1950 United States census

Last updated

Seventeenth census
of the United States

  1940 April 1, 1950 1960  

Seal of the United States Census Bureau.svg
U.S. Census Bureau seal
1950 U.S. census logo
General information
CountryUnited States
Total population158,804,396 (Increase2.svg 14.5%)
Most populous state New York
Least populous state Nevada

The 1950 United States census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 158,804,396, an increase of 14.5 percent over the 131,669,275 persons enumerated during the 1940 census. [1]


This was the first census in which:

On April 1, 2022, the National Archives and Records Administration released scanned census enumeration sheets to the general public, in accordance with the 72 year rule. [2]

Census questions

The 1950 census collected the following information from all respondents: [3]

In addition, a sample of individuals were asked additional questions covering income, marital history, fertility, and other topics. Full documentation on the 1950 census, including census forms and a procedural history, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series.

Data availability

A clerk creating punch cards containing data from the census. Keypunch operator 1950 census IBM 016.jpg
A clerk creating punch cards containing data from the census.

Microdata from the 1950 census are freely available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. Personally identifiable information became available in April 2022. [4]

On April 1, 2022, 72 years after the census was taken, the National Archives and Records Administration released scanned census enumeration sheets to the general public. [2] Soon after, census data will also be made freely searchable by name at other websites. [5]

State rankings

A map showing the population change of each US State by percentage. 1950 US Census Map.png
A map showing the population change of each US State by percentage.

RankStatePopulation as of
1950 census
Population as of
1940 census
1Flag of New York.svg  New York 14,830,19213,479,1421,351,050 Increase2.svg10.0% Increase2.svg
2Flag of California.svg  California 10,586,2236,907,3873,678,836 Increase2.svg53.3% Increase2.svg
3Flag of Pennsylvania.svg  Pennsylvania 10,498,0129,900,180597,832 Increase2.svg6.0% Increase2.svg
4Flag of Illinois (1915-1969).svg  Illinois 8,712,1767,897,241814,935 Increase2.svg10.3% Increase2.svg
5Flag of Ohio.svg  Ohio 7,946,6276,907,6121,039,015 Increase2.svg15.0% Increase2.svg
6Flag of Texas.svg  Texas 7,711,1946,414,8241,296,370 Increase2.svg20.2% Increase2.svg
7Flag of Michigan.svg  Michigan 6,371,7665,256,1061,115,660 Increase2.svg21.2% Increase2.svg
8Flag of New Jersey.svg  New Jersey 4,835,3294,160,165675,164 Increase2.svg16.2% Increase2.svg
9Flag of Massachusetts.svg  Massachusetts 4,690,5144,316,721373,793 Increase2.svg8.7% Increase2.svg
10Flag of North Carolina (1885-1991).svg  North Carolina 4,061,9293,571,623490,306 Increase2.svg13.7% Increase2.svg
11Flag of Missouri.svg  Missouri 3,954,6533,784,664169,989 Increase2.svg4.5% Increase2.svg
12Flag of Indiana.svg  Indiana 3,934,2243,427,796506,428 Increase2.svg14.8% Increase2.svg
13Flag of the State of Georgia (1920-1956).svg  Georgia 3,444,5783,123,723320,855 Increase2.svg10.3% Increase2.svg
14Flag of Wisconsin (1913-1981).svg  Wisconsin 3,434,5753,137,587296,988 Increase2.svg9.5% Increase2.svg
15Flag of Virginia.svg  Virginia 3,318,6802,677,773640,907 Increase2.svg23.9% Increase2.svg
16Flag of Tennessee.svg  Tennessee 3,291,7182,915,841375,877 Increase2.svg12.9% Increase2.svg
17Flag of Alabama.svg  Alabama 3,061,7432,832,961228,782 Increase2.svg8.1% Increase2.svg
18Flag of Minnesota (1893-1957).svg  Minnesota 2,982,4832,792,300190,183 Increase2.svg6.8% Increase2.svg
19Flag of Kentucky.svg  Kentucky 2,944,8062,845,62799,179 Increase2.svg3.5% Increase2.svg
20Flag of Florida (1900-1985).svg  Florida 2,771,3051,897,414873,891 Increase2.svg46.1% Increase2.svg
21Flag of Louisiana.svg  Louisiana 2,683,5162,363,516320,000 Increase2.svg13.5% Increase2.svg
22Flag of Iowa.svg  Iowa 2,621,0732,538,26882,805 Increase2.svg3.3% Increase2.svg
23Flag of Washington (1923-1967).png  Washington 2,378,9631,736,191642,772 Increase2.svg37.0% Increase2.svg
24Flag of Maryland.svg  Maryland 2,343,0011,821,244521,757 Increase2.svg28.6% Increase2.svg
25Flag of Oklahoma (1941-1988).svg  Oklahoma 2,233,3512,336,434−103,083 Decrease2.svg−4.4% Decrease2.svg
26Flag of Mississippi (1894-1996).png  Mississippi 2,178,9142,183,796−4,882 Decrease2.svg−0.2% Decrease2.svg
27Flag of South Carolina.svg  South Carolina 2,117,0271,899,804217,223 Increase2.svg11.4% Increase2.svg
28Flag of Connecticut.svg  Connecticut 2,007,2801,709,242298,038 Increase2.svg17.4% Increase2.svg
29Flag of West Virginia.svg  West Virginia 2,005,5521,901,974103,578 Increase2.svg5.4% Increase2.svg
30Flag of Arkansas.svg  Arkansas 1,909,5111,949,387−39,876 Decrease2.svg−2.0% Decrease2.svg
31Flag of Kansas (1927-1961).svg  Kansas 1,905,2991,801,028104,271 Increase2.svg5.8% Increase2.svg
32Flag of Oregon.svg  Oregon 1,521,3411,089,684431,657 Increase2.svg39.6% Increase2.svg
33Flag of Nebraska.svg  Nebraska 1,325,5101,315,8349,676 Increase2.svg0.7% Increase2.svg
34Flag of Colorado (1911-1964).svg  Colorado 1,325,0891,123,296201,793 Increase2.svg18.0% Increase2.svg
35Flag of Maine.svg  Maine 913,774847,22666,548 Increase2.svg7.9% Increase2.svg
Flag of the District of Columbia.svg  District of Columbia 802,178663,091139,087 Increase2.svg21.0% Increase2.svg
36Flag of Rhode Island.svg  Rhode Island 791,896713,34678,550 Increase2.svg11.0% Increase2.svg
37Flag of Arizona.svg  Arizona 749,587499,261250,326 Increase2.svg50.1% Increase2.svg
38Flag of Utah (1913-1922).png  Utah 688,862550,310138,552 Increase2.svg25.2% Increase2.svg
39Flag of New Mexico.svg  New Mexico 681,187531,818149,369 Increase2.svg28.1% Increase2.svg
40Flag of South Dakota (1909-1963).svg  South Dakota 652,740642,9619,779 Increase2.svg1.5% Increase2.svg
41Flag of North Dakota.svg  North Dakota 619,636641,935−22,299 Decrease2.svg−3.5% Decrease2.svg
42Flag of Montana (1905-1981).svg  Montana 591,024559,45631,568 Increase2.svg5.6% Increase2.svg
43Flag of Idaho.svg  Idaho 588,637524,87363,764 Increase2.svg12.1% Increase2.svg
44Flag of New Hampshire.svg  New Hampshire 533,242491,52441,718 Increase2.svg8.5% Increase2.svg
Flag of Hawaii.svg  Hawaii 499,794422,77077,024 Increase2.svg18.2% Increase2.svg
45Flag of Vermont.svg  Vermont 377,747359,23118,516 Increase2.svg5.2% Increase2.svg
46Flag of Delaware.svg  Delaware 318,085266,50551,580 Increase2.svg19.4% Increase2.svg
47Flag of Wyoming.svg  Wyoming 290,529250,74239,787 Increase2.svg15.9% Increase2.svg
48Flag of Nevada.svg  Nevada 160,083110,24749,836 Increase2.svg45.2% Increase2.svg
Flag of Alaska.svg  Alaska 128,64372,52456,119 Increase2.svg77.4% Increase2.svg
Flag of the United States.svg  United States 151,325,798132,164,56919,161,229 Increase2.svg14.5% Increase2.svg

City rankings

RankCityStatePopulation [6] Region (2016) [7]
01 New York New York 7,891,957 Northeast
02 Chicago Illinois 3,620,962 Midwest
03 Philadelphia Pennsylvania 2,071,605 Northeast
04 Los Angeles California 1,970,358 West
05 Detroit Michigan 1,849,568 Midwest
06 Baltimore Maryland 949,708 South
07 Cleveland Ohio 914,808 Midwest
08 St. Louis Missouri 856,796 Midwest
09 Washington District of Columbia 802,178 South
10 Boston Massachusetts 801,444 Northeast
11 San Francisco California 775,357 West
12 Pittsburgh Pennsylvania 676,806 Northeast
13 Milwaukee Wisconsin 637,392 Midwest
14 Houston Texas 596,163 South
15 Buffalo New York 580,132 Northeast
16 New Orleans Louisiana 570,445 South
17 Minneapolis Minnesota 521,718 Midwest
18 Cincinnati Ohio 503,998 Midwest
19 Seattle Washington 467,591 West
20 Kansas City Missouri 456,622 Midwest
21 Newark New Jersey 438,776 Northeast
22 Dallas Texas 434,462 South
23 Indianapolis Indiana 427,173 Midwest
24 Denver Colorado 415,786 West
25 San Antonio Texas 408,442 South
26 Memphis Tennessee 396,000 South
27 Oakland California 384,575 West
28 Columbus Ohio 375,901 Midwest
29 Portland Oregon 373,628 West
30 Louisville Kentucky 369,129 South
31 San Diego California 334,387 West
32 Rochester New York 332,488 Northeast
33 Atlanta Georgia 331,314 South
34 Birmingham Alabama 326,037 South
35 Saint Paul Minnesota 311,349 Midwest
36 Toledo Ohio 303,616 Midwest
37 Jersey City New Jersey 299,017 Northeast
38 Fort Worth Texas 278,778 South
39 Akron Ohio 274,605 Midwest
40 Omaha Nebraska 251,117 Midwest
41 Long Beach California 250,767 West
42 Miami Florida 249,276 South
43 Providence Rhode Island 248,674 Northeast
44 Dayton Ohio 243,872 Midwest
45 Oklahoma City Oklahoma 243,504 South
46 Richmond Virginia 230,310 South
47 Syracuse New York 220,583 Northeast
48 Norfolk Virginia 213,513 South
49 Jacksonville Florida 204,517 South
50 Worcester Massachusetts 203,486 Northeast
51 Tulsa Oklahoma 182,740 South
52 Salt Lake City Utah 182,121 West
53 Des Moines Iowa 177,965 Midwest
54 Hartford Connecticut 177,397 Northeast
55 Grand Rapids Michigan 176,515 Midwest
56 Nashville Tennessee 174,307 South
57 Youngstown Ohio 168,330 Midwest
58 Wichita Kansas 168,279 Midwest
59 New Haven Connecticut 164,443 Northeast
60 Flint Michigan 163,143 Midwest
61 Springfield Massachusetts 162,399 Northeast
62 Spokane Washington 161,721 West
63 Bridgeport Connecticut 158,709 Northeast
64 Yonkers New York 152,798 Northeast
65 Tacoma Washington 143,673 West
66 Paterson New Jersey 139,336 Northeast
67 Sacramento California 137,572 West
68 Arlington Virginia 135,449 South
69 Albany New York 134,995 Northeast
70 Charlotte North Carolina 134,042 South
71 Gary Indiana 133,911 Midwest
72 Fort Wayne Indiana 133,607 Midwest
73 Austin Texas 132,459 South
74 Chattanooga Tennessee 131,041 South
75 Erie Pennsylvania 130,803 Northeast
76 El Paso Texas 130,485 South
77 Kansas City Kansas 129,553 Midwest
78 Mobile Alabama 129,009 South
79 Evansville Indiana 128,636 Midwest
80 Trenton New Jersey 128,009 Northeast
81 Shreveport Louisiana 127,206 South
82 Baton Rouge Louisiana 125,629 South
83 Scranton Pennsylvania 125,536 Northeast
84 Knoxville Tennessee 124,769 South
85 Tampa Florida 124,681 South
86 Camden New Jersey 124,555 Northeast
87 Cambridge Massachusetts 120,740 Northeast
88 Savannah Georgia 119,638 South
89 Canton Ohio 116,912 Midwest
90 South Bend Indiana 115,911 Midwest
91 Berkeley California 113,805 West
92 Elizabeth New Jersey 112,817 Northeast
93 Fall River Massachusetts 111,963 Northeast
94 Peoria Illinois 111,856 Midwest
95 Wilmington Delaware 110,356 South
96 Reading Pennsylvania 109,320 Northeast
97 New Bedford Massachusetts 109,189 Northeast
98 Corpus Christi Texas 108,287 South
99 Phoenix Arizona 106,818 West
100 Allentown Pennsylvania 106,756 Northeast

Locations of 50 most populous cities

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