Decrease2.svg

City rankings

RankCityStatePopulation [4] Region (2016) [5]
01 New York New York 3,437,202 Northeast
02 Chicago Illinois 1,698,575 Midwest
03 Philadelphia Pennsylvania 1,293,697 Northeast
04 St. Louis Missouri 575,238 Midwest
05 Boston Massachusetts 560,892 Northeast
06 Baltimore Maryland 508,957 South
07 Cleveland Ohio 391,768 Midwest
08 Buffalo New York 352,387 Northeast
09 San Francisco California 342,782 West
10 Cincinnati Ohio 325,902 Midwest
11 Pittsburgh Pennsylvania 321,616 Northeast
12 New Orleans Louisiana 287,104 South
13 Detroit Michigan 285,704 Midwest
14 Milwaukee Wisconsin 285,315 Midwest
15 Washington District of Columbia 278,718 South
16 Newark New Jersey 246,070 Northeast
17 Jersey City New Jersey 206,433 Northeast
18 Louisville Kentucky 204,731 South
19 Minneapolis Minnesota 202,718 Midwest
20 Providence Rhode Island 175,597 Northeast
21 Indianapolis Indiana 169,164 Midwest
22 Kansas City Missouri 163,752 Midwest
23 Saint Paul Minnesota 163,065 Midwest
24 Rochester New York 162,608 Northeast
25 Denver Colorado 133,859 West
26 Toledo Ohio 131,822 Midwest
27 Allegheny Pennsylvania 129,896 Northeast
28 Columbus Ohio 125,560 Midwest
29 Worcester Massachusetts 118,421 Northeast
30 Syracuse New York 108,374 Northeast
31 New Haven Connecticut 108,027 Northeast
32 Paterson New Jersey 105,171 Northeast
33 Fall River Massachusetts 104,863 Northeast
34 St. Joseph Missouri 102,979 Midwest
35 Omaha Nebraska 102,555 Midwest
36 Los Angeles California 102,479 West
37 Memphis Tennessee 102,320 South
38 Scranton Pennsylvania 102,026 Northeast
39 Lowell Massachusetts 94,969 Northeast
40 Albany New York 94,151 Northeast
41 Cambridge Massachusetts 91,886 Northeast
42 Portland Oregon 90,426 West
43 Atlanta Georgia 89,872 South
44 Grand Rapids Michigan 87,565 Midwest
45 Dayton Ohio 85,333 Midwest
46 Richmond Virginia 85,050 South
47 Nashville Tennessee 80,865 South
48 Seattle Washington 80,671 West
49 Hartford Connecticut 79,850 Northeast
50 Reading Pennsylvania 78,961 Northeast
51 Wilmington Delaware 76,508 South
52 Camden New Jersey 75,935 Northeast
53 Trenton New Jersey 73,307 Northeast
54 Bridgeport Connecticut 70,996 Northeast
55 Lynn Massachusetts 68,513 Northeast
56 Oakland California 66,960 West
57 Lawrence Massachusetts 62,559 Northeast
58 New Bedford Massachusetts 62,442 Northeast
59 Des Moines Iowa 62,139 Midwest
60 Springfield Massachusetts 62,059 Northeast
61 Somerville Massachusetts 61,643 Northeast
62 Troy New York 60,651 Northeast
63 Hoboken New Jersey 59,364 Northeast
64 Evansville Indiana 59,007 Midwest
65 Manchester New Hampshire 56,987 Northeast
66 Utica New York 56,383 Northeast
67 Peoria Illinois 56,100 Midwest
68 Charleston South Carolina 55,807 South
69 Savannah Georgia 54,244 South
70 Salt Lake City Utah 53,531 West
71 San Antonio Texas 53,321 South
72 Duluth Minnesota 52,969 Midwest
73 Erie Pennsylvania 52,733 Northeast
74 Elizabeth New Jersey 52,130 Northeast
75 Wilkes-Barre Pennsylvania 51,721 Northeast
76 Kansas City Kansas 51,418 Midwest
77 Harrisburg Pennsylvania 50,167 Northeast
78 Portland Maine 50,145 Northeast
79 Yonkers New York 47,931 Northeast
80 Norfolk Virginia 46,624 South
81 Waterbury Connecticut 45,859 Northeast
82 Holyoke Massachusetts 45,712 Northeast
83 Fort Wayne Indiana 45,115 Midwest
84 Youngstown Ohio 44,885 Midwest
85 Houston Texas 44,633 South
86 Covington Kentucky 42,938 South
87 Akron Ohio 42,728 Midwest
88 Dallas Texas 42,638 South
89 Saginaw Michigan 42,345 Midwest
90 Lancaster Pennsylvania 41,459 Northeast
91 Lincoln Nebraska 40,169 Midwest
92 Brockton Massachusetts 40,063 Northeast
93 Binghamton New York 39,647 Northeast
94 Augusta Georgia 39,441 South
95 Pawtucket Rhode Island 39,231 Northeast
96 Altoona Pennsylvania 38,973 Northeast
97 Wheeling West Virginia 38,878 South
98 Mobile Alabama 38,469 South
99 Birmingham Alabama 38,415 South
100 Little Rock Arkansas 38,307 South

Related Research Articles

2000 United States Census 22nd United States national census

The United States Census of 2000, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13.2 percent over the 248,709,873 people enumerated during the 1990 Census. This was the twenty-second federal census and was at the time the largest civilly administered peacetime effort in the United States.

United States Census Decennial census mandated by Article I, Section 2 of the United States Constitution

The United States Census is a census that is legally mandated by the US Constitution, and takes place every 10 years. The first census after the American Revolution was taken in 1790, under Secretary of State Thomas Jefferson; there have been 22 federal censuses since that time.

1990 United States Census 21st United States national census

The United States Census of 1990, conducted by the Census Bureau, was the first census to be directed by a woman, Barbara Everitt Bryant. It determined the resident population of the United States to be 248,709,873, an increase of 9.8 percent over the 226,545,805 persons enumerated during the 1980 Census.

1890 United States Census National census

The United States Census of 1890 was taken beginning June 2, 1890. It determined the resident population of the United States to be 62,979,766—an increase of 25.5 percent over the 50,189,209 persons enumerated during the 1880 census. The data was tabulated by machine for the first time. The data reported that the distribution of the population had resulted in the disappearance of the American frontier. Most of the 1890 census materials were destroyed in a 1921 fire and fragments of the US census population schedule exist only for the states of Alabama, Georgia, Illinois, Minnesota, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, South Dakota, and Texas, and the District of Columbia.

1850 United States Census Seventh U.S. national census seeing 35.9% increase since 1840

The United States Census of 1850 was the seventh census of the United States. Conducted by the Census Office, it determined the resident population of the United States to be 23,191,876—an increase of 35.9 percent over the 17,069,453 persons enumerated during the 1840 Census. The total population included 3,204,313 slaves.

1840 United States Census National census

The United States Census of 1840 was the sixth census of the United States. Conducted by the Census Office on June 1, 1840, it determined the resident population of the United States to be 17,069,453 – an increase of 32.7 percent over the 12,866,020 persons enumerated during the 1830 Census. The total population included 2,487,355 slaves. In 1840, the center of population was about 260 miles (418 km) west of Washington, near Weston, Virginia.

1980 United States Census 20th United States national census

The United States Census of 1980, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 226,545,805, an increase of 11.4 percent over the 203,184,772 persons enumerated during the 1970 Census. It was the first census in which a state – California – recorded a population of 20 million people, as well as the first in which all states recorded populations of over 400,000.

1790 United States Census First United States census

The United States Census of 1790 was the first census of the whole United States. It recorded the population of the United States as of Census Day, August 2, 1790, as mandated by Article I, Section 2 of the United States Constitution and applicable laws. In the first census, the population of the United States was enumerated to be 3,929,214.

1810 United States Census

The United States Census of 1810 was the third Census conducted in the United States. It was conducted on August 6, 1810. It showed that 7,239,881 people were living in the United States, of whom 1,191,362 were slaves.

1830 United States Census

The United States Census of 1830, the fifth census undertaken in the United States, was conducted on June 1, 1830. The only loss of census records for 1830 involved some countywide losses in Massachusetts, Maryland, and Mississippi.

1860 United States Census National census

The United States Census of 1860 was the eighth Census conducted in the United States starting June 1, 1860, and lasting five months. It determined the population of the United States to be 31,443,322, in 33 states and 10 organized territories. This was an increase of 35.4 percent over the 23,191,876 persons enumerated during the 1850 Census. The total population included 3,953,762 slaves.

1880 United States Census 10th U.S. national census

The United States Census of 1880 conducted by the Census Bureau during June 1880 was the tenth United States Census. It was the first time that women were permitted to be enumerators. The Superintendent of the Census was Francis Amasa Walker. This was the first census in which a city – New York – recorded a population of over one million.

1870 United States Census Ninth U.S. national census; first to provide detailed demographic info on African Americans

The United States Census of 1870 was the ninth United States Census. It was conducted by the Census Bureau from June 1, 1870 to August 23, 1871. The 1870 Census was the first census to provide detailed information on the African-American population, only five years after the culmination of the Civil War when slaves were granted freedom. The total population was 38,925,598 with a resident population of 38,558,371 individuals, a 22.6% increase from 1860. The 1870 Census' population estimate was controversial, as many believed it underestimated the true population numbers, especially in New York and Pennsylvania.

1910 United States Census National census

The United States Census of 1910, conducted by the Census Bureau on April 15, 1910, determined the resident population of the United States to be 92,228,496, an increase of 21 percent over the 76,212,168 persons enumerated during the 1900 Census. The 1910 Census switched from a portrait page orientation to a landscape orientation.

1920 United States Census National census

The United States Census of 1920, conducted by the Census Bureau during one month from January 5, 1920, determined the resident population of the United States to be 106,021,537, an increase of 15.0 percent over the 92,228,496 persons enumerated during the 1910 Census and were fixed in 1984 during the presidential election.

1930 United States Census National census

The United States Census of 1930, conducted by the Census Bureau one month from April 1, 1930, determined the resident population of the United States to be 122,775,046, an increase of 13.7 percent over the 106,021,537 persons enumerated during the 1920 Census.

1940 United States Census National census

The United States Census of 1940, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 132,164,569, an increase of 7.3 percent over the 1930 population of 122,775,046 people. The census date of record was April 1, 1940. A number of new questions were asked including where people were 5 years before, highest educational grade achieved, and information about wages. This census introduced sampling techniques; one in 20 people were asked additional questions on the census form. Other innovations included a field test of the census in 1939. This was the first census in which every state (48) had a population greater than 100,000.

1950 United States Census National census

The United States Census of 1950, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 150,697,361, an increase of 14.5 percent over the 131,669,275 persons enumerated during the 1940 Census. This was the first census in which:

1960 United States Census 18th United States national census

The United States Census of 1960, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 179,323,175, an increase of 18.5 percent over the 151,325,798 persons enumerated during the 1950 Census. This was the first census in which all states recorded a population of over 200,000. This census's data determined the electoral votes for the 1964 and 1968 presidential elections. This is also the last census in which New York was the most populous state.

1970 United States Census 19th United States national census

The United States Census of 1970, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 203,392,031, an increase of 13.4 percent over the 179,323,175 persons enumerated during the 1960 Census. This was the first census since 1800 in which New York was not the most populous state – California overtook it in population in November 1962. This was also the first census in which all states recorded a population of over 300,000, and the first in which a city in the geographic South recorded a population of over 1 million (Houston).

References

  1. "1900 Overview", History, US Census Bureau
  2. "Library Bibliography Bulletin 88, New York State Census Records, 1790–1925". New York State Library. October 1981. p. 45 (p. 51 of PDF). Archived from the original on January 30, 2009. Retrieved December 15, 2008.
  3. Algonquin Area Public Library District. "Census Secrets" (PDF). Retrieved May 17, 2012.[ permanent dead link ]
  4. Population of the 100 Largest Cities and Other Urban Places in the United States: 1790 to 1990, U.S. Census Bureau, 1998
  5. "Regions and Divisions". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on December 3, 2016. Retrieved September 9, 2016.