1800 United States census

Last updated

1800 United States census

  1790 August 4, 1800 (1800-08-04) 1810  

Seal of the United States Census Bureau.svg
General information
CountryUnited States
Results
Total population5,308,483 (Increase2.svg 35.1%)
Most populous state Virginia
886,149
Least populous state Delaware
64,273

The United States census of 1800 was the second census conducted in the United States. It was conducted on August 4, 1800.

Contents

It showed that 5,308,483 people were living in the United States, of whom 893,602 were enslaved. The 1800 census included the new District of Columbia. The census for the following states were lost: Georgia, Kentucky, New Jersey, Tennessee, and Virginia.

Census questions

The 1800 census asks the following information in columns, left to right: [1]

ColumnTitle
1Name of the head
2Number of free white males under age 10
3Number of free white males of age 10 and under 16
4Number of free white males of age 16 and under 26
5Number of free white males of age 26 and under 45
6Number of free white males of age 45 and over.
7Number of free white females under age 10
8Number of free white females of age 10 and under 16
9Number of free white females of age 16 and under 26
10Number of free white females of age 26 and under 45
11Number of free white females of age 45 and over.
12Number of all other free persons
13Number of slaves

This census is one of the several for which some of the original data are no longer available. Original census returns for Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, New Jersey, Tennessee, and Virginia were lost over the years. [2]

Data availability

No microdata from the 1800 population census are available, but aggregate data for small areas, together with compatible cartographic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System.

State and regional populations

DistrictFree white males under age 10,Free white males age 10–16Free white males age 16–26Free white males age 26–45Free white males over age 45Free white females under age 10Free white females age 10–16Free white females age 16–26Free white females age 26–45Free white females over age 45All other free personsSlavesTotal
New Hampshire 30,69414,88116,37917,58911,71529,87114,19317,15318,38112,1428528183,858
Massachusetts 63,64632,50737,90539,72931,34860,92030,67440,49143,83335,3406,4520422,845
Maine 27,97012,30512,90015,3188,33926,89911,33813,29514,4968,0418180151,719
Connecticut 37,94619,40821,68323,18018,97635,73618,21823,56125,18620,8275,330951251,002
Vermont 29,42012,04613,24216,5448,07628,27211,36612,60615,2877,0495570154,465
Rhode Island 9,9455,3525,8895,7854,8879,5245,0266,4636,9195,6483,30438069,122
New York (excluding Duchess, Ulster, Orange counties)83,16136,95340,04552,45425,49779,15432,82239,08647,71023,1618,57315,602484,065
New York (Duchess, Ulster, Orange counties)16,9367,3209,2309,1406,35816,3196,6499,0308,7015,4901,8015,011101,985
New Jersey 33,90015,85916,30119,95612,62932,62214,82717,01819,53311,6004,40212,422211,149
Pennsylvania (eastern district)52,76724,43829,39333,86420,82451,17623,42729,87930,89219,32911,253557327,979
Pennsylvania (western district)50,45921,62324,86925,46917,76148,44820,36224,09522,95414,0663,3111,149274,566
Delaware 8,2504,4375,1215,0122,2137,6284,2775,5434,9812,3908,2686,15364,273
Maryland (including Washington County in the District of Columbia [a] , but excluding parts of Baltimore County)33,52016,58120,56022,16912,61732,46315,71821,50620,36311,24018,646102,465317,348
Maryland (additional return for Baltimore County)567226318343249517222375318199418474,276
Virginia (eastern district)57,83725,99832,44434,58819,08754,59725,46934,80732,64118,82113,194322,199676,682
Virginia (western district)34,60114,50216,26415,67411,13432,72613,36615,9233,63215,1691,93023,597203,518
Virginia (Alexandria and part of Fairfax County in the District of Columbia [a] )8893204835572216703134794731893831,1725,949
North Carolina 63,11827,07331,56031,20918,68859,07425,87432,98930,66517,5147,043133,296478,103
South Carolina 37,41116,15617,76119,34410,24434,66415,85718,14517,2369,4373,185146,151345,591
Georgia 19,8418,4699,78710,9144,95718,4077,9149,2438,8353,8941,91959,699162,686
Kentucky 37,27414,04515,70517,6999,23834,94913,43315,52414,9347,07574140,343220,959
Northwest Territory 9,3623,6474,6364,8331,9558,6443,3533,8613,3421,395337045,365
Indiana Territory 8543474666452627912804243931151631355,641 [b]
Mississippi Territory 9993564827802909533763524621651823,4898,850
DistrictFree white males under age 10Free white males age 10–16Free white males age 16–26Free white males age 26–45Free white males over age 45Free white females under age 10Free white females age 10–16Free white females age 16–26Free white females age 26–45Free white females over age 45All other free personsSlavesTotal
Uncorrected Total741,367334,849383,423422,795257,526705,024315,354391,848392,167250,296102,685875,6265,172,312
Tennessee [c] 19,2277,1948,2828,3524,12518,4507,0428,5546,9923,49130913,584105,602
Maryland corrected [d] 36,75117,74321,92923,55313,71234,70316,78722,91521,72512,18019,987107,707349,692
Corrected Total763,288359,792392,765432,979262,497725,197323,243401,436400,203254,524104,294893,6055,305,982

^  a: At the time of the 1800 census, the territory donated to form the District of Columbia was still being administered by the states of Maryland and Virginia. The state of Maryland included the population of the District under its control within its own return. The population of the District of Columbia within Maryland was 8,144 persons, including 5,672 whites, 400 free blacks, and 2,472 enslaved persons. [3]

^  b: Persons 766 added to the particular items of this return.

^  c: This return has been received since the communication of the above Aggregate to Congress.

^  d: This return has also been since received, and is stated by the Marshal to be more correct than the first. [4]

City populations

RankCityStatePopulation [5] [6] Region (2016) [7]
01 New York New York 60,515 Northeast
02 Philadelphia Pennsylvania 41,220 Northeast
03 Baltimore Maryland 26,514 South
04 Boston Massachusetts 24,937 Northeast
05 Charleston South Carolina 18,824 South
06 Northern Liberties Pennsylvania 10,718 Northeast
07 Southwark Pennsylvania 9,621 Northeast
08 Salem Massachusetts 9,457 Northeast
09 Providence Rhode Island 7,614 Northeast
10 Norfolk Virginia 6,926 South
11 Newport Rhode Island 6,739 Northeast
12 Newburyport Massachusetts 5,946 Northeast
13 Richmond Virginia 5,737 South
14 Nantucket Massachusetts 5,617 Northeast
15 Portsmouth New Hampshire 5,339 Northeast
16 Gloucester Massachusetts 5,313 Northeast
17 Albany New York 5,289 Northeast
17 Schenectady New York 5,289 Northeast
19 Marblehead Massachusetts 5,211 Northeast
20 New London Connecticut 5,150 Northeast
21 Norwalk Connecticut 5,146 Northeast
21 Savannah Georgia 5,146 South
23 Alexandria District of Columbia 4,971 South
24 Middleborough Massachusetts 4,458 Northeast
25 New Bedford Massachusetts 4,361 Northeast
26 Groton Connecticut 4,302 Northeast
27 Lancaster Pennsylvania 4,292 Northeast
28 New Haven Connecticut 4,049 Northeast
29 Beverly Massachusetts 3,881 Northeast
30 Taunton Massachusetts 3,860 Northeast
31 Gilmanton New Hampshire 3,752 Northeast
32 Portland Massachusetts [8] 3,704 Northeast
33 Hudson New York 3,664 Northeast
34 Plymouth Massachusetts 3,524 Northeast
35 Hartford Connecticut 3,523 Northeast
36 Petersburg Virginia 3,521 South
37 Norwich Connecticut 3,476 Northeast
38 South Kingstown Rhode Island 3,438 Northeast
39 Evesham New Jersey 3,381 Northeast
40 Washington District of Columbia 3,210 South
41 Danbury Connecticut 3,180 Northeast
42 Colchester Connecticut 3,163 Northeast
43 Smithfield Rhode Island 3,120 Northeast
44 Greenwich Connecticut 3,047 Northeast
45 Georgetown District of Columbia 2,993 South
46 Andover Massachusetts 2,941 Northeast
47 Lynn Massachusetts 2,837 Northeast
48 Farmington Connecticut 2,809 Northeast
49 North Kingstown Rhode Island 2,794 Northeast
50 Haverhill Massachusetts 2,730 Northeast
51 Bristol Connecticut 2,722 Northeast
52 Berlin Connecticut 2,702 Northeast
53 Londonderry New Hampshire 2,650 Northeast
54 Rochester New Hampshire 2,646 Northeast
55 York Pennsylvania 2,503 Northeast

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References

  1. "1800 Census Questions". Archived from the original on April 27, 2010. Retrieved May 3, 2010.
  2. Dollarhide, William (2001). The Census Book: A Genealogists Guide to Federal Census Facts, Schedules and Indexes. North Salt Lake, Utah: HeritageQuest. p. 8.
  3. "District of Columbia – Race and Hispanic Origin: 1800 to 1990" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. September 13, 2002. Archived from the original (PDF) on August 4, 2011. Retrieved November 1, 2011.
  4. "Enumeration of Persons in the several districts of The United States" (PDF). 1800. p. 3. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 11, 2010. Retrieved May 10, 2010.
  5. Population of the 100 Largest Cities and Other Urban Places in the United States: 1790 to 1990, U.S. Census Bureau, 1998
  6. "Population of Connecticut Towns 1756-1820". Connecticut Secretary of the State. State of Connecticut. Archived from the original on January 13, 2017. Retrieved April 13, 2020.
  7. "Regions and Divisions". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on December 3, 2016. Retrieved September 9, 2016.
  8. In present day Maine.