Northeastern United States

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The states shown in the two darkest red shades are included in the United States Census Bureau Northeast Region. The Bureau subdivides the Northeast into:
New England
Middle Atlantic
States in lighter shades are included in other regional definitions. US Northeastern states.svg
The states shown in the two darkest red shades are included in the United States Census Bureau Northeast Region. The Bureau subdivides the Northeast into: States in lighter shades are included in other regional definitions.

The Northeastern United States, also referred to as simply the Northeast, is a geographical region of the United States bordered to the north by Canada, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, to the south by the Southern United States, and to the west by the Midwestern United States. The Northeast is one of the four regions defined by the United States Census Bureau for the collection and analysis of statistics. [1]

United States Federal republic in North America

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States or America, is a country comprising 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is slightly smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U.S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D.C., and the most populous city is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico. The State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U.S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The extremely diverse geography, climate, and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.

Canada Country in North America

Canada is a country in the northern part of North America. Its ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean, covering 9.98 million square kilometres, making it the world's second-largest country by total area. Canada's southern border with the United States, stretching some 8,891 kilometres (5,525 mi), is the world's longest bi-national land border. Its capital is Ottawa, and its three largest metropolitan areas are Toronto, Montreal, and Vancouver. As a whole, Canada is sparsely populated, the majority of its land area being dominated by forest and tundra. Consequently, its population is highly urbanized, with over 80 percent of its inhabitants concentrated in large and medium-sized cities, with 70% of citizens residing within 100 kilometres (62 mi) of the southern border. Canada's climate varies widely across its vast area, ranging from arctic weather in the north, to hot summers in the southern regions, with four distinct seasons.

Atlantic Ocean Ocean between Europe, Africa and the Americas

The Atlantic Ocean is the second largest of the world's oceans, with an area of about 106,460,000 square kilometers. It covers approximately 20 percent of the Earth's surface and about 29 percent of its water surface area. It separates the "Old World" from the "New World".

Contents

The Census Bureau–defined region has a total area of 181,324 sq mi (469,630 km2) with 162,257 sq mi (420,240 km2) of that being land mass. [2] Although it lacks a unified cultural identity, the Northeastern region is the nation's most economically developed, densely populated, and culturally diverse region. [3] [4] Of the nation's four census regions, the Northeast is the second most urban, with 85 percent of its population residing in urban areas, led by the West with 90 percent. [5]

Cultural identity identity or feeling of belonging to a group

Cultural identity is the identity or feeling of belonging to a group. It is part of a person's self-conception and self-perception and is related to nationality, ethnicity, religion, social class, generation, locality or any kind of social group that has its own distinct culture. In this way, cultural identity is both characteristic of the individual but also of the culturally identical group of members sharing the same cultural identity or upbringing.

Economic development is the process in which a nation is being improved in the sector of the economic, political, and social well-being of its people. The term has been used frequently by economists, politicians, and others in the 20th and 21st centuries. The concept, however, has been in existence in the West for centuries. "Modernization, "westernization", and especially "industrialization" are other terms often used while discussing economic development. Economic development has a direct relationship with the environment and environmental issues. Economic development is very often confused with industrial development, even in some academic sources.

Population density A measurement of population numbers per unit area or volume

Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume; it is a quantity of type number density. It is frequently applied to living organisms, and most of the time to humans. It is a key geographical term. In simple terms population density refers to the number of people living in an area per kilometer square.

Composition

Geographically there has always been some debate as to where the Northeastern United States begins and ends. The vast area from central Virginia to northern Maine, and from western Pennsylvania (Pittsburgh) to the Atlantic Ocean, have all been loosely grouped into the Northeast at one time or another. Much of the debate has been what the cultural, economic, and urban aspects of the Northeast are, and where they begin or end as one reaches the borders of the region.

Virginia State of the United States of America

Virginia, officially the Commonwealth of Virginia, is a state in the Southeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States located between the Atlantic Coast and the Appalachian Mountains. The geography and climate of the Commonwealth are shaped by the Blue Ridge Mountains and the Chesapeake Bay, which provide habitat for much of its flora and fauna. The capital of the Commonwealth is Richmond; Virginia Beach is the most populous city, and Fairfax County is the most populous political subdivision. The Commonwealth's estimated population as of 2018 is over 8.5 million.

Maine State of the United States of America

Maine is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States. Maine is the 12th smallest by area, the 9th least populous, and the 38th most densely populated of the 50 U.S. states. It is bordered by New Hampshire to the west, the Atlantic Ocean to the southeast, and the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick and Quebec to the northeast and northwest respectively. Maine is the easternmost state in the contiguous United States, and the northernmost state east of the Great Lakes. It is known for its jagged, rocky coastline; low, rolling mountains; heavily forested interior; and picturesque waterways, as well as its seafood cuisine, especially lobster and clams. There is a humid continental climate throughout most of the state, including in coastal areas such as its most populous city of Portland. The capital is Augusta.

Pennsylvania State of the United States of America

Pennsylvania, officially the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, is a state located in the northeastern, Great Lakes and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States. The Appalachian Mountains run through its middle. The Commonwealth is bordered by Delaware to the southeast, Maryland to the south, West Virginia to the southwest, Ohio to the west, Lake Erie and the Canadian province of Ontario to the northwest, New York to the north, and New Jersey to the east.

Using the Census Bureaus definition of the northeast, the region includes nine states: they are Maine, New York, New Jersey, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New Hampshire, and Pennsylvania. [1] [lower-alpha 1] The region is often subdivided into New England (the six states east of New York) and the Mid-Atlantic states (New York, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania). This definition has been essentially unchanged since 1880 and is widely used as a standard for data tabulation. [7] [8] [9] [10] However, the Census Bureau has acknowledged the obvious limitations of this definition [11] and the potential merits of a proposal created after the 1950 census that would include changing regional boundaries to include Delaware, Maryland, and the District of Columbia, with the Mid-Atlantic states, but ultimately decided that "the new system did not win enough overall acceptance among data users to warrant adoption as an official new set of general-purpose State groupings. The previous development of many series of statistics, arranged and issued over long periods of time on the basis of the existing State groupings, favored the retention of the summary units of the current regions and divisions." [12] The Census Bureau confirmed in 1994 that it would continue to "review the components of the regions and divisions to ensure that they continue to represent the most useful combinations of States and State equivalents." [12]

New York (state) State of the United States of America

New York is a state in the Northeastern United States. New York was one of the original thirteen colonies that formed the United States. With an estimated 19.54 million residents in 2018, it is the fourth most populous state. In order to distinguish the state from the city with the same name, it is sometimes referred to as New York State.

New Jersey State of the United States of America

New Jersey is a state in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States. It is a peninsula, bordered on the north and east by the state of New York; on the east, southeast, and south by the Atlantic Ocean; on the west by the Delaware River and Pennsylvania; and on the southwest by the Delaware Bay and Delaware. New Jersey is the fourth-smallest state by area but the 11th-most populous, with 9 million residents as of 2017, making it the most densely populated of the 50 U.S. states with its biggest city being Newark. New Jersey lies completely within the combined statistical areas of New York City and Philadelphia. New Jersey was the second-wealthiest U.S. state by median household income as of 2017.

Vermont State of the United States of America

Vermont is a state in the New England region of the northeastern United States. It borders the U.S. states of Massachusetts to the south, New Hampshire to the east, New York to the west, and the Canadian province of Quebec to the north. Vermont is the second-smallest by population and the sixth-smallest by area of the 50 U.S. states. The state capital is Montpelier, the least populous state capital in the United States. The most populous city, Burlington, is the least populous city to be the most populous city in a state. As of 2015, Vermont was the leading producer of maple syrup in the United States. In crime statistics, it was ranked since 2016 as the safest state in the country.

Many organizations and reference works follow the Census Bureau's definition for the region; [13] [14] [15] however, other entities define the Northeastern United States in significantly different ways for various purposes. The Association of American Geographers divides the Northeast into two divisions: "New England", which consists of Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Connecticut; and the "Middle States", which consists of New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and Delaware. [16] Similarly, the Geological Society of America defines the Northeast as these same states but with the addition of Maryland and the District of Columbia. [17] The narrowest definitions include only the states of New England. [18] Other more restrictive definitions include New England and New York as part of the Northeast United States, but exclude Pennsylvania and New Jersey. [19] [20]

Geological Society of America Nonprofit organization dedicated to geoscience

The Geological Society of America (GSA) is a nonprofit organization dedicated to the advancement of the geosciences.

States beyond the Census Bureau definition are included in Northeast Region by various other entities:

West Virginia State of the United States of America

West Virginia is a state located in the Appalachian region in the Southern United States, and is also considered to be a part of the Middle Atlantic States. It is bordered by Pennsylvania to the north, Maryland to the east and northeast, Virginia to the southeast, Kentucky to the southwest, and Ohio to the northwest. West Virginia is the 41st largest state by area, and is ranked 38th in population. The capital and largest city is Charleston.

History

Indigenous peoples

Anthropologists recognize the "Northeastern Woodlands" as one of the cultural regions that existed in the Western Hemisphere at the time of European colonists in the 15th and later centuries. Most did not settle in North America until the 17th century. The cultural area, known as the "Northeastern Woodlands", in addition to covering the entire Northeast U.S., also covered much of what is now Canada and others regions of what is now the eastern United States. [31] Among the many tribes that inhabited this area were those that made up the Iroquois nations and the numerous Algonquian peoples. [32] In the United States of the 21st century, 18 federally recognized tribes reside in the Northeast. [33] For the most part, the people of the Northeastern Woodlands, on whose lands European fishermen began camping to dry their codfish in the early 1600s, lived in villages, especially after being influenced by the agricultural traditions of the Ohio and Mississippi valley societies. [34]

Colonial history

All of the states making up the Northeastern region were among the original Thirteen Colonies, though Maine, Vermont, and Delaware were part of other colonies before the United States became independent in the American Revolution. The two cultural and geographic regions that form parts of the Northeastern region have distinct histories.

New England

The Landing of the Pilgrims, Henry A. Bacon (1877) Landing-Bacon.PNG
The Landing of the Pilgrims, Henry A. Bacon (1877)

The first Europeans to settle New England were Pilgrims from England, who landed in present-day Massachusetts in 1620. [35] The Pilgrims arrived by the Mayflower ship and founded Plymouth Colony so they could practice religion freely. [35] Ten years later, a larger group of Puritans settled north of Plymouth Colony in Boston to form Massachusetts Bay Colony. [36] In 1636, colonists established Connecticut Colony and Providence Plantations. [37] [38] Providence was founded by Roger Williams, who was banished by Massachusetts for his beliefs in freedom of religion, and it was the first colony to guarantee all citizens freedom of worship. [38] Anne Hutchinson, who was also banished by Massachusetts, formed the town of Portsmouth. [38] Providence, Portsmouth, and two other towns (Newport and Warwick) consolidated to form the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations. [38]

Although the first settlers of New England were motivated by religion, in more recent history, New England has become one of the least religious parts of the United States. In a 2009 Gallup survey, less than half of residents in Vermont, New Hampshire, Maine, and Massachusetts reported religion as an important part of their daily life. [39] In a 2010 Gallup survey, less than 30% of residents in Vermont, New Hampshire, Maine, and Massachusetts reported attending church weekly, giving them the lowest church attendance among U.S. states. [40]

New England played a prominent role in early American education. Starting in the 17th century, the larger towns in New England opened grammar schools, the forerunner of the modern high school.[ citation needed ] The first public school in the English colonies was the Boston Latin School, founded in 1635. [41] In 1636, the colonial legislature of Massachusetts founded Harvard College, the oldest institution of higher learning in the United States. [42]

Mid-Atlantic

The first European explorer known to have explored the Atlantic shoreline of the Northeast since the Norse was Giovanni da Verrazzano in 1524. His ship La Dauphine explored the coast from what is now known as Florida to New Brunswick. Henry Hudson explored the area of present-day New York in 1609 and claimed it for the Netherlands. His journey stimulated Dutch interest, and the area became known as New Netherland. In 1625, the city of New Amsterdam (the location of present-day New York City) was designated the capital of the province. [43] The Dutch New Netherland settlement along the Hudson River and, for a time, the New Sweden settlement along the Delaware River divided the English settlements in the north and the south. In 1664, Charles II of England formally annexed New Netherland and incorporated it into the English colonial empire. [44] The territory became the colonies of New York and New Jersey. [44] New Jersey was originally split into East Jersey and West Jersey until the two were united as a royal colony in 1702. [44]

In 1681, William Penn, who wanted to give Quakers a land of religious freedom, founded Pennsylvania and extended freedom of religion to all citizens. [45]

Penn strongly desired access to the sea for his Pennsylvania Province and leased what then came to be known as the "Lower Counties on the Delaware" [46] from the Duke.

Penn established representative government and briefly combined his two possessions under one General Assembly in 1682. However, by 1704 the Province of Pennsylvania had grown so large that their representatives wanted to make decisions without the assent of the Lower Counties and the two groups of representatives began meeting on their own, one at Philadelphia, and the other at New Castle. Penn and his heirs remained proprietors of both and always appointed the same person Governor for their Province of Pennsylvania and their territory of the Lower Counties. The fact that Delaware and Pennsylvania shared the same governor was not unique. From 1703 to 1738, New York and New Jersey shared a governor. [47] Massachusetts and New Hampshire also shared a governor for some time. [48]

Environment

High Point Monument as seen from Lake Marcia at High Point, Sussex County, the highest elevation in New Jersey at 1,803 feet (550 m) above sea level High Point Monument and Lake Marcia framed.jpg
High Point Monument as seen from Lake Marcia at High Point, Sussex County, the highest elevation in New Jersey at 1,803 feet (550 m) above sea level
Cape Cod Bay, a leading tourist destination in Massachusetts Sunset on Cape Cod Bay.jpg
Cape Cod Bay, a leading tourist destination in Massachusetts
The Palisades along the Hudson River, New Jersey Palisades Sill from Palisades Parkway.jpg
The Palisades along the Hudson River, New Jersey
U.S. Route 220 as it passes through Lamar Township, Pennsylvania Appalachian Throughway.jpg
U.S. Route 220 as it passes through Lamar Township, Pennsylvania

Topography

While most of the Northeastern United States lie in the Appalachian Highlands physiographic region, some are also part of the Atlantic coastal plain which extends south to the southern tip of Florida. The coastal plain areas (including Cape Cod in Massachusetts, Long Island in New York, most of New Jersey, Delaware, and the Chesapeake Bay in Maryland and Virginia) are generally low and flat, with sandy soil and marshy land. [4] The highlands, including the Piedmont and the Appalachian Mountains, are generally heavily forested, ranging from rolling hills to summits greater than 5,000 feet (1,500 m), and pocked with many lakes. [4] The highest peak in the Northeast is Mount Washington (New Hampshire), at 6,288 feet (1,917 m). [49]

Land use

As of 2007, forest-use covered approximately 60% of the Northeastern states (including Delaware, Maryland, and the District of Columbia), about twice the national average. About 12% was cropland and another 4% grassland pasture or range. There is also more urbanized land in the Northeast (11%) than any other region in the U.S. [25]

Climate

The climate of the Northeastern United States varies from northernmost Maine to southernmost Maryland. The climate of the region is created by the position of the general west to east flow of weather in the middle latitudes that much of the USA is controlled by and the position and movement of the subtropical highs. Summers are normally warm in northern areas to hot in southern areas. In summer, the building Bermuda High pumps warm and sultry air toward the Northeast, and frequent (but brief) thundershowers are common on hot summer days. In winter the subtropical high retreats southeastward, and the polar jet stream moves south bringing colder air masses from up in Canada and more frequent storm systems to the region. Winter often brings both rain and snow as well as surges of both warm and cold air. [50]

The basic climate of the Northeast can be divided into a colder and snowier interior (Pennsylvania, New York State, and New England), and a milder coast and coastal plain from southern Rhode Island southward, including, New Haven, CT, New York City, Philadelphia, Trenton, Wilmington, Baltimore...etc.). Annual mean temperatures range from the low 50s F from Maryland to southern Connecticut, to the 40s F in most of New York State, New England, and northern Pennsylvania. [50] [51] [52]

Wildlife

The Northeast has 72 National Wildlife Refuges, encompassing more than 500,000 acres (780 sq mi; 2,000 km2) of habitat, and designed to protect some of the 92 different threatened and endangered species living in the region. [33]

Demographics

New York City, the most populous city in the Northeast and all of the United States Top of Rock Cropped.jpg
New York City, the most populous city in the Northeast and all of the United States
Philadelphia, the second most populous city in the Northeast and the fifth most populated city in the United States Philly skyline.jpg
Philadelphia, the second most populous city in the Northeast and the fifth most populated city in the United States
Washington, D.C., the third most populous city in the Northeast and the capital of the United States WashMonument WhiteHouse.jpg
Washington, D.C., the third most populous city in the Northeast and the capital of the United States
Boston, the most populated city in Massachusetts and New England and the fourth most populated city in the Northeast Boston Skyline Over the Charles River.jpg
Boston, the most populated city in Massachusetts and New England and the fourth most populated city in the Northeast

As of the July 2013 U.S. Census Bureau estimate, the population of the region totaled 55,943,073. [53] With an average of 345.5 people per square mile, the Northeast is 2.5 times as densely populated as the second-most dense region, the South. Since the last century, the U.S. population has been shifting away from the Northeast (and Midwest) toward the South and West. [54]

The two U.S. Census Bureau divisions in the Northeast (New England and Mid-Atlantic) rank #2 and #1 among the 9 divisions in population density according to the 2013 population estimate. The South Atlantic region (233.1) was very close behind New England (233.2). Due to the faster growth of the South Atlantic region, it will take over the #2 division rank in population density in the next estimate, dropping New England to 3rd position. New England is projected to retain the number 3 rank for many, many years, as the only other lower-ranked division with even half the population density of New England is the East North Central division (192.1) and this region's population is projected to grow slowly. [lower-alpha 2] [55]

State 2017 Estimate2010 CensusChangeAreaDensity
Connecticut 3,588,1843,574,097+0.39%4,842.35 sq mi (12,541.6 km2)
Maine 1,335,9071,328,361+0.57%30,842.90 sq mi (79,882.7 km2)
Massachusetts 6,859,8196,547,629+4.77%7,800.05 sq mi (20,202.0 km2)
New Hampshire 1,342,7951,316,470+2.00%8,952.64 sq mi (23,187.2 km2)
Rhode Island 1,059,6391,052,567+0.67%1,033.81 sq mi (2,677.6 km2)
Vermont 623,657625,741−0.33%9,216.65 sq mi (23,871.0 km2)
New England14,810,00114,444,865+2.53%62,688.4 sq mi (162,362 km2)
New Jersey 9,005,6448,791,894+2.43%7,354.21 sq mi (19,047.3 km2)
New York 19,849,39919,378,102+2.43%47,126.36 sq mi (122,056.7 km2)
Pennsylvania 12,805,53712,702,379+0.81%44,742.67 sq mi (115,883.0 km2)
Middle Atlantic48,674,69647,543,861+2.38%110,879.01 sq mi (287,175.3 km2)
Total63,484,69761,988,726+2.41%173,567.41 sq mi (449,537.5 km2)
Delaware 961,939897,936+7.13%1,948.54 sq mi (5,046.7 km2)
Maryland 6,052,1775,773,785+4.82%9,707.24 sq mi (25,141.6 km2)
District of Columbia 693,972601,767+15.32%61.05 sq mi (158.1 km2)
Total (Census + DE/MD/DC)71,192,78569,262,214+2.79%185,284.24 sq mi (479,884.0 km2)

Economy

As of 2012, the Northeast accounts for approximately 23% of U.S. gross domestic product. [56]

The Nuclear Regulatory Commission oversees 34 nuclear reactors, eight for research or testing and 26 for power production in the Northeastern United States. [24]

New York City, considered a global financial center, is in the Northeast.

The Federal Bureau of Prisons maintains 17 federal prisons and two affiliated private facilities in the region.[ citation needed ]

Transportation

The following table includes all eight airports categorized by the FAA as large hubs [57] located in the Northeastern states [58] (New England and Eastern regions [59] ):

RankMetro area servedAirport
code
Airport nameLargest airline [60]
1New YorkJFKJohn F Kennedy InternationalJetBlue (37%)
2New YorkEWRNewark Liberty InternationalUnited (49%)
3PhiladelphiaPHLPhiladelphia InternationalAmerican (80%)
4BostonBOSGeneral Edward Lawrence Logan InternationalJetBlue (29%)
5New YorkLGALa GuardiaDelta (21%)
6Baltimore/WashingtonBWIBaltimore/Washington International Thurgood MarshallSouthwest (65%)
7WashingtonIADWashington Dulles InternationalUnited (41%)
8WashingtonDCARonald Reagan Washington NationalAmerican (50%)

Culture

One geographer, Wilbur Zelinsky, asserts that the Northeast region lacks a unified cultural identity, [3] but has served as a "culture hearth" for the rest of the nation. [61] Several much smaller geographical regions within the Northeast have distinct cultural identities. [3]

Landmarks

Almost half of the National Historic Landmarks maintained by the National Park Service are located in the Northeastern United States. [62]

Religion

According to a 2009 Gallup poll, the Northeastern states differ from most of the rest of the U.S. in religious affiliation, generally reflecting the descendants of immigration patterns of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, with many Catholics arriving from Ireland, Italy, Canada, and eastern Europe. Massachusetts, Rhode Island, New York, and New Jersey are the only states in the nation where Catholics outnumber Protestants and other Christian denominations. More than 20% of respondents in Maine, New Hampshire, and Vermont declared no religious identity. [63] Compared to other U.S. regions, the Northeast, along with the Pacific Northwest, has the lowest regular religious service attendance and the fewest number of people for whom religion is an important part of their daily lives. [64]

Sports

The Northeast region is home to numerous professional sports franchises in the "Big Four" leagues (NFL, NBA, NHL, and MLB), [65] with more than 100 championships collectively among them. [66]

Major League Soccer features five Northeastern teams: D.C. United, New England Revolution, New York City FC, New York Red Bulls, and Philadelphia Union. The region also has three WNBA teams: Connecticut Sun, New York Liberty, and Washington Mystics.

Notable golf tournaments in the Northeastern United States include the Deutsche Bank Championship, The Barclays, Quicken Loans National, and Atlantic City LPGA Classic. The US Open, held at New York City, is one of the four Grand Slam tennis tournaments, whereas the Washington Open is part of the ATP World Tour 500 series.

Notable Northeastern motorsports tracks include Watkins Glen International, Dover International Speedway, Pocono Raceway, New Hampshire Motor Speedway, and Lime Rock Park, which have hosted Formula One, IndyCar, NASCAR, and International Motor Sports Association races. Also, drag strips such as Englishtown, Epping, and Reading have hosted NHRA national events. Pimlico Race Course at Baltimore and Belmont Park at New York host the Preakness Stakes and Belmont Stakes horse races, which are part of the Triple Crown of Thoroughbred Racing.

The region has also been noted for the prevalence of the traditionally Northeastern sports of ice hockey and lacrosse. [67]

Health

The rate of potentially preventable hospitalizations in the Northeastern United States fell from 2005 to 2011 for overall conditions, acute conditions, and chronic conditions. [68]

Politics

The Northeastern United States tended to vote Republican in federal elections through the first half of the 20th century, but the region has since the 1990s shifted to become the most Democratic in the nation. [23] Results from a 2008 Gallup poll indicated that eight of the top ten Democratic states were located in the region, with every Northeastern state having a Democratic party affiliation advantage of at least ten points. [69] The following table demonstrates Democratic support in the Northeast as compared to the remainder of the nation. [70]

Year% President vote% Senate seats% House seats
NortheastRemainderNortheastRemainderNortheastRemainder
200057.647.560.046.359.645.7
2002  60.045.058.344.7
200457.147.360.040.059.543.0
2006  75.045.073.848.3
200860.752.080.052.581.052.9
2010  75.047.567.938.5

The following table of United States presidential election results since 1900 illustrates that over the past six presidential elections, only three Northeastern states supported a Republican candidate (New Hampshire voted for George W. Bush in 2000; Pennsylvania and Maine's 2nd congressional district voted for Donald Trump in 2016). [71] Bolded entries indicate that party's candidate also won the general election.

State 1900 1904 1908 1912 1916 1920 1924 1928 1932 1936 1940 1944 1948 1952 1956 1960 1964 1968 1972 1976 1980 1984 1988 1992 1996 2000 2004 2008 2012 2016
CT RRRDRRRRRDDDRRRDDDRRRRRDDDDDDD
DE RRRDRRRRRDDDRRRDDRRDRRRDDDDDDD
DC                 DDDDDDDDDDDDDD
ME RRRDDRRRRRRRRRRRDDRRRRRDDDDDDD (R ME-02)
MD RDDDDRRRDDDDRRRDDDRDDRRDDDDDDD
MA RRRDRRRDDDDDDRRDDDDDRRDDDDDDDD
NH RRRDDRRRRDDDRRRRDRRRRRRDDRDDDD
NJ RRRDRRRRDDDDRRRDDRRRRRRDDDDDDD
NY RRRDRRRRDDDDRRRDDDRDRRDDDDDDDD
PA RRRPRRRRRDDDRRRDDDRDRRRDDDDDDR
RI RRRDRRRDDDDDDRRDDDRDDRDDDDDDDD
VT RRRRRRRRRRRRRRRRDRRRRRRDDDDDDD

The following table shows the breakdown of party affiliation of governors, attorneys general, state legislative houses, and U.S. congressional delegation for the Northeastern states, as of 2019. (Demographics reflect registration-by-party figures from that state's registered voter statistics.)

StateGovernorAttorney GeneralUpper House MajorityLower House MajoritySenior U.S. SenatorJunior U.S. SenatorU.S. House DelegationDemographics
CT DemocraticDemocraticDemocratic
23-13
Democratic
92-59
DemocraticDemocraticDemocratic
5-0
Democratic
36-21
DE DemocraticDemocraticDemocratic
12-9
Democratic
26-15
DemocraticDemocraticDemocratic
1-0
Democratic
48-28
ME DemocraticDemocraticDemocratic
21-14
Democratic
89-57-5
RepublicanIndependentDemocratic
2-0
Democratic
32-27
MD RepublicanDemocraticDemocratic
32-15
Democratic
99-42
DemocraticDemocraticDemocratic
7-1
Democratic
55-26
MA RepublicanDemocraticDemocratic
34-6
Democratic
127-32
DemocraticDemocraticDemocratic
9-0
Democratic
35-11
NH RepublicanRepublicanDemocratic
14-10
Democratic
234-166
DemocraticDemocraticDemocratic
2-0
Republican
30-27
NJ DemocraticDemocraticDemocratic
24-16
Democratic
52-28
DemocraticDemocraticDemocratic
11-1
Democratic
33-20
NY DemocraticDemocraticDemocratic
40-23
Democratic
106-43-1
DemocraticDemocraticDemocratic
23-6
Democratic
49-24
PA DemocraticDemocraticRepublican
29-21
Republican
110-93
DemocraticRepublicanTied
9-9
Democratic
50-37
RI DemocraticDemocraticDemocratic
33-5
Democratic
66-9
DemocraticDemocraticDemocratic
2-0
Democratic
42-11
VT RepublicanDemocraticDemocratic
22-6-2
Democratic
95-43-7-5
DemocraticIndependentDemocratic
1-0
Democratic
47-31

See also

Notes

  1. The U.S. Census Bureau reorganized its administrative units, and its regional offices do not cover the Census regions (the northeastern most regional office headquartered in New York City covers New England, New York, New Jersey, and Puerto Rico). [6]
  2. Based on U.S. Census Bureau population projections to 2030 (and assuming constant land area) the population density for the South Atlantic division will increase significantly to 294.6/mi2, New England's density will increase to 249.2/mi2 and the East North Central division will increase only slightly to 200.2/mi2. The division with the 5th highest density is projected to be the East South Central division at 111.6/mi2. [55]

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The East Coast of the United States, also known as the Eastern Seaboard, the Atlantic Coast, and the Atlantic Seaboard, is the coastline along which the Eastern United States meets the North Atlantic Ocean. The coastal states that have shoreline on the Atlantic Ocean are, from north to south, Maine, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York, New Jersey, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida.

Mid-Atlantic (United States) region of the United States

The Mid-Atlantic, also called Middle Atlantic states or the Mid-Atlantic states, form a region of the United States generally located between New England and the South Atlantic States. Its exact definition differs upon source, but the region usually includes New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Washington, D.C., Virginia, and West Virginia. When discussing climate, Connecticut is sometimes included in the region, since its climate is closer to the Middle Atlantic than the New England states. The Mid-Atlantic has played an important role in the development of American culture, commerce, trade, and industry.

Delaware Valley Metropolitan area in the United States

The Delaware Valley is the valley through which the Delaware River flows. By extension, this toponym is commonly used to refer to Greater Philadelphia or Philadelphia metropolitan area, which straddles the Lower Delaware River just north of its estuary. The Delaware Valley Metropolitan Area is located at the southern part of the Northeast megalopolis and as such, the Delaware Valley can be described as either a metropolitan statistical area (MSA), or as a broader combined statistical area (CSA). The Delaware Valley Metropolitan Area is composed of several counties in southeastern Pennsylvania and southwestern New Jersey, one county in northern Delaware, and one county in northeastern Maryland. The MSA has a population of over 6 million, while the CSA has a population of over 7.1 million. Philadelphia, being the region's major commercial, cultural, and industrial center, wields a rather large sphere of influence that affects the counties that immediately surround it. As of 2019, the Philadelphia metropolitan area is estimated to produce a gross metropolitan product (GMP) of approximately half trillion USD.

South Atlantic states geographic census division of the United States Census Bureau

The South Atlantic United States form one of the nine Census Bureau Divisions within the United States that are recognized by the United States Census Bureau.

1790 United States Census First United States census

The United States Census of 1790 was the first census of the whole United States. It recorded the population of the United States as of Census Day, August 2, 1790, as mandated by Article I, Section 2 of the United States Constitution and applicable laws. In the first census, the population of the United States was enumerated to be 3,929,214.

Atlantic Northeast region of the U.S. and Canada

The Atlantic Northeast is a region of North America, which includes the U.S. states of Connecticut, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, New Hampshire, New York, Vermont, and Maine, as well as the Canadian provinces of Québec, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island and Newfoundland and Labrador.

The following is a list of lists of the cities, towns and villages of the United States separated by state, territory or district name.

Rotating Regional Primary System

The Rotating Regional Primary System is a proposed system for reform of the United States presidential primary process, in which the country would be divided into four regions for primary elections. The plan has been promoted since 1999 by the National Association of Secretaries of State.

Organization of the National Park Service

The National Park Service (NPS) in the United States is a Bureau of the Department of the Interior with its headquarters located in Washington, D.C. The bureaus consist of numerous support offices and seven regional offices, which oversee park operations within their geographic area. The NPS has 3 main offices/verticals that support the Office of the Director: The Office of Congressional & External Relations, The Office of Management & Administration, and Operations.

New England Region of the United States

New England is a region composed of six states in the northeastern United States: Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Connecticut. It is bordered by the state of New York to the west and by the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick to the northeast and Quebec to the north. The Atlantic Ocean is to the east and southeast, and Long Island Sound is to the south. Boston is New England's largest city, as well as the capital of Massachusetts. The largest metropolitan area is Greater Boston with nearly a third of the entire region's population, which also includes Worcester, Massachusetts, Manchester, New Hampshire, and Providence, Rhode Island.

Northeast Region (Boy Scouts of America) administrative regions of the Boy Scouts of America

Northeast Region is one of the four administrative regions of the Boy Scouts of America. It covers the northeastern states of Connecticut, Delaware, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, and the northern portion of Virginia. It also covers the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, and the Transatlantic Council. The other three regions are Southern, Western, and Central. Each region is then subdivided into areas.

The East Region was a region that competed in the Little League World Series between 1957 and 2000, until it was split into the Mid-Atlantic and New England regions in 2001.

The United States Adult Soccer Association Region I, is one of the four regions in the USASA. This region is for USASA-affiliated soccer clubs that play in the Northeast corridor of the United States.

The Big League World Series (BLWS) East Region was one of five United States regions that sent teams to the World Series. The Big League division was discontinued by Little League Baseball after the 2016 BLWS. The region's participation in the BLWS had dated back to 1968.

The Junior League World Series East Region is one of six United States regions that currently sends teams to the World Series in Taylor, Michigan. The region's participation in the JLWS dates back to 1981.

The Intermediate League World Series East Region is one of five United States regions that currently sends teams to the World Series in Livermore, California. The region's participation in the ILWS dates back to 2013.

The Senior League World Series East Region is one of six United States regions that currently sends teams to the World Series in Easley, South Carolina. The region's participation in the SLWS dates back to 1962.

The Ozone Transport Commission (OTC) is a multi-state organization founded in 1991 and created under the Clean Air Act. They are responsible for advising EPA on air pollution transport issues and for developing and implementing regional solutions to the ground-level ozone problem in the Northeast and Mid-Atlantic regions. OTC has no regulatory authority, but assists its members in developing model regulations for implementation at the state level. OTC also manages a regional planning organization MANE-VU, which is charged with regional multi-pollutant air quality planning.

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Coordinates: 42°N73°W / 42°N 73°W / 42; -73