1900 United States census

Last updated

Twelfth census of the United States

  1890 June 1, 1900 1910  

Seal of the Department of the Interior
1900 census Kershaw Lindauer.gif
Example of Population Schedule from the 1900 census
General information
CountryUnited States
Authority Census Office
Total population76,212,168 (Increase2.svg 21.01%)
Most populous state New York
Least populous state Nevada

The 1900 United States census, conducted by the Census Office on June 1, 1900, [1] determined the resident population of the United States to be 76,212,168, an increase of 21.01% from the 62,979,766 persons enumerated during the 1890 census. It was the last census to be conducted before the founding of the permanent United States Census Bureau.


The census saw the nation's largest city, New York City, more than double in size due to the consolidation with Brooklyn, becoming in the process the first U.S. city to record a population growth of over three million.

Census questions

The 1900 census collected the following information: [2]

Full documentation for the 1900 census, including census forms and enumerator instructions, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series.

Data availability

The original census enumeration sheets were microfilmed by the Census Bureau in the 1940s, after which the original sheets were destroyed. [3] The microfilmed census is available in rolls from the National Archives and Records Administration. Several organizations also host images of the microfilmed census online, and digital indices.

Microdata from the 1900 census are freely available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System.

State rankings

RankStatePopulation as of
1900 census [4]
Population as of
1890 census
1Flag of New York (1778-1901).svg  New York 7,268,8946,003,1741,265,720 Increase2.svg21.1% Increase2.svg
2Pennsylvania State Flag 1863 pubdomain.jpg Pennsylvania 6,302,1155,258,1131,044,002 Increase2.svg19.9% Increase2.svg
3Flag of Illinois (1915-1969).svg  Illinois 4,821,5503,826,352995,198 Increase2.svg26.0% Increase2.svg
4Flag of Ohio.svg  Ohio 4,157,5453,672,329485,216 Increase2.svg13.2% Increase2.svg
5Flag of Missouri.svg  Missouri 3,106,6652,679,185427,480 Increase2.svg16.0% Increase2.svg
6Flag of Texas.svg  Texas 3,048,7102,235,527813,183 Increase2.svg36.4% Increase2.svg
7Flag of Massachusetts (1908-1971).svg  Massachusetts 2,805,3462,238,947566,399 Increase2.svg25.3% Increase2.svg
8Flag of Indiana.svg  Indiana 2,516,4622,192,404324,058 Increase2.svg14.8% Increase2.svg
9Flag of Michigan.svg  Michigan 2,420,9822,093,890327,092 Increase2.svg15.6% Increase2.svg
10Flag of Iowa.svg  Iowa 2,231,8531,912,297319,556 Increase2.svg16.7% Increase2.svg
11Flag of the State of Georgia (1879-1902).svg  Georgia 2,216,3311,837,353378,978 Increase2.svg20.6% Increase2.svg
12Flag of Kentucky.svg  Kentucky 2,147,1741,858,635288,539 Increase2.svg15.5% Increase2.svg
13Flag of Wisconsin (1866-1913).png  Wisconsin 2,069,0421,693,330375,712 Increase2.svg22.2% Increase2.svg
14Flag of Tennessee (1897-1905).svg  Tennessee 2,020,6161,767,518253,098 Increase2.svg14.3% Increase2.svg
15Flag of North Carolina (1885-1991).svg  North Carolina 1,893,8101,617,949275,861 Increase2.svg17.0% Increase2.svg
16Flag of New Jersey (1896-1965).png  New Jersey 1,883,6691,444,933438,736 Increase2.svg30.4% Increase2.svg
17Flag of Virginia (1861).svg  Virginia 1,854,1841,655,980198,204 Increase2.svg12.0% Increase2.svg
18Flag of Alabama.svg  Alabama 1,828,6971,513,401315,296 Increase2.svg20.8% Increase2.svg
19Flag of Minnesota (1893-1957).svg  Minnesota 1,751,3941,310,283441,111 Increase2.svg33.7% Increase2.svg
20Flag of Mississippi (1894-1996).png  Mississippi 1,551,2701,289,600261,670 Increase2.svg20.3% Increase2.svg
21Flag of California (1909).png California 1,485,0531,213,398271,655 Increase2.svg22.4% Increase2.svg
22Flag of Kansas (1925-1927).svg Kansas 1,470,4951,428,10842,387 Increase2.svg3.0% Increase2.svg
23Louisiana Pelican Flag 1861.svg  Louisiana 1,381,6251,118,588263,037 Increase2.svg23.5% Increase2.svg
24Flag of South Carolina (1861).svg  South Carolina 1,340,3161,151,149189,167 Increase2.svg16.4% Increase2.svg
25Flag of Arkansas (1913).svg  Arkansas 1,311,5641,128,211183,353 Increase2.svg16.3% Increase2.svg
26Flag of Maryland.svg  Maryland 1,188,0441,042,390145,654 Increase2.svg14.0% Increase2.svg
27Flag of Nebraska.svg  Nebraska 1,066,3001,062,6563,644 Increase2.svg0.3% Increase2.svg
28Flag of West Virginia (1905-1907).png  West Virginia 958,800762,794196,006 Increase2.svg25.7% Increase2.svg
29Flag of Connecticut.svg  Connecticut 908,420746,258162,162 Increase2.svg21.7% Increase2.svg
Flag of Oklahoma (1911-1925).svg  Oklahoma 790,391258,657531,734 Increase2.svg205.6% Increase2.svg
30Flag of Maine (1901-1909).svg Maine 694,466661,08633,380 Increase2.svg5.0% Increase2.svg
31Flag of Colorado (1907-1911).png  Colorado 539,700413,249126,451 Increase2.svg30.6% Increase2.svg
32Flag of Florida (1900-1985).svg  Florida 528,542391,422137,120 Increase2.svg35.0% Increase2.svg
33Flag of the State of Washington (1923-1967).png Washington 518,103357,232160,871 Increase2.svg45.0% Increase2.svg
34Flag of Rhode Island.svg  Rhode Island 428,556345,50683,050 Increase2.svg24.0% Increase2.svg
35Flag of Oregon.svg  Oregon 413,536317,70495,832 Increase2.svg30.2% Increase2.svg
36Flag of New Hampshire (1909-1931).png  New Hampshire 411,588376,53035,058 Increase2.svg9.3% Increase2.svg
37Flag of South Dakota (1909-1963).svg  South Dakota 401,570348,60052,970 Increase2.svg15.2% Increase2.svg
38Flag of Vermont (1837-1923).svg  Vermont 343,641332,42211,219 Increase2.svg3.4% Increase2.svg
39Flag of North Dakota.svg  North Dakota 319,146190,983128,163 Increase2.svg67.1% Increase2.svg
Flag of the District of Columbia.svg  District of Columbia 278,718230,39248,326 Increase2.svg21.0% Increase2.svg
40Flag of Utah (1903-1904).svg  Utah 276,749210,77965,970 Increase2.svg31.3% Increase2.svg
41Flag of Montana (1905-1981).svg  Montana 243,329142,924100,405 Increase2.svg70.3% Increase2.svg
Flag of New Mexico (1912-1925).svg  New Mexico 195,310160,28235,028 Increase2.svg21.9% Increase2.svg
42Flag of Delaware (1913-1953).gif Delaware 184,735168,49316,242 Increase2.svg9.6% Increase2.svg
43Flag of Idaho.svg  Idaho 161,77288,54873,224 Increase2.svg82.7% Increase2.svg
Flag of Hawaii (1896).svg  Hawaii 154,00189,99064,011 Increase2.svg71.1% Increase2.svg
Flag of Arizona.svg  Arizona 122,93188,24334,688 Increase2.svg39.3% Increase2.svg
44Flag of Wyoming.svg  Wyoming 92,53162,55529,976 Increase2.svg47.9% Increase2.svg
Flag of Alaska.svg  Alaska 63,59232,05231,540 Increase2.svg98.4% Increase2.svg
45Flag of Nevada (1905-1915).svg  Nevada 42,33547,355-5,020 Decrease2.svg-10.6% Decrease2.svg
Flag of the United States (1896-1908).svg  United States 76,212,16862,979,76613,232,402 Increase2.svg21.0% Increase2.svg

City rankings

RankCityStatePopulation [5] Region (2016) [6]
01 New York New York 3,437,202 Northeast
02 Chicago Illinois 1,698,575 Midwest
03 Philadelphia Pennsylvania 1,293,697 Northeast
04 St. Louis Missouri 575,238 Midwest
05 Boston Massachusetts 560,892 Northeast
06 Baltimore Maryland 508,957 South
07 Cleveland Ohio 391,768 Midwest
08 Buffalo New York 352,387 Northeast
09 San Francisco California 342,782 West
10 Cincinnati Ohio 325,902 Midwest
11 Pittsburgh Pennsylvania 321,616 Northeast
12 New Orleans Louisiana 287,104 South
13 Detroit Michigan 285,704 Midwest
14 Milwaukee Wisconsin 285,315 Midwest
15 Washington District of Columbia 278,718 South
16 Newark New Jersey 246,070 Northeast
17 Jersey City New Jersey 206,433 Northeast
18 Louisville Kentucky 204,731 South
19 Minneapolis Minnesota 202,718 Midwest
20 Providence Rhode Island 175,597 Northeast
21 Indianapolis Indiana 169,164 Midwest
22 Kansas City Missouri 163,752 Midwest
23 Saint Paul Minnesota 163,065 Midwest
24 Rochester New York 162,608 Northeast
25 Denver Colorado 133,859 West
26 Toledo Ohio 131,822 Midwest
27 Allegheny Pennsylvania 129,896 Northeast
28 Columbus Ohio 125,560 Midwest
29 Worcester Massachusetts 118,421 Northeast
30 Syracuse New York 108,374 Northeast
31 New Haven Connecticut 108,027 Northeast
32 Paterson New Jersey 105,171 Northeast
33 Fall River Massachusetts 104,863 Northeast
34 St. Joseph Missouri 102,979 Midwest
35 Omaha Nebraska 102,555 Midwest
36 Los Angeles California 102,479 West
37 Memphis Tennessee 102,320 South
38 Scranton Pennsylvania 102,026 Northeast
39 Lowell Massachusetts 94,969 Northeast
40 Albany New York 94,151 Northeast
41 Cambridge Massachusetts 91,886 Northeast
42 Portland Oregon 90,426 West
43 Atlanta Georgia 89,872 South
44 Grand Rapids Michigan 87,565 Midwest
45 Dayton Ohio 85,333 Midwest
46 Richmond Virginia 85,050 South
47 Nashville Tennessee 80,865 South
48 Seattle Washington 80,671 West
49 Hartford Connecticut 79,850 Northeast
50 Reading Pennsylvania 78,961 Northeast
51 Wilmington Delaware 76,508 South
52 Camden New Jersey 75,935 Northeast
53 Trenton New Jersey 73,307 Northeast
54 Bridgeport Connecticut 70,996 Northeast
55 Lynn Massachusetts 68,513 Northeast
56 Oakland California 66,960 West
57 Lawrence Massachusetts 62,559 Northeast
58 New Bedford Massachusetts 62,442 Northeast
59 Des Moines Iowa 62,139 Midwest
60 Springfield Massachusetts 62,059 Northeast
61 Somerville Massachusetts 61,643 Northeast
62 Troy New York 60,651 Northeast
63 Hoboken New Jersey 59,364 Northeast
64 Evansville Indiana 59,007 Midwest
65 Manchester New Hampshire 56,987 Northeast
66 Utica New York 56,383 Northeast
67 Peoria Illinois 56,100 Midwest
68 Charleston South Carolina 55,807 South
69 Savannah Georgia 54,244 South
70 Salt Lake City Utah 53,531 West
71 San Antonio Texas 53,321 South
72 Duluth Minnesota 52,969 Midwest
73 Erie Pennsylvania 52,733 Northeast
74 Elizabeth New Jersey 52,130 Northeast
75 Wilkes-Barre Pennsylvania 51,721 Northeast
76 Kansas City Kansas 51,418 Midwest
77 Harrisburg Pennsylvania 50,167 Northeast
78 Portland Maine 50,145 Northeast
79 Yonkers New York 47,931 Northeast
80 Norfolk Virginia 46,624 South
81 Waterbury Connecticut 45,859 Northeast
82 Holyoke Massachusetts 45,712 Northeast
83 Fort Wayne Indiana 45,115 Midwest
84 Youngstown Ohio 44,885 Midwest
85 Houston Texas 44,633 South
86 Covington Kentucky 42,938 South
87 Akron Ohio 42,728 Midwest
88 Dallas Texas 42,638 South
89 Saginaw Michigan 42,345 Midwest
90 Lancaster Pennsylvania 41,459 Northeast
91 Lincoln Nebraska 40,169 Midwest
92 Brockton Massachusetts 40,063 Northeast
93 Binghamton New York 39,647 Northeast
94 Augusta Georgia 39,441 South
95 Pawtucket Rhode Island 39,231 Northeast
96 Altoona Pennsylvania 38,973 Northeast
97 Wheeling West Virginia 38,878 South
98 Mobile Alabama 38,469 South
99 Birmingham Alabama 38,415 South
100 Little Rock Arkansas 38,307 South

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  1. "1900 Overview", History, US Census Bureau
  2. "Library Bibliography Bulletin 88, New York State Census Records, 1790–1925". New York State Library. October 1981. p. 45 (p. 51 of PDF). Archived from the original on January 30, 2009. Retrieved December 15, 2008.
  3. Algonquin Area Public Library District. "Census Secrets" (PDF). Retrieved May 17, 2012.[ permanent dead link ]
  4. https://www2.census.gov/library/publications/decennial/1900/volume-1/volume-1-p5.pdf
  5. Population of the 100 Largest Cities and Other Urban Places in the United States: 1790 to 1990, U.S. Census Bureau, 1998
  6. "Regions and Divisions". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on December 3, 2016. Retrieved September 9, 2016.