1910 United States census

Last updated

Thirteenth census
of the United States

  1900 April 15, 1910 1920  

Seal of the United States Census Bureau.svg
U.S. Census Bureau seal
General information
CountryUnited States
Total population92,228,496 (Increase2.svg 21%)
Most populous state New York
Least populous state Nevada

The 1910 United States census, conducted by the Census Bureau on April 15, 1910, determined the resident population of the United States to be 92,228,496, an increase of 21 percent over the 76,212,168 persons enumerated during the 1900 census. The 1910 census switched from a portrait page orientation to a landscape orientation.


This was the last census in which Texas did not record any top 50 largest cities by population, despite being the 5th most populous state at the time. It was also the first census in which all the top 50 largest cities had population over 100,000, and the first census to occur after New York City's five-borough amalgamation - Brooklyn was previously the 4th largest city in the United States on its own.

Census questions

The 1910 census collected the following information: [1]

Full documentation for the 1910 census, including census forms and enumerator instructions, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series.

Column titles

The column titles in the census form are as follows:

LOCATION. Street, avenue, road, etc.
House number (in cities or towns).
1. Number of dwelling house in order of visitation.
2. Number of family in order of visitation.

3. NAME of each person whose place of abode on April 15, 1910, was in this family.

Enter surname first, then the given name and middle initial, if any.

Include every person living on April 15, 1910. Omit children born since April 15, 1910.


4. Relationship of this person to the head of the family.


5. Sex.

6. Color or race.

7. Age at last birthday.

8. Whether single, married, widowed, or divorced.

9. Number of years of present marriage.

10. Mother of how many children: Number born.

11. Mother of how many children: Number now living.


Place of birth of each person and parents of each person enumerated. If born in the United States, give the state or territory. If of foreign birth, give the country.

12. Place of birth of this Person.

13. Place of birth of Father of this person.

14. Place of birth of Mother of this person.


15. Year of immigration to the United States.

16. Whether naturalized or alien.

17. Whether able to speak English; or, if not, give language spoken.


18. Trade or profession of, or particular kind of work done by this person, as spinner, salesman, laborer, etc.,

19. General nature of industry, business, or establishment in which this person works, as cotton mill, dry goods store, farm, etc.

20. Whether as employer, employee, or work on own account.

If an employee – 21. Whether out of work on April 15, 1910.

22. Number of weeks out of work during year 1909.


23. Whether able to read.

24. Whether able to write.

25. Attended school any time since September 1, 1909.


26. Owned or rented.

27. Owned free or mortgaged.

28. Farm or house.

29. Number of farm schedule.

30. Whether a survivor of the Union or Confederate Army or Navy.

31. Whether blind (both eyes).

32. Whether deaf and dumb.

State rankings

RankStatePopulation as of
1910 census [2]
Population as of
1900 census
1Flag of New York.svg  New York 9,113,6147,268,8941,844,720 Increase2.svg25.4% Increase2.svg
2Flag of Pennsylvania.svg  Pennsylvania 7,665,1116,302,1151,362,996 Increase2.svg21.6% Increase2.svg
3Flag of Illinois.svg  Illinois 5,638,5914,821,550817,041 Increase2.svg16.9% Increase2.svg
4Flag of Ohio.svg  Ohio 4,767,1214,157,545609,576 Increase2.svg14.7% Increase2.svg
5Flag of Texas.svg  Texas 3,896,5423,048,710847,832 Increase2.svg27.8% Increase2.svg
6Flag of Massachusetts.svg  Massachusetts 3,366,4162,805,346561,070 Increase2.svg20.0% Increase2.svg
7Flag of Missouri.svg  Missouri 3,293,3353,106,665186,670 Increase2.svg6.0% Increase2.svg
8Flag of Michigan.svg  Michigan 2,810,1732,420,982389,191 Increase2.svg16.1% Increase2.svg
9Flag of Indiana.svg  Indiana 2,700,8762,516,462184,414 Increase2.svg7.3% Increase2.svg
10Flag of the State of Georgia (1906-1920).svg  Georgia 2,609,1212,216,331392,790 Increase2.svg17.7% Increase2.svg
11Flag of New Jersey (1896-1965).png  New Jersey 2,537,1671,883,669653,498 Increase2.svg34.7% Increase2.svg
12Flag of California (1909).png California 2,377,5491,485,053892,496 Increase2.svg60.1% Increase2.svg
13Flag of Wisconsin (1866-1913).png  Wisconsin 2,333,8602,069,042264,818 Increase2.svg12.8% Increase2.svg
14Flag of Kentucky.svg  Kentucky 2,289,9052,147,174142,731 Increase2.svg6.6% Increase2.svg
15Flag of Iowa.svg  Iowa 2,224,7712,231,853−7,082 Decrease2.svg−0.3% Decrease2.svg
16Flag of North Carolina (1885-1991).svg  North Carolina 2,206,2871,893,810312,477 Increase2.svg16.5% Increase2.svg
17Flag of Tennessee.svg  Tennessee 2,184,7892,020,616164,173 Increase2.svg8.1% Increase2.svg
18Flag of Alabama.svg  Alabama 2,138,0931,828,697309,396 Increase2.svg16.9% Increase2.svg
19Flag of Minnesota (1893-1957).svg  Minnesota 2,075,7081,751,394324,314 Increase2.svg18.5% Increase2.svg
20Flag of Virginia (1861).svg  Virginia 2,061,6121,854,184207,428 Increase2.svg11.2% Increase2.svg
21Flag of Mississippi (1894-1996).png  Mississippi 1,797,1141,551,270245,844 Increase2.svg15.8% Increase2.svg
22Flag of Kansas.svg  Kansas 1,690,9491,470,495220,454 Increase2.svg15.0% Increase2.svg
23Flag of Oklahoma.svg  Oklahoma 1,657,155790,391866,764 Increase2.svg109.7% Increase2.svg
24Flag of Louisiana.svg  Louisiana 1,656,3881,381,625274,763 Increase2.svg19.9% Increase2.svg
25Flag of Arkansas.svg  Arkansas 1,574,4491,311,564262,885 Increase2.svg20.0% Increase2.svg
26Flag of South Carolina.svg  South Carolina 1,515,4001,340,316175,084 Increase2.svg13.1% Increase2.svg
27Flag of Maryland.svg  Maryland 1,295,3461,188,044107,302 Increase2.svg9.0% Increase2.svg
28Flag of West Virginia (1907-1929).png  West Virginia 1,221,119958,800262,319 Increase2.svg27.4% Increase2.svg
29Flag of Nebraska.svg  Nebraska 1,192,2141,066,300125,914 Increase2.svg11.8% Increase2.svg
30Flag of Washington.svg  Washington 1,141,990518,103623,887 Increase2.svg120.4% Increase2.svg
31Flag of Connecticut.svg  Connecticut 1,114,756908,420206,336 Increase2.svg22.7% Increase2.svg
32Flag of Colorado (1907-1911).png  Colorado 799,024539,700259,324 Increase2.svg48.0% Increase2.svg
33Flag of Florida (1900-1985).svg  Florida 752,619528,542224,077 Increase2.svg42.4% Increase2.svg
34Flag of Maine.svg  Maine 742,371694,46647,905 Increase2.svg6.9% Increase2.svg
35Flag of Oregon.svg  Oregon 672,765413,536259,229 Increase2.svg62.7% Increase2.svg
36Flag of South Dakota (1909-1963).svg  South Dakota 583,888401,570182,318 Increase2.svg45.4% Increase2.svg
37Flag of North Dakota.svg  North Dakota 577,056319,146257,910 Increase2.svg80.8% Increase2.svg
38Flag of Rhode Island.svg  Rhode Island 542,610428,556114,054 Increase2.svg26.6% Increase2.svg
39Flag of New Hampshire (1909-1931).png  New Hampshire 430,572411,58818,984 Increase2.svg4.6% Increase2.svg
40Flag of Montana (1905-1981).svg  Montana 376,053243,329132,724 Increase2.svg54.5% Increase2.svg
41Flag of Utah (1903-1904).svg  Utah 373,351276,74996,602 Increase2.svg34.9% Increase2.svg
42Flag of Vermont (1837-1923).svg  Vermont 355,956343,64112,315 Increase2.svg3.6% Increase2.svg
Flag of the District of Columbia.svg  District of Columbia 331,069278,71852,351 Increase2.svg18.8% Increase2.svg
Flag of New Mexico.svg  New Mexico 327,301195,310131,991 Increase2.svg67.6% Increase2.svg
43Flag of Idaho.svg  Idaho 325,594161,772163,822 Increase2.svg101.3% Increase2.svg
Flag of Arizona.svg  Arizona 204,354122,93181,423 Increase2.svg66.2% Increase2.svg
44Flag of Delaware.svg  Delaware 202,322184,73517,587 Increase2.svg9.5% Increase2.svg
Flag of Hawaii.svg  Hawaii 191,874154,00137,873 Increase2.svg24.6% Increase2.svg
45Flag of Wyoming.svg  Wyoming 145,96592,53153,434 Increase2.svg57.7% Increase2.svg
46Flag of Nevada (1905-1915).svg  Nevada 81,87542,33539,540 Increase2.svg93.4% Increase2.svg
Flag of Alaska.svg  Alaska 64,35663,592764 Increase2.svg1.2% Increase2.svg

City rankings

RankCityStatePopulation [3] Region (2016) [4]
01 New York New York 4,766,883 Northeast
02 Chicago Illinois 2,185,283 Midwest
03 Philadelphia Pennsylvania 1,549,008 Northeast
04 St. Louis Missouri 687,029 Midwest
05 Boston Massachusetts 670,585 Northeast
06 Cleveland Ohio 560,663 Midwest
07 Baltimore Maryland 558,485 South
08 Pittsburgh Pennsylvania 533,905 Northeast
09 Detroit Michigan 465,766 Midwest
10 Buffalo New York 423,715 Northeast
11 San Francisco California 416,912 West
12 Milwaukee Wisconsin 373,857 Midwest
13 Cincinnati Ohio 363,591 Midwest
14 Newark New Jersey 347,469 Northeast
15 New Orleans Louisiana 339,075 South
16 Washington District of Columbia 331,069 South
17 Los Angeles California 319,198 West
18 Minneapolis Minnesota 301,408 Midwest
19 Jersey City New Jersey 267,779 Northeast
20 Kansas City Missouri 248,381 Midwest
21 Seattle Washington 237,194 West
22 Indianapolis Indiana 233,650 Midwest
23 Providence Rhode Island 224,326 Northeast
24 Louisville Kentucky 223,928 South
25 Rochester New York 218,149 Northeast
26 Saint Paul Minnesota 214,744 Midwest
27 Denver Colorado 213,381 West
28 Portland Oregon 207,214 West
29 Columbus Ohio 181,511 Midwest
30 Toledo Ohio 168,497 Midwest
31 Atlanta Georgia 154,839 South
32 Oakland California 150,174 West
33 Worcester Massachusetts 145,986 Northeast
34 Syracuse New York 137,249 Northeast
35 New Haven Connecticut 133,605 Northeast
36 Birmingham Alabama 132,685 South
37 Memphis Tennessee 131,105 South
38 Scranton Pennsylvania 129,867 Northeast
39 Richmond Virginia 127,628 South
40 Paterson New Jersey 125,600 Northeast
41 Omaha Nebraska 124,096 Midwest
42 Fall River Massachusetts 119,295 Northeast
43 Dayton Ohio 116,577 Midwest
44 Grand Rapids Michigan 112,571 Midwest
45 Nashville Tennessee 110,364 South
46 Lowell Massachusetts 106,294 Northeast
47 Cambridge Massachusetts 104,839 Northeast
48 Spokane Washington 104,402 West
49 Bridgeport Connecticut 102,054 Northeast
50 Albany New York 100,253 Northeast
51 Hartford Connecticut 98,915 Northeast
52 Trenton New Jersey 96,815 Northeast
53 New Bedford Massachusetts 96,652 Northeast
54 San Antonio Texas 96,614 South
55 Reading Pennsylvania 96,071 Northeast
56 Camden New Jersey 94,538 Northeast
57 Salt Lake City Utah 92,777 West
58 Dallas Texas 92,104 South
59 Lynn Massachusetts 89,336 Northeast
60 Springfield Massachusetts 88,926 Northeast
61 Wilmington Delaware 87,411 South
62 Des Moines Iowa 86,368 Midwest
63 Lawrence Massachusetts 85,892 Northeast
64 Tacoma Washington 83,743 West
65 Kansas City Kansas 82,331 Midwest
66 Yonkers New York 79,803 Northeast
67 Youngstown Ohio 79,066 Midwest
68 Houston Texas 78,800 South
69 Duluth Minnesota 78,466 Midwest
70 St. Joseph Missouri 77,403 Midwest
71 Somerville Massachusetts 77,236 Northeast
72 Troy New York 76,813 Northeast
73 Utica New York 74,419 Northeast
74 Elizabeth New Jersey 73,409 Northeast
75 Fort Worth Texas 73,312 South
76 Waterbury Connecticut 73,141 Northeast
77 Schenectady New York 72,826 Northeast
78 Hoboken New Jersey 70,324 Northeast
79 Manchester New Hampshire 70,063 Northeast
80 Evansville Indiana 69,647 Midwest
81 Akron Ohio 69,067 Midwest
82 Norfolk Virginia 67,452 South
83 Wilkes-Barre Pennsylvania 67,105 Northeast
84 Peoria Illinois 66,950 Midwest
85 Erie Pennsylvania 66,525 Northeast
86 Savannah Georgia 65,064 South
87 Oklahoma City Oklahoma 64,205 South
88 Harrisburg Pennsylvania 64,186 Northeast
89 Fort Wayne Indiana 63,933 Midwest
90 Charleston South Carolina 58,833 South
91 Portland Maine 58,571 Northeast
92 East St. Louis Illinois 58,547 Midwest
93 Terre Haute Indiana 58,157 Midwest
94 Holyoke Massachusetts 57,730 Northeast
95 Jacksonville Florida 57,699 South
96 Brockton Massachusetts 56,878 Northeast
97 Bayonne New Jersey 55,545 Northeast
98 Johnstown Pennsylvania 55,482 Northeast
99 Passaic New Jersey 54,773 Northeast
100 South Bend Indiana 53,684 Midwest

First language of the foreign-born population

RankLanguageWhite population [5]
1 English and Celtic 3,363,792
2 German 2,759,032
3 Italian 1,365,110
4 Yiddish and Hebrew 1,051,767
5 Polish 943,781
6 Swedish 683,218
7 French 528,842
8 Norwegian 402,587
9 Spanish 258,131
10 Hungarian 229,094
11 Czech 228,738
12 Danish 183,844
13 Slovak 166,474
14 Dutch 151,825
15 Lithuanian and Latvian 140,963
16 Slovene 123,631
17 Finnish 119,948
18 Greek 118,379
19 Serbo-Croatian 105,669
20 Portuguese 72,649
21 Russian 57,926
22 Romanian 42,277
23 Arabic 32,868
24 Ukrainian 25,131
25 Armenian 23,938
26 Bulgarian 18,341
27 Turkish 4,709
28 Albanian 2,312

Data availability

An example of a 1910 U.S. census form with August H. Runge 1910 census Runge.jpg
An example of a 1910 U.S. census form with August H. Runge

The original census enumeration sheets were microfilmed by the Census Bureau in the 1940s; after which the original sheets were destroyed. [6] The microfilmed census is available in rolls from the National Archives and Records Administration. Several organizations also host images of the microfilmed census online, along with digital indices.

Microdata from the 1910 census are freely available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System.


  1. "Library Bibliography Bulletin 88, New York State Census Records, 1790–1925". New York State Library. October 1981. p. 45 (p. 51 of PDF). Archived from the original on January 30, 2009. Retrieved December 15, 2008.
  2. 1910 Census: Volume 1. Population, General Report and Analysis
  3. Population of the 100 Largest Cities and Other Urban Places in the United States: 1790 to 1990, U.S. Census Bureau, 1998
  4. "Regions and Divisions". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on December 3, 2016. Retrieved September 9, 2016.
  5. "Tech Paper 29: Table 6. Mother Tongue of the Foreign-Born Population: 1910 to 1940, 1960, and 1970". June 2, 2000. Archived from the original on June 2, 2000. Retrieved March 28, 2021.
  6. Algonquin Area Public Library District. "Census Secrets" (PDF). Retrieved May 17, 2012.[ permanent dead link ]

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