of the United States
|Total population||132,164,569 ( 7.3%)|
|Most populous || New York |
|Least populous || Nevada |
The United States census of 1940, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 132,164,569, an increase of 7.3 percent over the 1930 population of 122,775,046 people. The census date of record was April 1, 1940. A number of new questions were asked including where people were 5 years before, highest educational grade achieved, and information about wages. This census introduced sampling techniques; one in 20 people were asked additional questions on the census form. Other innovations included a field test of the census in 1939. This was the first census in which every state (48) had a population greater than 100,000.
The 1940 census collected the following information:
In addition, a sample of individuals were asked additional questions covering age at first marriage, fertility, and other topics. Full documentation on the 1940 census, including census forms and a procedural history, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series.
Following completion of the census, the original enumeration sheets were microfilmed; after which the original sheets were destroyed.
As required by Title 13 of the U.S. Code, access to personally identifiable information from census records was restricted for 72 years.Non-personally identifiable information Microdata from the 1940 census is freely available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Also, aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System.
On April 2, 2012—72 years after the census was taken—microfilmed images of the 1940 census enumeration sheets were released to the public by the National Archives and Records Administration. The records are indexed only by enumeration district upon initial release; several organizations are compiling indices, in some cases through crowdsourcing.
|Rank||State||Population as of|
|Population as of|
|1||New York||13,479,142||12,588,066||891,076||7.1% |
|9||New Jersey||4,160,165||4,041,334||118,831||2.9% |
|11||North Carolina||3,571,623||3,170,276||401,347||12.7% |
|25||West Virginia||1,901,974||1,729,205||172,769||10.0% |
|26||South Carolina||1,899,804||1,738,765||161,039||9.3% |
|36||Rhode Island||713,346||687,497||25,849||3.8% |
|—||District of Columbia||663,091||486,869||176,222||36.2% |
|37||South Dakota||642,961||692,849||−49,888||−7.2% |
|38||North Dakota||641,935||680,845||−38,910||−5.7% |
|41||New Mexico||531,818||423,317||108,501||25.6% |
|44||New Hampshire||491,524||465,293||26,231||5.6% |
|—||United States||132,165,129||123,202,660||8,962,469||7.3% |
|01||New York||New York||7,454,995||Northeast|
|11||Washington||District of Columbia||663,091||South|
|30||Jersey City||New Jersey||301,173||Northeast|
|57||Salt Lake City||Utah||149,934||West|
During World War II, the Census Bureau responded to numerous information requests from US government agencies, including the US Army and the US Secret Service, to facilitate the internment of Japanese Americans. In his report of the operation, U.S. Army Lt. Gen. John L. DeWitt wrote that "The most important single source of information prior to the evacuation was the 1940 Census of Population."
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The United States census of 1890 was taken beginning June 2, 1890. It determined the resident population of the United States to be 62,979,766—an increase of 25.5 percent over the 50,189,209 persons enumerated during the 1880 census. The data was tabulated by machine for the first time. The data reported that the distribution of the population had resulted in the disappearance of the American frontier. Most of the 1890 census materials were destroyed in a 1921 fire and fragments of the US census population schedule exist only for the states of Alabama, Georgia, Illinois, Minnesota, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, South Dakota, and Texas, and the District of Columbia.
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The United States census of 1910, conducted by the Census Bureau on April 15, 1910, determined the resident population of the United States to be 92,228,496, an increase of 21 percent over the 76,212,168 persons enumerated during the 1900 census. The 1910 census switched from a portrait page orientation to a landscape orientation.
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