1970 United States census

Last updated

Nineteenth census
of the United States

  1960 August 5, 1970 1980  

Seal of the United States Census Bureau.svg
U.S. Census Bureau seal
1970 U.S. census logo
General information
CountryUnited States
Total population203,392,031 (Increase2.svg 13.4%)
Most populous state California
Least populous state Alaska

The 1970 United States census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 203,392,031, an increase of 13.4 percent over the 179,323,175 persons enumerated during the 1960 census.


This was the first census since 1820 in which New York was not the most populous state California overtook it in population in January 1963. This was also the first census in which all states recorded a population of over 300,000, and the first in which a city in the geographic South Houston recorded a population of over 1 million.

Percentage population change by state since the previous census (1960) Population change recorded by the 1970 Census by State.png
Percentage population change by state since the previous census (1960)

Data availability

Microdata from the 1970 census are freely available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. These data were originally created and disseminated by DUALabs. Personally identifiable information will be available in 2042. [1]

State rankings

RankStatePopulation as of
1970 census
Population as of
1960 census
1Flag of California.svg  California 19,953,13415,717,2044,235,930 Increase2.svg27.0% Increase2.svg
2Flag of New York.svg  New York 18,236,96716,782,3041,454,663 Increase2.svg8.7% Increase2.svg
3Flag of Pennsylvania.svg  Pennsylvania 11,793,90911,319,366474,543 Increase2.svg4.2% Increase2.svg
4Flag of Texas.svg  Texas 11,196,7309,579,6771,617,053 Increase2.svg16.9% Increase2.svg
5Flag of Illinois.svg  Illinois 11,113,97610,081,1581,032,818 Increase2.svg10.2% Increase2.svg
6Flag of Ohio.svg  Ohio 10,652,0179,706,397945,620 Increase2.svg9.7% Increase2.svg
7Flag of Michigan.svg  Michigan 8,875,0837,823,1941,051,889 Increase2.svg13.4% Increase2.svg
8Flag of New Jersey.svg  New Jersey 7,168,1646,066,7821,101,382 Increase2.svg18.2% Increase2.svg
9Flag of Florida (1900-1985).svg  Florida 6,789,4434,951,5601,837,883 Increase2.svg37.1% Increase2.svg
10Flag of Massachusetts.svg  Massachusetts 5,689,1705,148,578540,592 Increase2.svg10.5% Increase2.svg
11Flag of Indiana.svg  Indiana 5,193,6694,662,498531,171 Increase2.svg11.4% Increase2.svg
12Flag of North Carolina (1885-1991).svg  North Carolina 5,082,0594,556,155525,904 Increase2.svg11.5% Increase2.svg
13Flag of Missouri.svg  Missouri 4,676,5014,319,813356,688 Increase2.svg8.3% Increase2.svg
14Flag of Virginia.svg  Virginia 4,648,4943,966,949681,545 Increase2.svg17.2% Increase2.svg
15Flag of the State of Georgia (1956-2001).svg  Georgia 4,589,5753,943,116646,459 Increase2.svg16.4% Increase2.svg
16Flag of Wisconsin (1913-1981).svg  Wisconsin 4,417,7313,951,777465,954 Increase2.svg11.8% Increase2.svg
17Flag of Tennessee.svg  Tennessee 3,923,6873,567,089356,598 Increase2.svg10.0% Increase2.svg
18Flag of Maryland.svg  Maryland 3,922,3993,100,689821,710 Increase2.svg26.5% Increase2.svg
19Flag of Minnesota (1957-1983).svg  Minnesota 3,804,9713,413,864391,107 Increase2.svg11.5% Increase2.svg
20Flag of Louisiana (1912-2006).svg  Louisiana 3,641,3063,257,022384,284 Increase2.svg11.8% Increase2.svg
21Flag of Alabama.svg  Alabama 3,444,1653,266,740177,425 Increase2.svg5.4% Increase2.svg
22Flag of Washington.svg  Washington 3,409,1692,853,214555,955 Increase2.svg19.5% Increase2.svg
23Flag of Kentucky.svg  Kentucky 3,218,7063,038,156180,550 Increase2.svg5.9% Increase2.svg
24Flag of Connecticut.svg  Connecticut 3,031,7092,535,234496,475 Increase2.svg19.6% Increase2.svg
25Flag of Iowa.svg  Iowa 2,824,3762,757,53766,839 Increase2.svg2.4% Increase2.svg
26Flag of South Carolina.svg  South Carolina 2,590,5162,382,594207,922 Increase2.svg8.7% Increase2.svg
27Flag of Oklahoma (1941-1988).svg  Oklahoma 2,559,2292,328,284230,945 Increase2.svg9.9% Increase2.svg
28Flag of Kansas.svg  Kansas 2,246,5782,178,61167,967 Increase2.svg3.1% Increase2.svg
29Flag of Mississippi (1894-1996).png  Mississippi 2,216,9122,178,14138,771 Increase2.svg1.8% Increase2.svg
30Flag of Colorado.svg  Colorado 2,207,2591,753,947453,312 Increase2.svg25.8% Increase2.svg
31Flag of Oregon.svg  Oregon 2,091,5331,768,687322,846 Increase2.svg18.3% Increase2.svg
32Flag of Arkansas.svg  Arkansas 1,923,2951,786,272137,023 Increase2.svg7.7% Increase2.svg
33Flag of Arizona.svg  Arizona 1,745,9441,302,161443,783 Increase2.svg34.1% Increase2.svg
34Flag of West Virginia.svg  West Virginia 1,744,2371,860,421-116,184 Decrease2.svg-6.2% Decrease2.svg
35Flag of Nebraska.svg  Nebraska 1,483,4931,411,33072,163 Increase2.svg5.1% Increase2.svg
36Flag of Utah (1913-1922).png  Utah 1,059,273890,627168,646 Increase2.svg18.9% Increase2.svg
37Flag of New Mexico.svg  New Mexico 1,017,055951,02366,032 Increase2.svg6.9% Increase2.svg
38Flag of Maine.svg  Maine 992,048969,26522,783 Increase2.svg2.4% Increase2.svg
39Flag of Rhode Island.svg  Rhode Island 946,725859,48887,237 Increase2.svg10.1% Increase2.svg
40Flag of Hawaii.svg  Hawaii 769,913632,772137,141 Increase2.svg21.7% Increase2.svg
Flag of the District of Columbia.svg  District of Columbia 756,510763,956-7,446 Decrease2.svg-1.0% Decrease2.svg
41Flag of New Hampshire.svg  New Hampshire 737,681606,921130,760 Increase2.svg21.5% Increase2.svg
42Flag of Idaho.svg  Idaho 712,567667,19145,376 Increase2.svg6.8% Increase2.svg
43Flag of Montana (1905-1981).svg  Montana 694,409674,76719,642 Increase2.svg2.9% Increase2.svg
44Flag of South Dakota (1963-1992).svg  South Dakota 665,507680,514-15,007 Decrease2.svg-2.2% Decrease2.svg
45Flag of North Dakota.svg  North Dakota 617,761632,446-14,685 Decrease2.svg-2.3% Decrease2.svg
46Flag of Delaware.svg  Delaware 548,104446,292101,812 Increase2.svg22.8% Increase2.svg
47Flag of Nevada (1929-1991).svg  Nevada 488,738285,278203,460 Increase2.svg71.3% Increase2.svg
48Flag of Vermont.svg  Vermont 444,330389,88154,449 Increase2.svg14.0% Increase2.svg
49Flag of Wyoming.svg  Wyoming 332,416330,0662,350 Increase2.svg0.7% Increase2.svg
50Flag of Alaska.svg  Alaska 300,382226,16774,215 Increase2.svg32.8% Increase2.svg

City rankings

RankCityStatePopulation [2] Region (2014) [3]
01 New York New York 7,894,862 Northeast
02 Chicago Illinois 3,366,957 Midwest
03 Los Angeles California 2,816,061 West
04 Philadelphia Pennsylvania 1,948,609 Northeast
05 Detroit Michigan 1,511,482 Midwest
06 Houston Texas 1,232,802 South
07 Baltimore Maryland 905,759 South
08 Dallas Texas 844,401 South
09 Washington District of Columbia 756,510 South
10 Cleveland Ohio 750,903 Midwest
11 Indianapolis Indiana 744,624 Midwest
12 Milwaukee Wisconsin 717,099 Midwest
13 San Francisco California 715,674 West
14 San Diego California 696,769 West
15 San Antonio Texas 654,153 South
16 Boston Massachusetts 641,071 Northeast
17 Memphis Tennessee 623,530 South
18 St. Louis Missouri 622,236 Midwest
19 New Orleans Louisiana 593,471 South
20 Phoenix Arizona 581,562 West
21 Columbus Ohio 539,677 Midwest
22 Seattle Washington 530,831 West
23 Jacksonville Florida 528,865 South
24 Pittsburgh Pennsylvania 520,117 Northeast
25 Denver Colorado 514,678 West
26 Kansas City Missouri 507,087 Midwest
27 Atlanta Georgia 496,973 South
28 Buffalo New York 462,768 Northeast
29 Cincinnati Ohio 452,524 Midwest
30 Nashville-Davidson Tennessee 448,003 South
31 San Jose California 445,779 West
32 Minneapolis Minnesota 434,400 Midwest
33 Fort Worth Texas 393,476 South
34 Toledo Ohio 383,818 Midwest
35 Portland Oregon 382,619 West
36 Newark New Jersey 382,417 Northeast
37 Oklahoma City Oklahoma 366,481 South
38 Oakland California 361,561 West
39 Louisville Kentucky 361,472 South
40 Long Beach California 358,633 West
41 Omaha Nebraska 347,328 Midwest
42 Miami Florida 334,859 South
43 Tulsa Oklahoma 331,638 South
44 Honolulu Hawaii 324,871 West
45 El Paso Texas 322,261 South
46 Saint Paul Minnesota 309,980 Midwest
47 Norfolk Virginia 307,951 South
48 Birmingham Alabama 300,910 South
49 Rochester New York 296,233 Northeast
50 Tampa Florida 277,767 South
51 Wichita Kansas 276,554 Midwest
52 Akron Ohio 275,425 Midwest
53 Tucson Arizona 262,933 West
54 Jersey City New Jersey 260,545 Northeast
55 Sacramento California 254,413 West
56 Austin Texas 251,808 South
57 Richmond Virginia 249,621 South
58 Albuquerque New Mexico 243,751 West
59 Dayton Ohio 243,601 Midwest
60 Charlotte North Carolina 241,178 South
61 St. Petersburg Florida 216,232 South
62 Corpus Christi Texas 204,525 South
63 Yonkers New York 204,297 Northeast
64 Des Moines Iowa 200,587 Midwest
65 Grand Rapids Michigan 197,649 Midwest
66 Syracuse New York 197,208 Northeast
67 Flint Michigan 193,317 Midwest
68 Mobile Alabama 190,026 South
69 Shreveport Louisiana 182,064 South
70 Warren Michigan 179,260 Midwest
71 Providence Rhode Island 179,213 Northeast
72 Fort Wayne Indiana 177,671 Midwest
73 Worcester Massachusetts 176,572 Northeast
74 Salt Lake City Utah 175,885 West
75 Gary Indiana 175,415 Midwest
76 Knoxville Tennessee 174,587 South
77 Arlington Virginia 174,284 South
78 Madison Wisconsin 173,258 Midwest
79 Virginia Beach Virginia 172,106 South
80 Spokane Washington 170,516 West
81 Kansas City Kansas 168,213 Midwest
82 Anaheim California 166,701 West
83 Fresno California 165,972 West
84 Baton Rouge Louisiana 165,963 South
85 Springfield Massachusetts 163,905 Northeast
86 Hartford Connecticut 158,017 Northeast
87 Santa Ana California 156,601 West
88 Bridgeport Connecticut 156,542 Northeast
89 Tacoma Washington 154,581 West
90 Columbus Georgia 154,168 South
91 Jackson Mississippi 153,968 South
92 Lincoln Nebraska 149,518 Midwest
93 Lubbock Texas 149,101 South
94 Rockford Illinois 147,370 Midwest
95 Paterson New Jersey 144,824 Northeast
96 Greensboro North Carolina 144,076 South
97 Riverside California 140,089 West
98 Youngstown Ohio 139,788 Midwest
99 Fort Lauderdale Florida 139,590 South
100 Evansville Indiana 138,764 Midwest

Locations of 50 most populous cities


California took over as the most populous state; New York had previously been ranked number one. While the entire country increased to more than 204 million persons, four states lost population, with West Virginia leading the list, down roughly 7 percent from 1960. [4]


  1. "The "72-Year Rule" – History". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on October 4, 2015. Retrieved October 26, 2013.
  2. Gibson, Campbell (June 1998), Population of the 100 Largest Cities and Other Urban Places in the United States: 1790 to 1990, U.S. Census Bureau, archived from the original on September 2, 2017
  3. "Regions and Divisions". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on December 3, 2016. Retrieved September 9, 2014.
  4. http://www.upi.com/Audio/Year_in_Review/Events-of-1970/Apollo-13/12303235577467-2/#title "1970 Year in Review, UPI.com". Accessed April 8, 2009. Archived May 4, 2009.

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